Equipment of the Indian Army

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This is a list of some of the modern & historical equipment used by Indian Army. Most of the army equipment is of foreign design and license produced in India but efforts are on to progressively design and manufacture equipment indigenously. The 41 Indian Ordnance Factories under control of Ordnance Factories Board manufacture most of Army equipment like small arms, ammunition, combat vehicles, artillery, etc.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Name Type Caliber Origin Notes
NATO Standard
Pistol Auto 9mm 1A Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Canada
 India
Standard issue side-arm of the Indian Army. Licensed copy of the Canadian Inglis 9mm pistol.
Glock 17 Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Austria Standard issue Special Forces pistol.
SAF Carbine 1A Sub-machine gun 9×19mm Parabellum  India
 United Kingdom
Indian made Sterling L2A1 SMG. To be replaced by the MSMC.
SAF Carbine 2A1 Sub-machine gun 9×19mm Parabellum  India
 United Kingdom
Silenced Carbine. To be replaced by the MSMC.
Micro-Uzi Sub-machine gun 9×19mm Parabellum  Israel For use by Special Forces. Micro-Uzi variant used.[1]
M4A1 Carbine Carbine 5.56mm NATO  United States Bought under foreign military sales. For use by Indian Army Special Forces.
1B1 INSAS Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO  India Standard issue weapon of the Indian Army. Replaced the 1A SLR. Folding 1B2 and fixed butt 1B1 variants used. Insas AR with full-auto selector lever along with the burst lever and black polymer furniture also being procured. Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli.
IMI Tavor TAR-21 Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO  Israel 3070 purchased for the Special Forces from Israel[2][3]
T91 assault rifle Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO  ROC 10000 purchased, used by special forces
OFB 1A1 Rifles
OFB 1C Rifles
Battle rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  India
 Belgium
Was the standard issue rifle of the Indian army and manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli. Now being replaced by the INSAS. 1C full automatic variant used by mechanised infantry battalions as a firing port weapon on the BMP-2S Sarath Infantry fighting vehicle.
Ishapore 2A1 rifle Bolt-action rifle 7.62mm NATO  India Most were phased out from service. Some retained for ceremonial purposes.
IMI Galil 7.62 Sniper Sniper Rifle 7.62mm NATO  Israel For use by Indian Army Special Forces.
Mauser SP66 Sniper rifle 7.62mm NATO  Germany Standard bolt-action sniper rifle.
Denel NTW-20 Anti-material rifle 20x82mm and 20x110mm Hispano-Suiza  South Africa Bought in small numbers.
INSAS LMG Light machine gun 5.56mm NATO  India Light machine gun derivative of the INSAS assault rifle. Both fixed and folding butt variants used. Newer INSAS LMG with black polymer furniture being procured. Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli.
MG 1B Light machine gun 7.62mm NATO  India Indian made Bren.Currently being withdrawn from service.
MG 2A1
MG 5A
MG 6A
General purpose machine gun 7.62mm NATO  Belgium
 India
Indian made MAG 58. Also in service as the MG 5A (Co-axial) and MG 6A (Commander's gun) with some armoured vehicles.
M2 Browning Heavy machine gun .50 BMG  United States
Soviet Standard
AKM[4] Assault rifle 7.62x39mm  Soviet Union
 Poland
AKM fixed stock and AKMS under-folding stock variants used.
Arsenal Co. AR Assault rifle 7.62x39mm  Bulgaria Bulgarian produced AK-47. Imported for police and paramilitary forces, used in some quantities by Army as well. AR fixed stock and AR-F under-folding stock variants used.
MPi-KM Assault rifle 7.62x39mm  East Germany East German produced AKM.MPi-KM-72 fixed stock and MPi-KMS-72 side-folding stock variants used.Both bakelite and wooden lower handguard variants used.
Pistol Mitralieră model 1990 Assault rifle 7.62x39mm  Romania Romanian version of the AKM. Palmswell lower handguard versions in use.
AK-103[5] Assault rifle 7.62x39mm  Russia
Vz. 58 Assault rifle 7.62x39mm  Czechoslovakia Vz. 58 P fixed stock and Vz. 58 V side-folding stock variants used.
Dragunov SVD59 Sniper rifle 7.62x54mmR  Soviet Union
 India
Standard sniper rifle.
PKM General purpose machine gun 7.62x54mm  Soviet Union PK machine guns used as co-axial weapons in Russian produced T-90S Bhishma, T-72M Ajeya and BMP-2S Sarath and used as general purpose machine gun. Also used by Special Forces as section LMG. Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli.
NSV Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union
KPV Heavy machine gun 14.5×114mm  Soviet Union
Indigenous Standard
Modern Sub Machine Carbine Carbine 5.56×30mm MINSAS  India Currently under trial.
Multi Caliber Individual Weapon System Assault Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
6.8×43mm SPC
 India ARDE produced multicaliber rifle to replace INSAS rifles. Currently under trial.

