Celtic F.C.

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Celtic
Celtic crest
Full name The Celtic Football Club
Nickname(s) The Bhoys, The Hoops, The Celts
Founded 6 November 1887; 127 years ago (1887-11-06)
Ground Celtic Park
Glasgow, Scotland
Ground Capacity 60,355[1]
Owner The Celtic Football And Athletic Club Ltd[2]
Chairman Ian Bankier
Manager Ronny Deila
League Scottish Premiership
2013–14 1st
Website Club home page
Current season

Celtic Football Club (/ˈsɛltɪk/) are a professional football club based in Glasgow, Scotland which plays in the Scottish Premiership. Since playing its first game in 1888, Celtic has never been relegated. Celtic have a long-standing rivalry with Rangers; the two clubs are collectively known as the Old Firm.

Celtic have won the Scottish League Championship on 45 occasions, most recently in the 2013–14 season, the Scottish Cup 36 times and the Scottish League Cup 14 times. The club's greatest season was 1966–67, when Celtic became the first British team[3][4] to win the European Cup, also winning the Scottish League Championship, the Scottish Cup, the Scottish League Cup, and the Glasgow Cup. Celtic also reached the 1970 European Cup Final, and the 2003 UEFA Cup Final.[5][6][7]

History

A team photo from the early days of the club, before the adoption of the now-famous hooped jerseys.

Celtic Football Club was formally constituted at a meeting in St. Mary's church hall in East Rose Street (now Forbes Street), Calton, Glasgow, by Irish Marist Brother Walfrid[8] on 6 November 1887, with the purpose of alleviating poverty in the East End of Glasgow by raising money for the charity Walfrid had instituted, the Poor Children's Dinner Table.[9] Walfrid's move to establish the club as a means of fund-raising was largely inspired by the example of Hibernian who were formed out of the immigrant Irish population a few years earlier in Edinburgh. Walfrid's own suggestion of the name 'Celtic' (pronounced Seltik), was intended to reflect the club's Irish and Scottish roots, and was adopted at the same meeting. The club has the official nickname, "The Bhoys". However, according to the Celtic press office, the newly established club was known to many as "the bold boys". A postcard from the early 20th century that pictured the team, and read "The Bould Bhoys", is the first known example of the unique spelling. The extra h imitates the spelling system of Gaelic, where the letter b is often accompanied by the letter h.

Brother Walfrid, founder of Celtic FC

On 28 May 1888, Celtic played their first official match against Rangers and won 5–2 in what was described as a "friendly encounter".[10] Neil McCallum scored Celtic's first ever goal. The squad that played that day was largely composed of players signed from Hibernian. Celtic's first kit consisted of a white shirt with a green collar, black shorts, and emerald green socks. The original club crest was a simple green cross on a red oval background.

In 1889 Celtic reached the final of the Scottish Cup, this was their first season in the competition, but lost 2–1 in the final. Celtic again reached the final of the Scottish Cup in 1892, but this time were victorious after defeating Queen's Park 5–2 in the final. Several months later the club moved to its new ground, Celtic Park, and in the following season won the Scottish League Championship for the first ever time.[10] In 1895, Celtic set the League record for the highest home score when they beat Dundee 11–0.[11]

William Angus (centre) played for Celtic and won the Victoria Cross during WWI

In 1897, the club became a Private limited company and Willie Maley was appointed as the first 'secretary-manager'. Between 1905 and 1910, Celtic won the Scottish League Championship six times in a row.[10] In both 1907 and 1908 Celtic also won the Scottish Cup, this was the first time a Scottish club had ever won the Double.[10] During World War I, Celtic won the league four times in a row, including 62 matches unbeaten between November 1915 and April 1917.[10][12]

Ex-player and captain Jimmy McGrory took over in 1945. Under McGrory, Celtic defeated Arsenal, Manchester United and Hibernian to win the Coronation Cup, a one-off tournament held in May 1953 to commemorate the coronation of Elizabeth II. He also led them to a League and Cup double in 1954. On 19 October 1957, Celtic defeated Rangers a record 7–1 in the final of the Scottish League Cup at Hampden Park in Glasgow, retaining the trophy they had won for only the first time the previous year. The scoreline remains a record win in a British domestic cup final.

Former Celtic captain Jock Stein succeeded McGrory in 1965. Stein guided Celtic to nine straight Scottish League wins from 1966 to 1974, equalling the then world record, and a feat which was not matched again in Scotland until 1997. He won the Scottish Cup with Celtic in his first few months at the club, and then led them to the League title the following season.

1967 was Celtic's annus mirabilis. The club won every competition they entered: the Scottish League, the Scottish Cup, the Scottish League Cup, the Glasgow Cup, and the European Cup. Under the leadership of Stein, the club defeated Inter Milan 2–1 at the Estádio Nacional in Lisbon, on 25 May 1967. Celtic thus became the first British team, and the first from outside Spain, Portugal and Italy to win the competition. They remain the only Scottish team to have reached the final. The players that day subsequently became known as the "Lisbon Lions". Jimmy Johnstone, Bobby Lennox and Bobby Murdoch formed part of that famous team, and now rank among the greatest ever Celtic players. The following year Celtic lost to Racing Club of Argentina in the Intercontinental Cup.

