Stefani at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival
|Birth name||Gwen Renée Stefani|
October 3, 1969 |
Fullerton, California, U.S.
Gwen Renée Stefani (//; born October 3, 1969) is an American singer-songwriter, fashion designer, and actress. She is the co-founder and lead vocalist of the rock band No Doubt. During the band's hiatus, Stefani recorded Love. Angel. Music. Baby., her first solo studio album, in 2004. Inspired by music of the 1980s, the album was a success with sales of over seven million copies. The album's third single, "Hollaback Girl", was the first US digital download to sell one million copies. Stefani's second solo studio album, The Sweet Escape (2006), yielded "Wind It Up", "4 in the Morning", and the highest-selling single, the album's title track, "The Sweet Escape". Including her work with No Doubt, Stefani has sold more than thirty million albums worldwide.
She won the World's Best-Selling New Female Artist at the World Music Awards 2005. In 2003, she debuted her clothing line L.A.M.B. and expanded her collection with the 2005 Harajuku Lovers line, drawing inspiration from Japanese culture and fashion. Stefani performs and makes public appearances with four back-up dancers known as the Harajuku Girls. She married British musician Gavin Rossdale in 2002 and they have three sons: Kingston James McGregor Rossdale, born May 26, 2006; Zuma Nesta Rock Rossdale, born August 21, 2008; and Apollo Bowie Flynn Rossdale, born February 28, 2014. In 2009 Billboard magazine ranked Stefani the fifty-fourth most successful artist and thirty-seventh most successful Hot 100 artist of the 2000–09 decade.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Other ventures
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Musical style
- 6 Public image
- 7 Philanthropy
- 8 Discography
- 9 Tours
- 10 Filmography
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Gwen Renée Stefani was born on October 3, 1969, in Fullerton, California, and raised there. She was raised in a Roman Catholic household, and attended Loara High School in Anaheim, California. She was named after a stewardess in the 1968 novel Airport, and her middle name, Renée, comes from The Four Tops' 1968 cover of The Left Banke's 1966 hit song "Walk Away Renée". Her father, Dennis Stefani, is Italian American and worked as a Yamaha marketing executive. Her mother, Patti (née Flynn), is of Irish and Scottish descent, and worked as an accountant before becoming a housewife. Gwen's parents were fans of folk music and exposed her to music by artists like Bob Dylan and Emmylou Harris. She is the second oldest of four children: she has a younger sister, Jill; a younger brother, Todd; and an older brother, Eric. Eric was the keyboardist for No Doubt, but left the band to pursue a career in animation on The Simpsons.
Many of the women in Stefani's family were seamstresses, and much of her clothing was made by them or her mother. While in school she was diagnosed with dyslexia. As a child Stefani's musical interests consisted of musicals such as The Sound of Music and Evita. After making a demo tape for her father, she was encouraged to take music lessons to train her "loopy, unpredictable" voice. Stefani made her onstage debut during a talent show at Loara High School, where she sang "I Have Confidence", from The Sound of Music, in a self-made tweed dress inspired by one from the film. Stefani was on the Loara swim team in an attempt to lose weight. She first worked at a Dairy Queen and later manned the MAC makeup counter of a department store. After graduating from high school in 1987, she began attending Fullerton College before transferring to California State University, Fullerton.
1986–2004: No Doubt
Eric introduced Gwen to 2 Tone music by Madness and The Selecter, and in 1986, he invited her to provide vocals for No Doubt, a ska band he was forming. Finally, in 1991, the band was signed to Interscope Records. The band released its self-titled debut album in 1992, but its ska-pop sound was unsuccessful due to the popularity of grunge. Before the mainstream success of both No Doubt and Sublime, Stefani contributed guest vocals to "Saw Red" on Sublime's 1994 album Robbin' the Hood. Stefani rejected the aggressiveness of female grunge artists and cited Blondie singer Debbie Harry's combination of power and sex appeal as a major influence. No Doubt's third album, Tragic Kingdom (1995), which followed the self-released The Beacon Street Collection (1995), took more than three years to make. Five singles were released from Tragic Kingdom', including "Don't Speak", which led the Hot 100 Airplay year-end chart of 1997. Stefani left college for one semester to tour for Tragic Kingdom but did not return when touring lasted two and a half years. The album sold more than sixteen million copies worldwide, and received several Grammy Award nominations in 1997 and 1998.
