Equipment of the modern Egyptian Army

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The following list outlines the major equipment holdings of the modern Egyptian Army.

Infantry Weapons[edit]

Small Arms[edit]

Name Image Origin Type Caliber Comment
Small arms
Tokarev TT-33 TT 1.jpg  Russia Semi-automatic pistol 7.62X25mm
Helwan Beretta1951.JPG  Italy
 Egypt
Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm Produced under license by the Ministry of Military Production, Factory 54[1]
P226 SIG Sauer P226 neu.jpg   Switzerland Semi-automatic pistol 9X19mm
HK USP HKUSP.png  Germany Semi-automatic pistol 9x19 mm
Helwan 920 Beretta 92 FS.gif  Italy
 Egypt
Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm Beretta M92-FS pistol, with early Beretta 92-style grip-mounted magazine release button. Produced under license by the Ministry of Military Production, Factory 54[2]
MP5 MP5.jpg  Germany Submachine gun 9X19 mm Used by Paratroopers, Sa'ka Forces & Unit 777
UMP HKUMP45.JPG  Germany Submachine gun .45 ACP  Used by Sa'ka Forces
Sig 552 Stgw 90 kurz.jpg   Switzerland Carbine 5.56x45 mm Used by Sa'ka Forces & Unit 777
Beretta AR70/90 2june 2007 209.jpg  Italy Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm
AK47 (AKA: MISR) AK-47 type II Part DM-ST-89-01131.jpg  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Assault rifle 7.62X39mm
Maadi AKM automatkarbin, Ryssland - 7,62x39mm - Armémuseum.jpg  Egypt Assault rifle 7.62X39 mm Indigenous version of the Soviet AKM rifle. Produced under license by the Al Maadi Company for Engineering Industries (Factory 54).[3][4]
M16 M16A2 - AM.016070.jpg  United States Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm Used by M1A1 crews
M4 PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg  United States Carbine 5.56X45 mm Used by Paratroopers
CZ-805 BREN Cz805.png  Czech Republic Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm / 7.62X39 mm
Beretta ARX 160 Beretta ARX-160, Interpolitex 2012.jpg  Italy Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm / 7.62X39 mm Used by Navy Thunderbolt Forces
RPD LMG-RPD-44.jpg  Soviet Union
 Poland
 Egypt
Light machine gun 7.62X39 mm Produced locally under license. (See RPD page)
FN Minimi M249 FN MINIMI DA-SC-85-11586 c1.jpg  Belgium
 Egypt
Light machine gun 5.56X45 mm Produced locally under license.[5]
RPK[6] Machine Gun RPK.jpg  Soviet Union Light machine gun 7.62X39 mm
PK/PKM/PKMS[7] 7,62 KK PKM Helsinki 2012.JPG  Soviet Union General purpose machine gun 7.62X54 mm
M60E4 M60GPMG.jpeg  United States General purpose machine gun 7.62X51 mm Also known as Mk43
FN MAG M240-1.jpg  Belgium
 Egypt
General purpose machine gun 7.62X51 mm Produced locally under license[8][9] (See FN MAG page)
SG-43 Goryunov SGM DD-ST-85-01258.jpg  Soviet Union
 Poland
 Egypt
Medium machine gun 7.62x54mmR Produced locally
DShK Doushka desert.jpg  Soviet Union Heavy machine gun 12.7X108 mm
NSV 12,7 NSV Turku 3.JPG  Russia Heavy machine gun 12.7X108 mm Used by T-80 crews
M2HB Machine gun M2 1.jpg  United States Heavy machine gun 12.7X99 mm
KPV 14,5-мм счетверенная зенитная пулеметная установка конструкции Лещинского ЗПУ-4 (4).jpg  Soviet Union Heavy machine gun 14.5X114 mm See KPV page
Dragunov SVD[10]  Soviet Union Sniper rifle 7.62X54 mm
PSG1 H&K PSG-1 Sniper Rifle.jpg  Germany Sniper rifle 7.62X51 mm
M40A3 M-40A3.jpg  United States Sniper rifle 7.62X51 mm
M82 M82A1 barrett.jpeg  United States Anti-materiel rifle .50 caliber
MK19 MK19-02.jpg  United States
 Egypt
Automatic grenade launcher 40X53 mm Manufactured locally.[11][12]
Maadi GL M203 1.jpg  United States
 Egypt
Underbarrel grenade launcher 40X46 mm Manufactured locally [13][14]
M79 M79 afmil.jpg  United States Single shot grenade launcher 40X46 mm

