List of European tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

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Parent article: List of tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

These are some notable tornadoes, tornado outbreaks, and tornado outbreak sequences that have occurred in Europe.

Pre-20th century[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Rosdalla, Ireland tornado 30 April 1054 Kilbeggan, Ireland - - Earliest known European tornado[1]
London tornado of 1091 23 October 1091 London, Middlesex, Kingdom of England - - Earliest known and perhaps strongest tornado in British Isles[1]
Vyšehrad tornado of 1119 30 July 1119 Vyšehrad, Bohemia - - Earliest known and perhaps strongest Czech tornado which destroyed palace of Czech duke at Vyšehrad now in Prague[2]
Czech tornado of 1144 14 May 1144 Bohemia 2 - Two tornadoes near military camp of duke Oto.[2]
Prague tornado of 1255 8 April 1255 Prague, Bohemia - - Tornado at Prague Castle.[2]
Valletta, Malta tornado 23 September 1551 (or 1556) Malta - ≈600 fatalities Perhaps deadliest European tornado[1]
Neznašov, Czech tornado 6 July 1585 Bohemia - - [2]
Augsburg, Germany tornado 2 July 1587 Augsburg, Holy Roman Empire - -
Roma, Italy tornado 4 December 1645 Rome, Papal States - Many fatalities probably F4[citation needed]
La Rochelle - Paris, France tornadoes September 1669 France - - Longest track tornado family in Europe.[1]
Cádiz, Spain tornado March 1671 Cadiz, Andalucia, Spain - Many fatalities Apparent violent Spanish tornado.[3]
Utrecht, Netherlands tornado 1 August 1674 Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands - - Destroyed part of the Dom Tower of Utrecht.[4]
Rome, Italy tornado 12 June 1749 Rome, Papal States - 3 fatalities Destroyed many houses in Rome and Ostia, probably F3 multivortex tornado.[citation needed]
Padua, Italy tornado 17 August 1756 Veneto, Italy - - A likely F3 tornado hit the city of Padua, heavy damaging masonry buildings, with leaded roofs thrown several kilometers away.[citation needed]
Great Malvern tornado of 1761 14 October 1761 Malvern, Worcestershire, Great Britain - -
Woldegk, Germany tornado 29 June 1764 Germany 3 1 Small tornado outbreak over Poland and Germany with 1 F5, 1 F3 and 1 F1. The F5 tornado travelled for 35 km with a width of 400-800m. killing 1 person and injuring 3 people. This is one of the most powerful events to have hit the Europe.
Hainichen, Germany tornado 23 April 1800 Germany 1 0 A violent tornado (F5/T 10) caused heavy damages (houses destroyed completely and trees debarked) on a path of 9,5 km in a 50m. wide area injuring 5 people.[citation needed]
Fernhill Heath tornadoes 22 September 1810 Farnborough, Hampshire, England, UK - - Widest known and perhaps strongest British tornadoes[1]
Southsea, England tornado 14 December 1810 Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, UK - - Perhaps strongest British tornado[1]
Seine-Maritime, France tornado 19–20 August 1845 France 3 70 A small outbreak produced 3 tornadoes on France, the Netherlands and Germany. An F5 T11 tornado struck Montiville in France killing 70 people and injuring 130 on a 15–30 km path. In the Netherlands an F2-F3 tornado caused heavy damages in Zevenbergen and on 20 August a tornado struck Trier in Germany.[1]
Sicilian tornadoes December 1851 Sicily, Kingdom of Sicily 2 ≈500 fatalities Among deadliest European tornadoes[1]
Middle Poland 31 May 1866 Jarluty Duże, Humięcino 2 ≥7 fatalities, 18 injuries One from deadliest tornado in Poland[5]
Brno, Czech tornado 13 October 1870 Brno, Moravia - - Detailed scientific description by Gregor Mendel[2]
Vienna, Austria tornado 29 June 1873 Vienna, Austria - Many fatalities [citation needed]
Madrid, Spain tornado 12 May 1886 Madrid, Spain 1 47 A powerful F3 tornado struck Madrid. It caused extensive damage to buildings,some of them collapsed killing the occupants, on 12 km path from Carabanchel to Ciudad Lineal with a width of 1 km. It is the deadliest Spanish tornado of last two centuries. (Carabanchel)[6]
Rhineland tornado 1 July 1891 North Rhineland, Germany 5 3 Tornado outbreak over the central Germany. 3 Tornadoes are unclassified. 1 was an F0 that travelled 12 km from Beeskow to Müllrose (Brandenburg ), 1 instead was a powerful F4 (T9) that brought the total destruction of Anrath, a small village killing 3 people and injuring 100 on a 20 km path. 8 cm. of hail fell near Anrath before the arrival of the tornado[citation needed]
