Embraer E-Jet family

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E-Jet family
E-170/E-175/E-190/E-195
LOT Embraer ERJ-170-100LR 170LR Wadman-1.jpg
An Embraer 170 in new livery of launch customer LOT Polish Airlines landing at Amsterdam Airport (2012).
Role Airliner
National origin Brazil
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight February 19, 2002
Introduction March 17, 2004 with LOT Polish Airlines
Status In service
Primary users Republic Airlines
JetBlue Airways
Air Canada
Compass Airlines
Produced 2001–present
Number built 1,060 as of September 30, 2014[1]
Unit cost
E-170: US$28.5 million;
E-195: $47.0 million[2]
Variants Embraer Lineage 1000
Developed into Embraer E-Jet E2 family

The Embraer E-Jet family is a series of narrow-body medium-range twin-engine jet airliners produced by Brazilian aerospace conglomerate Embraer. Launched at the Paris Air Show in 1999, and entering production in 2002, the aircraft series has been a commercial success.[3] The aircraft is used by both mainline and regional airlines around the world. As of 31 December 2013, there is a backlog of 279 firm orders for the E-Jets, 689 options and 998 units delivered.[1]

Design and development[edit]

The Embraer E-Jets line is composed of two main commercial families and a business jet variant. The smaller E-170 and E-175 make up the base model aircraft. The E-190 and E-195 are stretched versions, with different engines and larger wing, horizontal stabilizer and landing gear structures. The 170 and 175 share 95% commonality, as do the 190 and 195. The two families share near 89% commonality, with identical fuselage cross-sections and avionics, featuring the Honeywell Primus Epic Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) suite.[4] The E-jets also have winglets to improve efficiency.

All E-Jets use four-abreast seating (2+2) and have a "double-bubble" design, which Embraer developed for its commercial passenger jets, that provides stand-up headroom. The E-190/195 series of aircraft have capacities similar to the initial versions of the McDonnell Douglas DC-9 and Boeing 737, which have always been considered mainline airliners. The E-Jets have jet engines that produce less noise, which allows them to operate in airports that have strict noise restrictions, such as London City Airport.[5][citation needed]

Interior of single-aisle jet aircraft, with people seated. Light illuminate the ceiling as a female stands near the front of aircraft
Interior of an Embraer E-170

Embraer first disclosed that it was studying a new 70-seat aircraft, which it called the EMB 170, in 1997, concurrently with announcing the development of its ERJ 135.[6] The EMB 170 was to feature a new wing and larger-diameter fuselage mated to the nose and cockpit of the ERJ 145.[7][8] In February 1999 Embraer announced it had abandoned the derivative approach in favour of an all-new design.[9][10]

The E-jet family was formally launched at the Paris Air Show in June 1999. Launch customers for the aircraft were the French airline Régional Compagnie Aérienne Européenne with ten orders and five options for the E-170; and the Swiss airline Crossair with an order for 30 E-170s and 30 E-190s.[11] Production of parts to build the prototype and test airframes began in July 2000.[12] Full production began in 2002, at a new factory built by Embraer at its São José dos Campos base.[13] After several delays in the certification process, the E-170 received type certification from the aviation authorities of Brazil, Europe and the United States in February 2004.[14][15]

E-Jets Second Generation[edit]

In November 2011, Embraer announced that it would develop revamped versions of the E-Jets family with improved engines, rather than an all-new aircraft.[16] The new variants are to be powered by new more efficient engines with larger diameter fans, and include slightly taller landing gear, and possibly a new aluminum or carbon fiber-based wing. The new E-Jet variants are to be better-positioned to compete with the Bombardier CSeries. The new variants are to enter service in 2018.[17]

GE, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce were all possible engine suppliers.[18] Pratt & Whitney's geared turbofan engine was selected in January 2013 for the new E-Jets versions.[19][20] The Honeywell Primus Epic 2 was selected as the avionics package.[21]

In February 2012, Embraer announced it was studying the development of a new variant with 130 seating capacity.[22] The study was expected to be completed by the end of 2012.[23]

Operational history[edit]

The first E-170s were delivered in the second week of March 2004 to LOT Polish Airlines, followed by US Airways subsidiary MidAtlantic Airways and Alitalia[14][24] (launch customer Crossair had in the meantime ceased to exist after its takeover of Swissair; and fellow launch customer Régional Compagnie Aérienne deferred its order,[25] not receiving its first E-jet—an E-190LR—until 2006.[26]) LOT operated the first commercial flight of an E-jet on 17 March 2004, from Warsaw to Vienna.[27] The largest single order for any type of E-Jets has come from JetBlue for 100 E-190s, and options for 100 more.[4]