Anti-Tank and Missile[edit]

Recoilless Rifles[edit]

Name Image Origin Number Comment
Recoilless rifle
M40 Rcl106lat2.jpg  United States UNKNOWN 105 mm
SPG-9 SPG-9M rus.jpeg  Soviet Union 3000+ 73 mm[15]
B-10 B-10-82mm-recoilles-rifle-batey-haosef-1-1.jpg  Soviet Union 1600 82 mm[16]
B-11 B-11-107mm-recoilless-rifle-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg  Soviet Union 1800 107 mm[17]

Anti Tank Systems[edit]

Name Image Origin Number Comment
Anti Tank Systems
RPG-7 RPG-7 detached.jpg  Egypt 179,000+ units locally made
M72 LAW 66 kertasinko 75.JPG  United States 5,000 units
Milan II MILAN P1220770.jpg  France 220+ units wire-guided anti-armor missile system
Swingfire Ferret Mk5 1 Bovington.jpg  United Kingdom
 Egypt
260+ units wire-guided anti-armor missile system (locally made)
BGM-71D TOW II Hires 090509-A-4842R-001a.jpg  United States
 Egypt
500+ 450 missiles wire-guided anti-armor missile system (810 + 575 units)(locally made)[18]
AGM-114 Hellfire Lockheed Martin Longbow Hellfire.jpg  United States UNKNOWN 107 mm
AT-1 Snapper 2P26 Panzerabwehrraketen.JPG  Soviet Union UNKNOWN wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
AT-2 Swatter AT-2c Swatter.JPG  Soviet Union UNKNOWN radio command Anti-tank missile.
AT-3 Sagger Malyutka.JPG  Soviet Union UNKNOWN wire-guided anti-tank guided missile system.
AT-5 Spandrel Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg  Soviet Union UNKNOWN wire-guided anti-tank missile, mounted on Fahd armoured personnel carriers purchased in the 1990s
HJ-8 BaktarShikan3.JPG  China
 Egypt
UNKNOWN Locally Produced Version Named AHRAM

Man-Portable Air Defense[edit]

System Image Origin Number Comment
Air defence
Sakr Eye SA-7.jpg  Egypt 2,500+ Egyptian modified version of the SA-7 MANPAD short range SAM.
Stinger FIM-92 Stinger USMC.JPG  United States 1,800+ MANPAD short range SAM
Igla 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg  Soviet Union 600+ MANPAD short range SAM

Mortars[edit]

Training Mortars[edit]

Vehicles[edit]

Tanks[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Number Details
M1 Abrams Defense.gov News Photo 980120-A-0000K-002.jpg  United States
 Egypt
Main Battle Tank M1A2SEP
M1A1
0 (+755)
1,130[23][24][25]
Built by Egypt under license since 1992 during 4 phases: Phase I - 555 vehicles, Phase II - 200 vehicles, Phase III - 125 vehicles, and Phase IV - 125 vehicles, with production ending in 2011 for phase IV.[23][24] All vehicles were produced at M1A1 standard . An additional 125 are being procured as kits and built in Egypt under Phase V,Egypt is having 755 M1A1 up-grade to the M1A2 SEP.[25]
M60 Patton American M60A3 tank Lake Charles, Louisiana April 2005.jpg  United States
 Austria
Main Battle Tank M60A3
M60A1
1016
700
700 M60A1 were bought from U.S. Army Europe surplus stocks in Germany between 1979-1988 with 400 being upgraded to M60A3 standard. Further M60A3 380 were purchased from U.S. between 1999-2001. And the final batch of 170 was bought from Austria 2002. The upgraded units received a new engine (908 hp), extensive armor addition, armored side skirts, fire control system with ballistics computer, infrared vision device, laser rangefinder, upgraded gun stabilizer.[26]
T-80 T-80U, Engineering Technologies 2010 international forum (2).jpg  Russia Main Battle Tank T-80UK
T-80U
14
20
Purchased in 1997 for evaluation.[27]
T-62 T-62M Kabul.JPG  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Main Battle Tank Mark III 500[28] Units underwent 3 upgrades, the 1st upgrade: RO-115 Mark I: developed in the early 1980s; the 2nd upgrade: T-62E Mark II: In the mid 1990s; the 3rd upgrade: RO-120 Mark III: developed in 2004.[26][29]
T-55 T-55 Egypt.jpg  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Main Battle Tank Ramses II 260
840[28]
260 were converted from existing T-55 tanks starting from 2004. The new vehicle has many modifications, the with most visible having six wheels rather than the standard five. While the rest of T-55 are mostly in reserve now with an unknown future; either scrappage or upgrade to Ramses II standard.

