List of first-person shooter engines

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This is a sortable list of first-person shooter engines.

Early FPS graphics engines[edit]

Game engine First used for Other First-person shooters
N/A Maze War (1973)
N/A Spasim (1974)
Arsys Software Plazma Line (1984) Wibarm (1986), Star Cruiser (1988), Star Cruiser 2 (1992)
Freescape engine Driller (1987) Dark Side (1988), Total Eclipse (1988), Castle Master (1990), Castle Master II: The Crypt (1990), The Sphinx Jinx (1991)
N/A The Colony (1988)

Early 1990s: wireframes to 2.5D worlds and textures[edit]

Game engine First used for Other First-person shooters
N/A The Super Spy (1990) Crossed Swords (1991)
N/A Hovertank 3D (1990)
N/A Catacomb 3D (1991)
N/A Gun Buster (1992)
Wolfenstein 3D engine Wolfenstein 3D (1992) Spear of Destiny (1992), Rise of the Triad (1994), Blake Stone: Aliens of Gold (1994)
Underworld Engine Ultima Underworld (1992) System Shock (1994)
N/A Ken's Labyrinth (1993)
Pie in the Sky Lethal Tender (1993) Terminal Terror (1994), Pencil Whipped (2000), various others (1994–1998)
id Tech 1 Doom (1993) Doom II: Hell on Earth (1994), Heretic (1994), HeXen (1995), Strife (1996)
N/A Marathon (1994)
Marathon 2 Marathon 2: Durandal (1995) Marathon Infinity (1996), Prime Target (1996), ZPC (1996), Damage Incorporated (1997)
Jedi Engine Star Wars: Dark Forces (1995) Outlaws (1997)
Build Engine Witchaven (1995) Tekwar (1995), Duke Nukem 3D (1996), Blood (1997), Shadow Warrior (1997), Redneck Rampage (1997)

Mid 1990s: 3D models, beginnings of hardware acceleration[edit]

Game engine First used for Other First-person shooters
N/A Metal Head (1994)
N/A Geograph Seal (1994) Jumping Flash! (1995), Jumping Flash! 2 (1996), Robbit Mon Dieu (1999), Pocket MuuMuu (1999)
XnGine Engine The Terminator: Future Shock (1995) Terminator: SkyNET (1996)
N/A Descent (1995) Descent II (1996), Descent to Undermountain (1997)
Quake engine Quake (1996) Hexen II (1997)
Sith engine Star Wars Jedi Knight: Dark Forces II (1997)
GoldenEye engine GoldenEye 007 (1997) Perfect Dark (2000)
id Tech 2 Quake II (1997) Heretic II (1998), Sin (1998), Kingpin: Life of Crime (1999), Soldier of Fortune (2000), Daikatana (2000)
Lithtech 1.0 Shogo: Mobile Armor Division (1998) Blood II: The Chosen (1998)

Late 1990s: 32-bit color, GPUs become standard[edit]

Game engine First used for Other First-person shooters
Unreal engine Unreal (1998) Unreal Tournament (1999), Deus Ex (2000), Clive Barker's Undying (2001)
Dark engine Thief: The Dark Project (1998) System Shock 2 (1999), Thief II: The Metal Age (2000)
Torque Game Engine Starsiege: Tribes (1998) Tribes 2 (2001)
id Tech 3 Quake III Arena (1999) Star Trek: Voyager: Elite Force (2000), Urban Terror (2000), Return to Castle Wolfenstein (2001), Soldier of Fortune II: Double Helix (2002),

Star Wars Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast (2002), Star Wars Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy (2003), Call of Duty (2003), Star Trek: Elite Force II (2003), Medal of Honor: Allied Assault (2002), ioquake3 (2005), OpenArena (2006), Tremulous (2006),

Lithtech Talon No One Lives Forever (2000) Aliens vs. Predator 2 (2001)
Fusion engine Descent 3 (1999)
GoldSrc Engine Half-Life (1998)

Early 2000s: increasing detail, outdoor environments, rag-doll physics[edit]

Game engine First used for Other First-person shooters
Refractor Engine Codename Eagle (2000)
Serious Engine Serious Sam: The First Encounter (2001) Serious Sam: The Second Encounter (2002), Serious Sam: Next Encounter (2004)
Refractor 2 Battlefield 1942 (2002) Battlefield Vietnam (2004), Battlefield 2 (2005), Battlefield 2142 (2006)
Glacier engine Hitman: Codename 47 (2000) Hitman 2: Silent Assassin (2002), Freedom Fighters (2003), Hitman: Contracts (2004), Hitman: Blood Money (2006), Kane and Lynch: Dead Men (2007), Kane and Lynch: Dog Days (2010)
SAGE Engine Command & Conquer: Renegade (2002)
LS3D engine Mafia (2002) Hidden & Dangerous 2 (2004), Chameleon (2005)
Unreal Engine 2.0 Unreal Tournament 2003 (2002) Unreal II: The Awakening (2002), Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six 3: Raven Shield (2003), Devastation (2003), Postal 2 (2003)
Lithtech Jupiter No One Lives Forever 2 (2002) Tron 2.0 (2003)
Lithtech 2.5 Global Operations (2002)
N/A Metroid Prime (2002) Metroid Prime 2: Echoes (2004)
Cube Engine Cube (2002–2005) Assault Cube
Real Virtuality Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis (2001) VBS1 (2002), ArmA: Armed Assault (2007), ARMA II (2009)

