Foreign relations of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

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The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a sovereign entity that maintains diplomatic relations with over 100 states[1] and has observer status or representation at multiple intergovernmental organizations.[2]

Bilateral relations[edit]

Diplomatic relations[edit]

Name Diplomatic relations established[3] Region Notes
 Afghanistan 2000 Asia
 Albania 1994 Europe
 Angola 13 December 2005 Africa
 Antigua and Barbuda 10 October 2009 Americas
 Argentina 1949 Americas
 Armenia 1998 Europe
 Austria 1957 Europe formerly relations from 1806[3][when?] and from 1918[3][when?].
 Bahamas 11 November 2008 Americas
 Belarus 1996 Europe
 Belize 2000 Americas
 Benin 1972 Africa
 Bolivia 1962 Americas
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1997 Europe
 Brazil 1952 Americas
 Bulgaria 1994 Europe
 Burkina Faso 1973 Africa
 Cambodia 1993 Asia
 Cameroon 1961 Africa
 Cape Verde 1996 Africa
 Central African Republic 1981 Africa
 Chad 1989 Africa
 Chile 1956 Americas
 Colombia 1957 Americas
 Comoros 1981 Africa
 Congo 1992 Africa
 Democratic Republic of Congo 1984 Africa
 Costa Rica 1958 Americas
 Ivory Coast 1972 Africa
 Croatia 1992 Europe
 Cuba 1960 Americas
 Cyprus 6 June 2012[4] Europe
 Czech Republic 1990 Europe
 Dominican Republic 1957 Americas
 Timor-Leste 18 September 2006 Oceania
 Egypt 1980 Africa
 El Salvador 1951 Americas
 Equatorial Guinea 1996 Africa
 Eritrea 1999 Africa
 Ethiopia 1970 Africa
 European Union 1987 Europe Ambassador level relations.[2]
 Gabon 1963 Africa
 Georgia 1998 Europe
 Guatemala 1959 Americas
 Guinea 1986 Africa
 Guinea-Bissau 1997 Africa
 Guyana 1999 Americas
 Haiti 1947 Americas
 Holy See 1930 Europe formerly relations from 1113[3][when?].
 Honduras 1959 Americas
 Hungary 1990 Europe formerly relations from 1923[3][when?].
 Italy 1956 Europe formerly relations from 1884-02-20[3][when?] and from 1935[3][when?].
 Jordan 29 June 2003 Asia
 Kazakhstan 1998 Asia
 Kenya 14 September 2007 Africa
 Kiribati 2002 Oceania
 Latvia 1995 Europe
 Lebanon 1954 Asia
 Liberia 1959 Africa
 Liechtenstein 1994 Europe
 Lithuania 1997 Europe
 Macedonia 1996 Europe
 Madagascar 1990 Africa
 Mali 1986 Africa
 Malta 1966 Europe
 Marshall Islands 2002 Oceania
 Mauritania 1977 Africa
 Mauritius 1977 Africa
 Micronesia 12 November 1997[5] Oceania
 Moldova 2000 Europe
 Monaco 1957 Europe Before 2009[specify] relations with Monaco were maintained through a diplomatic special mission,[6] but afterwards they were regularized.[1]
 Montenegro 5 September 2006 Europe
 Morocco 1986 Africa
 Mozambique 1997 Africa
 Namibia 2009 Africa
 Nicaragua 1953 Americas
 Niger 1970 Africa
 Palestinian Authority September 2011 Asia Ambassador level relations.[1]
 Panama 1948 Americas
 Paraguay 1952 Americas
 Peru 1954 Americas
 Philippines 1965 Asia
 Poland 1990 Europe
 Portugal 1951 Europe
 Romania 1992 Europe
 Russia 1992 Europe Relations with the Russian Federation are maintained through a diplomatic special mission.[1]
 Saint Lucia 1999 Americas
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1997 Americas
 San Marino 1969 Europe
 Sao Tome and Principe 1997 Africa
 Senegal 1965 Africa
 Serbia 2001 Europe
 Seychelles 1992 Africa
 Sierra Leone 2008 Africa
 Slovakia 1990 Europe
 Slovenia 1992 Europe
 Somalia 1961 Africa
 Spain 1937 Europe
 Sudan 1993 Africa
 Suriname 1999 Americas
 Tajikistan 2001 Asia
 Thailand 1984 Asia
 Togo 1973 Africa
 Turkmenistan 30 October 2007 Asia
 Ukraine 9 February 2008 Europe
 Uruguay 1965 Americas
 Venezuela 1970 Americas

Official relations[edit]

Name Official relations established Region Notes
 Belgium 1960 Europe
 Canada 4 June 2008 Americas
 France 1982 Europe formerly relations from 1924-08-28[3][when?]. France does not recognise the SMOM as a subject of international law.[7]
 Germany 1956 Europe
 Luxembourg 1995 Europe
  Switzerland 1960 Europe

No diplomatic relations[edit]

Name Relations Region Notes
 Ecuador 1954[3]May 2012[1][3] Americas On 10 February 2012 President Correa issued a decree to withdraw recognition and initiate the process of canceling relations.[8][clarification needed]

Overview[edit]

Foreign relations with the SMOM
  diplomatic relations
  other official relations
  former diplomatic relations

The Order currently maintains diplomatic relations with 104 sovereign states (including the Holy See and Russia) and exchanges ambassadors with the European Union and the Palestinian Authority.[1][2]

The Order has non-diplomatic official relations with 6 more states: France, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Canada.

At least 5 other states maintain no relations with and do not recognize the passports of the Order:[9][10] Netherlands, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, Greece.

Currently the Order has no established relations with:

Intergovernmental organizations[edit]

The Order of Malta has observer status at the following organizations:[2]

Organization observer since Notes
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 1962[3]
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations 1983[3]
International Atomic Energy Agency 1983[3]
United Nations General Assembly 24 August 1994[3]
International Fund for Agricultural Development
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
World Food Programme
World Health Organization

The Order of Malta has delegations or representations to the following organizations:[2]

Organization participates since Notes
Council of Europe 1975[3]
International Institute for the Unification of Private Law 1984[3]
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Preparatory Commission
Inter-American Development Bank
International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property
International Committee of Military Medicine
International Committee of the Red Cross
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
International Institute of Humanitarian Law
International Organization for Migration
Latin Union

See also[edit]

References[edit]