Novska Tornado 31 May 1892 Croatia, Austria-Hungary 2 1 Strongest known tornado in Croatia. Large multivortex F4 twin-tornado struck southern part of Novska village and nearby woods. 1 death occurred, 3 persons were heavily injured, and many had small injuries. At least 150 000 trees were destroyed on its path. Train was derailed, one train wagon (14 t) was lifted at least 6 m in the air and thrown 30 meters onto the field. Average width of a tornado was 800 m, with maximum width exceeding 1.2 km. Hail size from this tornadic supercell was 8 cm
Central Germany 18 March 1897 Germany 5 4 A tornado outbreak produced 5 tornado over cantral Germany. The first tornado hit Gelsenkirchen in contemporary with a strong tornado that destroyed a factory and some houses killing 3 people and injuring 4. An F3 T6 tornado struck Kirberg and other villages on 40 km path killing 1 person. Two other tornadoes struck Stelzen ( Thüringen ) and Fürth am Berg ( Bayern )
Oria tornado 21 September 1897 Oria, Apulia, Italy 1 40 A strong tornado struck the villages of Sava and Oria killing 40 people (maybe 70) on a 37 km path and a width of 400-800m. Some houses were destroyed and other buildings were severely damaged. Probably this is a violent F3 tornado.
Koln tornado 7 August 1898 Cologne , Germany 1 3 A violent tornado struck the city of Cologne. The storm began 3 km from the city center, in Zollstock accompanied by hail of 5 cm. The tornado caused heavy damages and was classified as F4 T8. The storm ended just northwest of Wipperfürth after a 38 km path and after killed 3 people and wounded about 100.

20th century[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Javaugues, France tornado 2 June 1902 France 1 1 fatality An F3 tornado struck Javaugues and other villages on its 7 km path. With a width of 3 km this is the widest documented tornado that has hit the continent.[1]
1904 Moscow tornado 29 June 1904 Moscow, Russia 1 9 fatalities An F4 T9 tornado struck the eastern part of Moscow causing severe damages along its 42 km path in a densely populated area and with a width of 400-700m. Its killed 9 people and wounded 93.[citation needed]
Barry - Chester, Wales - England tornado 27 October 1913 United Kingdom - Several fatalities Perhaps deadliest British tornadic supercell[citation needed]
Wiener Neustadt, Austria tornado 10 July 1916 Wiener Neustadt, Vienna, Austria - 32 fatalities, 300+ injured Deadliest and strongest known Austrian supercell tornado. (F3/T7)[citation needed]
Southern Netherlands tornado outbreak 26 April 1924 Netherlands ≥3 - [citation needed]
Borculo, Netherlands tornado outbreak 10 August 1925 Netherlands Many 3 fatalities Same outbreak as below[citation needed]
Uetersen, Germany tornado outbreak 10 August 1925 Uetersen 1 1 fatalities Same outbreak as above, tornado (F3)[citation needed]
Lichtenvoorde - Neede - Tubbergen, Netherlands tornado 1 June 1927 Netherlands/Germany - 10 fatalities Possibly multiple tornadoes, T9-T10 damage near Neede[citation needed]
Montello, Italy tornado 24 July 1930 Montello, Veneto, and Friuli in Italy - 23 fatalities This is the strongest tornado[1] in Europe together with the 1845 Montville tornado in France very similar in power. The storm maybe crossed almost the entire province of Treviso even going so far in the province of Pordenone with a total path of about 80 km. The event lasted a total of 84 minutes,but perhaps this was not the only event of the day. The storm arrived to unleash winds near 500 km / h (F5 tornado) and killed 23 people. [1]
Lublin tornado 22 July 1931 Poland 6 fatalities Described as an F5 but it is of uncertain value.[2] [3]
Nurmijärvi - Konginkangas 4 August 1932 Finland - 1 fatality 6 tornadoes (one F3) track 20 km[7]
Kiuruvesi 11 July 1934 Finland - 1 fatality F4 tornado, strongest one in Finland[7]
Loray, Doubs tornado 9 June 1935 Doubs, France - - [citation needed]
Buckinghamshire - Cambridgeshire, England tornadoes 21 May 1950 United Kingdom 4 - An F2 T5 tornado crossed the Britain for 107 km (one of the longest-lived tornado of Europe) from Little London (Buckinghamshire) to Coveney (Cambridgeshire).Three other F1 tornado have been documented in the same day.
