Foreign relations of Malta
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politics and government of
For several years after independence in 1964, Malta followed a policy of close co-operation with the United Kingdom and other NATO countries. This relationship changed with the election of the Malta Labour Party government in June 1971, led by Dom Mintoff. The NATO subheadquarters in Malta was closed at the request of the government, and the U.S. Sixth Fleet discontinued recreational visits to the country.
After substantially increased financial contributions from several NATO countries (including the United States), British forces remained in Malta until 1979. Following their departure, the Labour government charted a new course of neutrality and became an active member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Malta is an active participant in the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the Council of Europe, OSCE, and various other international organisations. In these forums, Malta has frequently expressed its concern for the peace and economic development of the Mediterranean region.
The Nationalist Party (Partit Nazzjonalista) government elected in May 1987 continued a policy of neutrality and non-alignment, but in a Western context. The government desires close relations with the United States and Europe, with an emphasis on increased trade and private direct investment, and withdrew from the Non-Aligned Movement. In 1992, U.S. Navy ships started paying liberty calls again and currently do so on a regular basis.
On May 1, 2004, Malta became a full member of the European Union, with which it had an associationship agreement since 1971. It was one of ten new members which joined on that date. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs oversees the direction of Maltese foreign policy.
Malta has foreign embassies with:
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Armenia||1993-05-27||See Armenia–Malta relations|
|Cyprus||See also Foreign relations of Cyprus
|Estonia||1992-01-01||See also Foreign relations of Estonia
|Georgia||1993-01-02||See also Foreign relations of Georgia
|Germany||see Foreign relations of Germany|
|Greece||see Foreign relations of Greece|
|Holy See||see Foreign relations of the Holy See|
|Hungary||see Foreign relations of Hungary|
|Italy||see Italy–Malta relations
|Kosovo||See also Foreign relations of Kosovo|
|Lithuania||See also Foreign relations of Lithuania
|Serbia||1964||see Malta–Serbia relations|
|Slovakia||see Malta–Slovakia relations
|Switzerland||see Switzerland and the European Union|
|Ukraine||see Malta–Ukraine relations|
|United Kingdom||1964||see Malta – United Kingdom relations
In the 1950s and 1960s, serious consideration was given in both countries to the idea of a political union between the United Kingdom and Malta. However, this plan for "Integration with Britain" foundered, and Malta gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
North Africa and the Middle East
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Libya||see Libya–Malta relations
Malta has enjoyed cordial relations with Libya ever since its Independence. In 1984, a Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation was signed with Gaddafi's regime by Dom Mintoff. This treaty included a security protocol in which Libyan forces agreed to train and arm their Maltese counterparts. Libya supplied Malta with refined crude oil starting in 1975. Libyan nationals did not require visas to enter Malta until 2004.
Rest of world
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Australia||1967||see Australia–Malta relations
Both countries have full embassy level diplomatic relations since 1967. Australia has a High Commission in Valletta. Malta has a High Commission in Canberra, 2 Consulates-General (in Melbourne and Sydney), and 4 honorary consulates (in Adelaide, Ascot Vale, Melbourne and Perth).
Maltese president Eddie Fenech Adami embarked on a state visit to Australia in February 2009, where he met with Governor-General Quentin Bryce and Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd. During an official dinner in honour of the Maltese President, Kevin Rudd declared "Australia would not be as complete without Malta". In the same month, Maltese Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister Tonio Borg visited Australia for discussions with Australian foreign minister Stephen Smith, where the commercial relationship between the two countries were discussed, in particular the signing of a contract between a Perth-based shipbuilding company and the Maltese armed forces for the construction and delivery of four inshore patrol craft.
|China||see Foreign relations of China|
|India||see India–Malta relations
|United States||1964||see Malta – United States relations
Malta and the United States established full diplomatic relations upon Malta's independence in 1964; overall relations are currently active and cordial. The United States has been sympathetic to Malta's campaign to attract private investment, and some firms operating in Malta have U.S. ownership or investment. These include major hotels, manufacturing and repair facilities, and some offices servicing local and regional operations.