Celtic reached the European Cup Final again in 1970, but were beaten 2–1 by Feyenoord at the San Siro in Milan. The club continued to dominate Scottish football in the early 1970s, and their Scottish Championship win in 1974 was their ninth consecutive league title, equaling the joint world record held at the time by MTK Budapest and CSKA Sofia.[13] Celtic enjoyed further domestic success in the 1980s, and in their Centenary season of 1987–88 won a Scottish League Championship and Scottish Cup double.

The club endured a slump in the early 1990s, culminating in the Bank of Scotland informing Celtic on 3 March 1994 that it was calling in the receivers as a result of the club exceeding a £5 million overdraft. However, expatriate businessman Fergus McCann wrested control of the club, and ousted the family dynasties which had controlled Celtic since its foundation. According to media reports, McCann took over the club minutes before it was to be declared bankrupt.[14] McCann reconstituted the club business as a public limited company – Celtic PLC – and oversaw the redevelopment of Celtic Park into a 60,832 all-seater stadium. In 1998, under Dutchman Wim Jansen Celtic won the title again and prevented Rangers from beating Celtic's 9-in-a-row record.[15]

Martin O'Neill, a former European Cup winner with Nottingham Forest, took charge of the club in June 2000.[16] Under his leadership, Celtic won three SPL championships out of five[17] and in his first season in charge, the club also won the domestic treble,[18] making O'Neill only the second Celtic manager to do so after Jock Stein.[19]

Historic table positions of Celtic in the League.

In 2003, around 80,000 Celtic fans travelled to watch the club compete in the UEFA Cup Final in Seville.[20][21] Celtic lost 3–2 to FC Porto after extra time, despite two goals from Henrik Larsson during normal time.[22] The exemplary conduct of the thousands of travelling Celtic supporters received widespread praise from the people of Seville (not one supporter was arrested) and the fans were awarded prestigious Fair Play Awards from both FIFA and UEFA "for their extraordinarily loyal and sporting behaviour".[5][6]

Gordon Strachan was announced as O'Neill's replacement in June 2005 and after winning the SPL title in his first year in charge,[23] he became only the third Celtic manager to win three titles in a row. He also guided Celtic to their first UEFA Champions League knockout stage in 2006–07[24] and repeated the feat in 2007–08[25] before departing the club in May 2009, after failing to win the SPL title.[26] Tony Mowbray took charge of the club in June 2009,[27] and he was succeeded a year later by Neil Lennon.[28] In November 2010, Celtic set a Scottish Premier League record for the biggest win in SPL history defeating Aberdeen 9–0 at Celtic Park.[29]

Celtic celebrated their 125th anniversary in November 2012, the same week as their UEFA Champions League match against Barcelona.[30] Celtic won 2–1 on the night to complete a memorable week,[31] and eventually qualified from the group stages for the last 16 round.[32] Celtic finished the season with League and Scottish Cup double.[33]

Celtic clinched their third consecutive league title in March 2014,[34] with goalkeeper Fraser Forster setting a new record during the campaign of 1256 minutes without conceding a goal in a league match.[35] At the end of the season, manager Neil Lennon announced his departure from the club after four years in the role.[36]

Norwegian Ronny Deila was appointed manager of Celtic on 6 June 2014.[37][38] He signed a 12-month rolling contract with the club.[39]

Crest and colours

For Celtic's first season they wore a white top with black shorts and black and green hooped socks. This kit featured a green Celtic cross inside a red circle. Next season they changed to a green and white vertically striped top and for the next fourteen years this remained unchanged. In 1903 Celtic adopted their famous green and white hooped tops.[40]

Stadium

Statue of Jock Stein outside Celtic Park
Main article: Celtic Park

Celtic's stadium is Celtic Park, which is in the Parkhead area of Glasgow. Celtic Park, an all-seater stadium with a capacity of 60,355,[1] is the largest football stadium in Scotland and the seventh-largest stadium in the United Kingdom, after Murrayfield, Old Trafford, Twickenham, Wembley, the London 2012 Olympic Stadium and the Millennium Stadium. It is commonly known as Parkhead[41] or Paradise.[42][43]

Celtic first laid out a ground in the Parkhead area in 1888.[44] The club moved to a different site in 1892, however, when the rental charge was greatly increased.[45] The new site was developed into an oval shaped stadium, with vast terracing sections.[46] The record attendance of 83,500 was set by an Old Firm derby on 1 January 1938.[45] The terraces were covered and floodlights were installed between 1957 and 1971.[45] The Taylor Report mandated that all major clubs should have an all-seated stadium by August 1994.[47] Celtic was in a bad financial position in the early 1990s and no major work was carried out until Fergus McCann took control of the club in March 1994. He carried out a plan to demolish the old terraces and develop a new stadium in a phased rebuild, which was completed in August 1998. The total cost of the new stadium was £40 million.