Veluwe, Gelderland - Haulerwijk, Friesland, Netherlands tornadoes 23 August 1950 Gelderland - Friesland, Netherlands ≥2 - Strongest recorded tornado in Nederlands, T10 (F5) damage[citation needed] in 50 kilometre long path in Veluwe forest.[citation needed]
Turin, Piemonte tornado 29 May 1953 Turin , Italy 1 5 fatalities A strong F1 tornado struck the centre of Turin,causing considerable damage,and the collapse of part of the roof of the Mole. 5 people died in the storm.
Castelo Branco, Portugal tornado 6 November 1954 Portugal - 4 fatalities, 200 injuries [citation needed]
Robecco Pavese tornado 16 June 1957 Robecco Pavese , Italy 1 7 fatalities, 80 injuries A violent tornado struck the villages of Argine,Robecco Pavese and Vallescuropasso causing severe damage. The tornado was an F4 T9 tornado, but in some point it made T10 damage. 7 people died and about 80 were injured on 10 km path. This is the second most violent tornado ever to hit the country.
Rawa Mazowiecka and Nowe Miasto tornado 15–16 May 1958 Rawa Mazowiecka and Nowe Miasto in Poland 2 3 fatalities, >100 injuries [4]
Rzeszów, Poland tornado 20 May 1960 Poland and Ukraine 8 5 fatalities Tornado outbreak over south Poland and north Ukraine with 8 tornadoes. 1 was a F4/F5 tornado that struck the town of Niechobrz causing the total destruction of some houses and killing 3 people. Another 2 victims were recorded in Dynów and Gorliczyna. [5]
Parma, Italy tornado 4 July 1965 Italy ≥1 9 fatalities A strong tornado struck the province of Parma causing severe damage an 9 fatalities over 22 km path. Maybe this tornado was a strong F3. Maybe in this day several tornadoes were produced over the Po Valley.[6]
Western Europe tornado outbreaks of 1967 24–25 June 1967 France - Netherlands - Belgium 8 15 fatalities 112 injured Violent tornado outbreak with 8 tornadoes that swept over France (5) Belgium (1) and the Netherlands (2). In France a category F5 tornado destroyed the town of Palluel causing 6 victims. Shortly after an F4 destroyed Pommereuil causing other two victims.Both tornado travelled for 23 km. In Netherlands 2 F3 tornadoes caused the death of seven people, one of these reached the grade F3 T7.Were sighted in total 2 F2, 4 F3, 1 F4 and 1 F5.
German Black Forest tornado 10 July 1968 Germany - 3 fatalities [8]
Nicosia, Cyprus tornadoes 22 December 1969 Cyprus Several 4 fatalities Waterspouts (probably tornadic) came ashore[citation needed]
Venice and Padua, Italy tornado outbreak 11 September 1970 Veneto, Italy 1 36 fatalities A violent tornado invests the outskirts of Padua and Venice causing heavy damage and 36 victims. 21 of the victims were on a ferry on the island of St. Helena when the tornado hit. 12 people died in a campsite in Ca'Savio, where some cars were found more than 200 meters away. The category F4 tornado traveled 70 km.
Ameland Island, Netherlands tornado 11 August 1972 Friesland, Netherlands - 7 fatalities, 90 injuries [citation needed]
Christ's Ascension Day outbreak 24 May 1979 Germany 6 - A major outbreak struck especially parts of Eastern Germany with one violent F4 tornado near Bad Liebenwerda (Brandenburg) where harvesters were flying.
Mid June outbreak 15 June 1980 Central Germany 5 8 fatalities, at least 9 injuries (serious) Some tornadoes struck the Central German States of Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt. A camp site was severely damaged with some fatalities.