During the time when No Doubt was receiving mainstream success, Stefani collaborated on the singles "You're the Boss" with The Brian Setzer Orchestra, "South Side" with Moby, and "Let Me Blow Ya Mind" with Eve. No Doubt released the less popular Return of Saturn in 2000, which expands upon the new wave influences of Tragic Kingdom. Most of the lyrical content focuses on Stefani's often rocky relationship with then-Bush frontman Gavin Rossdale and her overall insecurities, including indecision on settling down and having a child. The band's 2001 album, Rock Steady, explored more reggae and dancehall sounds, while maintaining the band's new wave influences, and generally received positive reviews. The album generated career-highest singles chart positions in the United States, and "Hey Baby" and "Underneath It All" received Grammy Awards. A greatest hits collection, The Singles 1992–2003, which includes a cover of Talk Talk's "It's My Life", was released in 2003 to moderate sales. In 2002, Eve and Stefani won a Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Let Me Blow Ya Mind".
2004–05: Love. Angel. Music. Baby. and acting debut
Following No Doubt's hiatus, Stefani sought out her bandmate Tony Kanal to discuss the possibility of a solo career. The idea was to make a quick dance record, but this became a large collaboration with other artists, producers and various non-ska influences.
Stefani's debut solo album Love. Angel. Music. Baby. was released in November 2004. The album features a large number of collaborations with producers and other artists, including Tony Kanal, Linda Perry, André 3000, Nellee Hooper, The Neptunes and New Order. Stefani created the album to modernize the music to which she listened when in high school, and L.A.M.B. takes influence from a variety of music styles of the 1980s and early 1990s such as new wave and electro. Stefani's decision to use her solo career as an opportunity to delve further into pop music instead of trying "to convince the world of [her] talent, depth and artistic worth" was considered unusual. As a result, reviews of the album were mixed, and it was described as "fun as hell but [...] not exactly rife with subversive social commentary." The album debuted on the US Billboard 200 albums chart at number seven, selling 309,000 copies in its first week. It sold well, reaching multi-platinum status in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada. At the 2005 Grammy Awards, Stefani was nominated for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "What You Waiting For?", and at the next year's awards, Stefani received five nominations for Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, Best Pop Vocal Album, and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration.
The first single released from the album was "What You Waiting For?", which charted outside the US top forty, but reached the top ten on most other charts. The song served to explain why Stefani produced a solo album and discusses her fears in leaving No Doubt for a solo career as well as her desire to have a baby. "Rich Girl" was released as the album's second single. A duet with rapper Eve, and produced by Dr. Dre, it is an adaptation of a 1990s pop song by British musicians Louchie Lou & Michie One, which itself is a very loose cover lyrically but closer melodically of "If I Were a Rich Man", from the musical Fiddler on the Roof. "Rich Girl" proved successful on several formats, and reached the US and UK top ten.
L.A.M.B.'s third single "Hollaback Girl" became Stefani's first US and second Australian number-one single; it was less successful elsewhere. The song was the first US digital download to sell more than one million copies legally, and its brass-driven composition remained popular throughout 2005. The fourth single "Cool" was released shortly following the popularity of its predecessor, but failed to match its chart success, reaching the top twenty in US and UK. The song's lyrics and its accompanying music video, filmed in Lake Como, Italy, depict Stefani's former relationship with Kanal. "Luxurious" was released as the album's fifth single, but did not perform as well as its predecessors. "Crash" was released in early 2006 as the album's sixth single in lieu of Love. Angel. Music. Baby.'s sequel, which Stefani postponed because of her pregnancy.
In 2004, Stefani showed interest in making film appearances and began auditioning for films such as Mr. & Mrs. Smith. She made her acting debut playing Jean Harlow in Martin Scorsese's The Aviator in 2004 and was nominated for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture the following year. Scorsese, whose daughter was a No Doubt fan, showed reciprocal interest in casting Stefani after seeing her picture from a Marilyn Monroe-inspired photo shoot for Teen Vogue in 2003. To prepare for the role, Stefani read two biographies and watched eighteen of Harlow's films. Shooting her part took four to five days, and Stefani had few lines. Stefani lent her voice to the title character of the 2004 video game Malice; before completion, however, the company opted not to use No Doubt band members' voices.