For the 1994–95 season Celtic played at the national stadium Hampden Park, this cost the club £500,000 in rent.[48] Celtic Park has often been used as a venue for Scotland internationals and Cup Finals, particularly when Hampden Park has been unavailable.[49] Before the First World War, Celtic Park hosted various other sporting events, including composite rules shinty-hurling,[50] track and field and the 1897 Track Cycling World Championships.[45] Open-air masses,[45] and First World War recruitment drives have also been held there.[51] Celtic Park has occasionally been used for concerts, including performances by The Who and U2.[52]

Supporters

In 2003 Celtic were estimated to have a fan base of nine million people, including one million in the USA and Canada.[53] There are over 160 Celtic Supporters Clubs in over 20 countries around the world.[54]

In 2003, an estimated 80,000 Celtic supporters, many without match tickets, travelled to Seville in Spain for the UEFA Cup Final,[5][6][7] The club's fans subsequently received awards from UEFA and FIFA for their behaviour at the match.[5][6][20][21]

In the 2010–11 season, Celtic had the highest average home attendance of any Scottish club.[55] They also had the 12th highest average attendance out of all the football clubs in Europe.

In October 2013, French football magazine So Foot published a list of whom they considered the 'best' football supporters in the world. Celtic fans were placed third, the only British supporters on the list, with the magazine highlighting their rendition of You'll Never Walk Alone before the start of European ties at Celtic Park.[56]

The Old Firm and sectarianism

Celtic's traditional rivals are Rangers; collectively, the two clubs are known as the Old Firm. The two have dominated Scottish football's history; between them, they have won the Scottish league championship 97 times since its inception in 1890 – all other clubs combined have won 19 championships. The two clubs are also by far the most supported in Scotland, with Celtic having the third highest home attendance in the UK.[57] Celtic have a historic association with the people of Ireland and Scots of Irish descent, who are both mainly Roman Catholic. Traditionally fans of rivals Rangers came from Scottish or Northern Irish Protestant backgrounds and support British Unionism.

The clubs have attracted the support of opposing factions in the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Some supporters use songs, chants and banners at matches to abuse or show support for the Protestant or Catholic faiths and proclaim support for Northern Irish paramilitary groups such as the IRA and UVF.[58]

There have been nearly 400 Old Firm matches played as of 2011. The games have been described as having an "atmosphere of hatred, religious tension and intimidation which continues to lead to violence in communities across Scotland."[58] The rivalry has fuelled many assaults and even deaths on Old Firm Derby days. Admissions to hospital emergency rooms have been reported to increase ninefold over normal levels[59] and in the period from 1996 to 2003, eight deaths in Glasgow were directly linked to Old Firm matches, and hundreds of assaults.[59][60]

Both sets of fans fought an on-pitch battle in the aftermath of Celtic's victory in the 1980 Scottish Cup final at Hampden Park.[61] There was serious fan disorder during an Old Firm match played in May 1999 at Celtic Park; missiles were thrown by Celtic fans, including one which struck referee Hugh Dallas, who needed medical treatment, and a small number of fans invaded the pitch.[62]

Celtic have taken measures to reduce sectarianism. In 1996, the club launched its Bhoys Against Bigotry campaign, later followed by Youth Against Bigotry to "educate the young on having ... respect for all aspects of the community – all races, all colours, all creeds".[63]

In March 2008, UEFA investigated Celtic fans for alleged sectarian singing at a match against Barcelona.[64] The case was dropped before the end of the month due to a lack of evidence.[65]

Irish republicanism

Some groups of Celtic fans express their support for Irish republicanism and the Irish Republican Army by singing or chanting about them at matches.[66][67] IRA chanting has been described as being offensive, but opinion is divided on whether they are sectarian.[68][69][70][71][72] UEFA head of communications William Gaillard, when talking about the matter in 2006, said that IRA chanting was a nationalist issue and was similar to fans of other clubs, such as Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao, who support nationalist movements in their own countries. He also stated that only in Balkan countries, where some fans show support for organisations that had engaged in ethnic cleansing, was the situation different because these organisations were by their nature discriminatory. He said that this did not apply to the IRA.[73]

In 2008 and 2010, there were protests by groups of fans over the team wearing the poppy symbol for Remembrance Day.[74][75] Celtic expressed disapproval of these protests, saying they were damaging to the image of the club and its fans, and pledged to ban those involved.[66][75][76]

