Equipment of the modern Egyptian Army

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The following list outlines the major equipment holdings of the modern Egyptian Army.

Infantry Weapons[edit]

Small Arms[edit]

Name Country of origin Type Caliber Notes
Helwan  Italy
 Egypt
Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm Produced under license by the Ministry of Military Production, Factory 54[1]
P226   Switzerland Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm
HK USP  Germany Semi-automatic pistol 9x19 mm
Helwan 920  Italy
 Egypt
Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm Beretta M92-FS pistol, with early Beretta 92-style grip-mounted magazine release button. Produced under license by the Ministry of Military Production, Factory 54[2]
MP5  Germany Submachine gun 9X19 mm Used by Paratroopers, Sa'ka Forces & Unit 777
Misr  Egypt Submachine gun 9X19luger
UMP  Germany Submachine gun .45 ACP  Used by Sa'ka Forces
Sig 552   Switzerland Carbine 5.56x45 mm Used by Sa'ka Forces & Unit 777
Beretta AR70/90  Italy Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm
Misr (AKA: Maadi)  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Assault rifle 7.62X39 mm Indigenous version of the Soviet AKM rifle. Produced under license by the Al Maadi Company for Engineering Industries (Factory 54).[3][4]
M16  United States Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm Used by M1A1 crews
M4  United States Carbine 5.56X45 mm Used by Paratroopers
CZ-805 BREN  Czech Republic Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm / 7.62X39 mm
Beretta ARX 160  Italy Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm / 7.62X39 mm Used by Navy Thunderbolt Forces
RPD  Soviet Union
 Poland
 Egypt
Light machine gun 7.62X39 mm Produced locally under license. (See RPD page)
FN Minimi  Belgium
 Egypt
Light machine gun 5.56X45 mm Produced locally under license.[5]
RPK[6]  Soviet Union Light machine gun 7.62X39 mm
PK/PKM/PKMS[7]  Soviet Union General purpose machine gun 7.62X54 mm
M60E4  United States General purpose machine gun 7.62X51 mm Also known as Mk43
FN MAG  Belgium
 Egypt
General purpose machine gun 7.62X51 mm Produced locally under license[8][9] (See FN MAG page)
SG-43 Goryunov  Soviet Union
 Poland
 Egypt
Medium machine gun 7.62x54mmR Produced locally
DShK  Soviet Union Heavy machine gun 12.7X108 mm
NSV  Russia Heavy machine gun 12.7X108 mm Used by T-80 crews
M2HB  United States Heavy machine gun 12.7X99 mm
KPV  Soviet Union Heavy machine gun 14.5X114 mm See KPV page
Dragunov SVD[10]  Soviet Union Sniper rifle 7.62X54 mm
PSG1  Germany Sniper rifle 7.62X51 mm
M40A3  United States Sniper rifle 7.62X51 mm
MK19  United States
 Egypt
Automatic grenade launcher 40X53 mm Manufactured locally.[11][12]
Maadi GL  United States
 Egypt
Underbarrel grenade launcher 40X46 mm Manufactured locally [13][14]
M79  United States Single shot grenade launcher 40X46 mm

Anti-Tank and Missile[edit]

BGM-71 TOW (Produced under license)

Recoilless Rifles[edit]

Anti Tank Systems[edit]

  • RPG-7 A/T (179,000+ units) (locally made)
  • M72_LAW A/T (5,000 units)
  • Milan II wire-guided anti-armor missile system (220+ units)
  • Swingfire wire-guided anti-armor missile system (260+ units) (locally made)
  • BGM-71D TOW II wire-guided anti-armor missile system (810 + 575 units)(locally made)[18]
  • AGM-114 Hellfire (500+ 450 missiles)
  • AT-1 Snapper wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
  • AT-2 Swatter radio command Anti-tank missile.
  • AT-3 Sagger wire-guided anti-tank guided missile system.
  • AT-5 Spandrel wire-guided anti-tank missile, mounted on Fahd armoured personnel carriers purchased in 1990s
  • AT-14 Spriggan anti-tank guided missile (ATGM)