2006–07: The Sweet Escape
Stefani's second solo album, The Sweet Escape, was recorded by Guy Charbonneau's Le Mobile Remote Recording Studio and released in December 2006. Stefani recollaborated with Kanal, Perry, and The Neptunes, along with Akon and Tim Rice-Oxley from English rock band Keane. The album focuses more heavily on electronic and dance music for clubs than its predecessor. Stefani commented that it differed from L.A.M.B. because "I just wasn't inspired to do another album and...I was a lot more relaxed making it." Its release coincided with the DVD release of Stefani's first tour, entitled Harajuku Lovers Live. The album received mixed reviews by critics, who found that it "has a surprisingly moody, lightly autobiographical feel... [but] Stefani isn't convincing as a dissatisfied diva" and called the album a "hasty return" that repeats Love. Angel. Music. Baby. with less energy.
"Wind It Up", the album's lead single, was panned by critics for its use of yodeling and an interpolation of The Sound of Music, but was moderately successful, reaching the top twenty in most markets. The title track was well received. To promote The Sweet Escape, Stefani was a mentor on the sixth season of American Idol and performed the song with Akon. It became Stefani's most successful song of her solo career and earned her a Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. In November 2006, the club single "Yummy" was released as a three-track maxi promo single and as a 12" vinyl single, both featuring a radio edit, an instrumental and an a cappella version of the song. "4 in the Morning" was released as the album's third single. The album's fourth single was a hybrid version of "Now That You Got It" which featured Damian Marley. "Early Winter" was released in February 2008 to moderate success on European charts. To promote the album, Stefani embarked a worldwide tour, The Sweet Escape Tour, which covered North America, Europe, Asia and the Pacific and part of Latin America. In an interview with Entertainment Weekly on June 6, 2011, Stefani stated that she had no plans to continue work as a solo artist, adding, "That was a moment in time [...] It went on a little longer than we all thought it would, because it was inspired and you have to go with wherever you're at in that time in your life... [But] everything works out how it should."
2008–13: Return to No Doubt
With Stefani promoting The Sweet Escape, No Doubt began initial work on a new album without her and planned to complete it after Stefani's The Sweet Escape Tour was finished. In March 2008, the band started making posts concerning the progression of the album on their official fan forum. Stefani made a post on March 28, 2008 stating that songwriting had commenced but was slow on her end because she was, at the time, pregnant with her second child. The Singles 1992–2003 became available on December 9, 2008 for the video game Rock Band 2. Adrian Young played drums on Scott Weiland's album "Happy" in Galoshes. No Doubt announced on their official website they wanted to tour in 2009 while finishing their upcoming album, which was set for release in 2010. On November 24, 2008, it was announced that No Doubt would be headlining the Bamboozle 2009 festival in May, along with Fall Out Boy. The band completed a national tour in the summer of 2009. In 2010, they resumed writing their record, which was later recorded in 2011.
On June 11, 2012, the band announced on their official website that the new album will be out on September 25, preceded by the first single in July 16. The album was titled Push and Shove and the first single was a song called "Settle Down". The music video for "Settle Down" was directed by Sophie Muller (who has previously directed numerous music videos for No Doubt).Also around this time no doubt were guest mentors for the UK version of the X factor. "Settle Down" peaked at thirty four on the Billboard Hot 100 with the album peaking at number three on the US Billboard 200. On November 3, 2012, the band pulled its music video "Looking Hot" from the Internet after receiving complaints that it was insensitive towards Native Americans. In October 2013 Tom revealed on social networking site Twitter that the band were once again on hiatus, also hinting that the band will regroup in 2014.
2014: The Voice
On April 12, 2014, Stefani made a surprise appearance at the Coachella festival, where she joined Pharrell Williams onstage during his set to perform "Hollaback Girl". She and Williams will be coaches for season 7 of The Voice.
Stefani made most of the clothing that she wore on stage with No Doubt, resulting in increasingly eclectic combinations. Stylist Andrea Lieberman introduced her to haute couture clothing, which led to Stefani launching a fashion line named L.A.M.B. in 2004. The line takes influence from a variety of fashions, including Guatemalan, Japanese, and Jamaican styles. The line achieved popularity among celebrities and is worn by stars such as Teri Hatcher, Nicole Kidman, and Stefani herself. In June 2005, she expanded her collection with the less expensive Harajuku Lovers line, which she referred to as "a glorified merchandise line", with varied products including a camera, mobile phone charms, and undergarments. In late 2006, Stefani released a limited edition line of dolls called "Love. Angel. Music. Baby. Fashion dolls". The dolls are inspired by the various costumes that Stefani and the Harajuku Girls wore while touring for the album.