In November 2011 UEFA launched an investigation into Celtic about alleged "illicit chanting" involving pro-IRA songs during their Europa League tie against Rennes on 3 November 2011.[77] The hearing took place on 9 December 2011,[78] and the club was fined £12,700 for the offence.[79] Also in November 2011, the Scottish Premier League announced an investigation into Celtic over "pro-IRA" chanting by fans during a match against Hibernian the previous month.[80] The investigation concluded on 5 December 2011, with the SPL stating that "It is not disputed that a small number of Celtic fans engaged in singing and chanting in support of the IRA". However, Celtic were deemed to have taken all "reasonably practicable steps" to try and prevent the behaviour so no action was taken against them. The SPL also stated that repeated condemnation of the chants by manager Neil Lennon as well as chief executive Peter Lawwell had been taken into consideration.[81]

Celtic media

The Celtic View, the oldest football club magazine in the world

In 1965, Celtic began publishing The Celtic View, the oldest club magazine in football.[82]

In 2004, Celtic launched their own digital TV channel called Celtic TV, which was available in the UK through Setanta Sports on satellite and cable platforms. Due to the collapse of Setanta in the UK in June 2009, Celtic TV stopped broadcasting, although the club hoped to find a new broadcast partner.[83]

Since 2002, Celtic's Internet TV channel Channel67 (previously known as Celtic Replay) broadcast Celtic's own content worldwide and offered live match coverage to subscribers outside the UK. It also provided three online channels.

In 2011, Celtic TV was relaunched as an online service and replaced Channel 67.[84][85]

Celtic and charity

Celtic was initially founded to raise money for the poor in the East End of Glasgow and the club still retain strong charitable traditions today.[86]

On 9 August 2011 Celtic held a testimonial match in honour of former player John Kennedy. Due to the humanitarian crisis in East Africa, the entire proceeds were donated to Oxfam. An estimated £300,000 was raised.[87]

In 1995 the Celtic charity fund was formed with the aim of "revitalising Celtic's charitable traditions" and to August 2011 has raised over £3 million.[88][89]

Celtic hold an annual charity fashion show at Celtic Park. In 2011 the main beneficiaries were Breast Cancer Care Scotland.[89]

Yorkhill Hospital is another charity with whom Celtic are affiliated and in December 2011 the club donated £3000 to it. Chief Executive Peter Lawwell said that; "Celtic has always been much more than a football club and it is important that, at all times we play an important role in the wider community. The club is delighted to have enjoyed such a long and positive connection with Yorkhill Hospital."[90]

Ownership and finances

Private company

Celtic were formed in 1888 and in 1897 the club became a Private Limited Company,[91] this was owned and run by several family "dynasties".[92] These directors had a reputation of being very niggardly and authoritarian, as well as not showing loyalty to their players or managers. In particular they were known for continually selling their top players and not paying their staff enough, they also lacked ambition and many managers had run-ins with them due to this. Three of Celtic's most legendary figures Billy McNeill, Jock Stein and Jimmy McGrory all suffered from this. The board tried to sell McGrory, Celtic's greatest ever goalscorer, to Arsenal in 1928. Knowing how loyal he was to the club, they lured him to London under false pretences and despite his unhappiness at this, and Arsenal's offer of making him the highest paid player in Britain, he refused to move. As well as this, throughout his whole career he was paid £8 a week, £1 less than the rest of the team. As a manager McGrory was also unhappy with the board as they controlled team selection, he considered resigning three years into his management as the club had almost been relegated. Despite scoring 550 goals in 547 games, although not being as successful as a manager, throughout his 35-year playing and managing career with the club they were generally unsuccessful and were always in Rangers' shadow.[93][94]

Stein, who had also played for Celtic, took over the management of the club from McGrory in 1965 and revolutionised the team. He won nine successive league titles and the 1967 European Cup, as well as being runners-up in 1970,[95] with largely the team that McGrory had left behind.[citation needed] By the mid-70s Celtic were declining and Stein was struggling to replace the Lisbon Lions. He had also been seriously injured in a car crash in 1975 which had been said to have affected him badly. Stein rebuilt the squad and achieved a double in 1976–77.[96] However, the next season went poorly and the ability and commitment of many of these players was called into question.[97] The board decided to replace Stein in 1978. The recently appointed chairman, Desmond White, and Stein had a poor relationship and Stein left the club in a bad manner. Celtic's official history was released at that time and Stein was criticised in the book for losing the 1970 European Cup. White and the directors had contributed to the book and Stein was unhappy with this criticism. Stein was offered a place on the Celtic board after he left, however, they wanted him to revive the ticket sales at the club. Stein felt this demeaning and he said was; "a football man, not a ticket salesman". He declined this offer and decided to stay in management.[95][98]

McNeill, the European Cup winning captain under Stein, was brought in to replace him. After five seasons he asked for a contract with a wage rise as he felt he needed greater security; his predecessor had had informal "gentleman's agreements" with the club. During his tenure McNeill had been the most successful manager in Scotland yet it was revealed that he earned less than his counterparts at Aberdeen, Dundee United and Rangers. McNeill also publicly asked the board for more money to invest in the playing squad. The following day the board announced they had unanimously rejected his requests and McNeill moved on to manage Manchester City stating that to remain at Celtic would have been humiliating.[95]