Explosives, rockets and missile systems[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Grenade 36mm Hand Grenade  India Fragmentation grenade which can be hand thrown or rifle launched from 1A SLR.
Multi Mode Grenade Shivalik Hand grenade 1.8 million ordered[6]  India This modular grenade is available in Hand mode offensive, hand mode defensive and rifle mode. Types can be interchanged by changing outer sleeve. *[1] *[2]
GP-25 Grenade launcher (40mm)  Soviet Union
Multi Grenade Launcher 40mm Grenade launcher (40mm)  India Semiautomatic six shot 40mm x 46mm low velocity grenade launcher. Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli. *[3]
AGS-17 Plamya Automatic grenade launcher (30mm)  Soviet Union
30 mm Auto Grenade Launcher Automatic grenade launcher (30mm)  India Replacing the AGS-17 and being manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli.
RCL Mk II Recoilless rifle (84mm)  India
 Sweden
Carl Gustav Recoilless Rifle produced by OFB.
RCL Mk III Recoilless rifle (84mm)  India
 Sweden
Lighter, updated version of the RCL Mk II.
106mm M-40A1 Recoilless rifle 3000+  United States
RPO-A Shmel Rocket Launcher  Russia
OFB E1 51mm Mortar  India
OFB E1 81mm
L16 81mm mortar
Mortar 5000+  India
 United Kingdom
 Canada
OFB E1 120mm Mortar  India
120mm AM-50 Mortar 1500+  France
160mm Tampella Mortar 200+  Finland

Vehicles[edit]

Utility and miscellaneous[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
VFJ Jonga Light Utility Vehicle  India Phased out. Manufactured by Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
Mahindra 550 DXB Light Utility Vehicle  India
KrAZ-6322 Heavy Utility Truck  Ukraine
Bedford TJ Medium4X4 Truck  India Bedford J6:6 Tone Truck. Being phased out.
Swaraj Mazda Medium 4X4 Truck 200+  India In service from 1996. 2.5 Ton truck
Mitsubishi Pajero Light Utility Vehicle  Japan Unknown numbers. Deployed at the Indo-Chinese Border[7]
Maruti Gypsy Light Utility Vehicle 31,000  India Additional 4,100 ordered in September 2014.[8]
Windy 505 Fast attack vehicle 700  India In service from 2005.[9]
Tata 407 Light 4x4 truck  India 1 Ton truck
VFJ LPTA 713 TC Medium 4X4 truck  India 2.5 Ton truck. Manufactured by Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
VFJ Matang Medium 4X4 truck  India 3 Ton truck. Manufactured by Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
Super Azad Medium 4x4 truck  India 3 Ton truck
Ashok Leyland Topchi Medium 4x4 truck  India 3 Ton truck
Sisu Nasu All-terrain transport vehicle  Finland
VFJ Shaktiman Medium 4x4 truck 7,000  India 4 Ton truck, in a wide range of configurations from Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
VFJ Rampar Medium Amphibious truck  India Amphibious conversion of the Shaktiman truck manufactured by Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
Tata Model 1210SD Medium truck  India 4 Ton truck.
VFJ Stallion Mk III
VFJ Stallion Mk IV
Medium 4x4
6x6 Truck
60,000  India 5 Ton trucks, in a wide range of configurations manufactured by Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
Saab-Scania SBA 111 6x6 trucks 600[10]  Sweden
Ashok Leyland Crash Fire Tender Fire Tender  India
Tata LPTA 1615 TC Artillery Tractor Truck  India
Tatra 8x8 Mobile Decontamination Vehicle Mobile Decontamination Vehicle  India
Tata LPTA 1621 Medium 4x4 truck  India 5 Ton truck
BEML Tatra Heavy 4x4 trucks
6x6 trucks
8x8 trucks
10x10 trucks
12x12 trucks
7000[11]  India
 Czech Republic
License produced Tatra Force heavy truck. Various models. Used for carrying sensitive equipment like Radars as well as vehicle for Pinaka and Smerch MBRL systems.