Infantry Fighting Vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Number Details
EIFV EIFV Description.gif  Egypt Infantry Fighting Vehicle 1,200 Developed in 1997. It is an upgrade for the M113 consisting of additional armor, an improved engine, and the turret from an M2 Bradley.[30]
YPR-765 PRI Dutch YPR-765 in Afghanistan.jpg  Netherlands
 Belgium
Infantry Fighting Vehicle 1,030 European version of the American AIFV equipped with the 25mm KBA-B02 turret. 390 units were purchased from Netherlands in 1996 with further 640 from Belgium in x.
BMP-1 Bmp-1-DMSC9112086 JPG.jpg  Soviet Union Infantry Fighting Vehicle 220 Purchased in 1972. All in storage since the mid 90s.

Armored Personnel Carriers[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Number Details
M113 Egyptian M113 offloading from US Navy LCU.jpg
M901-TOW-latrun-2.jpg
M577 command vehicle.jpg
M548 (7527992146).jpg
 United States
 Egypt
Armored Personnel Carrier
Tank Destroyer
Tracked field command vehicle
Tracked support and cargo vehicle
Artillery fire support vehicle
M113A2
M901A3
M577
M548
M981 FISTV
2,320
52
280
275
72
Purchased between 1980–2002, the APC version was upgraded by Egypt and equipment with a protective shield for its 12.7mm main weapon station.
BTR-50 BTR-50-latrun-1-2.jpg  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier BTR-50PKM
BTR-50PK
BTR-50
100
150
250
500 were ordered in 1964 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1965 and 1966. 250 BTR-50PKs are currently in service, out of which 100 were upgraded to BTR-50PKM standard. The rest are in storage and will likely soon be disposed of through either sale or scrappage.
OT-62 TOPAS Egyptian OT-62B APC.JPEG  Czechoslovakia
 Ukraine
Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier OT-62B
OT-62
200
50
Purchased in 1972. 200 units were upgraded by Ukraine to the OT-62B standard in 2010.[31]
PTS Amphibious1b Zamárdi.jpg  Soviet Union Amphibious Personnel Carrier PTS-M  ? Purchased in 1973.
Pegaso BMR Spanish Army BMR-600 DF-SD-04-06607.JPEG  Spain Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier BMR-600 260[32] Purchased in 1986.
OT-64 SKOT Tatra OT64 APC (1960) (Chzech) owned by David Froggatt pic01.JPG  Czechoslovakia
 Poland
Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier OT-64C 250 250 were purchased from Czechoslovakia with all the units subsequently being upgraded to OT-64C standard by Poland.
BTR-60 BTR-60PB DA-ST-89-06597.jpg  Soviet Union Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier BTR-60PB 200 Originally as small number was bought in June 1967 for evaluation, with a subsequent order for 650 units placed in 1969 and delivered between 1970 and 1973. A number of machines were lost during the Yom Kippur War and with time others were retired so that only 200 units are still in operation today.
BTR-152 BTR-152-latrun-3.jpg  Soviet Union Armored Personnel Carrier BTR-152K 175[32] 675 units were bought in 1963 from the Soviet Union, but this number shrank quickly due to the losses suffered in the 6 Day War and the Yom Kippur War. By the mid 1980s it was determined that the machines were obsolete for frontline duty and were withdrawn to the Border Patrol. Retirement of these units continued so that there were only 175 left by 2013 with the remainder to be retired by 2020 probably in favor of RG-32 Scout.
RG-32 Scout RG-32 Scouts.jpg  South Africa Armored Personnel Carrier RG-32M 180 Bought in 2003 for border patrol. Likely will replace all BTR-152.
HMMWV M1151.jpg  United States Armored Personnel Carrier
Artillery Observation Vehicle
M1151
M1114
1,040
375
Purchases began in 1995.
Fahd Egyptian Military Police in Alexandria.jpg  Egypt
 West Germany
Armored Personnel Carrier
Armored Medevac
Tank Destroyer
Armored Command Post
Infantry Fighting Vehicle
Fahd 240
Fahd 240
Fahd 240
Fahd 240
Fahd 280
410
120
54
16
1
Developed in partnership with West German firm Thyssen-Henschel with production starting 1986 and ending in 2010. 800 vehicles were produced including a single infantry fighting vehicle which was rejected by the Egyptian Army due to its height (a drawback in a flat open terrain like a desert). The tank destroyer variant is equipped with MILAN AT missiles.
Casspir Casspir vehicle Ai101503g1.jpg  South Africa Armored Personnel Carrier  ?
Walid  Egypt Armored Personnel Carrier Walid MKII 650 Production started in 1966 and of the units are assigned to border patrol.
Sherpa Festival automobile international 2012 - Renault Sherpa light Scout - 008.jpg  France Armored Personnel Carrier 19 20 ordered in 2011 for use by military police. 1 was destroyed in 2013 in a fight against Sinai Insurgency.
Hotspur HUSSARD  United Kingdom Armored Personnel Carrier 110 Purchased in 1986 for use by military police.
Tiger Kader-120 Italian military Iveco 40.10WM.jpg  Italy
 Egypt
Armored Personnel Carrier
Armored ambulance
650
130[33]
License for production was bought from Italy in 1998.[33][34][35][36]
BTR-40 BTR-40-latrun-2.jpg  Soviet Union
 Germany
Armored Personnel Carrier
NBC protection and detection
BTR-40
SPW-40Chs
200
30
Egypt's first arms purchase. In 1955 350 were ordered from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1955 and 1959. Further 30 SPW-40Chs were ordered in 1991 from Germany and delivered later that year (aid during the First Persian Gulf War). 200 in service at present relegated to Border Patrol + 30 for NBC protection and detection.
Cadillac Gage Commando Cadillac Gage V-150 do Exército português.jpg  United States Armored Reconnaissance Scout
Armored Reconnaissance Scout
V150
Commando Scout
180
112[37]
The Scout variant was bought in 1986 while the V150 was bought in 2001 from the US Army which was retiring them in favor of the new M1117.
BRDM-2 Szakal 108 bryglogisty 2.jpg  Soviet Union
 Poland
Armored Reconnaissance Scout BRDM-2M96i
BRDM-2
100