Mid 2000s: lighting and pixel shaders, physics[edit]

Game engine First used for Other First-person shooters
Zero (proprietary Pandemic Studios engine) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2002) Star Wars: Battlefront (2004), Star Wars: Battlefront II (2005), The Lord of the Rings: Conquest (2009)
Unreal Engine 2.5 Tribes Vengeance (2004) S.W.A.T. 4 (2004), Unreal Tournament 2004 (2004), Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Conviction (2010), Duke Nukem Forever (2011)
PAIN engine Painkiller (2004) NecroVisioN (2009)
CryEngine Far Cry (2004) Aion: Tower of Eternity (2008)
Cube engine Version 2 Cube 2: Sauerbraten (2004–present) Eisenstern, Red Eclipse (2011)
id Tech 4 Doom 3 (2004) Quake 4 (2005), Prey (2006), Enemy Territory: Quake Wars (2007), Wolfenstein (2009), Brink (2011)
Halo engine Halo: Combat Evolved (2001) Halo 2 (2004), Stubbs the Zombie in Rebel Without a Pulse (2005)
Source engine Half-Life 2 (2004) Vampire: The Masquerade - Bloodlines (2004), Day of Defeat: Source (2005), Dark Messiah of Might and Magic (2006), Empires (2006), Sin Episodes - Emergence (2006), Half-Life 2: Episode 1 (2006), Half-Life 2: Episode 2 (2007), Team Fortress 2 (2007), Portal (2007), Left 4 Dead (2008), Zeno Clash (2009), Left 4 Dead 2 (2009), Portal 2 (2011), Postal III (2011), Counter-Strike Source (2004)
Lithtech Jupiter EX F.E.A.R. (2005) Condemned: Criminal Origins (2005), Condemned 2: Bloodshot (2008), Combat Arms (2008) F.E.A.R. 2: Project Origin (2009)
X-ray engine S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl (2007) S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky (2009)
Unity3D Unknown Battlestar Galactica Online

Late 2000s and beyond: the approach to photorealism[edit]

Game engine First used for Other First-person shooters
Unreal Engine 3 Gears of War (2006) Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Vegas (2006), BioShock (2007), Medal of Honor: Airborne (2007), Unreal Tournament 3 (2007), Turok (2008), Brothers in Arms: Hell's Highway (2008), Aliens: Colonial Marines (2013), Mirror's Edge (2008), Borderlands (2009), Tribes: Ascend (2012)
CryEngine 2 Crysis (2007) Crysis Warhead (2008)
Dunia Engine Far Cry 2 (2008)
Dunia Engine 2 Far Cry 3 (2012) Far Cry 3: Blood Dragon (2013)
Frostbite Engine Battlefield: Bad Company (2008) Battlefield: Bad Company 2, Medal of Honor (2010, multiplayer only), Battlefield 3, Need for Speed: The Run, Mirror's Edge 2 (TBA)
EGO engine Operation Flashpoint 2: Dragon Rising (2009)
Real Virtuality 3 ArmA 2 (2009)
Chrome Engine 4 Call of Juarez: Bound in Blood (2009) Dead Island (2011)
Halo Reach Engine Halo: Reach (2010) Halo 4 (2012)
X-ray engine 1.6 S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat (2010)
CryEngine 3 Crysis 2 (2011) Crysis (2011, console versions), Crysis 3 (2013), Sniper: Ghost Warrior 2 (2013), Warface (2013)
Fox Engine Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes (2014)
id Tech 5 Rage (2011) Doom 4 (TBA), Wolfenstein: The New Order(2014), The Evil Within (2014)
LithTech Shadow of Mordor (2014)
REDengine The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings (2011), The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Enhanced Edition (2012), The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt (2015)
Snowdrop Engine Tom Clancy's The Division (2015)
Vision Engine 8 Dizzel 7554 (November 26, 2011)
Real Virtuality 4 ArmA 3 (2013)

Specialized engines/engine middle-ware[edit]

Some features may or may not be integrated into engines. For instance for trees and foliage a special "engine" is available, SpeedTree, that does just that (or could be integrated into general engines). The Euphoria character's 3D animating engine can be used independently but is also integrated in the Rockstar Advanced Game Engine and the game Grand Theft Auto IV.

See also[edit]

References[edit]