In late summer 2007, Stefani launched a perfume, L, as a part of her L.A.M.B. collection of clothing and accessories. The perfume has high notes of sweet pea and rose. In September 2008, Stefani released a fragrance line as a part of her Harajuku Lovers product line. There are five different fragrances based on the four Harajuku Girls and Stefani herself called Love, Lil' Angel, Music, Baby and G (Gwen). As of January 2011, Stefani has become the spokesperson for L'Oréal Paris.
Soon after Stefani joined No Doubt, she and bandmate Tony Kanal began dating. Stefani stated that she was heavily invested in the relationship, commenting that "...all I ever did was look at Tony and pray that God would let me have a baby with him." During this time, the band almost split up because of the failed romantic relationship between Stefani and Kanal. Kanal ended the relationship. Their break-up inspired Stefani lyrically, and many of the album's songs, such as "Don't Speak", "Sunday Morning", and "Hey You", chronicle the ups and downs of their relationship.
During mid-1995, No Doubt and rock band Goo Goo Dolls went on tour opening for alternative rock band Bush. Stefani met Bush guitarist and lead singer Gavin Rossdale. They married on September 14, 2002, with a wedding in St Paul's, Covent Garden, London. A second wedding was held in Los Angeles two weeks later. According to Stefani, it was held so that she could wear her custom-designed wedding dress by John Galliano twice. A paternity test in 2004 revealed that Rossdale had a daughter, Daisy Lowe (who was fifteen years old then), from a previous relationship with model and designer Pearl Lowe. Stefani was "devastated and infuriated" at the discovery, leading to a rocky patch in her relationship with Rossdale. Rossdale remains Daisy's godfather and has a somewhat friendly relationship with her. Stefani's song "Danger Zone" was widely believed to be about the discovery and its aftermath, which has proven to be impossible because the song was written prior to the incident.
In December 2005, Stefani and Rossdale announced that they were expecting their first child together. The pregnancy was first reported by Us Weekly, and Stefani confirmed the pregnancy by shouting, "I want you to sing so loud that the baby hears it!" during a concert in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, after her press agent stated that it was untrue. On May 26, 2006, their son, Kingston James McGregor Rossdale, was born via Caesarean section at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. Kingston weighed 3.4 kg (7 lb 8 oz). In January 2008, it was confirmed by her father-in-law that Stefani was expecting her second child. The couple's second son, Zuma Nesta Rock Rossdale, was born August 21, 2008 at 12:46 pm. It was reported on September 4, 2013 that Stefani is expecting her third child with Rossdale. On February 28, 2014, Stefani gave birth to a baby boy named Apollo Bowie Flynn Rossdale.
The album's lead single is an electropop and rock song about Stefani's fears on a solo career.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Stefani's unusual and dynamic vocals have been noted for their "deep vibrato" and Stefani has been described as having a "unique vocal prowess". The Chicago Tribune stated that Stefani had a "brash alto." In the single "Cool", her vocal range covers around one and a half octaves. Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times joked that as Stefani grew as a musician, she kicked her "addiction" to vibrato. Stefani received five nominations at the 2006 Grammy Awards, including Best Female Pop Vocal Performance and Best Pop Vocal Album.
Stefani's debut album Love. Angel. Music. Baby. took influence from a variety of 1980's genres. The album is primarily pop, with the synthesizers characteristic of synthpop, most popular from the late 1970s through the mid-1980s. New wave, present in some of No Doubt's later work, continues to be an influence on Love. Angel. Music. Baby., drawing comparisons to The Go-Go's and Cyndi Lauper. Stefani cited Club Nouveau, Depeche Mode, Lisa Lisa, Prince, New Order, The Cure, and early Madonna as major influences for the album. To a lesser degree, the album draws from genres such as bubblegum pop, electropop, and dance-punk.
Stefani has been influenced by and compared to pop singer Madonna. In 2007, she told Elle magazine, "A lot of my influence came from her early work, like directly, like a Xerox." However, Madonna told a reporter that Stefani was a copycat and said that "she ripped me off", to which Stefani responded, "Some people say that I copy her. But show me one girl my age who was not influenced by her." She has been referred to as "the new Madonna" by publications such as The Hollywood Reporter and People. Some critics also saw the 1980s music style of Love. Angel. Music. Baby. as another way in which Stefani was imitating the singer.