McCann takeover and transition to plc

Throughout the 1960s and 70s Celtic had been one of the strongest clubs in Europe. However, the directors failed to accompany the wave of economic development facing football in the 1980s. In 1989, the club's annual budget was £6.4 million, about a third as much as Barcelona, with a debt of around 40% and on-field success deteriorating.[99] In the early 1990s the situation began to worsen, in 1993 fans began organising pressure groups to protest against the board, one of the most prominent being "Celts for Change". They strongly supported a takeover bid fronted by Fergus McCann and Brian Dempsey. Football writer Jim Traynor likened McCann's attempt to buy the club from the board as being like "good against evil".[100]

On 4 March 1994, McCann bought Celtic for £9 million.[101] When he bought the club it was reported to be within 24 hours of entering receivership due to a £5 million overdraft.[92][102] He turned Celtic into a public limited company through a share issue which raised over £14 million, the most successful share issue in British football history.[92][103] He also oversaw the building of a new stadium, the 60,000 seater Celtic Park, which cost £40 million and at the time was Britain's largest capacity stadium.[92][104][105] This allowed Celtic to progress as a club because over £20 million was being raised each year from season ticket sales.[92]

McCann had maintained from the outset that he would only be at Celtic for five years and in September 1999 he officially announced that his 50.3% stake in Celtic was for sale. McCann had always wanted the ownership of Celtic to be spread as widely as possible and gave first preference to existing shareholders and season-ticket holders. This was to stop a new consortium taking over the club.[106] 14.4 million shares were sold by McCann at a value of 280 pence each. McCann made £40 million out of this, meaning he left Celtic with a £31 million profit. During his tenure, turnover at Celtic rose by 385% to £33.8m and operating profits rose from £282,000 to £6.7m.[105] McCann was often criticised during his time at Celtic and many people disagreed with him over building a stadium which they thought Celtic couldn't fill, not investing enough in the squad and being overly focused on finance. However, McCann was responsible for the financial recovery of the club and for providing a very good platform for it to build on. After he left Celtic, the club were able to invest in players and achieved much success such as winning The Treble in 2000–01 and reaching the 2003 UEFA Cup Final.[92][105]

After McCann's exit, Irish billionaire Dermot Desmond was left as the majority shareholder. He purchased 2.8 million of McCann's shares to increase his stake in the club from 13% to 20%.[107]

In 2005, Celtic issued a share offer designed to raise £15 million for the club, 50 million new shares were made available priced at 30p each. It was also revealed that majority sharholder Desmond would buy around £10 million worth of the shares. £10 million of the money raised was for building a new state-of-the-art training facility and youth academy, expanding the club's global scouting network and investing in coaching and player development programmes. The rest of the money was to be used to reduce debt. Building a youth academy was important for Celtic to surpass both Hearts and Rangers who had superior youth facilities at the time.[108] The share issue was a success and Celtic had more applicants than shares available,[109] Celtic's new Lennoxtown training centre was opened in October 2007.[110]

Celtic have been ranked in the Deloitte Football Money League six times. This lists the top 20 football clubs in the world according to revenue. They were ranked between 2002 (2000–01 season), 2006 (2004–05 season) and 2008 (2006–07 season).[111][112]

Celtic's financial results for 2011 showed that the club's debt had been reduced from £5.5 million to £500,000 and that a pre-tax profit of £100,000 had been achieved, compared with a loss of over £2 million the previous year. Turnover also decreased by 15% from £63 million to £52 million.[113]

In May 2012, Celtic were rated 37th in Brand Finance's annual valuation of the world's biggest football clubs. Celtic's brand was valued at $64 million (£40.7 million), $15 million more than the previous year. It was the first time a Scottish club had been ranked in the top 50. Matt Hannagan, Sports Brand Valuation Analyst at Brand Finance, said that Celtic were constrained by the amount of money they got from the SPL and that if they were in the Premiership then, due to their large fan base, they could be in the top 10 clubs in the world.[114][115] Later that month David Low, the financial consultant who advised Fergus McCann on his takeover of Celtic in 1994, said that Celtic's 'enterprise value' (how much it would cost to buy the club) was £52 million.[116]