Engineering and support[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Kartik ABL Armoured vehicle-launched bridge 34  India Based on a Vijayanta chassis and manufactured by Heavy Vehicles Factory.
BLG-60M2 Armoured vehicle-launched bridge  East Germany
 Poland
Retired.
Bridgle Laying Tank MT-55 Armoured vehicle-launched bridge  Soviet Union Based on T-55 Tank
T-72 BLT Armoured vehicle-launched bridge 12  India Developed by CVRDE and manufactured by Heavy Vehicles Factory.
Sarvatra Vehicle launched bridge  India 8x8 truck-mounted bridging system[12][13]
CEASE Canal bridging system 6  India The Canal Embankment ASsault Equipment
AERV Military Engineering Vehicle  India BMP-2 based engineering and reconnaissance vehicle (Armoured Engineer Reconnaissance Vehicle) being manufactured at Ordnance Factory Medak.
BMP-2 Armoured Amphibious Bulldozer 7362  India BMP-2 with turret removed and bulldozer blade and other engineering equipment added and being manufactured at Ordnance Factory Medak.
FV180 Combat Engineer Tractor Armoured combat engineering vehicle 39  United Kingdom
VFJ Light Recovery Vehicle Light Recovery Vehicle (4x4)  India Manufactured at Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
Yuktirath Light Recovery Vehicle Armoured Light Recovery Vehicle (4x4)  India Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Medak.
Vijayanta ARV Armoured recovery vehicle 200  India Being replaced by VT-72B.
Mat Ground Surfacing CL-70 All Terrain vehicle  India Mounted on Tatra vehicle with automated laying and recovery has been developed for providing mobility in sandy and marshy terrain.[14]
Armoured Vehicle Tracked Light Repair Armoured recovery vehicle  India Based on BMP-2 for Light Repair being manufactured at Ordnance Factory Medak.[15]
WZT-2 Armoured recovery vehicle 196  Poland
WZT-3M Armoured recovery vehicle 352  Poland 204 on order.[16] Assembled locally from kits and components produced in India.
VT-72B ARV Armoured recovery vehicle 200+  Slovakia
 Poland
 India
Armoured recovery vehicle replacing the Vijayanta ARV

Mine protected, Mine clearing and Mine laying[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Casspir[17] Armoured personnel carrier 255  South Africa
Tarmour AFV Armoured personnel carrier  India Based on Indian T-55 Tank.
Hydrema Mine clearing Vehicle 24  Denmark
 India
Manufactured locally by OFB India
T-72 FWMP Mine plow  India
Aditya Mine protected Vehicle 300+  India OFB India. 1400 to be produced. 20/month manufactured at Ordnance Factory Medak AND Vehicle Factory Jabalpur.
DRDO Daksh Bomb disposal robot 190+  India The Army has placed orders for 200 Dakshs."[18]

Combat[edit]