1981 Lithuania tornado 29 May 1981 Eastern Lithuania - - F2, among strongest known Lithuanian tornadoes[9]
Moerdijk, Netherlands tornado 6 October 1981 North Brabant, Netherlands - 17 fatalities NLM CityHopper Flight 431 encountered tornado shortly after takeoff and crashed
Gwynedd - Humberside - Essex tornado outbreak, Wales and England Tornadoes 23 November 1981 United Kingdom 105 0 fatalities Largest known European outbreak[1] though predominately weak tornadoes
1984 Ivanovo-Yaroslavl tornado outbreak 9 June 1984 Western Russia 22 >400 fatalities, 213 injured [1] At least one F5, one F4, and one F3 were in the outbreak that damaged 36 cities and villages, including Tver and Kostroma, in a wide area north of Moscow.[citation needed]
Shel'vov 20 July 1987 Ukraine 1 - F4 tornado that destroyed the town of Shel'vov.[citation needed]
Ameland Island, Netherlands tornado 17 August 1992 Friesland, Netherlands - 1 fatality [citation needed]
Sigüenza, Spain tornado 24 May 1993 Sigüenza, Spain - - F2 damage in a path across the town[citation needed]
Spijkenisse, South-Holland 7 June 1997 Netherlands - F1 Damage on houses, and trees ripped out of the ground[citation needed]
Mikkeli, Rantakylä 12 June 1998 Finland - F3 (track 10 km) destroyed some airport facilities[citation needed]
San Leonardo de Yagüe, Spain tornado 1 June 1999 Spain - - F3 damage and thousands of trees uprooted in a forest near Soria, Spain[citation needed]
Gudar Range, Spain tornado 28 August 1999 Sistema Ibérico, Spain 1+ - F3 tornado in mountainous terrain[10]

21st century[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Rakvere, Estonia tornado 15 July 2000 Rakvere, Estonia 1 1 Destroyed 110 homes, 1 was killed
Concorezzo tornado 7 July 2001 Concorezzo , Italy 3 92 injuries A strong tornado (F3) struck Concorezzo, near Monza, causing severe damages, 92 injuries,2 seriously on 7 km path. In the same day other 2 tornadoes struck Santa Maria di Sala and Cadoneghe in Veneto causing F1-F2 damage.
Athens, Greece tornado 27 July 2002 Athens, Greece - - Struck near airport[11]
Romania tornado 12 August 2002 Southeastern Romania - 3 fatalities Intense (F3+), long-track (74+ km path) tornado[12]
Cyprus tornadoes 27 January 2003 Southern Cyprus 4 1 fatality Tornadoes and waterspouts; Limassol worst hit at T4-T5[13]
Cyprus tornado outbreak 22 January 2004 Cyprus 7+ Multiple injuries Severe weather outbreak with several T3-T4 tornadoes and waterspouts[13]
Late June outbreak 23 June 2004 Northern and Eastern Germany 4 8 injuries At least one F1, an F2 and an F3 Tornado caused massive destruction. The villages of Micheln and Trebbichau in Saxony-Anhalt were heavily impacted by one of the most powerful tornadoes in modern German history.
Kontiolahti, Viinijärvi tornadoes[14] 20 August 2004 Finland 3 - F2 (track 10 km). 2 F1 were reported.
Romania tornado outbreak 7 May 2005 Romania 9 - 9 tornadoes over Romania. One of them struck Movilita causing damage like an F1 tornado on a path of 1 km.
Garderen tornado 27 July 2005 Garderen, Netherlands 1 - T4 tornado damaging mainly woods, also some damage to property.[citation needed]
2005 Birmingham tornado 28 July 2005 Birmingham, United Kingdom 3 39 injured An F2 tornado struck the centre of Birmingham causing 39 injured and severe damage. In the same day 2 F0 tornado struck Peterborough and Moulton causing little damage to trees and roofs.
Central Europe tornado outbreak 29 July 2005 Germany , Czech Republic 8 2 injuries 8 tornadoes were spotted on the border between Germany and the Czech republic. 6 were classified as F2 (the strongest as F2 T5) and 2 as F1 T3. A T5 tornado struck the Johanngeorgenstadt and other villages on 10 km path causing 2 injured. Another F2 T5 tornado struck the Czech republic traveling for 21 km with a width of 1 km.were also recorded strong downburst causing serious damage and other injuries.
Hamburg, Germany tornado outbreak 27 March 2006 Germany 8 2 fatalities,2 injuries 8 tornadoes were spotted, two of which category F2. One of them struck Hamburg causing 2 death and 2 injured on 7 km path. The other tornadoes were F1.