Stefani began wearing a bindi in the mid-1990s after attending several family gatherings for Tony Kanal, who is of Indian heritage. During No Doubt's breakthrough, Stefani wore the forehead decoration in several of the band's music videos and briefly popularized the accessory in 1997. First attracting attention in the 1995 music video for "Just a Girl", Stefani is known for her midriff and frequently wears shirts that expose it. Stefani's makeup design generally includes light face powder, bright red lipstick, and arched eyebrows; she wrote about the subject in a song titled "Magic's in the Makeup" for No Doubt's Return of Saturn, asking "If the magic's in the makeup/Then who am I?". Stefani is a natural brunette, though her hair has not been its natural color since she was in ninth grade. Since late 1994, she has had platinum blond hair. Stefani discussed this in the song "Platinum Blonde Life" on Rock Steady and played original blond bombshell Jean Harlow in the 2004 biopic The Aviator. Stefani also dyed her hair blue in 1998 and pink in 2000, appearing on the cover of Return of Saturn with pink hair.
In 2006, Stefani modified her image, inspired by that of Michelle Pfeiffer's character in the 1983 film Scarface. The reinvented image included a symbol consisting of two back-to-back G's, which appears on a diamond-encrusted key she wears on a necklace and which became a motif in the promotion of The Sweet Escape. Stefani raised concerns in January 2007 about her rapid weight loss following her pregnancy. She stated she lost the weight through diet and exercise but admitted to obsessing over her weight due to the size zero trend. She later stated that she had been on a diet since the sixth grade to fit in size 4 clothing, commenting, "It's an ongoing battle and it's a nightmare. But I like clothes too much, and I always wanted to wear the outfits I would make." A wax figure of Stefani was unveiled at Madame Tussauds Las Vegas at The Venetian on September 22, 2010. The release of Stefani's first solo album brought attention to her entourage of four Harajuku Girls, named for the area around the Harajuku Station of Tokyo, Japan. Stefani treats the back-up dancers, who appear in outfits influenced by Gothic Lolita fashion, as a figment of her imagination. Stefani's clothing also took influence from Japanese fashion, in a style described as a combination between Christian Dior and Japan. The dancers are featured in her music videos, press coverage, and on the album cover for Love. Angel. Music. Baby., with a song named for and dedicated to them on the album. They were also featured in, and the namesake for, Stefani's Harajuku Lovers Tour.
Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, Stefani donated $1 million to Save the Children's Japan Earthquake–Tsunami Children in Emergency Fund. Stefani also ran an auction on eBay from April 11 to April 25, 2011, allowing participants to bid on vintage clothing items from her personal wardrobe and custom T-shirts designed and signed by her, as well as on admission to a private Harajuku-themed tea party hosted by her on June 7, 2011 at Los Angeles' first-ever Japanese-style maid café and pop art space, Royal/T, with proceeds from the auction going to Save the Children's relief effort.
At the amfAR gala during the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, Stefani auctioned off the lacy black dress she wore at the event for charity, raising over $125,000. The dress sparked controversy after a representative for designer Michael Angel—who helped Stefani with the design and worked as a stylist—alleged that it was Angel who created the gown, not Stefani. In response, Angel released a statement confirming that the dress was designed by Stefani for L.A.M.B. to wear and be auctioned off at the amfAR gala, adding, "I'm disappointed that the focus has shifted away from what Gwen and I originally intended, which was to create a custom outfit for a great cause. We both were thrilled with the outcome and enjoyed the process. I have nothing but respect for her and look forward to working with her on more projects in the future." Stefani hosted a fundraiser with First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2012 at the singer's Beverly Hills home.
|2001||King of the Hill||Herself (with No Doubt)||Episode: "Kidney Boy and Hamster Girl: A Love Story"|
|2002||Dawson's Creek||Herself (with No Doubt)||Episode: "Spiderwebs"|
|2004||Malice||Malice||Voice only; video game|
|2004||Aviator, TheThe Aviator||Jean Harlow||Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture|
|2005||Saturday Night Live||Musical Guest||"Ashton Kutcher/Gwen Stefani" (Season 30, episode 15)|
|2009||Gossip Girl||Snowed Out lead singer (with No Doubt)||Episode: "Valley Girls"|
|2011||Everyday Sunshine: The Story of Fishbone||Herself||Documentary|
|2013||Portlandia||Herself (with No Doubt)||Episode: "Nina's Birthday"|
|2014||The Voice||Herself||Season regular, replacing Christina Aguilera due to her pregnancy.|
- Eliscu, Jenny (January 30, 2005). "'I'll cry just talking about it'". The Observer. theguardian.com. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Murison, Krissi (December 10, 2004). "Gwen Stefani : Love Angel Music Baby". NME. IPC Media. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- Collis, Clark (November 22, 2006). "Holla Back". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Hiatt, Brian (January 19, 2006). "Stefani, Peas Lead Singles Boom". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- McGibbon, Rob (May 13, 2007). "No natural born popstar". The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved June 10, 2007.