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
Tanks
Arjun MBT Arjun MBT bump track test 2.JPG  India 248 With a total of 248 to be built by Heavy Vehicles Factory.[19] 118 Arjun MK-II(60Mt/1400 hp)ordered on 29 August 2014.[20]
T-90S "Bhishma"
T-90M(50mt/840hp)
T-90 Bhisma cropped.jpg  Russia
 India
1050 Initially contract for 310 "T-90S" signed in 2001. A contract, worth $800 million, was signed on 26 October 2006, for another 330 T-90M MBTs that were to be built with locally-sourced raw materials. A third contract, worth $1.23 billion, was signed in December 2007 for 347 upgraded T-90Ms, the bulk of which will be licence-assembled built by Heavy Vehicles Factory. The Indian Army would begin receiving its first T-90M main battle tank (MBT) in completely knocked-down condition from Russia's Nizhny Tagil-based Uralvagonzavod JSC by the end of 2009.[21][22] In all, India plans to have 310 T-90S and 1,330 T-90M tanks in service by 2020 (total of 1,657 tanks with upgradation of night visions by 2020).[23] Manufactured locally in India. Rs10,000-crore purchase of 354 new T-90MS tanks for six tank regiments for the China border has been approved.[24][25] This takes total no. of T-90 tanks to 2011.
T-72 Ajeya(41Mt/780hp)
Combat Improved Ajeya
T-72 Ajeya1.jpg  Soviet Union
 Poland
 India
~2414[26][27] 968 T72M1 have been upgraded by Heavy Vehicles Factory, while requests for proposal for upgrading approximately 1,000 other T-72's have been sent to various firms in Israel, Russia, Poland and France.[citation needed]. Ajeya-M2 Standard equivalent to the Polish PT-91 Twardy. Manufactured locally in India
T-55 Parola Armoured Vehicle Museum Hattula Finland Hall2.jpg  Soviet Union 800 Retired from regular duty on May 2011. Moved to reserve.
Vijayanta Vijayanta - Main Battle Tank 4150184.JPG  India
 United Kingdom
2200 Retired from regular duty. Around 2200 produced by Heavy Vehicles Factory moved to reserve force.
PT-76 Pt-76 afv.jpg  Soviet Union Retired.
Infantry fighting vehicles
BMP-2 "Sarath" Indian Army BMP-2.jpg  Soviet Union
 India
1,800+[28] Additional Being modernised with TISAS (thermal imaging stand alone sights), better fire control, and more modern ATGM armament (Konkurs M). BMP-1 has been phased out and the upgraded BMP-2 is BMP-2 M with two thermobaric missiles and two tandem warhead Konkurs missiles. Its also has an integrated TI sight, an LRF, and has an AGL mounted on the turret which is also stabilised in the horizontal plane. 100 gets added each year. To enhance the rate to 125 a year.[29] Currently more than 900 are in active service.[29] Manufactured locally in India by Ordnance Factory Medak. All BMP-2/2K vehicles are to be upgraded to BMP-2M standard.[30]
BMP-1 Bmp-1-DMSC9112086 JPG.jpg  Soviet Union
 India
750 750 are in active service. Manufactured locally in India by Ordnance Factory Medak.
BMD-2 Ukrainian BMD-2 tank (3).JPG  Soviet Union 200+ 11.5MT
BMD-1 Bmd-1 ifv.jpg  Soviet Union ~300 11.5MT
Armoured Personnel Carriers
FV432 Image-Bulldog2007.jpg  United Kingdom 80 Purchased from British Army surplus.
BTR-50 BTR-50-latrun-1-2.jpg  Soviet Union 100+ Total 200 Inducted.
TATA Kestrel  India Developed by Tata Motors and DRDO. To replace old soviet era APCs from 2017.
BTR-80 Btr-80 in Serbia.jpg  Soviet Union 600
OT-64 SKOT  Czechoslovakia 300
BTR-60 BTR-60PB front left.JPEG  Soviet Union 700+ Retired. At peak there were 817 BTR-60s in service.
BTR-152 BTR 152 Yerevan.JPG  Soviet Union 750+ Still in Service
Tank destroyers
NAMICA Nag with NAMICA Defexpo-2008.JPG  India 13+ 200 BMP-2 based Nag missile carrier. Advanced version on Order after successful trial in July 2012. Production started jointly by Ordnance Factory Medak and L&T.
Reconnaissance vehicles
BRDM-2 BRDM 2 TBiU 24 2.jpg  Soviet Union 255
Ferret Ferret-Scout-Car-18EA24.jpg  United Kingdom 100 Relegated to internal security roles.
CMT Mortar Carrier 198 + 21 ordered  India BMP-2 based mortar carrier. Developed by CVRDE and manufactured by Ordnance Factory Medak.
OT-62 TOPAS
OT-64 SKOT
Czechoslovakian OT-62B.JPEG Armoured Personnel Carrier  Czechoslovakia
 Poland
TOPAS-2A converted into a Technical support vehicle
DRDO Armoured Ambulance Armoured Ambulance  India BMP-2 based Armoured Ambulance. 275 on Order, developed by VRDE and produced by Ordnance Factory Medak.
NBC Reconnaissance Vehicle CRBN Reconnaissance vehicle 16  India BMP-2 based CRBN developed by VRDE and produced by Ordnance Factory Medak.Vehicle[31]
Mahindra Rakshak Armoured Vehicle  India Bulletproof vehicle with composite armour which offers protection against 7.62mm bullets.[32][33][34]
PRP-3 Battlefield surveillance system  Soviet Union 1RL126 "Small Fred" Battlefield Surveillance Radar based on BMP-1. NATO designation was BMP M1975

Artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
DRDO 155 mm artillery gun Howitzer 119  India 155 mm gun made by OFB.
Haubits FH77/B Howitzer 200[35]  Sweden 155 mm gun made by Bofors. 410 acquired from 1986–1991.[36][37] 200 left in service.[35] An indigenous version is under development.[38]
M-46 Howitzer 180  Soviet Union
 Israel
M-46 130 mm howitzer guns upgraded to 155 mm standard by Soltam.[39]
D-30 Howitzer 550  Soviet Union Being replaced by the M-46.
METAMORPHOSIS 155 mm GUN Howitzer  India Indian upgrade of M46 Howitzer
M101 howitzer Howitzer 350  United States [40]
75mm Mountain Howitzer Howitzer 900  United Kingdom In Reserve[41]
88mm 25 Pounder Howitzer
Field gun
800  United Kingdom In Reserve also used for Training[41]
180 mm gun S-23 Heavy Gun 100  Soviet Union [42]
M-46 Field gun 900  Soviet Union 130 mm field gun. 550 purchased. 100 used with the Catapult self-propelled gun. Some to be upgraded to M-46 howitzers.[28]
100mm M-1944 Field gun 350  Soviet Union In Reserve
BL 5.5 inch Medium Gun Field gun 150  United Kingdom Retired.
Indian Field Gun MK 1/2/3 Field gun 1700  India being upgraded with digital FCS and INS, to extend the range up to 30 km with bleed base;
Light Field Gun Field gun 700+  India 105mm gun. ongoing upgrade.
100 mm field gun M1944 (BS-3) Field gun 350  Soviet Union In Reserve[41]
76 mm mountain gun M48 Mountain gun 215  Yugoslavia [41]
OTO Melara Mod 56 Mountain gun 50  Italy Retired.
Sprut anti-tank gun Anti-tank Gun  Soviet Union
FV433 Abbot SPG Self-propelled artillery ~80  United Kingdom 105 mm howitzer. To be replaced following selection of new system.
M-46 Catapult Self-propelled artillery 100 [43]  India 130 mm howitzer mounted on a Vijayanta hull. ~80 in storage. To be replaced following selection of new system.
2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled artillery 110  Soviet Union
Smerch 9K58 MBRL Multiple rocket launcher 62  Russia 300 mm multiple rocket launch system.
Pinaka MBRL Multiple rocket launcher 80+ batteries  India 214 mm multiple rocket launch system. Replacing the 122 mm BM-21.[44] Being produced at a heavy rate of 5000 missiles per year.[45]
BM-21 Multiple rocket launcher 150+  Soviet Union Modernized rockets with range of 40 km was purchased from Russia. To be replaced by Pinaka.