Malta and the Commonwealth of Nations
- List of diplomatic missions in Malta
- List of diplomatic missions of Malta
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Malta)
- "Australian High Commission". Malta.embassy.gov.au. 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Embassy of Belgium in Valletta
- "Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Republic of Malta". Mt.chineseembassy.org. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- "Ministry of Foreign Affairs Malta - Denmark". Foreign.gov.mt. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- [dead link]
- "L'ambassade de France à Malte". Ambafrance-mt.org. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Deutsche Botschaft Valletta - Start-Seite
- "Embassy of Italy in La Valletta". Amblavalletta.esteri.it. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Ambassade Valletta - Welkom op de Website van de Nederlandse Ambassade te Valletta[dead link]
- "Посольство Российской Федерации в Республике Мальта / Embassy of the Russian Federation to the Republic of Malta". Malta.mid.ru. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación | Gobierno de España[dead link]
- UK in Malta
- "U.S. Embassy Malta". Malta.usembassy.gov. 2013-06-19. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Direction of the Belarussian representation in Malta
- Direction of the Maltese representation in Belarus
- Belgian embassy in Valletta
- Directions of the Maltese representation in Belgium
- Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs[dead link]
- Maltese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- "Czech honorary consulate in Valletta". Czech-malta.com. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Directions of the Maltese representation in the Czech Republic
- Directions of the Maltese representation in Denmark
- Direction of the Estonian representation in Malta
- Direction of the Maltese representation in Estonia
- "French embassy in Malta". Ambafrance-mt.org. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- "Direction of Georgian representation in Malta". Mfa.gov.mt. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- "Italian embassy in Valletta". Amblavalletta.esteri.it. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Directions of the Maltese representation in Italy
- "Malta recognises independence of Kosovo". timesofmalta.com. 2008-08-21. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- "Malta tirrikonoxxi lil Kosovo bħala Stat Indipendenti" (in Maltese). Department of Information - Government of Malta. 2008-08-21. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- "Ministri i Jashtëm Enver Hoxhaj dhe homologu i tij nga Malta, Tonio Borg, kanë nënshkruar marrëveshjen për vendosjen e marrëdhënieve diplomatike mes Republikës së Kosovës dhe Republikës së Maltës.". Mfa-ks.net. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Direction of the Maltese representations in Lithuania
- "Lithuania embassy in Rome (also accredited to Malta)". It.mfa.lt. 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Direction of the Maltese representation in Moldova
- Direction of the Moldovan representation in Malta
- Dutch embassy in Valletta[dead link]
- Directions of the Maltese representation in the Netherlands
- List of Maltese representations in Portugal
- Direction of the Portuguese embassy in Valletta
- Maltese Foreign Ministry
- "Romanian Foreign Ministry". Mae.ro. 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Maltese representations in Russia
- "Russian embassy in Valletta". Malta.mid.ru. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Direction of the Maltese representation in Serbia
- Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Malta
- "Maltese representations in Slovakia". Foreign.gov.mt. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- "Slovakian representations in Malta". Foreign.gov.mt. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- "Slovakian honorary consulate in Valletta". Slovakiamalta.com. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- "Príhovor podpredsedu vlády SR počas spoločenského podniku pri príležitosti štátneho sviatku SR a 40. výročia nadviazania diplomatických stykov medzi SR a Maltou vo Vallette.". Úrad vlády SR (Slovak Government). Retrieved 2009-05-11. (Slovak)
- "Informácia o priebehu a výsledkoch oficiálnej návštevy predsedu vlády SR Mikuláša Dzurindu na Malte v dňoch 18. - 19. júna 2001". Úrad vlády Slovenskej republiky (Slovak Government). Retrieved 2009-05-11. (Slovak)
- "Fico na Malte rokuje s premiérom o skúsenostiach s eurom a obchode". Hospodárske noviny online. Retrieved 2009-05-11. (Slovak)
- Maltese Ministry of Foreign Affairs: representation in Slovenia
- Maltese Ministry of Foreign Affairs: representation of Slovenia
- List of Maltese representations in Spain
- Spanish embassy in Valletta (in Spanish only)[dead link]
- Directions of the Maltese representation in Sweden
- "Directions of the Swedish honorary consulate in Valletta". Sweden.gov.se. 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- Egyptian embassy in Valletta[dead link]
- Maltese representations in Egypt
- Directions of the Maltese representation in Libya
- Direction of the Maltese representation in Saudi Arabia
- Direction of the Saudi embassy accredited to Malta
- Directions of the Maltese representation in Tunisia
- "President meets Governor-General Quentin Bryce in Canberra". The Malta Independent. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- "Visit to Australia by Republic of Malta Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs The Hon Dr Tonio Borg". Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade about relations with Malta
- Maltese representation in Canada
- "Ministry of External Affairs (Central Europe Division)". India Ministry of External Affairs. March 2007. Retrieved 2009-04-25.[dead link]
- Maltese representations in India
- "Consulate of the Republic of Malta New Delhi". Malta.org.in. Retrieved 2013-08-20.
- "Malta, Pakistan review, strengthen bilateral ties.". Pakistan Press International. June 14, 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Malta and Pakistan agreed to continue ongoing cooperation between them in United Nations and other international forums during talks between Foreign Minister Khurshid Kasuri and his visiting Malta counterpart Dr. Michael Frendo. Kasuri and Dr. Frendo reviewed bilateral ties to strengthen relations between two..."
- "Pakistan ties". Associated Press of Pakistan in Daily Malta. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Pakistan and Malta Wednesday agreed to continue the ongoing cooperation between the two countries in the United Nations and other international forums as well. This was observed in a meeting of Foreign Minister Khurshid M. Kasuri and Foreign Minister of Malta Dr. Michael Frendo here. The two foreign ministers reviewed bilateral ties with a view to strengthening relations between Pakistan and Malta in all spheres, especially trade and investment."
- "Pakistan, Malta agree to continue ongoing cooperation at international forums". Asia Pulse. June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Pakistan and Malta Wednesday agreed to continue the ongoing cooperation between the two countries in the United Nations and other international forums as well. This was observed in a meeting of Foreign Minister Khurshid M. Kasuri and Foreign Minister of Malta Dr. Michael Frendo here...."
- "Maltese jailed for trafficking Pakistani babies". MaltaMedia Online Network. May 24, 2006. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "In March 2002, Dennis Charles was arrested with six other people by Palestinian authorities, after a tip-off that they held 11 babies, aged between ten days and two months, to be trafficked illegally to Malta. The babies were found in Gulshan-I-Iqbal in Karachi, and were placed in care."
- "Pakistani human traffickers use Malta as staging post for Europe". The Malta Independent. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "A Pakistan-based human trafficking ring has set up a successful business in Malta, where Pakistanis seeking illegal entry into mainland Europe are being furnished with new travel documents and transported on to Italy and Spain, according to a report published in a leading Pakistani daily newspaper on Friday."