Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
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The Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia is the chair of the Council of Ministers and formal Head of Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Since the reign of King Faisal, the post has been held by the King of Saudi Arabia.
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The office was created along with the Council of Ministers on 9 October 1953, by decree of King Saud. Due to unrest within the royal family over his rule, Saud was forced to appoint his half-brother, Crown Prince Faisal, as prime minister. An ongoing power struggle between the two led to Faisal's resignation in 1960, allowing Saud to reclaim the reins of government, but continued discontent saw Faisal return as prime minister in 1962. After the death of Saud in 1963, Faisal succeeded him as king, while remaining prime minister. Since then the two offices have in effect been merged.
List of Prime Ministers of Saudi Arabia
- King Saud: 9 October 1953 – 16 August 1954 (1st time)
- Crown Prince Faisal: 16 August 1954 – 21 December 1960 (1st time)
- King Saud: 21 December 1960 – 31 October 1962 (2nd time)
- King Faisal: 31 October 1962 – 25 March 1975 (2nd time)
- King Khalid: 29 March 1975 – 13 June 1982
- King Fahd: 13 June 1982 – 1 August 2005
- King Abdullah: 1 August 2005 – present
- *"Saudi Arabia". WorldStatesman. Ben Cahoon. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
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