Missile systems[edit]

Anti-tank[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Spike (missile) Anti-tank guided missile 8,000 (on order)  Israel Man portable and Selected over the U.S. FGM-148 Javelin.,[46] puchased along with 300 launchers
Nag missile Anti-tank guided missile 40+ (400 on order)  India For Namica Tank Destroyer (IFV)
MILAN Anti-tank guided missile 30000+  France
 India
Man portable and manufactured locally under license in India.
MILAN 2T Anti-tank guided missile 4100  France Man portable and purchased from France[47]
9M133 Kornet (AT-14 Spriggan) Anti-tank guided missile 3000  Russia Man portable and purchased with 250 Launchers
9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel) Anti-tank guided missile 15000+  Russia
 India
For BMP-2 (IFV) and manufactured locally in India. Another 10000 Konkurs-M ordered in a USD 250 Million.[48]
9M111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot) Anti-tank guided missile 1200  Soviet Union
 Russia
In process of being phased out
9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) Anti-tank guided missile 800  Russia
9M120 Ataka-V (AT-9 Spiral-2) Anti-tank guided missile  Soviet Union
9K11 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger) Anti-tank guided missile 6000  Soviet Union for BMP-1 IFVs
3M11 Falanga (AT-2 Swatter) Anti-tank guided missile  Soviet Union For Mi-35 Hind
9M119 Svir (AT-11 Sniper) Anti-tank guided missile  Russia For use with the T-90S.
3UBK-Invar Anti-tank guided missile 25000  Russia
 India
Bharat Dynamics (BDL) signed a contract with MOD for Invar anti-tank guided missiles on 19-Aug-2013.[49][50] It is reported that 10000 will be procured from Russia while BDL will manufacture 15000.[51]
9K121 Vikhr (AT-16 Scallion) Anti-tank guided missile 1500  Russia For use with Mi-17
CLGM Missile Cannon launched Anti-tank guided missile  India For the use with MBT Arjun and T-90S.

Ballistic and cruise[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Range
Brahmos Stealth Cruise missile  India
 Russia
300 km range.
Nirbhay Cruise missile  India 1,000 –1500 km range.
Prahaar Tactical ballistic missile  India 150 km range.
Dhanush Short-range ballistic missile  India 350 km range.
Sagarika Short-range ballistic missile  India 700 km range.
Prithvi-I Short-range ballistic missile  India 150 km range. (Being Phased Out)
Prithvi-II Short-range ballistic missile  India 250 – 350 km range.
Prithvi-III Short-range ballistic missile  India 350 – 600 km range.
Shaurya Medium-range ballistic missile  India 700 km range.
Agni-I Medium-range ballistic missile  India 700 – 1250 km range.
Agni-II Intermediate-range ballistic missile  India 2000 – 3500 km range.
Agni-III Intermediate-range ballistic missile  India 3500 – 5000 km range.
Agni-IV Intermediate-range ballistic missile  India 4000 – 6000 km range.
Agni-V Intercontinental ballistic missile  India 5000 – 8000 km range.(Tested in April 2012 and September 2013 both successful launches [52] )

Air defence[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) Anti-ballistic missile  India Exoatmospheric (outside the atmosphere) interceptor system
Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Anti-ballistic missile  India Endo atmospheric (within the atmosphere) interceptor system
S-300PMU-2[53] Strategic Surface-to-air missile 6 systems  Russia Still officially unacknowledged.
SA-5 Gammon Strategic SAM system  Soviet Union Still officially unacknowledged.
SA-3 Goa[54] Strategic SAM system  Soviet Union It is designed to defend large areas from bomber attack or other strategic aircraft.
Akash Surface-to-air missile 10000+ Missiles  India More on Order. Indigenously developed surface to air missile to replace SA6. Both with Army and Air Force
Kub (SA-6 Gainful) Surface-to-air missile 180 (as of 2012)  Soviet Union
9K33 Osa (SA-8 Gecko) 6x6 amphibious Surface-to-air missile system 80  Russia
9K31 Strela-1 (SA-9 Gaskin) Vehicle-mounted SAM system 400  Soviet Union
9K35 Strela-10 (SA-13 Gopher) Surface-to-air missile  Soviet Union
S-75 Dvina (SA-2 Guideline) Strategic SAM system  Soviet Union
9K22 Tunguska[55] Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon 132–184  Russia
ZSU-23-4M 'Shilka' Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 100  Soviet Union To be upgraded.
Bofors L40/70 Anti-aircraft artillery 1920  Sweden 40mm gun. Upgraded L/60. To be replaced by 430 domestically-built anti-aircraft gun systems.[56]
Bofors L40/60 Anti-aircraft artillery 1280  Sweden 40mm gun. To be replaced.
ZSU-23-2 Anti-aircraft artillery 800  Soviet Union Twin 23 mm AA gun
SA-16 Gimlet MANPADS  Soviet Union
SA-7 Grail MANPADS  Russia To be phased out.
FIM-92 Stinger MANPADS  United States 245
SA-14 Gremlin MANPADS  Russia
SA-18 Grouse MANPADS  Russia