The 400th E-jet was delivered in 2008, to Republic Airlines in the U.S.[28] On 6 November of that year, JetBlue set the record for the longest flight of the E-190 family when one of its aircraft made a non-stop flight from Anchorage, Alaska (Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport) to Buffalo, New York (Buffalo Niagara International Airport), a total of 2,694 nmi (4,989 km). This was an empty aircraft on a non-revenue flight. The aircraft eventually returned to JFK after a two-month-long charter service with Vice Presidential candidate Sarah Palin.[29] In September 2009 the 600th E-jet built was delivered to LOT Polish Airlines.[30] Kenya Airways received its 12th Ejet from Embraer which was also the 900th Ejet ever produced on October 10, 2012.[31]

On 13 September 2013 a ceremony was held at the Embraer factory in São José dos Campos to mark the delivery of the 1,000th E-jet family aircraft, an E-175, to Republic Airlines. The E-175 was delivered in an American Eagle colour scheme with a special "1,000th E-Jet" decal above the cabin windows.[28][32]

Variants[edit]

An Air Canada ERJ-175 on climb-out
Flybe E-195
Flight deck of a 190 Lineage 1000

E-170 and 175[edit]

The E-170/E-175 models in the 80-seat range are the smaller in the E-Jet family. They are powered with General Electric CF34-8E engines of 14,200 pounds (62.28 kN) thrust each. The E-170 and E-175 directly compete with the Bombardier CRJ-700 and Bombardier CRJ-900, respectively, and loosely compete with the turboprop Bombardier Q400. They also seek to replace the market segment occupied by earlier competing designs such as the BAe 146 and Fokker 70.

The Embraer 170 was the first version produced. The prototype 170-001, registration PP-XJE, was rolled out on 29 October 2001, with first flight 119 days later on 19 February 2002. The aircraft was displayed to the public in May 2002 at the Regional Airline Association convention. After a positive response from the airline community, Embraer launched the E-175. First flight of the stretched E-175 was on June 2003.[33] The launch U.S. customer For the EMB 170 was US Airways, after FAA certification, the aircraft entered into revenue service on April 4, 2004 operated by the MidAtlantic division of US Airways, Inc. The first E-175 was delivered to Air Canada and entered service in July 2005.[33] The 170-001 prototype performed its last flight on April 11, 2012. Its destiny was disassembly in the US for spare parts.

E-190 and 195[edit]

The E-190/195 models are a larger stretch of the E-170/175 models fitted with a new, larger wing, larger horizontal stabilizer and a new engine, the GE CF34-10E,[4] rated at 18,500 lb (82.30 kN). These aircraft compete with the Bombardier CRJ-1000 and CS100, the Boeing 717-200 and 737-600, and the Airbus A318.

The first flight of the E-190 was on March 12, 2004 (PP-XMA),[34] with the first flight of the E-195 (PP-XMJ)[34] on December 7 of the same year. The launch customer of the E-190 was New York-based low-cost carrier JetBlue with 100 orders and 100 options. British low-cost carrier Flybe launched the E-195 with 14 orders and 12 options.[35]

As the 190/195 models are of mainline aircraft size, many airlines operate them as such, fitting them with a business class section and operating them themselves, instead of having them flown by a regional airline partner.[citation needed] For example, Air Canada operates 45 E-190 aircraft fitted with 9 business-class and 88 economy-class seats as part of its primary fleet. JetBlue and US Airways also operate the E-190 as part of their own fleet thus allowing airlines increased crewing flexibility by having the ability of air crews to work aboard narrow-body or widebody aircraft all the same.

Embraer Lineage 1000[edit]

Main article: Embraer Lineage 1000

On 2 May 2006, Embraer announced plans for the business jet variant of the E-190. It has the same structure as the E-190, but with an extended range of up to 4,200 nm, and luxury seating for up to 19. It was certified by the USA Federal Aviation Administration on 7 January 2009. The first two production aircraft were delivered in December 2008.

