Typhaceae

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Typhaceae
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous-Recent, 65.5–0Ma
Typha latifolia Finland.jpg
Typha latifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Typhaceae
Juss.[1]
Genera

Sparganium
Typha

The Typhaceae /tˈfs/ are a family of flowering plants. The botanical name for the family has been recognized by most taxonomists.

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), also recognizes this family, and assigns it to the order Poales in the clade commelinids, in the monocots. The family then consisted of one genus (Typha), totalling a dozen species of perennial plants of wet habitats. More recently, the APG III system of 2009 included a second genus, Sparganium, in this family.

The Cronquist system, of 1981, also recognized such a family and placed it in the order Typhales, in the subclass Commelinidae in class Liliopsida in division Magnoliophyta.

The Wettstein system, last updated in 1935, placed the family in order Pandanales.

Members can be recognized as large marsh herbs with two-ranked leaves and a brownish compact spike of unisexual flowers.

The earliest fossils, including pollen and flowers, have been recovered from late Cretaceous deposits.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stevens, P. F. "ANGIOSPERM PHYLOGENY WEBSITE, version 12.". Typhaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Bremer, K. (2002). "Gondwanan Evolution of the Grass Alliance of Families (Poales)." Evolution, 56(7): 1374-1387. [1]

External links[edit]

Media related to Typhaceae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Typhaceae at Wikispecies