- "Decade End Charts – Artists Of The Decade". Billboard.biz. Prometheus Global Media. 2009. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
- "Decade End Charts – Hot 100 Artists". Billboard.biz. Prometheus Global Media. 2009. Archived from the original on October 8, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
- Jeffries, David. "Gwen Stefani | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Van Meter, Jonathan (April 2004). "The First Lady of Rock". Vogue. Style.com. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Entertainment Weekly, issue 910. Page 94, sidebar. December 8, 2006.
- Hooper, Joseph (February 16, 2007). "L.A.M.B. Chops". Elle (258): 220. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani – Profile". E!. Retrieved September 28, 2008.
- (Krohn, Katherine 2007, pp. 112)
- Hancock, Noelle (January 30, 2007). "Gwen Talks Blobs and Plastic Surgery". Us Weekly. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on May 11, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani". It's Good to Be... E! Entertainment Television. March 29, 2004.
- "Gwen Stefani". Hello!. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Bush, John. "No Doubt | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Strauss, Neil (January 31, 2002). "No Doubt's Anniversary Party". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "1997 The Year in Music – Hot 100 Airplay". Billboard 109 (52): YE-36. December 27, 1997 – January 3, 1998. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Errico, Marcus (January 7, 1997). "Babyface, Celine Dion Dominate Grammy Nominations". E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- "List of Grammy award nominations". CNN. January 6, 1998. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Return of Saturn – No Doubt". AllMusic. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- Willman, Chris (May 12, 2000). "No Doubt: Future Tense?". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- Cinquemani, Sal. "No Doubt: Rock Steady". Slant Magazine. December 12, 2004. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
- "No Doubt | Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- "Past Winners Search". Grammy Awards. The Recording Academy. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- Vineyard, Jennifer. "Gwen Stefani: Scared Solo". MTV. Retrieved April 23, 2007.
- Cinquemani, Sal (November 20, 2004). "Gwen Stefani: Love. Angel. Music. Baby.". Slant Magazine. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- Whitmire, Margo (December 1, 2004). "U2's 'Bomb' Explodes At No. 1". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 13, 2007.
- "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. June 16, 2005. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2005 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved April 23, 2007.
- "Gold Platinum Database". Music Canada. April 24, 2006. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "Grammy Awards 2005: Key winners". BBC News. BBC News Online. February 14, 2005. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "ASCAP Members Receive Multiple Nominations for the 48th Annual Grammy Awards". American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani Album & Song Chart History – Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "Gwen Stefani – What You Waiting For?". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (November 10, 2004). "Gwen Stefani's Debut Solo LP Inspired By Insecurity And Japan". MTV News. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- Salmon, Chris (March 2, 2007). "'I just want to make music and babies'". The Guardian. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
- "Gwen Stefani – Hollaback Girl". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (June 21, 2005). "Gwen Stefani's Song About Tony Kanal To Be Her Next Single". MTV News. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (December 24, 2005). "Gwen Stefani Confirms Pregnancy While Onstage In Florida". MTV News. Retrieved April 16, 2005.
- "Gwen Stefani Bares All in Elle Tell-All". Extra. Warner Bros. January 30, 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani – Awards". IMDb. Retrieved December 9, 2007.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (February 13, 2004). "Gwen Stefani Feeling Hella Good About Role In Scorsese Flick". MTV News. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (December 2, 2004). "Gwen Stefani Says Acting Is A Lot Harder Than Singing". MTV News. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- Associated Press (May 4, 2004). "Have no fear, No Doubt still here". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Hwang, Kaiser. "Remember Malice?". IGN. January 23, 2004. Retrieved March 16, 2007.
- "Le Mobile Remote Recording Studio, professional on location multi-track audio recording – Guy Charbonneau's biography". Lemobile.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Swift, Jacqui. "Has Gwen really got it all?". The Sun. February 23, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
- Michel, Sia (December 1, 2006). "The Sweet Escape (2006): Gwen Stefani". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved January 9, 2007.
- Sheffield, Rob (December 12, 2006). "Gwen Stefani: The Sweet Escape". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on April 20, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2007.