Undeveloped variants[edit]

E-195X[edit]

Embraer considered producing an aircraft which was known as the E-195X, a stretched version of the E-195. It would have seated approximately 130 passengers. The E-195X was apparently a response to an American Airlines request for an aircraft to replace its McDonnell Douglas MD-80s.[36] Embraer abandoned plans for the 195X in May 2010, following concerns that its range would be too short.[37]

Operators[edit]

Embraer 190 from Azul Brazilian Airlines
White and blue jet aircraft being pulled on ramp towards left under cloudy sky.
Lufthansa Cityline E195LR.
Montenegro Airlines Embraer 195

Orders and deliveries[edit]

List of Embraer's E-Jet family deliveries and orders:

Model Photo Firm Orders Options Deliveries Firm Order Backlog
E-170 Cirrus Airlines E170 D-ALIE Start.jpg 193 23 188 5
E-175 Embraer take-off.jpg 408 360 227 181
E-190 Austral Líneas Aéreas Embraer 190AR LV-CHQ.jpeg 580 144 510 70
E-195 Flybe emb195 g-fbeh arp.jpg 145 2 135 10
Total 1326 529 1060 266

Source: Embraer's order book on September 30, 2014.[42]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Specifications[edit]

Variant E-170
(ERJ170-100)
E-175
(ERJ170-200)
E-190
(ERJ190-100)
E-195
(ERJ190-200)
Flight deck crew 2 pilots
Passenger capacity 80 (1-class, 29 in/30 in pitch)
78 (1-class, 30 in/31 in)
70 (1-class, 32 in)
70 (2-class, 36 in/32 in)
[46]
88 (1-class, 30 in pitch)
86 (1-class, 31 in)
78 (1-class, 32 in)
78 (2-class, standard)
[47]
114 (1-class, 29 in/30 in pitch)
106 (1-class, 31 in)
98 (1-class, 32 in)
94 (2-class, standard)
[48]
122 (1-class, 30 in/31 in pitch)
118 (1-class, 31 in)
108 (1-class, 32 in)
106 (2-class, standard)
[49]
Length 29.90 m
(98 ft 1 in)
31.68 m (103 ft 11 in) 36.24 m (118 ft 11 in) 38.65 m
(126 ft 10 in)
Wingspan 26.00 m (85 ft 4 in) 28.72 m (94 ft 3 in)
Height 9.67 m
(32 ft 4 in)
10.28 m
(34 ft 7 in)
Empty Weight 21,140 kg (46,610 lb) 21,810 kg (48,080 lb) 28,080 kg (61,910 lb) 28,970 kg (63,870 lb)
Maximum takeoff weight 35,990 kg (79,340 lb) (STD)
37,200 kg (82,000 lb) (LR)
38,600 kg (85,100 lb) (AR)
37,500 kg (82,700 lb) (STD)
38,790 kg (85,520 lb) (LR)
40,370 kg (89,000 lb) (AR)
47,790 kg (105,360 lb) (STD)
50,300 kg (110,900 lb) (LR)
51,800 kg (114,200 lb) (AR)
48,790 kg (107,560 lb) (STD)
50,790 kg (111,970 lb) (LR)
52,290 kg (115,280 lb) (AR)
Max payload weight 9,100 kg (20,100 lb) (STD&LR)
9,840 kg (21,690 lb) (AR)
10,080 kg (22,220 lb) (STD&LR)
10,360 kg (22,840 lb) (AR)
13,080 kg (28,840 lb) 13,650 kg (30,090 lb)
Takeoff Run at MTOW 1,644 m (5,394 ft) 2,244 m (7,362 ft) 2,056 m (6,745 ft) 2,179 m (7,149 ft)
Powerplants GE CF34-8E turbofans
61.4 kN (13,800 lbf) thrust each
63.2 kN (14,200 lbf) APR thrust each
GE CF34-10E turbofans
82.3 kN (18,500 lbf) thrust each
89 kN (20,000 lbf) APR thrust each
Maximum speed 890 km/h (481 kn, Mach 0.82)
Range STD: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
LR: 3,889 km (2,100 nmi)
AR: 3,892 km (2,102 nmi)
STD: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
LR: 3,889 km (2,100 nmi)
AR: 3,706 km (2,001 nmi)
STD: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
LR: 4,260 km (2,300 nmi)
AR: 4,448 km (2,402 nmi)
STD: 2,593 km (1,400 nmi)
LR: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
AR: 4,077 km (2,201 nmi)
Maximum fuel load 9,335 kg (20,580 lb) 12,971 kg (28,596 lb)
Service ceiling 12,500 m (41,000 ft)
Thrust-to-weight 0.42:1 0.39:1 0.41:1 0.39:1
Fuselage and cabin cross-section
Outer width 3.01 m (9 ft 11 in)
Cabin width 2.74 m (9 ft 0 in)
Outer height 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
Cabin height 2.00 m (6 ft 7 in)

Sources: Embraer E-jet[50]