Man-Portable Air Defense[edit]

  • Sakr Eye Egyptian modified version of the SA-7 MANPAD short range SAM (2,500+)
  • Stinger MANPAD short range SAM (1,800+)
  • Igla (known also as SA-18) MANPAD short range SAM (600+)

Vehicles[edit]

Armored fighting vehicles[edit]

Main Battle Tank
Name Country of origin Quantity Acquired Notes
M1 Abrams  United States
 Egypt
1,130 [19][20][21] 1992–2011 Built by Egypt under license during 4 phases (Phase I, 555 vehicles, Phase II, 200 vehicles, Phase III, 125 vehicles, and Phase IV, 125 vehicles), completion date is scheduled for 2011 for phase IV.[19][20] All vehicles were produced at M1A1 standard . An additional 125 are being procured as kits and built in Egypt under Phase V,[21]
M60A3 Patton  United States
 West Germany
1,716 [22] 1979/1992/2001/2002 Out of 735 M60A3 + 700 M60A1 were brought up to A3 Standard from U.S. Army Europe surplus stocks in Germany between 1979-1988 + 173 M60A3 between 1992-2001[23] + 108 M60A3 from the Austrian Army Surplus in 2002,[24] many units underwent several upgrades, including, a new engine (908 hp), extensive armor addition, armored side skirts, fire control system with ballistics computer, infrared vision device, laser rangefinder, upgraded gun stabilizer.[25]
T-80  Russia 34 1997 14 T-80UK and 20 T-80U purchased in 1997.[26]
Ramses II  Egypt 425 2004- A significantly upgraded T-54/55. Though the initial prototype (T-54E) was delivered in 1984, full production did not begin until 2004-2005, an additional 140-160 are to be converted from stored T-55.
T-62  Soviet Union
 Czechoslovakia
 Egypt
500[22][25] 1971/1982/1995/2004 Underwent 3 upgrades, the 1st upgrade: RO-115 Mark I: developed in early 1980s, retaining the 115 mm gun, more powerful ammunition allows engaging a target at greater range. (Some were replaced with the L7 105 mm gun offered by the Austrian firm NORICUM), British diesel engine of 750 hp (559 kW), two-plane stabilizer, ballistic computer, laser rangefinder in an armoured box over the main armament, six smoke grenade launchers on the right side of the turret, fire control system from BMP-3 IFV, additional armor including reactive armor, weight increased to 43 tons; the 2nd upgrade: T-62E Mark II: In the mid 1990s, fitted with a license-built German MTU engine developing 880 hp (656 kW), armed with a license-built 105 mm M68 tank gun, Italian fire control system with ballistics computer, infrared vision device, laser rangefinder, upgraded gun stabilizer, additional armor including reactive armour, armored side skirts, modernized suspension, six smoke grenade launchers on each side of the turret, upgraded NBC protection system (could carry two Egyptian-made two-round anti-tank missile launchers or two 2-rounds launchers for 80 mm D-3000 Sakr smoke rockets on an encroachment extension on each side of the turret), weight increased to 45 tons; the 3rd upgrade: RO-120 Mark III: developed in 2004, armed with the 120 mm M-393 tank gun developed by FSUE. The gun is 5.30 m long and weighs 2.6 tonnes (−7° depression/ +15° elevation), a new license-built German MTU engine of 890 hp (664 kW), additional armor including reactive armor and armored side skirts resulting in a weight increase to 46.5 tons, upgrade completed by 2008; (an additional 800 in storage).[25][27]