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Photo Aircraft Origin Type Versions Quantity[57] Notes
HAL Rudra at Aero India 2013.JPG HAL Rudra  India Attack Helicopter ALH-WSI 20 Total of 60 on order, first 20 to be delivered by 2013.[58]
LCH (HEMANT RAWAT ) (2).JPG HAL Light Combat Helicopter  India Attack helicopter LCH 2 114 on order.
Indian Army Dhruv Helicopter at Aero India 2013.JPG HAL Dhruv  India Utility helicopter 73 160 on order.
Aerospatiale SA 315B Lama Helicopter 20080814.jpg HAL Lancer  France
 India
Light Attack helicopter 12 Developed from HAL Cheetah.
ÖBH AlouetteIII Landeck Abflug2.jpg HAL Chetak  France
 India
Utility helicopter SA 316B Chetak 60 To be replaced.
Cheetah produced by HAL.jpg HAL Cheetah  France
 India
Utility helicopter SA 315B Cheetah
HAL Cheetal
48 To be replaced. 22 HAL Cheetal on order[59]
Afghan MI-17 helicopters.jpg Mi-17V Hip  Russia Transport Helicopter 6

UAVs[edit]

Photo Aircraft Origin Type Versions Quantity Notes
Salon du Bourget 20090619 075.jpg IAI Heron  Israel Unmanned aerial vehicle 50+
Nishant UAV.JPG DRDO Nishant  India Unmanned aerial vehicle 15+ Delivery of 12 UAV's in 2007.
Pair of IN Searcher UAVs.JPG IAI Searcher  Israel Unmanned aerial vehicle Searcher II
Searcher I
120+

Future procurements[edit]

Vehicles[edit]

  • Light Tank – 300 tanks (200 tracked 100 wheeled) to be deployed on China border.[60] Later, it was decided that 300 T-90 tanks will be deployed in 6 regiments at different places to defend China border.
  • BMP-2 based AKASH SAM carrier production started at Ordnance Factory Medak.
  • BMP-2 based 105mm Light tank to be manufactured at Ordnance Factory Medak.
  • BMP-2 based NBC protected recon vehicle to be manufactured at Ordnance Factory Medak.
  • TATA Light Specialist Vehicle – LSV with LMG, MMG to be purchased.
  • Future Infantry Combat Vehicle - 2600 FICV to be procured to replace old BMP-2s. Initially, GoI asked different private and public sector companies to delevelop FICV.But,it seems that the plan to develop new vehicle is put on hold due to budgetary cuts.Instead, upgradation of old BMP-2s with new powerful engines,transmission and new Kliver turret with 30mm gun and four Kornet-M ATGM launchers in being tried.
  • Armoured Personnel Carrier - 100 APC to be procured for United Nations peace keeping missions.
  • 1586 vehicles to be procured to mount ATGMs on these.

Artillery and missile systems[edit]

  • Anti-tank missile FGM-148 Javelin and Spike (missile) are being evaluated currently by Indian army.[61][62][63]
  • Under the Field Artillery Rationalization Plan, Indian Army plans to procure 3000 to 4000 155 mm towed, wheeled and tracked artillery systems.[citation needed] The requirement for artillery guns to be met with indigenous development and production.[64] Production of crucial bi-modular charge system will be started soon at Nalanda ordnance factory. HEMRL, a DRDO lab has developed the technology indigenously.[65]
  • State-run Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) will deliver two types of indigenously developed 155mm howitzers to the Indian Army based on the FH77B howitzer purchased way back in 1986. One version will be 155/39 calibre while the other will be 155/45 calibre. Trials are to be completed by June 2013[66]
  • Government is also evaluating 155mm/52 self-propelled howitzers wherein three Indian vendors, including two private sector companies, have been selected for trials of their equipment.
  • Shaurya
  • Prahaar- the solid-fueled missile is slated to replace the liquid fueled Prithvi-1. Liquid-fueled missiles have lengthy preparation times giving adequate warning to the enemy, while solid-fueled ones can be ready in minutes.[67]
  • Agni-IV
  • Agni-V – Intercontinental version of the Agni missile system. The missile was test fired for the first time on 19 April 2012 and is expected to be inducted by 2014–15.