200
Purchased in 1968 from USSR, 100 of them were modernized by Poland in 2001.

Artillery and Missile Systems[edit]

The Egyptian ballistic missile development program stated in late 1950s after the construction of Jabal Hamzah ballistic missile test and launch facility to conduct test fires on Al Zafir and Al Kahir SRBMs.[38][39] The RS-120 Tactical Ballistic Missile Program is still in the developmental stage and should be shortly replacing the Frog-7 and supplementing the Sakr 80; by having a range of 120 km, it would be considered as an intermediate system between the battlefield range ballistic missile system and the theater ballistic missile system. Should, however, there be a dramatic change in its political climate and financial resources, Egypt possesses the technological and personnel resources to produce a Scud B/C and Project-T missiles.[40][41][42]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Quantity Details
Scud Front view of a Soviet made MAZ-543-TEL for SCUD missiles.jpeg  Soviet Union
 Egypt
 North Korea
Short-range ballistic missile Project-T
Scud-B
25
9
The Project-T variant utilized the Scud launcher with a new missile which was developed by Egypt with North Korean assistance, increasing its range from original 300 km to 450 km. More than 90 Project-T missiles were also made while the amount of the Scud-B missiles today is unknown.[32][42]
FROG-7 FROG-7.JPEG  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Battlefield range ballistic missile Sakr-80[43][44]
FROG-7
60
12
Sakr-80 is an indigenous design based on a FROG-7 system that was purchased from Soviet Union. The difference between the two is that the newer Sakr-80 is designed to carry 3 missiles with the range of 80 km while the original FROG-7 can carry only one missile with the range 70 km.
M270 MLRS 05.jpg  United States
 Egypt
MRL 270mm M270
Sakr-45
45
20
Range dependent on the type of ammunition used:
*Range with M26 rocket 32 km
*Range with M26A1/A2 rocket 45 km
*Range with M30 rocket 70 km
Egypt also developed a wheeled based MRL called Sakr-45 which also uses the M270 rockets; its is not unlike the American HIMARS.
K-136 Kooryong 2014.2.24 육군 5포병여단 K-136 130mm 다련장로켓 사격훈련 Republic of Korea Army 5th Artillery Brigade (12782973375).jpg  Republic of Korea MRL 130mm 36 Purchased in 2004, range 36 km.
BM-21 BM-21Ural-375D.jpg
GMC-launcher-batey-haosef-2.jpg
 Soviet Union
 Egypt
MRL 122mm Sakr-36
Sakr-30
Sakr-18
BM-21
Sakr-10
Sakr-8
Sakr-4
50[43]
130[43]
72[43]
215
50[43]
48
120[43][45]
*Range 36 km
*Range 30 km
*Range 20 km
*Range 20 km
*Range 10 km
*Range 10 km
*Range 10 km
Egypt purchased the original 215 units from the Soviet Union and a domestic production license renaming all the future machines Sakr. Sark-4 are tripod based units, while Sakr-10 and Sakr-8 are jeep mounted units, and the rest are truck mounted units.
BM-24 BM-24M-5205.JPG  Soviet Union MRL 240mm 48[46][47] Range 11 km. All in storage awaiting disposal.
RM-51 Czechoslovak 130mm rocket launcher Raketomet vz. 51.jpg  Czechoslovakia MRL 130mm 36[48] 50 delivered between 1957-1958.[49] Range 8 km. All in storage awaiting disposal.
Type 63 Arming up - Flickr - Al Jazeera English.jpg  China
 Egypt
MRL 107mm RL-812 TLC
PRL81
96[50][51]
250[51][52]
Egypt modernized 96 units increasing their range to 9 km form the original 8 km.
VAP-80  Egypt MRL 80mm 250[53] Tripod mounted indigenous Egyptian design, range 8 km.
M110 203mm Self-Propelled Howitzer M110A2.JPG  United States Self-propelled howitzer 203mm M110A2 144[54][55] Purchased from US in 1996.
M109 Egyptian M109 during Operation Bright Star 2005.jpg  United States
 Egypt
Self-propelled howitzer 155mm
122mm
M109A5
M102A2
SPH 122
201
420
124
SPH 122 are locally assembled howitzers based on M109A2 chassis, but instead of utilizing the 155 mm gun the 122 mm D-30 gun is fitted in instead.[56][57]
M992 M992A2 FAASV.jpg  United States Artillery Ammunition Support Vehicle 250 Designed to support the self-propelled howitzer, purchased from US along with the M109A5s.
M120  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Self-propelled mortar 120mm 120 Built on a T-55 chasse with the turret replaced by a mount fitted with an 120-PM-43 mortar.
M113 mortar carrier M113-mortar-carrier-id2008-1.jpg  Netherlands
 United States
Self-propelled mortar 107mm
Self-propelled mortar 82mm
M106A2