T-55  Soviet Union
 Poland
 Egypt
500 [22][25] 1961/1984/1997 Early updates made starting in 1984: the T-55E Mark 0 ("E" stands for Egyptian variant), fitted with a new Russian engine developing 580 hp. It came in two variants: the first upgrade of the T-55E Mark 0 was fitting it with a German AEG infrared/white searchlight on the left hand side of the main armament and a Yugoslav "Iskra" laser rangefinder, the second upgrade of the T-55E Mark 0 was fitting it with the DShK 1938/46 antiaircraft heavy machine gun and the German AEG searchlight. In 1997, two upgrades were resulted in: the first was the T-55E MK I ("E" stands for Egyptian variant), fitted with a more powerful engine developing 650 hp, fire control system (which includes a ballistic computer), searchlight, laser rangefinders and appliqué armour. All those additions resulted in weight increasing to 41 tonnes and retaining the original 100 mm tank gun with performance and ammunition improvement; the second was the T-55E MK II ("E" stands for Egyptian variant), it was fitted with a German engine developing 880 hp, M68 105 mm tank gun, Italian fire control system (which includes an Italian ballistic computer), infrared device, laser rangefinder, stabilization system, modernized suspension, six smoke grenade launchers on each side of the turret, NBC protection system, appliqué armor and armored side skirts. All those additions resulted in weight increasing to 44 tonnes. Conversions were scheduled to be completed by the end of 2008.; (an additional 1000 in storage).
Infantry Fighting Vehicle
YPR-765 PRI  United States
 Belgium
 Netherlands
1,030[22] 1996 Tracked IFV, European version of the American AIFV; purchased from Belgium and the Netherlands, equipped with the 25 mm KBA-B02 turret.
EIFV  Egypt 1200 1997- Tracked IFV, it is an upgrade for the M113 consisting of additional armor, an improved engine, and the turret from an M2 Bradley.[28]
SIFV[29]  United States
 Egypt
800 1995 Tracked IFV, locally upgraded with additional armor and equipped with the 25 mm KBA-B02 turret.[29]
Fahd 280-30  Egypt 635 1986 4X4 IFV, equipped with the BMP-2 turret.
BMP-1  Soviet Union
 Czechoslovakia
220[22] 1972 Amphibious tracked IFV.
Armored Personnel Carrier
Fahd 240  Egypt 2765 1986 4X4 APC, some with BTM-208 turret and others with Milan AT launcher. Production ongoing
M113A2  United States
 Egypt
2,447 [30] 1980–2002 Tracked APC, uparmored and equipment with a protective shield for its 12.7 mm main weapon station.
MRAP  United States Unknown
BTR-40/SPW-40Chs  Soviet Union 230[22] 1955/1991 Amphibious 4X4 APC, 350 were ordered from the Soviet Union in 1955 and delivered between 1955 and 1959. 30 SPW-40Chs were ordered in 1991 from Germany and delivered later that year (aid during the First Persian Gulf War). 200 in service at present (relegated to Border Patrol) + 30 for NBC protection and detection.
BTR-50PK/BTR-50PKM  Soviet Union 250[22] 1966/2004 Amphibious tracked APC, 500 were ordered in 1964 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1965 and 1966 (the vehicles were possibly previously in Soviet service). 250 BTR-50PKs are currently in service, out of which 100 were upgraded to BTR-50PKM standard.