Infantry equipment[edit]

  • Futuristic Infantry Soldier As a System (F-INSAS) is the Indian Army's principal modernisation program from 2012 to 2020. In the first phase, to be completed by 2012,the infantry soldiers will be equipped with modular weapon systems that will have multi-functions. The Indian Army intends to modernise its entire 465 infantry and paramilitary battalions by 2020 with this program.
  • Modern Sub Machine Carbine - to replace the Indian Sterling submachine gun.[68]
  • Indian Army has requirement for 300,000 modular body armour and ballistic helmets primarily for their Infantry regiments. RFI's have been issued.
  • 1000 Anti materiel rifles are to acquired for which global RFI's have been issued by the MOD.
  • Indian army is looking for a heavy machine gun, RFIs for a new HMG have been sent to agencies that include Rosoboronexport for the Degtyarev Kord 12.7mm HMG, General Dynamics for the still in-development M806 HMG and also the Browning M2E50.[69]
  • Indian Army is looking for new multi caliber assault rifle for its 356 infantry battelions and some special operation units.It will replace old INSAS rifles. Four foreign firms — Colt with its Colt CM901, Beretta with its ARX-160, Ceska with its CZ-805 BREN and Israel Weapon Industries (IWI)with its Galil ACE are in competition. Initially 65,000 rifles will be bought directly from the selected foreign vendor, for an estimated Rs 4,850 crore, OFB will subsequently produce over 113,000 rifles after getting transfer of technology (ToT) from the vendor.Trial of the rifles is underway. * Indian Army is also in the process to procurement of 44,000 CQB carbines for around Rs 3,200 crore, with subsequent production of another 1,20,000 by OFB under ToT. Beretta, Colt, Sig Sauer and IWI carbines are in the competition.
  • Multi Caliber Individual Weapon System - A multi caliber assault rifle developed by ARDE for Indian Armed Forces. It can be fitted with either 5.56mm or 7.62mm or 6.8mm gun barrel. It is developed to replace INSAS rifles.It will be handed over to army after extensive user trials.
  • Sniper Rifles - 3500 new sniper rifles to be procured to replace old Dragunov SVDs. The new sniper rifles should have 1000m range and should be fitted with bipods.

Aviation[edit]

  • Light Utility Helicopter: The Indian army has projected a requirement for up to 197 light helicopters to replace its ageing fleet of Chetaks and Cheetahs. The Indian Army chose the Eurocopter AS 550 under a US$550 million contract in summer of 2007. Under this contract 60 helicopters were to be supplied from Eurocopter in fly-away condition and the rest were to be assembled by HAL in India. This order was later scrapped due to allegations of unfair field trials from competing company Bell Helicopters.[70][71] A fresh tender process was initiated later. Eurocopter Fennec and Kamov Ka-226 is in the competition now. Trial is completed but the final decision is pending.
  • Light Combat Helicopter: The HAL Light Combat Helicopter is a derivative of the HAL Dhruv, which was inducted into the Indian armed forces. Using a successful and proven helicopter as the base platform is expected to conserve the project costs for the LCH, which is pegged at INR3.76 billion (US$59.0 million). The Dhruv's weaponised version, HAL Rudra is also being inducted in the Indian Army. The LCH was expected to be ready for the Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) by December 2010 with the Final Operational Clearance (FOC) in 2011. However, the revised timeframes hold that the 5.5-tonne LCH should be ready for induction into IAF by 2012–2013.[72] The first prototype of LCH completed its first ground run on 4 February 2010.[73] HAL has a firm order to deliver 65 LCH to the IAF and 114 to the Army.[74]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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