Central Europe tornado outbreak 20-21 May 2006 Germany , Poland , Czech Republic and Netherlands 16 0 The outbreak struck the central part of Europe,in particular the central region of Germany causing 16 tornadoes across the region. 5 were F2, 10 F1 and 1 F0. The most powerful hit Westerwiehe (F2 T5), instead, the longest path was of an F1 lasted for 23 km
Noordwijkerhout tornado 21 May 2006 Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands 1 - T3-T4 tornado causing damage to crops and buildings[citation needed]
August 2006 UK tornado outbreaks 16–18 August 2006 United Kingdom - 8 injuries At least 4 tornadoes[citation needed]
August 2006 Mainland Europe outbreak 21 August 2006 Western Europe - 38 injuries At least 7 confirmed tornadoes, a further 4 unconfirmed others[citation needed]
2006 London tornado 7 December 2006 London, England, UK 1 6 injuries[15]
Cyclone Kyrill tornado outbreak 17/18 January 2007 Eastern Germany 10 5 The first tornado was an F0 T1 in Netherlands on 17th. In the 18th 9 tornadoes were reported, one in Sweden,4 in Germany,1 Czech Republic and 3 in Poland. The 4 tornadoes in Germany were 1 F2 T5, 2 F3 T6 and 1 F3 T7 tornadoes (the F3 tornadoes caused the 5 injured), the last one with a path of 34 km. The other tornado were 3 F2 and 1 F1 tornadoes.
Guidizzolo tornado 9 July 2007 North Italy - 3 12 injuries 3 Tornadoes formed over Veneto,Lombardia and Piemonte. In Piemonte a landspout tornado occurred near Vercelli. In Lombardia, a strong F2 (F2 T5) struck the village of Guidizzolo causing severe damages on 12 km path.In Veneto a F1 T3 struck Farra D'Alpago causing some damage to roofs.
Central England tornado outbreak 23 September 2007 Central England 6 - At least 6 tornadoes reported in Warwickshire, Northamptonshire and West Midlands. 4 of them were F1 tornadoes. [7][dead link]
Salboro (Padua) tornado 6 July 2008 Padua, Veneto, Italy 1 F0 - A small tornado that hit an hurban area[16]
2008 Hautmont tornado 3 August 2008 Hautmont, France - 4 fatalities, 13 injuries Same outbreak as below; F4 damaged several villages[17][18]
Northern Netherlands tornado outbreak 3 August 2008 Friesland, Groningen, Netherlands 2 confirmed, 4 reported - Same outbreak as above; T3-T4 tornadoes caused damage to property[citation needed]
2008 Poland tornado outbreak 15–16 August 2008 Mykanów, Poland 12 4 fatalities 12 were reported. One of them struck Balcarzowice causing F3 T7 damage and 15 injured. One person was killed in Kalina by an F3 tornado. Another one was killed in Garzkowice and two other people were killed in Slovakia for severe downburst. In total 4 people were killed and about 100 were injured in the outbreak.
Malaga Tornado 1 February 2009 Malaga, Spain 2 30 injuries An F2 T4 tornado travelled in the city center of Malaga for 2 km injuring 25 people. Another tornado injured 5 people in Estepona
North Italy outbreak 6 June 2009 Piemonte and Veneto, Italy 3 28 injuries An F0 tornado was report near Vercelli, Piemonte in the afternoon. In the same time, a supercell produced a strong F3 tornado in Riese Pio X, in the village of Vallà causing heavy damages, in some part like an F3 T7/T8 tornado. It travelled for 10,6 km and injured 28 people. The last tornado hit Valvasone, in Friuli damaging some buildings,cars,trucks and woods causing damage like an F2 T5 tornado on 10,5 km path.
