GoldSrc

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GoldSrc
Half-Life screenshot
A screenshot from the original Half-Life, the first game to run on GoldSrc, that depicts the player shooting at a helicopter from first-person.
Developer(s) Valve Corporation
Initial release November 8, 1998; 15 years ago (1998-11-08)
Written in C (engine)
x86 assembly (software rendering)
C++ (games and tools)
Platform Windows
OS X
Linux
PlayStation 2
Xbox
Dreamcast
Type Game engine
License Proprietary

GoldSrc (also known as Goldsource) is the retronym used internally by Valve Software in reference to the heavily modified Quake engine that debuted with the release of their science fiction first-person shooter video game Half-Life. The engine also powered future titles developed by or with oversight from Valve, including Half-Life's expansions, Day of Defeat, and multiple titles in the Counter-Strike series.

GoldSrc was eventually succeeded by the Source engine in 2004 with the releases of Counter-Strike: Source and Half-Life 2.

Development[edit]

The basis of GoldSrc is the engine used in the video game Quake, albeit with heavy modification by Valve Corporation, at the time called Valve Software. While the engine served as the basis for GoldSrc, Gabe Newell has stated that a majority of the code used in the engine was created by Valve themselves, not taken from Quake. GoldSrc's artificial intelligence systems, for example, were essentially made from scratch.[1] The engine also reuses code from other games in the Quake series, including Quake World, and Quake II, but this reuse is minimal in comparison to that of the original Quake.[2]

Prior to the creation of the Source engine, the GoldSrc engine had no real title. Once Source was created, Valve forked the code from the Half-Life engine to make the Source engine. This created two main engine branches, each used for different purposes. One titled "GoldSrc", the other titled "Src". Internally, any games using the first variant were referred to as "Goldsource" in order to differentiate the two branches. Eventually, it became something of a moniker for the engine and was dubbed the official title externally.[3]

Valve Corporation released versions of the GoldSrc engine for OS X and Linux in 2013, eventually porting all of their first-party titles utilizing the engine to the platforms by the end of the year.[4][5]

Games using GoldSrc[edit]

Counter-Strike Online Counter-Strike Neo Counter-Strike: Condition Zero Day of Defeat Half-Life: Decay Half-Life: Blue Shift Deathmatch Classic Ricochet (2000 video game) Counter-Strike Half-Life: Opposing Force Team Fortress Classic Half-Life (video game)

Half-Life series[edit]

Half-Life was the debut title of both GoldSrc and the Valve Corporation. It went on to receive critical acclaim, winning over fifty PC Game of the Year awards.[6] The game was followed up with two expansions, Half-Life: Opposing Force and Half-Life: Blue Shift, both of which ran GoldSrc and were developed by Gearbox Software.[7][8] Half-Life: Decay, an expansion pack for Half-Life only released on PlayStation 2, was released in 2001 alongside Half-Life's debut on the platform.[9] Unlike other games in the series, it never received a version for Windows and was the final iteration in the Half-Life series to run on GoldSrc, with Half-Life 2 and all titles succeeding it running on the Source engine.[10]

Other Valve Corporation titles[edit]

Valve developed a number of titles using the GoldSrc engine, many of which were based on original user-made modifications of Half-Life. Team Fortress Classic, released officially by Valve Corporation in 1999, was one of such games. Counter-Strike, Ricochet, and Day of Defeat were also originally modifications, the rights of which were purchased by Valve.[11][12] Counter-Strike evolved into its own series with the release of Counter-Strike: Condition Zero in 2004, and while Counter-Strike: Source ran on the Source engine, further games in the series still used GoldSrc.[13] Counter-Strike Neo and Counter-Strike Online, released in 2005 and 2008 respectively, utilized GoldSrc as their basis, despite the development of the Source engine having been completed and the first version released.

Third-party titles and modifications[edit]

The GoldSrc engine was also used for a variety of third-party titles and modifications not directly developed by Valve Corporation. Rewolf Software used the engine for the game Gunman Chronicles in 2000, and James Bond 007: Nightfire was developed by Gearbox Software using a modified version of GoldSrc in 2002.[14][15][16]

Unofficial, community-made modifications of GoldSrc were also produced. Notable titles include Natural Selection and Cry of Fear, with Valve's Team Fortress Classic, Counter-Strike, and Day of Defeat all being based on GoldSrc mods of the same names.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bokitch, Chris (1 August 2002). "Half-Life's Code Basis". Valve Software. Archived from the original on 1 March 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Newell, Gabe (1999). "Half Life: Interview With Gabe Newell". GameSpot UK. Archived from the original on 23 July 2002. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Erik (1 September 2005). "Talk:Erik Johnson". Valve Developer Community. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "Counter-Strike 1.6 Beta released". Valve Corporation. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  5. ^ McWhertor, Michael (25 January 2013). "Valve releases original Half-Life for Mac and Linux". Polygon. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Awards and Honors". Valve Corporation. Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "Half-Life Expands". IGN. 15 April 1999. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  8. ^ Trueman, Doug (30 August 2000). "DC Half-Life Includes Blue Shift". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  9. ^ C. Perry, Douglass; Zdyrko, Dave; Smith, David (19 September 2001). "Half-Life Preview". IGN. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  10. ^ Butts, Steve (8 May 2003). "Half-Life 2 Preview". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  11. ^ Wolfe, Clayton (22 November 2000). "Counter-Strike". IGN. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Valve signs with Activision, exclusive Day of Defeat screens". GameSpot. 4 April 2003. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. "The first Valve game to be released through Activision will be Day of Defeat, a Half-Life-powered first-person shooter set in World War II." 
  13. ^ Kasavin, Greg (25 March 2002). "Counter-Strike: Condition Zero Preview". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  14. ^ Varanini, Giancarlo (1 September 2000). "Sierra Unveils Gunman Chronicles". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  15. ^ Blevins, Tal (4 December 2000). "Gunman Chronicles". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  16. ^ Ajami, Amer (18 July 2002). "James Bond 007: NightFire Preview". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.