Current squad

First team squad

As of 11 September 2014
No. Position Player
2 Wales DF Adam Matthews
3 Honduras DF Emilio Izaguirre
4 Nigeria DF Efe Ambrose
5 Netherlands DF Virgil van Dijk
6 Israel MF Nir Bitton
8 Scotland MF Scott Brown (captain)
9 Sweden FW John Guidetti (on loan from Manchester City)
10 Republic of Ireland FW Anthony Stokes
11 Netherlands MF Derk Boerrigter
12 Serbia FW Stefan Šćepović
15 Scotland MF Kris Commons
16 Norway FW Jo Inge Berget (on loan from Cardiff City)
18 Australia MF Tom Rogić
21 Scotland DF Charlie Mulgrew (vice-captain)
22 Belgium DF Jason Denayer (on loan from Manchester City)
23 Sweden DF Mikael Lustig
24 Poland GK Łukasz Załuska
No. Position Player
25 Norway MF Stefan Johansen
26 Scotland GK Craig Gordon
27 Bulgaria MF Aleksandar Tonev (on loan from Aston Villa)
28 Scotland FW Leigh Griffiths
31 Scotland MF John Herron
32 Ghana MF Mubarak Wakaso (on loan from Rubin Kazan)
33 Israel MF Beram Kayal
34 Republic of Ireland DF Eoghan O'Connell
38 Italy GK Leonardo Fasan
41 England DF Darnell Fisher
42 Scotland MF Callum McGregor
43 Scotland DF Joe Chalmers
49 Scotland FW James Forrest
50 Republic of Ireland MF Paul George
53 Scotland MF Liam Henderson
56 Czech Republic MF Filip Twardzik

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
17 Guinea-Bissau FW Amido Baldé (on loan to Waasland-Beveren)
19 Iceland FW Hólmbert Friðjónsson (on loan to Brøndby IF)
20 Finland FW Teemu Pukki (on loan to Brøndby IF)
No. Position Player
36 Australia MF Jackson Irvine (on loan to Ross County)
44 Scotland DF Marcus Fraser (on loan to Cowdenbeath)
46 Scotland MF Dylan McGeouch (on loan to Hibernian)
For recent transfers, see List of Scottish football transfers summer 2014

Development and Youth squads

For Celtic's development and youth squads, see Celtic Development and Youth squads.

2014–15 transfers

Celtic transfers in season 2014–15

Non-playing staff

Board of directors

Position[117] Name
Chairman Ian Bankier
Chief Executive Peter Lawwell
Financial Director Eric J. Riley
Senior independent director Tom Allison
Independent non-executive director Dermot Desmond
Independent non-executive director Ian Livingston
Independent non-executive director Brian Wilson
company secretary Robert Howat
Commercial Director Adrian Filby[118]
Director of International Development Jason Hughes[119]

Management

Position Name
Manager Ronny Deila
Assistant Manager John Collins
First Team Coach John Kennedy
Performance Consultant Jim McGuinness
Goalkeeping Coach Stevie Woods
Head of Youth and Academy Chris McCart
Under 19 Coach Stephen Frail
Under 19 Coach Danny McGrain
Under 17 Coach Miodrag Krivokapić
Head of Sports Science Ian Coll
Football Development Manager John Park

Honours

Domestic honours

Trophy case at Celtic Park

[120]

1892–93, 1893–94, 1895–96, 1897–98, 1904–05, 1905–06, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1908–09, 1909–10, 1913–14, 1914–15, 1915–16, 1916–17, 11918–19, 1921–22, 1925–26, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1953–54, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14
1891–92, 1898–99, 1899–1900, 1903–04, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1913–14, 1922–23, 1924–25, 1926–27, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1936–37, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1994–95, 2000–01, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2010–11, 2012–13
1956–57, 1957–58, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1974–75, 1982–83, 1997–98, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2005–06, 2008–09
1974

European honours

Worldwide / Intercontinental honours

Minor and special honours

  • Glasgow Cup: 32 (Contested by under 18 youth teams from 2008)
1891, 1892, 1895, 1896, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1910, 1916, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1939, 1941, 1949, 1956, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1970, 19751, 1982, 2008, 2011, 2014
1892, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1899, 1903, 1905, 1908, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1924, 1926, 1936, 1937, 1943, 1950, 1953, 1959, 19612
  • North Eastern Cup: 2[121]
1889, 1890
1902
1914
1918
1938
1945
1951
1953
1967
1968
2009
1977
1981
1989
1999
2009
2010
2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010

Reserve honours

1896, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1994, 1995, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
  • Scottish Reserve Cup: 8[126]
1891, 1935, 1936, 1958, 1966, 1971, 1974, 1985
  • Reserve League Cup: 13
1960, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1980, 1981, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996
  • Scottish Alliance: 4[127]
1922, 1934, 1937, 1938
1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1966

Youth honours

1984, 1987, 1989, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
  • Under 18 Scottish Premier League: 2
2000, 2003
  • Under 19 Scottish Premier League: 6
2004, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2011, 2012
  • SPFL U20 League: 2
2013, 2014
  • Under 21 Scottish Premier League: 3
2002, 2003, 2004

Other awards

1 1975 trophy shared with Rangers after a 2–2 draw.
2 1961 trophy shared with Clyde after a 1–1 draw.
3 Celtic B, the clubs second reserve team competed in every season of the Combined Reserve League.
4 Awarded to the fans of Celtic.