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

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  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Embraer: E-Jet sales success spurred deployment hiccups-22/05/2007-Washington DC-Flight International". Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
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  5. ^ List of permitted aircraft on LCY
  6. ^ Walker, Karen; Lopez, Ramon (12–18 March 1997). "Embraer seeks Paris show launch for new 37-seat regional turbofan". Flight International (Reed Business Information) 151 (4565): 4. 
  7. ^ "Paris report '97: Continental Express is eager for small regional jet". Flight International (Reed Business Information) 151 (4579): 10. 25 June – 1 July 1997. 
  8. ^ Warwick, Graham (24–30 September 1997). "Embraer launches 37-seater". Flight International (Reed Business Information) 152 (4593): 7. 
  9. ^ Endres (2001), p.288
  10. ^ Lewis (2001), p.34
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  12. ^ Endres (2001), p. 289.
  13. ^ Kingsley-Jones and Wastnage (2001). p. 50.
  14. ^ a b Polek, Gregory (March 30, 2007 (sic)). "Embraer 170 finds its bearings as first airplanes enter service". ainonline.com. Aviation International News. Retrieved 30 October 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
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  16. ^ "Embraer Commits to re-engined E-Jets". Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Embraer Selects Pratt & Whitney’s PurePower Engines for Second Generation of E-Jets". Embraer. January 8, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013. 
  18. ^ Ostrower, Jon (March 20, 2012). "E-Jet revamp promises three-way engine 'dogfight'". Flightglobal. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  19. ^ Polek, Gregory (January 8, 2013). "Embraer To Re-engine E-Jets with Geared Turbofan". AINonline. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Pratt & Whitney wins contract for Embraer's new E-Jets". Reuters. 8 January 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  21. ^ Honeywell Signs $2.8 Billion Lifetime Contract With Embraer to Provide Avionics for Second Generation of E-Jets
  22. ^ "Embraer estuda produzir avião maior, com 130 lugares" (in Portuguese). Exame, 3 February 2012. Retrieved: 5 February 2012.
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  25. ^ Lewis (2001), p.36
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  27. ^ History - LOT Polish Airlines retrieved 30 October 2013
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  29. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (2008-11-07). "JetBlue sets world record with McCain-Palin campaign plane". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  30. ^ "600th production E-Jet delivered to LOT - News". Shephard. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  31. ^ "Kenya Airways receives Embraer's 900th E-Jet". CAPA. 2012-10-10. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  32. ^ Baldwin, Bernie (October–November 2013). "On to the next 1,000". Low-Fare & Regional Airlines (Farnborough, United Kingdom: HMG Aerospace) 30 (5): 14. 
  33. ^ a b "Embraer 170". Aerospace-technology.com. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  34. ^ a b "RAB - Registro Aeronautico Brasileiro". ANAC. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  35. ^ "About our fleet". flybe.com. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  36. ^ Kirby, Mark (January 2010). "Proposed stretch dubbed E-195X by Embraer". Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  37. ^ "Embraer kills 195X over range concerns". Flight International. 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-14. 
  38. ^ a b LOT Polish Airlines (n.d.). "Fleet". Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  39. ^ a b c d Flight International, 3–9 October 2006
  40. ^ "FARNBOROUGH: Flybe orders up to 140 Embraer jets". Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  41. ^ http://www.aerolineas.com.ar/en-ar/prensa/comunicado/3152_aerolineas-argentinas-received-a-new-embraer-e-190-erj
  42. ^ Embraer Reaches Record Backlog and Delivers 19 Commercial
  43. ^ Wivell, David (2010-08-25). "Safety concerns raised about China crash runway". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-12-18. 
  44. ^ "Mozambique Airlines plane crashes in Namibia, killing 33". Reuters. 30 November 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  45. ^ http://atwonline.com/safety/investigation-indicates-lam-mozambique-e-190-crash-could-have-been-deliberate
  46. ^ "Embraer 170 Specifications". Embraercommercialjets.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  47. ^ "Embraer 175 Specifications". Embraercommercialjets.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  48. ^ "Embraer 190 Specifications". Embraercommercialjets.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  49. ^ "Embraer 195 Specifications". Embraercommercialjets.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  50. ^ Embraer E-jet specifications, accessed Dec 26, 2009
  • Endres, Günter (2001). The Illustrated Directory of Modern Commercial Aircraft. London: Salamander Books. ISBN 978-1840652871. 
  • Kingsley-Jones, Max; Wastnage, Justin (28 August – 3 September 2001). "World Airliners: Regional Realities". Flight International (Reed Business Information) 160 (4795): 38–62. 
  • Lewis, Paul (23–29 October 2001). "New by Design". Flight International (Reed Business Information) 160 (4803): 34–36. 

External links[edit]