- Macia, Peter (October 25, 2006). "Wind It Up". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani – Wind It Up". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "2008 Grammy Award Winners and Nominees". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. February 9, 2008. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "Gwen Stefani Yummy USA Promo 12" RECORD/MAXI SINGLE (385929)". Eil.com. December 30, 2006. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- "Gwen Stefani Yummy USA Promo 12" Vinyl Record/Maxi Single 991385929". 991.com. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Anderson, Kyle (June 6, 2011). "Gwen Stefani and No Doubt on their next step – EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Vineyard, Jennifer; Richard, Yasmine (May 12, 2006). "No Doubt — Minus Gwen — In Early Stages Of New Album". MTV News. Retrieved December 19, 2006.
- Cohen, Jonathan (December 12, 2006). "Stefani: No Timetable For No Doubt Reunion". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 31, 2006.
- "new album". NoDoubt.com. 2008. Retrieved March 30, 2008.
- Halperin, Shirley (August 28, 2008). "Exclusive: 'Rock Band 2' offering new slate of full albums". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved January 7, 2009.
- Ostroff, Joshua (April 27, 2009). "Not Just A Solo Girl: Gwen Stefani and No Doubt Stage Alt-Rock Reunion". AOL Music Canada. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- "2009 Tour". NoDoubt.com. 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- No Doubt : Tour Archive
- "Album and Single Announcement!". Nodoubt.com. 2012-06-11. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "No Doubt announce new album Push And Shove". Rekwired. 2012-06-13. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Toney, Veronica (2012-11-05). "No Doubt apologizes, pulls ‘Looking Hot’ video - Celebritology 2.0". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- [dead link]
- "Twitter / TomDumontND: @JoohnUK Hey John, we're on". Twitter.com. 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
- Lipshutz, Jason (April 13, 2014). "Gwen Stefani's Coachella Cameo Hints At Solo Return?". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- Harnick, Chris; Aguilera, Leanne (April 29, 2014). "It's Official: Gwen Stefani Joins The Voice as New Coach and Christina Aguilera Will Return for Season 8!". E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- Maxwell, Alison; Freydkin, Donna; Barker, Olivia (September 15, 2006). "Stefani tends to her L.A.M.B.". USA Today. Gannett Company. Archived from the original on February 20, 2009. Retrieved May 30, 2007.
- McGibbon, Rob. "No natural born popstar". The Daily Telegraph. May 13, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
- Eliscu, Jenny (January 27, 2005). "Gwen Cuts Loose". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on May 1, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 2005.
- Freydkin, Donna (May 16, 2005). "Designing is a snap". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- The Canadian Press (December 1, 2006). "Gwen Stefani shrugs off radiation scare". CTV. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- Associated Press (September 5, 2006). "Gwen Stefani brings style to doll world". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "Gwen Stefani's "L" Perfume". Zimbio. June 14, 2007. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- "Harajuku Lovers Fragrance". hlfragrance.com. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Rentmeester, Katherine Kluznik (January 13, 2011). "Gwen Stefani is the Gorgeous New Face of L'Oreal Paris!". People. Time. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Ali, Lorraine (August 30, 2004). "It's My Life". Newsweek. msnbc.com. Archived from the original on June 14, 2006. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Born to Be. MuchMusic programming. Original airdate: March 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2006.