M125A2
150

350
S-23 S-23-180mm-beyt-hatotchan-4.jpg  Soviet Union Towed Artillery 180 mm 24 Most likely use in coastal defense.
GH 52 155 K 98 Lippujuhlan päivä 2014 3.JPG  Finland
 Egypt
Towed Artillery 155 mm 400[58] Being manufactured locally under license, likely to replace aging 152 mm and 130 mm artillery.
D-20 Howitzer D-20.jpg  Soviet Union Towed Artillery 152 mm 144[59] 150 purchased
D-1 152 mm howitzer M1943 (D-1) museum on Sapun Mountain Sevastopol 1.jpg  Soviet Union Towed Artillery 152 mm 72[59] 150 purchased, kept in storage.
ML-20 152mm ml20 hameenlinna 2.jpg  Soviet Union Towed Artillery 152 mm 36[59] 100 purchased, kept in storage.
M-46 Iraqi Type 59 130 mm field gun.JPEG  Soviet Union
 China
 Egypt
Towed Artillery 130 mm M-46
Type 59-1M
420[59]
150[59]
Egypt bought the license to produce M-46 from USSR.[60]
D-30 D-30 howitzer.jpg  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Towed Artillery 122 mm D-30M 156[59] Egypt bought production license and will likely use it to replace completely the older 122 mm models that are now stored due to age.
D-74 Battery of damaged Iraqi artillery in southern Iraq 1991-03-27.JPEG  Soviet Union
 China
Towed Artillery 122 mm D-74
Type 60
144[59]
48[59]
M-30 122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30) museum on Sapun Mountain Sevastopol 1.jpg  Soviet Union Towed Artillery 122 mm 359[59] Some used for training the rest are stored.
A-19 122 mm gun (A-19) displayed at the Museum of Heroic Defense and Liberation of Sevastopol on Sapun Mountain.JPG  Soviet Union Towed Artillery 122 mm 36[59] All are stored.
BS-3 BS-3-batey-haosef-1.jpg  Soviet Union Towed Artillery 100 mm 200[59] All are stored.

Air Defence[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Quantity Details
S-300 9A83ME TEL - Antey-2500 SAM 02.jpg  Russia Long Range Air Defense S-300VM (SA-23) 0 (+12)[61] In December 2014 production of 12 units was completed for a foreign customer. With Egypt the only country which showed interest in procurement of this type of AA it is save to assume that it was built for them, though the Russian official quickly denied it saying that there is no formal contract between the two counties. 12 units would create 3 air defense batteries.
AA Range = 200 km, AA Ceiling = 30 km, Speed = Mach 5, ABM Range = 40 km.[62]
MIM-104 Patriot Patriot System 2.jpg  United States Long Range Air Defense PAC-3 32 In 1999 Egypt paid 1.3 billion dollars to purchase 32 PAC-3 units after its military review determined that it couldn't defend the country from ballistic missiles with existing AA systems.[63]
AA Range = 45 km, AA Ceiling = 15 km, Speed = Mach 5, ABM Range = 25 km.[64]
Dvina Sa-2camo.jpg  Soviet Union
 Egypt
Long Range Air Defense Tayer el-Sabah
SA-2
100[65] 100 units were delivered by USSR from 1970 to 1972 for use in the Yom Kippur War. The Egyptian like the performance and purchased the production rights from USSR
AA Range = 45 km, AA Ceiling = 25 km, Speed = Mach 3.5, ABM = none
SLAMRAAM AIM-120 AMRAAM P6230147.JPG  United States
 Norway
Medium Range Air Defense x
AA Range = 50 km, AA Ceiling = ?km, Speed = Mach 4
Buk Buk-M1-2 9A310M1-2.jpg  Russia Medium Range Air Defense M1-2 (SA-11) x
AA Range = 30 km, AA Ceiling = 14 km, Speed = Mach 3.0
