अम्बाला ज़िला, ਅੰਬਾਲਾ
|District of Haryana|
Location of Ambala district in Haryana
|Tehsils||1. Ambala, 2. Barara, 3. Naraingarh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Ambala (shared with Panchkula and Yamuna Nagar districts)|
|• Assembly seats||4|
|• Total||1,574 km2 (608 sq mi)|
|• Density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||885|
Ambala district (Hindi: अम्बाला ज़िला, ਅੰਬਾਲਾ) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in India with Ambala town serving as the administrative headquarters of the district. It borders district Yamunanagar to the east, district Sirmaur and district Panchkula to the north, district Mohali and district Patiala to the west, and district Kurukshetra to the south.
In 1764, after reducing Sirhind town to rubble, a united and strong army of Sikhs from the interior of the Punjab advanced to present day Ambala, Yamunanagar, Karnal, and Panipat Districts, and the Jind Kingdom. There, many Princely Sikh States were founded such as Kalsia Kingdom, Shahzadpur State, Krora Singha Misl, Jind Kingdom, and Kaithal State.
In 1823, the whole of Ambala District, then controlled by a powerful Sikh woman chief, came to an end once she died. The British East India Company, took this opportunity to be good, and annexed it to their Dominion.
In 1966, during the formation of states on linguistic basis, Ambala District, a Punjabi speaking area, was included in Haryana.
The district has two sub-divisions, which is further divided into three tehsils, Ambala sub-division comprises two tehsils, Ambala and Barara and Naraingarh sub-division comprises only one tehsil, Naraingarh.
There are four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Naraingarh, Ambala Cantt., Ambala City and Mulana. All of these are part of Ambala Lok Sabha constituency.
According to the 2011 census Ambala district had a population of 1,128,350, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island. It ranks 410th (out of a total of 640) in India in terms of population. The district has a population density of 720 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,900 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.23%. Ambala had a sex ratio of 885 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 81.75%. Hindi is the official language and thus used for official communication. Although Punjabi finds a far larger number of speakers. In practice, a lot of urban residents especially non-Punjabi speakers use a pidgin drawing words from both the languages. The Punjabi dialect of rural areas of the district is known as Puadhi or Powadhi, meaning half of the east. It is the eastern most dialect of Punjabi which merges into Bangru dialect of Hindi further east, hence it contains a lot of Bangru loan words and expressions.
A number of primary, secondary and higher secondary schools are located in Ambala city, which provide education to the students of the city and the adjoining villages. S.A.Jain Senior Secondary School, Tulsi Public Senior Secondary School, S.A. Jain Senior Model School, P.K.R Jain Girls Senior Secondary School,D.A.V.Public School are few of the well-known schools. Ambala city has 2 polytechnics providing technical education to the aspiring students. A number of primary, secondary and higher secondary schools are also located in Ambala Cantt, Farookha Khalsa Sr. sec. school, D.A.V. Sr. Sec. school, Riverside D.A.V. sr. sec. school
Being located in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the land is generally fertile and conducive to agriculture. However, primary sector contributes much lesser to the economy of the district than it does to the economy of Haryana. Small scale industries form the bulk of the industrial landscape in the district. It is one of the largest producers of scientific and surgical instruments in the country and home to a large number of scientific instrument manufacturers. It produces microscopes and other instruments used in chemistry laboratories. Manufacture of submersible pumps and mixers and grinders is another industry that has traditionally flourished. Ambala is also an important textile trading centre, besides Delhi and Ludhiana and has a well-known cloth market, which is famous in the region especially for those seeking bridal wear. It also produces rugs, known locally as Durries, and houses many suppliers to Indian defence forces.
Cities, towns, villages, and other communities
- Ambala Cantt (city)
- Ambala City (city)
- Thamber (Village)
- Naraingarh (town)
- Mullana (town)
- Barara (town)
- Nanhera village
- Kurali village
- Saha (town)
- Jansui village
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Rhode Island 1,052,567"
- "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)". Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 18. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Haryana State Development Report". Planning Commission of India, Government of India. pp. 123–124. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ambala district.|
||Mohali district, Punjab||Panchkula district
Sirmaur district, Himachal Pradesh
|Patiala district, Punjab||Yamuna Nagar district|