- "Gwen & Tony: Still Cool". CHUM Limited. July 19, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- Springer, Debra (December 22, 2005). "Gwen Stefani: I'm Pregnant". People. Time. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Levy, Ariel. "The Coronation of Gwen Stefani"[dead link]. Blender. December 2004. Retrieved April 16, 2007
- Amter, Charlie (October 22, 2004). "Gwen Stefani's Surprise Stepkid". E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
- "Rossdale's Daughter: 'Stefani Is Not My Stepmother'". Contactmusic.com. August 4, 2006. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
- Freeman, Hadley (July 9, 2007). "My Wasted Years". The Guardian. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- Browne, David (November 23, 2004). "Love. Angel. Music. Baby. (2004): Gwen Stefani". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- "Latest News: Gwen Stefani's Baby, No Charge for Proof's Killer". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. May 30, 2006. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Associated Press (May 27, 2006). "Baby boy for Stefani". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Norman, Pete (January 29, 2008). "Gwen Stefani Pregnant with Second Child". People. Time. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Adler, Shawn (August 21, 2008). "Gwen Stefani Gives Birth To Second Son". MTV News. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
- Eggenberger, Nicole (September 4, 2013). "Gwen Stefani Pregnant: Expecting Third Child With Gavin Rossdale at Age 43". Us Weekly. Wenner Media. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- Deerwester, Jayme (March 1, 2014). "Gwen Stefani gives birth to third son, Apollo". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (November 10, 2004). "Gwen Stefani's Debut Solo LP Inspired By Insecurity And Japan". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- Warrell, Adrienne (April 9, 2009). "No Doubt, "Tragic Kingdom" (1995)". 34th Street Magazine. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
- Gage, Josephine (October 27, 2009). "Battle of the Bands: Gwen Stefani vs. M.I.A.". IGN. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Kot, Greg (July 5, 1997). "It's One For Kids: No Doubt's Friendly Ska-tinged Pop A Hit With Young Crowd". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- Commercial sheet music for "Cool". EMI Music Publishing. Distributed by Hal Leonard Corporation. Retrieved October 20, 2005.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (October 26, 2002). "POP REVIEW; 'Just a Girl,' Or Wishing To Be More?". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Smith, RJ. "Gwen Stefani: Love. Angel. Music. Baby". Blender. Alpha Media Group. Archived from the original on October 31, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- Cinquemani, Sal (November 20, 2004). "Gwen Stefani: Love. Angel. Music. Baby.". Slant Magazine. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- Damas, Jason (November 29, 2004). "Gwen Stefani: Love.Angel.Music.Baby.". PopMatters. Retrieved February 26, 2007.
- Mar, Alex; Halperin, Shirley (October 1, 2004). "Gwen Stefani Makes "Love"". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved March 20, 2007.
- Sheffield, Rob (December 9, 2004). "Love Angel Music Baby : Gwen Stefani". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- Ibanga, Imaeyen; Yacus, Emily (July 4, 2008). "Chaka Khan, I Think I Love You". ABC News. American Broadcasting Company. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- "Stefani: 'I Didn't Copy Madonna'". Contactmusic.com. November 3, 2005. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- Krohn, Katherine (2007). Gwen Stefani. Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 978-0-8225-7157-5.
- Stevenson, Jane. "Pop stars, No Doubt". Jam!. May 12, 1997. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
- Laine, Tricia (October 16, 1998). "Gwen Vogue". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "I Love 1996". Stylus Magazine. September 8, 2004. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Toht, Betony "Gwen Stefani – Top Star Transformations". In Style. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (April 26, 2004). "Beckinsale, a beauty who battles beasts". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Greenblatt, Leah (March 16, 2007). "La Vie en Rose". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani admits to her 'obsession with weight'". Daily Mail. January 30, 2007. Retrieved February 18, 2007.
- Corcoran, Liz (April 12, 2007). "Gwen Stefani: 'I've Always Been on a Diet'". People. Time. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "Gwen Stefani Rocks The Strip!". Madame Tussauds. September 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- Holson, Laura M. (March 13, 2005). "Gothic Lolitas: Demure vs. Dominatrix". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved May 6, 2007.
- Oldenburg, Ann (March 23, 2011). "Gwen Stefani gives $1 million to Japan relief efforts". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- Lewis, Randy (April 2, 2011). "Gwen Stefani's Japan relief auction to run April 11–25 on EBay". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Photo Alert: Gwen Stefani Hosts Private Harajuku-Themed Tea Party at Royal/T to Support Save the Children's Japan Earthquake Emergency Fund". PR Newswire. UBM plc. June 10, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Rees, Alex (May 23, 2011). "Gwen Stefani's amfAR Gala Dress Was Apparently Not a L.A.M.B. Design After All". New York. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Meinhardt, Mickie (May 26, 2011). "Gwen Stefani, Not Michael Angel, Designed Her amfAR Dress...Kind Of". Fashionista. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Donnelly, Erin (May 26, 2011). "Michael Angel: Gwen Stefani Designed amfAR Dress". FashionEtc. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Statement from Michael Angel Regarding Gwen Stefani amfAR Dress". PR Newswire. UBM plc. June 10, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- McDevitt, Caitlin (July 3, 2012). "Gwen Stefani fundraising with first lady". Politico. Allbritton Communications Company. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
- Ng, Philiana. "It's Official: Gwen Stefani Joins 'The Voice'". Billboard Magazine. Billboard Magazine. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gwen Stefani.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Gwen Stefani|
- Official website
- Gwen Stefani at AllMusic
- Gwen Stefani at the Internet Movie Database
- Gwen Stefani on Twitter