MIM-23 Hawk Hawk mobile.jpg  United States Medium Range Air Defense Phase III 62 On 25 February 2014, Egypt ordered new 186 rocket motors to extend the live of their Hawk batteries.[66] Since there are 3 missiles per launch unit then one can deduce that Egypt plans to maintain 62 launcher systems.
AA Range = 50 km, AA Ceiling = 14 km, Speed = Mach 2.4
Pechora Independence Day Parade - Flickr - Kerri-Jo (87).jpg  Soviet Union
 Russia
Medium Range Air Defense 2M (SA-3) 30[67] Originally Egypt received 200 units from USSR between 1970 and 1972[65] and they were used to great effect during the Yom Kippur War. But with time these units aged to the point that they were no longer reliable. So in 2006 Egypt decided to upgrade 30 of its of last surviving S-125 Neva units to the Pechora-2M standard.
AA Range = 35 km, AA Ceiling = 18 km, Speed = Mach 3.1
Kub Sa6 1.jpg  Soviet Union Medium Range Air Defense SA-6 56[68] Purchased from the Soviet Union after the disastrous 6 Day War and was used to great effect in the Yom Kippur War virtually denying the entire air space of Egypt to Israel. Since then, however, the system has aged and is likely in storage.
AA Range = 24 km, AA Ceiling = 14 km, Speed = Mach 2.8
Tor Tor-M1 SAM (2).jpg  Russia Short Range Air Defense M1 (SA-15) 16[69] 16 units were purchased from Russia.
AA Range = 12 km, AA Ceiling = 6 km, Speed = Mach 2.5
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger Avenger missile.jpg  United States Short Range Air Defense 75 Egypt originally ordered 50 units, but in 2006 it chose to order a further 25 units which all were delivered by September 2008.[70]
AA Range = 8 km, AA Ceiling = 8 km, Speed = Mach 2.2
Crotale Egyptian Crotale.JPEG  France Short Range Air Defense VT-1 36[71] Purchased from France in 1980.[72]
AA Range = 11 km, AA Ceiling = 6 km, Speed = 3.53
MIM-72 Chaparral MIM-72 Chaparral 07.jpg  United States Short Range Air Defense MIM-72C[73] 80[74] Purchased from U.S. stock in 1987[72]
AA Range = 9 km, AA Ceiling = 4 km, Speed = Mach 1.5
Strela-1 Soviet SA-9 Gaskin.jpg  Soviet Union Short Range Air Defense SA-9 20[71] x
AA Range = 4.2 km, AA Ceiling = 3.5 km, Speed = Mach 1.8
M113 AA M163 VADS.JPEG  United States
 Egypt
SPAAG Nile 23
Sinai 23
M163 VADS
Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided (148) with Sakr Eye SAM 2X2 on M113, Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided with Stinger SAM (3X2) (72) on M113, 108
Shilka ZSU-23-4 Shilka 01.jpg  Soviet Union SPAAG
ZSU-57-2 ZSU-57-2 Hun 2010 02.jpg  Soviet Union SPAAG 40 100 ordered in 1960 from Soviet Union and delivered between 1961 and 1962,[75] with 40 remaining in storage today.[76]
M53/59 Praga PLdvK 53 59 TMB.jpg  Czechoslovakia SPAAG
Oerlikon GDF 35 mm Oerlikon.jpg   Switzerland Towed AA (35 mm) Amoun 72
M167 VADS M167-Vulcan.jpg  United States Towed AA (20 mm) 72
ZPU ZPU morrocan.jpg  Soviet Union Towed AA (12.7 mm) 200
ZU-23-2 Zu-23-2-belarus.jpg  Soviet Union Towed AA (23 mm) 280
61-K M1939-37mm-hatzerim-1.jpg  Soviet Union Towed AA (37 mm) 200 700
S-60 S-60-57mm-hatzerim-1.jpg  Soviet Union Towed AA (57 mm) 200 600
52-K 52k nn.jpg  Soviet Union Towed AA (85 mm) 400
KS-19 KS-19-100-mm-anti-aircraft-gun-batey-haosef-3.jpg  Soviet Union Towed AA (100 mm) 200
KS-30 File-KS 30 Letecky Muzeum.JPG  Soviet Union Towed AA (130 mm) 120

