Coloane Village (Traditional Chinese: 路環村) stands as a living testament to Macau's dual Portuguese and Cantonese heritage. The quality of air in Coloane is relatively fresh compared to that of the Macau Peninsula because there are fewer local residents and less urban development. Nowadays, the Coloane Islands is a good place for beach lovers, hikers and golfers.
Coloane is historically a fishing village and port for trade with the neighboring islands along the coast of Guangdong province. Before the fall of the Qing Dynasty (i.e. 1912), pirates were a great problem in Coloane and posed a serious threat to local fishermen and traders. In front of the little chapel dedicated to St. Francis Xavier is a monument commemorating a successful Portuguese action against Chinese pirates in 1910.
The village centers on Eduardo Marques Square which is a rectangle paved in cobblestones that are black, white and yellow, laid out in a wavy pattern reminiscent of the sea. The square faces a seaside promenade that traces the channel dividing Macau from the hills of China proper.
At the opposite end of the square stands the Chapel of St. Francis Xavier, built in 1928. The chapel contains some of the most sacred Christian relics in Asia, including the remains of 26 foreign and Japanese Catholic priests who were crucified in Nagasaki in 1597, as well as those of some of the Japanese Christians who were killed during the Shimabara Rebellion in 1637. The chapel also housed a bone from the arm of St. Francis Xavier, who died in 1552 on Sanchuan Island, 50 miles from Macau, before the relic was transferred to Saint Joseph's Seminary and the Sacred Art Museum.
Alongside the Avenida de Cinco de Outubro is the Tam Kung Temple. Tam Kung Temple is a Taoist Temple dedicated to the seafarer's God Tam Kung. A modern deep-water port is next to Ka Ho, a village with a typical countryside lifestyle.
List of famous sites
Famous sites in the village or nearby include:
- Tam Kung Temple (譚公廟)
- Old Tin Hau Temple (天后古廟)
- Chapel of St. Francis Xavier (聖方濟各聖堂)
- Avenida de Cinco de Outubro (十月初五馬路)