Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project
Developer's conception of Hudson Yard's Phase One
|Location||Bounded by 30th Street, Twelfth Avenue, 34th Street, and Tenth Avenue
Manhattan, New York City
|Management||The Related Companies L.P.
Oxford Properties Group Inc.
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Kohn Pederson Fox (master planner)
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
|Main contractor||Tutor Perini Building Corp.|
The Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project is a joint venture by the New York City Department of City Planning and Metropolitan Transportation Authority to encourage development on Manhattan's far West Side along the Hudson River in Manhattan, New York City. The project includes a rezoning of the Far West Side into a new neighborhood called Hudson Yards, an extension of the New York City Subway's 7 <7> trains to the 34th Street station at 11th Avenue, and a renovation of the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center. The project was developed after the cancellation of the West Side Stadium for the New York Jets (and the city's bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics) over the MTA's John D. Caemmerer West Side Yard.
The centerpiece of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project is the Hudson Yards development, a 26-acre (11 ha) to 28-acre (11 ha) mixed-use real estate development by Related Companies and Oxford Properties. According to its master plan, created by master planner Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates, Hudson Yards is expected to consist of 16 skyscrapers containing more than 12,700,000 square feet (1,180,000 m2) of new office, residential, and retail space. Among its components will be six million square feet (560,000 m2) of commercial office space, a 750,000-square-foot (70,000 m2) retail center with two levels of restaurants, cafes, markets and bars, a hotel, a cultural space, about 5,000 residences, a 750-seat school, and 14 acres (5.7 ha) of public open space. Hudson Yards officially broke ground on December 4, 2012, with the first tower, an 895-foot (273 m) office building in the southeast corner of the site, expected to be complete in 2015.
The development is bordered by Seventh and Eighth Avenues on the east, West 28th and 30th Streets on the south, West 43rd Street on the north, and Hudson River Park/Hudson River on the west. It is expected to cost more than US$20 billion.
In January 2005, the New York City Council approved the rezoning of about 60 blocks from 28th to 43rd Streets; in 2009, after the stadium failed to win state approval, the West Side Yard was similarly rezoned. As rezoned, the Hudson Yards area will have 25,800,000 square feet (2,400,000 m2) of Class A office space, 20,000 housing units, two million square feet (190,000 m2) of hotel space, a 750-seat public school, one million square feet (93,000 m2) of retail and more than 20 acres (8 ha) of public open space.
In May 2010, the MTA leased the air rights over the railyard for 99 years to a joint venture of Related Companies and Oxford Properties Group, which will build a platform above both the eastern and western portions of the yard on which to construct the buildings.
In April 2013, the Related/Oxford joint venture obtained a $475 million construction loan from parties including Barry Sternlicht's Starwood Capital Group and luxury retailer Coach. The financing deal was unique in several aspects, including the fact that it included a construction mezzanine loan, that Coach was a lender on both the debt and equity sides, and that the MTA helped create the "severable lease" structure that allowed for the loans.
The Hudson Yards project is expected to develop over the existing at-grade West Side Yard, allowing LIRR trains to continue to be stored during midday hours. The 26.17-acre (10.59 ha) land parcel is bordered by 30th Street on the south, Twelfth Avenue on the west, 33rd Street on the north and Tenth Avenue on the east. Eleventh Avenue runs through the site, and will split the redevelopment project into two phases. To minimize construction impact on the LIRR's ability to store trains during midday and peak hours, caissons will be drilled into bedrock throughout much of the site, over which a platform will be built. However, only 38% of the ground level at West Side Yard will be filled in with columns to support the development.
Phase 1, the eastern phase, is to contain two office towers on Tenth Avenue, plus a retail podium between them. The southern tower, the 52-story, 895-foot (273 m) 10 Hudson Yards, is expected to open in 2015, anchored by Coach Inc. The building, for which ground was broken on December 4, 2012, was the first of the Hudson Yards buildings to begin construction, because it is not being built over railroad tracks. It will, however, cantilever over the final phase of the High Line, including the spur to Tenth Avenue. The tower is expected to receive LEED certification. The other tower, the 80-story, 1,337-foot (408 m) 30 Hudson Yards, is designed by Kohn Pederson Fox with an observation deck. Construction will begin after caissons are sunk to support a platform over the tracks, the latter of which will be raised 12 to 27 feet (4 to 8 m) above ground leveland be level with the High Line. Related Companies officials expect the tower to be occupied in 2018.
The platform supporting the towers, comprising 16 bridges, will be completed in late 2014.
Bordering Eleventh Avenue are two mixed-use buildings, 15 Hudson Yards and 35 Hudson Yards, which were previously known as the D and E Towers, respectively. 15 Hudson Yards is to be structurally connected to a semi-permanent structure, a performance and arts space known as the Culture Shed.
In Phase 1, there will also be 100 shops and 20 restaurants inside a proposed 7-story mall, as well as a 6-acre (2 ha) public square on the platform. This mall has 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) of space. In September 2014, Neiman Marcus was signed to become the anchor tenant of the Hudson Yards Retail Space, which will open in 2018; the store will occupy the top 3 levels and 1⁄4 of the mall, or 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2).
The western phase of the project is to contain up to seven residential towers, an office building at 33rd Street and Eleventh Avenue tentatively known as "West Tower", and a school. The third phase of the High Line will traverse Phase 2 of the project. The entire project, including Phase 2, could be complete by 2024.