Engineering[edit]

Amphibious bridging[edit]

Mine dispensers / clearance[edit]

Logistics and utility[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Number Comment
Military vehicle
HETS HET tractor.jpg
M911and M747.jpg
 United States
 Egypt


 United States
Truck Tractor Model 1070 (8x8)



Model 911 (8x8)
320+



450
Produced under license[101]
MTVR LOWBOY WITH MTVR.jpg  United States Truck Tractor Model MK31 (6x6) 350[102]
PLS Palletized load system.jpg  United States Very Heavy Truck
(10+ tonnes)
Model M1075 (10x10)
Model M1074 (10x10)
90
110
HEMTT HEMTT Wrecker and Cargo.jpg  United States Very Heavy Truck
(10+ tonnes)
Model M985 (8x8)
Model M978 (8x8)
Model M977 (8x8)
500[102]
75[102]
350[102]
MAZ MAZ-543 truck for transporting warhead.JPG  Soviet Union Very Heavy Truck
(10+ tonnes)
Model 543 (8x8) 250
ZiL ZiL-135 - Pütnitz.jpg  Soviet Union Very Heavy Truck
(10+ tonnes)
Model 135 (8x8) 380
Ural Ural-5323.jpg  Russia Very Heavy Truck
(10+ tonnes)
Model 5323 (8x8) 550
MTVR Mk-36-wrecker-camp-foster-okinawa-2005.jpg  United States Very Heavy Truck
(10+ tonnes)
Model MK36 (8x8) 250[102]
MTVR MTVR.jpg  United States Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
Model MK27 (6x6) 450[102]
M939 US Marine Corps 030224-M-XT622-034 USMC M923 (6X6) 5-ton cargo truck heads a convoy departing Camp Matilda, Kuwait crop.jpg  United States Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
Model M931 (6x6)
Model M927 (6x6)
Model M923 (6x6)
Model M818 (6x6)
275
600
600
560
M54 REFORGER 1991, M54 Truck unloading.jpg  United States Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
(6x6) 950 US army surplus
Scania Tgb40.jpg  Sweden Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
Model SBA111 (6x6) 590
FAP FAP 2228 1.jpg
FAP 2026 BS AVG.JPG
 Serbia