Managers

Name Nationality From To Scottish League Scottish Cup Scottish League Cup European Cup Total
Maley, WillieWillie Maley  Scotland 1897 1940 16 14 30
McStay, JimmyJimmy McStay  Scotland 1940 1945 0 0 0
McGrory, JimmyJimmy McGrory  Scotland 1945 1965 1 2 2 5
Stein, JockJock Stein  Scotland 1965 1978 10 8 6 1 25
McNeill, BillyBilly McNeill  Scotland 1978 1983 3 1 1 0 5
Hay, DavidDavid Hay  Scotland 1983 1987 1 1 0 0 2
McNeill, BillyBilly McNeill  Scotland 1987 1991 1 2 0 0 3
Brady, LiamLiam Brady  Ireland 1991 1993 0 0 0 0 0
Macari, LouLou Macari  Scotland 1993 1994 0 0 0 0 0
Burns, TommyTommy Burns  Scotland 1994 1997 0 1 0 0 1
Jansen, WimWim Jansen  Netherlands 1997 1998 1 0 1 0 2
Vengloš, JozefJozef Vengloš  Slovakia 1998 1999 0 0 0 0 0
Barnes, JohnJohn Barnes  England 1999 2000 0 0 0 0 0
Dalglish, KennyKenny Dalglish  Scotland 2000 2000 0 0 1 0 1
O'Neill, MartinMartin O'Neill  Northern Ireland 2000 2005 3 3 1 0 7
Strachan, GordonGordon Strachan  Scotland 2005 2009 3 1 2 0 6
Mowbray, TonyTony Mowbray  England 2009 2010 0 0 0 0 0
Lennon, NeilNeil Lennon  Northern Ireland 2010 2014 3 2 0 0 5
Deila, RonnyRonny Deila  Norway 2014 Present 0 0 0 0 0

Captains

Name Nationality From To Scottish League Scottish Cup Scottish League Cup European Cup Total honours
Kelly, JamesJames Kelly  Scotland 1888 1897 3 1 - - 4
Doyle, DanDan Doyle  Scotland 1897 1899 1 1 - - 2
McMahon, SandySandy McMahon  Scotland 1899 1903 0 1 - - 1
Orr, WillieWillie Orr  Scotland 1903 1906 2 1 - - 3
Hay, JamesJames Hay  Scotland 1906 1911 4 3 - - 7
Young, JimJim Young  Scotland 1911 1917 4 2 - - 6
McNair, AlecAlec McNair  Scotland 1917 1920 1 0 - - 1
Cringan, WillieWillie Cringan  Scotland 1920 1923 1 1 - - 2
Shaw, CharlieCharlie Shaw  Scotland 1923 1925 0 1 - - 1
McStay, WillieWillie McStay  Scotland 1925 1929 1 1 - - 2
McStay, JimmyJimmy McStay  Scotland 1929 1934 0 2 - - 2
Hogg, BobbyBobby Hogg  Scotland 1934 1935 0 0 - - 0
Lyon, WillieWillie Lyon  Scotland 1935 1939 2 1 - - 3
McPhail, JohnJohn McPhail  Scotland 1948 1952 0 1 0 - 1
Fallon, SeanSean Fallon  Ireland 1952 1953 0 0 0 - 0
Stein, JockJock Stein  Scotland 1953 1955 1 1 0 - 2
Evans, BobbyBobby Evans  Scotland 1955 1957 0 0 1 - 1
Peacock, BertieBertie Peacock  Northern Ireland 1957 1961 0 0 1 - 1
Mackay, DuncanDuncan Mackay  Scotland 1961 1963 0 0 0 0 0
McNeill, BillyBilly McNeill  Scotland 1963 1975 9 7 6 1 23
Dalglish, KennyKenny Dalglish  Scotland 1975 1977 1 1 0 0 2
McGrain, DannyDanny McGrain  Scotland 1977 1987 4 2 1 0 7
Aitken, RoyRoy Aitken  Scotland 1987 1990 1 2 0 0 3
McStay, PaulPaul McStay  Scotland 1990 1997 0 1 0 0 1
Boyd, TomTom Boyd  Scotland 1997 2002 3 1 3 0 7
Lambert, PaulPaul Lambert  Scotland 2002 2004 1 1 0 0 2
McNamara, JackieJackie McNamara  Scotland 2004 2005 0 1 0 0 1
Lennon, NeilNeil Lennon  Northern Ireland 2005 2007 2 1 1 0 4
McManus, StephenStephen McManus  Scotland 2007 2010 1 0 1 0 2
Brown, ScottScott Brown  Scotland 2010 Present 3 2 0 0 5