BTR-60PB  Soviet Union 200[22] 1970 Amphibious 8X8 APC, a few hundred BTR-60s and BTR-152s acquired before June 1967.[3] 650 BTR-60PBs were ordered in 1969 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1970 and 1973. Currently 200 BTR-60PBs are in service.
BTR-152K  Soviet Union 175[22] 1963 Amphibious 6X6 APC, out of 675 BTR-152s originally bought (relegated to Border Patrol). Also Egypt operated 120 BTR-152 converted into SPAAGs (See Egypt section for details) but withdrawn them from service in the middle of the 1980s.
Sherpa  France Unknown
REVA V  South Africa Unknown
REVA III  South Africa Unknown
Panthera T6  United Arab Emirates Unknown
OT-62B  Czechoslovakia
 Poland
 Ukraine
250 1972 Amphibious tracked APC, to be upgraded in Ukraine.[31] (another 250 in reserve)
OT-64A  Czechoslovakia
 Poland
300[22] 1973 Amphibious 8X8 APC, known also as OT-64C and fitted with the BRDM-2 turret.
BMR-600  Spain 260[22] 1986 Amphibious 6X6 APC.
Walid MKII Aoi logo.jpg Arab Organization for Industrialization 650 1966 4X4 Armoured border patrol vehicle.
Armored Personnel Carrier
K-61  Soviet Union 180 1971 Tracked amphibious personnel and cargo carrier[32][33] Media related to K-61 at Wikimedia Commons
PTS-M  Soviet Union 350 1973 Tracked amphibious personnel and cargo carrier
Tank Destroyer
M901A3  United States 52[22] 1986 Tracked tank destroyer.
YPR-765 PRAT  United States
 Norway
290[22] 1988 Tracked tank destroyer, equipped with Norwegian Tow Under Armour (TUA) turrets.
B1 Centauro  Italy Unknown 2002 Wheeled Tank Destroyer, Appears In 2002 Exercise.
Armored reconnaissance vehicle
M981 FISTV  United States 72 1998 Artillery fire support team and observeration vehicle.
RG-32M  South Africa 180 2003 4X4 Full armor version, used for border patrol.
BRDM-2  Soviet Union
 Poland
300[22] 1968 Amphibious 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout. 100 of them are modernized to BRDM-2M96i standard by Poland in 2001.
V150 Commando  United States 180[22] 2001 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout.
Cadillac Gage Commando Scout  United States 112[34] 1986 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout.
Armoured Infantry mobility vehicle
HMMWV  United States
Aoi logo.jpg Arab Organization for Industrialization
3890+ 1988- All variants: M998/ MM1038/ M-1043 utility and cargo vehicles, M1151 uparmored utility vehicle and M996/ MM1043 ambulance versions are included; (additional 575 M1043 are on order). AOI has a project of fitting HMMWVs with anti armor weaponry, options include: TOW, Milan, or HOT missiles.[30]
M1114  United States 375 1995 4X4 Configured as forward artillery observation vehicle.
M1043  United States 350 1988 4X4 Configured as armored reconnaissance scout.
Tiger Kader-120  Italy
 Egypt
650 1998 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout (Locally built).[35][36][37][38]
Kader-320  Germany
 Egypt
820 2004 Based on the Mercedes Benz G320 4X4.[35][38][39] (ongoing production)
Hotspur HUSSARD  United Kingdom
 Northern Ireland
 Egypt
110 1986 6X6 Armored patrol vehicle.