 Yugoslavia
Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
Model 2228 (6x6)




Model 2026 (6x6)
650




860
KrAZ Iraqi KrAZ trucks.jpg
KrAZ 255.JPG
 Ukraine




 Soviet Union
Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
Model 6322 (6x6)




Model 255 (6x6)
250




850
Ural Engineering Technologies - 2012 (2-35).jpg
Ural375 nva.jpg
 Soviet Union
 Egypt



 Soviet Union
Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
Model 4320 (6x6)




Model 375D (6x6)
3,500+




2,750
Locally built, ongoing production
ZiL ZIL-131 in Malbork.jpg  Soviet Union Heavy Truck
(5+ tonnes)
Model 131 (6x6) 1,800
MTVR MTVRs.jpg  United States Medium Truck
(2+ tonnes)
Model Mk25 (4x4)
Model Mk23 (4x4)
950[102]
550[102]
M35 M35.jpg  United States Medium Truck
(2+ tonnes)
(6x6) 1,050 US army surplus
FAP FAP1118 2.jpg  Serbia Medium Truck
(2+ tonnes)
Model 1118 (4x4) 1,250
Pegaso Pegaso 3046 cisterna Ejército español.JPG  Spain Medium Truck
(2+ tonnes)
Model 3046 (4x4) 9,850
GAZ GAZ-66 truck.JPG  Soviet Union Medium Truck
(2+ tonnes)
Model 66 (4x4) 5,100
HMMWV US Navy 060322-N-5438H-018 U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the Bravo Battery 3rd Battalion 320th Field Artillery Regiment along with Iraq Army soldiers from the 1st Battalion 1st Brigade 4th Division perform a routine patrol.jpg  United States
Arab Organization for Industrialization (logo).jpg Arab Organization for Industrialization
Light Truck
(.5+ tonnes)
M998 (4X4)
M1038 (4X4)
M1043 (4X4)
M1151 (4X4)
M996 (4X4)
M1043 (4X4)
675
450
510+575
1,040
150
140
Utility and cargo carrier
Utility and cargo carrier
Utility and cargo carrier; additional 575 M1043 are on order.
Uparmored utility vehicle
Mini ambulance
Maxi ambulance
* Arab Organization for Industrialization has a project of fitting HMMWVs with anti armor weaponry, options include: TOW, Milan, or HOT missiles.[103]
M274 M274 with M40 in AAFM.jpg  United States Light Truck
(.5+ tonnes)
(4x4) 1,500
G-Class Puch G Bundesheer.jpg  Germany
 Egypt
Utility vehicle (4x4) 3,910+[33] Production ongoing
Jeep CJ Nohvcc4.jpg  United States
 Egypt
Utility vehicle (4x4) Jeep CJ7
Jeep CJ8
Jeep TJ
Jeep JK
Jeep J8
10,650[33] Locally built.
M151 MUTT JeepFrontM151.jpg  United States Utility vehicle (4x4) 4,750
Trailers
M1076  United States Flatbed (6x6) 70
M1000 trailer  United States
 Egypt
Flatbed (10x10) 320+ Produced under license.[101]
M 970A1  United States Refueler (4x4) 175
M746 trailer  United States Flatbed (8x8) 450
  • ZU-23-2 upgraded twin 23 mm stationary or towed radar guided AA gun system (Manufactured locally)[104] (650)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

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