Records

Club records

  • The Scottish Cup final win against Aberdeen in 1937 was attended by a crowd of 147,365 at Hampden Park in Glasgow, which remains a world record gate for a national cup final[131]
  • Highest attendance for a European club competition match: Celtic v Leeds United in the European Cup semi-final, 15 April 1970 at Hampden Park, Glasgow. Official attendance 136,505[131]
  • Record home attendance: 92,000 against Rangers on 1 January 1938.[132][133] A 3–0 victory for Celtic[134]
  • UK record for an unbeaten run in professional football: 62 games (49 won, 13 drawn), from 13 November 1915 until 21 April 1917 – a total of 17 months and four days in all (they lost at home to Kilmarnock on the penultimate day of the season)[135][136]
  • SPL record for an unbeaten run of home matches (77), from 2001 to 2004[137][138]
  • 14 consecutive League Cup final appearances, from season 1964/65 to 1977/78 inclusive,[139] a world record for successive appearances in the final of a major football competition[140]
  • World record for total number of goals scored in a season (competitive games only): 196 (season 1966–67)[141]
  • Most goals scored in one Scottish top-flight league match by one player: 8 goals by Jimmy McGrory against Dunfermline in 9–0 win on 14 January 1928
  • Highest score in a domestic British cup final: Celtic 7–1 Rangers, Scottish League Cup Final 1957[142]
  • Fastest hat-trick in European Club Football – Mark Burchill vs Jeunesse Esch in 2000; 3 minutes (between 12th minute and 15th minute), a record at the time[133][143]
  • Earliest SPL Championship won. Twice won with 6 games remaining, against Kilmarnock on 18 April 2004[144] and Hearts on 5 April 2006[145][146]
  • Biggest margin of victory in the SPL. 9–0 against Aberdeen, 6 November 2010[147]
  • Celtic and Hibernian hold the record for the biggest transfer fee between two Scottish clubs. Celtic bought Scott Brown from Hibernian on 16 May 2007 for £4.4m[148]
  • Most expensive export from Scottish football, Aiden McGeady to Spartak Moscow, August 2010[149]
  • First weekly club publication in the UK, The Celtic View
  • First European club to field a player from the Indian sub-continent, Mohammed Salim[150]
  • First British club to reach the final of the European Cup, and the only Scottish, and first British team to win the European Cup

Individual records

  • Record appearances: Billy McNeill, 790 from 1957–1975
  • Most capped player: 102, Kenny Dalglish
  • Record scorer: Jimmy McGrory, 468 (1922/23 – 1937/38)
  • Most goals in a season (all competitions): Jimmy McGrory, 59 (1926/27) (49 League/10 Scottish Cup)
  • Most goals in a season (league only): Jimmy McGrory, 50 (1935/36)
All players are from Scotland unless otherwise stated.
Top Goalscorers
Rank Name Career Goals
1 Jimmy McGrory 1922–1937 522
2 Bobby Lennox 1961–1978
1979–1980
273
3 Henrik Larsson Sweden 1997–2004 242
4 Stevie Chalmers 1958–1971 231
5 Jimmy Quinn 1900–1917 217
6 Patsy Gallacher Ireland 1911–1926 192
7 John Hughes 1960–1971 189
8 Sandy McMahon 1891–1903 171
9 Jimmy McMenemy 1902–1920 168
10 Kenny Dalglish 1969–1977 167
Top League Goalscorers
Rank Name Career Goals
1 Jimmy McGrory 1922–1937 395
2 Jimmy Quinn 1900–1917 187
3 Patsy Gallacher Ireland 1911–1926 186
4 Henrik Larsson Sweden 1997–2004 174
6 Bobby Lennox 1961–1978
1979–1980
167
6 Stevie Chalmers 1958–1971 159
7 Jimmy McMenemy 1902–1920 144
8 Sandy McMahon 1891–1903 130
9 Adam McLean 1917–1928 128
10 John Hughes 1960–1971 115
Most Appearances
Rank Name Career Apps
1 Billy McNeill 1957–1975 790
2 Paul McStay 1981–1997 678
3 Roy Aitken 1976–1990 669
4 Danny McGrain 1970–1987 661
5 Packie Bonner Republic of Ireland 1978–1995 642
6 Alec McNair 1904–1925 641
7 Bobby Lennox 1961–1978
1979–1980
587
8 Bobby Evans 1944–1960 548
9 Jimmy Johnstone 1962–1975 515
10 Jimmy McMenemy 1902–1920 515

UEFA coefficient

As of 30 October 2014[151]
Rank Country Team Points
47 Spain Málaga 39,285
48 Romania Steaua Bucharest 39,059
49 Greece PAOK 37,520
50 Scotland Celtic 36,980
51 Russia Spartak Moscow 36,835
52 Austria FC Salzburg 36,233
53 Italy A.S. Roma 36,102

Notable former players

See List of Celtic F.C. players for players with over 100 appearances, List of Celtic F.C. international footballers and Category:Celtic FC players

Greatest ever team

Greatest ever Celtic team

The following team was voted the greatest ever Celtic team by supporters in 2002:[152]

Scotland Football Hall of Fame

To November 2011, 21 Celtic players and managers have entered the Scottish Football Hall of Fame:[153]

Scotland Roll of Honour

The Scotland national football team roll of honour recognises players who have gained 50 or more international caps for Scotland. Inductees to have played for Celtic are:[159]

Scottish Sports Hall of Fame

In the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame, five Celtic players have been selected, they are:

Sponsors

As of June 2013, Celtic are sponsored by:[165]

See also

References

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External links