Field support[edit]

  • M577 Tracked field command vehicle (280)
  • M548 Unarmored tracked support and cargo vehicle (275)
  • M992 Armored tracked artillery ammunition support vehicle for the M-109 (250)

Engineering[edit]

Amphibious bridging[edit]

Mine dispensers / clearance[edit]

Logistics and utility[edit]

  • M998 4X4 Utility and cargo carrier (675)
  • M1038 4X4 Utility and cargo carrier (450)
  • M1043 4X4 Uparmored utility vehicle (510)
  • M1151 4X4 Uparmored utility vehicle (1040)
  • M996 4X4 Mini ambulance (150)
  • M1043 4X4 Maxi ambulance (140)
  • Fahd 4X4 Armored ambulance (120)
  • Tiger Kader-120 4X4 Armored ambulance[35] (130) (Locally built)
  • G320 4X4 Armored ambulance[35] (190) (Locally built)
  • G320 4X4 Armored utility velicle[35] (2900) (Locally built)
  • Jeep CJ7/Jeep CJ8/Jeep TJ/Jeep JK/Jeep J8 4X4 utility vehicle[35] (10,650) (Locally built)
  • M151 MUTT 4X4 Utility vehicle (4,750)
  • M274 4X4 Cargo platform (1,500)
  • GAZ-66 4X4 Utility and cargo truck (5,100)
  • Pegaso 3046 4x4 Utility and cargo truck (9,850)
  • FAP 1118 4X4 Utility and cargo truck (1,250)
  • Mk23 4X4 Utility and cargo truck[62] (550)
  • MK25 4X4 Utility and cargo truck [62] (950)
  • ZIL-131 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (1,800)
  • URAL-375D 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (2,750)
  • Ural-4320 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (3,500+) (Locally built, ongoing production)
  • KrAZ-255 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (850)
  • KrAZ-6322 6x6 Utility and cargo truck (250)
  • FAP 2026 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (860)
  • FAP 2228 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (650)
  • Scania SBA111 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (590)
  • M35 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (1,050)(US army surplus)
  • M54 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (950)(US army surplus)
  • M923 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (600)
  • M927 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (600)
  • M931 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (275)
  • MK27 6X6 Utility and cargo truck[62] (450)
  • MK31 6X6 Utility and cargo truck[62] (350)
  • MK36 8X8 Utility and cargo truck[62] (250)
  • Ural-5323 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (550)
  • ZIL-135 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (380)
  • MAZ-543 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (250)
  • M977 8X8 Utility and cargo truck[62] (375)
  • M985 8X8 Utility and cargo truck[62] (500)
  • M978 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (75)[62]
  • M1074 10X10 Heavy cargo carrier (110)
  • M1075 10X10 Heavy cargo carrier (90)
  • M1076 10X10 Heavy cargo carrier (70)
  • M 970A1 Refueler Tanker (175)
  • M-818 Tractor Trailer (560)
  • M911 HETS Tractor with M746 trailer (450)
  • M1070 HETS Tractor with M1000 trailer (320+)(produced under license)[63]

Missile and rocket[edit]

The Egyptian ballistic missile development program apparently continues, with steadfast technological progress since the 1960s. The RS-120 Tactical Ballistic Missile Program is still in the developmental stage and should be shortly replacing the Frog-7 and supplementing the Sakr 80; by having a range of 120 km, it would be considered as an intermediate system between the battlefield range ballistic missile system and the theater ballistic missile system. Should, however, there be a dramatic change in its political climate and financial resources, Egypt possesses the technological and personnel resources to produce a Scud B/C, Al Badr and Project-T and could possibly acquire the Nodong missile technology.[64] [65][66]

Theater ballistic missile[edit]

Battlefield range ballistic missile[edit]

Artillery[edit]

Self propelled howitzers[edit]

Self propelled mortars[edit]

Field artillery[edit]

Howitzers[edit]

  • D-20 152 mm towed field gun howitzer (150)
  • D-30M 122 mm towed field howitzer (600) (Manufactured locally - production as needed)[75]

Field guns[edit]

  • S-23 180 mm towed field heavy gun (24)
  • GH 52 155 mm towed field gun w/APU (400) (Being manufactured locally under license - production as needed)[76]
  • M-46 130 mm towed field gun (420) (Manufactured locally - production as needed)[77]
  • Type 59-1M 130 mm towed field gun (150)
  • D-74 122 mm towed field gun (148)
  • Type 60 122 mm towed field gun (148)
  • M1944 100 mm towed field gun (200)

Mortars[edit]

Training artillery[edit]

Howitzers and field guns[edit]
  • ML-20 152 mm towed field howitzer (100) - Retained for training
  • M-30 122 mm towed field howitzer (200) - Retained for training
  • A-19 122 mm towed field gun (50) - Retained for training
Mortars[edit]

Stored artillery[edit]

  • D-20 152 mm towed field gun howitzer (120)
  • D-1 152 mm towed field howitzer (150)
  • ML-20 152 mm towed field howitzer (100)
  • M-30 122 mm towed field howitzer (150)

Multiple rocket launcher[edit]

