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Desfontainia spinosa.jpg
Desfontainia spinosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Bruniales
Family: Columelliaceae


Columelliaceae is a family of trees and shrubs native to the Andes of South America.[2]

In the APG II taxonomy they are placed in the order Lamiales,[1] but a 2008 study suggested that they are sister to the Bruniaceae,[3] and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website proposes incorporating this finding by placing both families in order Bruniales.[2] The APG III system of 2009 thus does place Columelliaceae in the Bruniales.


  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399–436. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x. 
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ Winkworth, Richard C.; Lundberg, Johannes; Donoghue, Michael J. (2008). "Toward a resolution of Campanulid phylogeny, with special reference to the placement of Dipsacales". Taxon 57 (1): 53–65.