In 2003, as part of the project, the New York City Department of City Planning issued a master plan that envisioned the creation of a network of open space between Ninth Avenue and Tenth Avenue to create a park system from West 39th Street to West 34th Street, portions of which would be located along Dyer Avenue.
In 2007, the New York City government had announced its intent to extend the 7 <7> trains to the 34th Street subway station under Eleventh Avenue, adjacent to the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, to help facilitate development on the air rights of the West Side Yard; the extension was originally part of New York City's bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics. While the tracks extend to 26th Street, a station is only to be built at 34th Street; formerly, there was to be another station at Tenth Avenue and 41st Street. The extension is expected to be completed in February 2015, and will connect to nearby buildings and developments, including 30 Hudson Yards and the Hudson Park and Boulevard. The station's main entrance, escalators and an elevator on the west side of Hudson Park and Boulevard between 33rd and 34th Streets, will be at the foot of 55 Hudson Yards, and is just half a block away from the project's northern edge.
Hudson Boulevard and Park, a four-acre system of parks and roads is currently under construction north of the Hudson Yards site, extending from 33rd Street to 39th Street, mid-block between Tenth Avenue and Eleventh Avenue. The boulevard is to be split into two, with a Hudson Boulevard East and a Hudson Boulevard West. The park is to serve as a median.
The Hudson Yards redevelopment project further catalyzed plans to build new buildings along the future Hudson Boulevard. Among these are 3 Hudson Boulevard, located on 34th Street and Eleventh Avenue, which was formerly known as The GiraSole. Not originally in its Hudson Yards concept, Related Companies seeks to build two new office buildings north of the site, including on the footprint of the current headquarters of Coach, Inc.. These towers are tentatively known as 50 Hudson Yards and 55 Hudson Yards. The 55 Hudson Yards building will start construction in January 2015, and it is expected to be opened by late 2017, finishing earlier than 30 and 35 Hudson Yards. On the east side of Tenth Avenue in Manhattan West, Brookfield Properties announced its intent to develop over the trackage that leads to the New York Penn Station. To facilitate construction and to build a public plaza, Brookfield Properties announced that it would use prefabricated parts to build a platform, over which its two office towers would rest upon and over which a public plaza would be built.
In 2013, Amtrak announced it would build a "tunnel box" through the project areas to reserve the space for a future rail right-of-way such as the proposed Gateway Project. Construction began September 2013 and is expected to take two years. The underground concrete casing is 800 ft (240 m) long, 50 ft (15 m) wide, and approximately 35 ft (11 m) tall.
In early 2014, real estate firm Massey Knakal announced a conceptual supertall with a 1.22 million square feet capacity and 108 stories that would soar over 1,800 feet on the north side of 34th Street between Hudson Boulevard and Tenth Avenue in order to show the potential of a site that it intended to sell. Dubbed Hudson Spire and designed by MJM+A architects, it would be the tallest tower in the Western Hemisphere if completed. The site was later purchased by Tishman Speyer on April 30, 2014, along with two adjacent properties for a total space of 2.85 million square feet. It is unclear, however, if Tishman would pursue the construction of Hudson Spire as conceptualized.
In late 2014, the final phase of the High Line, an elevated park using the former right-of-way of the southern portion of the West Side Line, opened. It enters the Hudson Yards site and curves along 30th Street, Twelve Avenue and 34th Street, with a spur (dubbed "The Spur") along 30th Street to Tenth Avenue. Related Companies intends to integrate the High Line with its buildings; for example, 10 Hudson Yards cantilevers over The Spur. Dubbed "High Line at the Rail Yards", the section will be built in three phases. The right-of-way from 30th Street will be extended into the Hudson Yards site, running parallel to 30th Street past Eleventh Avenue, and developed in a manner similar to the opened sections of the park. The Spur along 30th Street is slated to get an amphitheater, restrooms, trees and grasses above Tenth Avenue. Finally, the curved section around the western part of Hudson Yards will be developed as an "interim walkway", with further construction in 2015.
The development will be technologically advanced, in that all sorts of data will be collected within the buildings using sensors and other data-collecting instruments. Among the innovations will be:
- Air quality monitoring
- Heat mapping to track crowd size and energy usage
- Opt-in mobile apps to help collect data about users' health and activities
- Pedestrian and vehicular traffic monitoring
- Sensors collecting data about noise levels and energy and water usage
- Energy savings using a microgrid
- Organic and solid waste collection and recycling using 45 miles per hour (72 km/h) pneumatic tubes installed by Envac; garbage trucks will not be used in the development
New York University's Center for Urban Science and Progress is designing the infrastructure, with the developers of Hudson Yards. Fiber loops connected to satellite dishes on rooftops, to wireless responders, and to two-way radios will create a network covering the 14 acres (6 ha) of open space as well as 17,000,000 square feet (1,600,000 m2) of commercial space. The technology is designed to be adaptable — updates to infrastructure will be performed as new technological advances are made.
- Atlantic Yards, a similar redevelopment project in Downtown Brooklyn
- List of tallest buildings in New York City
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project.|
- Official website
- Description of Hudson Yards
- New York City project website
- Related Companies project website
- Animation: building the platform while trains run through Brookfield properties, via Gothamist.com
- Hudson Yards news and developments