  • VAP-80: 80 mm towed/self propelled non-guided rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 3 rows of 4: Range: 8 km: (250 launcher units)[82]
  • RL-812 TLC 107 mm towed non-guided rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 3 rows of 4: Range 9 km: (96 launcher units)[83][84]
  • PRL81: 107 mm non-guided rocket system of a single tube based on a tripod stand: Range: 8 km, Egyptian modified version of the Type 63 multiple rocket launcher: (250 launcher units)[84][85]
  • Sakr-4 also known as PRL111:122 mm non-guided rocket system of a single tube based on a tripod stand: Range: 10.8 km: (120 launcher units)[69][86]
  • Sakr-8:122 mm non-guided rocket system of 2 or 3 tubes based on a tripod stand or a Jeep: Range: 10.8 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM21: (48 launcher units)
  • Sakr-10:122 mm self-propelled non-guided rocket system of 4 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 2 on a tripod stand or a Jeep: Range: 10.8 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM-21: (50 Launcher Units)[69]
  • BM-21 122 mm non-guided rocket system of 40 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 10: Range: 20.8 km: (215 launcher units)
  • Sakr-18 (Known as RL-21):122 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 30 tubes arranged in 3 rows of 10: Range: 20.8 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM21: (72 launcher units)[69]
  • Sakr-30 (Known as RC-21):122 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 40 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 10: Range: 30 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM-21: (130 launcher units)[69]
  • Sakr-36: 122 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 40 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 10: Range: 36 km, enhanced range Egyptian modified version of the BM-21(50 launcher units)[69]
  • M-51 130 mm self-propelled non-guided rocket system of 16 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 4: Range 8.2 km (36 launcher units)[87]
  • K-136 Kooryong: 130mm 36-round multiple rocket launch system (36 Launchers) (Range: 36 km)
  • Sakr-45: 227 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system, Range: 45 km, Egyptian licensed built version of the M270 rocket combined with the traditional Sakr-36 6X6 launching truck system of 12 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 6 (20 launcher units)
  • M270: 227 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 6: (48 launcher units)
    • Range with M26 rocket ammunition: 32 km
    • Range with M26A1/A2 ammunition: 45 km
    • Range with M30 ammunition: 45 km
  • BM-24: 240 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 6: Range 11 km (48 launcher units)[88][89]

Air defense[edit]

Self-propelled[edit]

  • SA-9 forward area mobile short range quadruple short range SP SAM (20)
  • M1097 Avenger - forward area mobile short range air defense system w/Stinger SP SAM (50)+ (50 on order)
  • M163 A2 - self-propelled sextuple 20 mm chain gun system on M113 carrier (108)
  • Nile 23 Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided (148) with Sakr Eye SAM 2X2 on M113)
  • Sinai 23 Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided with Stinger SAM (3X2) (72) on M113)
  • ZSU-23-4 self-propelled quadruple 23 mm anti-aircraft gun system (218) with upgraded radar guidance
  • M53/59 Praga - self-propelled twin 30 mm AA radar guided gun system (100)(in reserve)
  • Upgraded ZSU-57-2 self-propelled twin 57 mm anti-aircraft gun system with radar guidance (40)
  • 9K22 Tunguska - self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon armed with a surface-to-air gun and missile system

Towed[edit]

  • ZPU-2 twin 14.5 mm stationary or towed AA gun system (250)
  • ZPU-4 quadruple 14.5 mm stationary or towed AA gun system (200)
  • M167 A3- towed sextuple 20 mm chain gun system (72)
  • ZU-23-2 upgraded twin 23 mm stationary or towed radar guided AA gun system (Manufactured locally)[90] (650)
  • Amoun stationary/towed 35 mm twin radar guided AA guns (72)
  • M1939 37 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (700)
  • S-60 57 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (600)
  • M1939 85 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (400)
  • KS-19 100 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (200)
  • KS-30 130 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (120)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

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