Nicosia tornado September 19, 2009 Nicosia, Cyprus - 17+ injuries 10 homes with serious damage[19]
Chalkidiki, Greece tornado 12 February 2010 Northern Greece - - F2/T3-T4 tornado[20]
Whit Monday outbreak 24 May 2010 Eastern Germany 4 confirmed 1 fatality, 38 injuries F1, F2 and F2+ (possible F3) caused massive destruction in the States of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg of at least €250 Million and one fatality
Lichtenvoorde - Vragender - Winterswijk, Netherlands 12 July 2010 Netherlands 1 6 injuries Tornado destroyed church tower in Vragender and Zwarte Cross Festival area in Lichtenvoorde. damage T5-T7, uncertainty about nature of winds, some sources cite a strong derecho as cause of damage.[citation needed]
Veneto tornado outbreak 23 July 2010 Veneto, Italy 3 1 fatality, some injuries 3 tornadoes hit near the cities of Venice, Padua and Vicenza; strong thunderstorms, with downbursts, in other places (a man killed near Verona)[21][22]
Hungary tornado outbreak 16 August 2010 Hungary 3 confirmed - 3 tornadoes, 2 of them likely F2; villages where tornadoes has been reported: Diósjenő, Mezőkövesd, Felsőtárkány
Lumda - Neppermin, Germany 23 August 2010 Germany 5 confirmed - F3 tornado in Lumda & F2 tornado in Neppermin, caused a damage of about €5 Million[citation needed]
Northern Sweden tornado outbreak 4 June 2011 Northern Sweden - At least 3 injuries Several tornadoes reported in the provinces of Ångermanland, Västerbotten, and Norrbotten in northern Sweden. [8][9]
Sachsen - Anhalt, Germany 11 September 2011 Germany 2 - 2 F1 tornadoes confirmed[citation needed]
England and Wales tornadoes 29 November 2011 England and Wales, UK 1 F0, 2 F1 tornadoes 1 injured One tornado in Greater Manchester, England and another in Anglesey, Wales. Later that day, a F1 tornado struck north of Breighton.[citation needed]
Vierlingsbeek/Overloon Tornado 10 May 2012 Netherlands F0 T1 No casualties reported Tornado (partly rainwrapped, probably multi-vortex) Damage to property and crops.
Venice tornado 12 June 2012 Veneto, Italy Likely an F2 tornado No casualties reported A tornado hit the eastern isles of Venice, notably Lido, Sant'Elena and Sant'Erasmo, and the nearby town of Treporti, with several damages to houses, boats, cars/lorries and trees[23][24][25]
French tornado 7 July 2012 France 4 - Tornado in France F0, F0, F1, F1 [26][27][28][29]
Northern Poland tornado outbreak 14 July 2012 Poland - 1 fatality, 10 injuries Tornadoes hit northern Poland.[30] Severe damages to houses and infrastructure. 400 ha of forests was destroyed. Two F3/T6 tornadoes are confirmed.[31]
Valencia tornado 30 September 2012 Spain 1 35 injuries An F1 T3 tornado hit a fairground and flattened a Ferris wheel.[32]
Algarve tornadoes 16 November 2012 Algarve in Portugal F3/T6 tornado plus an F0 1 fatality, 13 injuries [33] Two tornadoes hit the coast of the Algarve about 10 km from one another. The strongest of the two hit Silves[34] and Lagoa and was classified by the Portuguese national weather service as F3/T6.[35][36] The weakest, almost certainly an F0, hit Alvor.[37]
Taranto tornado 27-29 November 2012 Italy Greece 6 1 fatality, 42 injuries A tornado struck on 27th Rosignano Marittimo causing damage like an F1 T3. On 28th a huge wedge F3 tornado struck Taranto,Statte and Crispiano with a path of 23 km causing 1 victim and 42 injured, and serious damage to ILVA of Taranto. on 29th 4 tornadoes struck Greece,one of these causing F2 damage and the other like an F1 T2/T3.
Emilia tornado outbreak 3 May 2013 Italy 3 13 injuries 3 Tornadoes have been reported. The first touch down near Modena and hit Castelfranco Emilia causing in some part damages like an F3 T6 tornado. It travelled for 18,8 km. The second tornado hit the village of San Martino Spino,near Mirandola (the same region hit by the Emilia earthquakes of 2012) causing damages like an F2 T5 and 1 injured. The last tornado hit Argelato,San Giorgio in Piano and Bentivoglio ner Bologna causing F3 T6/T7 damages on 25 km path and injuring 12 people.
North Italy outbreak 29 Jul 2013 Italy 4 14 injuries 4 Tornado were reported in North Italy. The first (F1) tornado was in San Remo, a waterspout touches down in the city causing damage to seaside resorts and some houses in 700m. path wounding 2 people. The second tornado (F1) hit Settimo Milanese about 1 hour later, and two tornadoes touch down in the provinces of Milan and Como almost simultaneously in the afternoon. The first, a huge tornado touch down only a few seconds near Veniano, instead the second (F2 T5) traveled for 15 km in the province of Milan and Bergamo causing serious damage in Trezzo sull'Adda and injuring 12 people.
Pommertsweiler tornado 18-19 Aug 2013 Germany, Belgium and Norway 5 27 injuries Some F0 tornado over Belgium,1 F1 T2 in Norway and an F2 T4 tornado in Germany on 19th, injuring 27 people in a campsite
North France outbreak 25 January 2014 United Kingdom, France and Belgium 12 3 injuries 11 F1 tornadoes and 1 F2 tornado were confirmed in that day across United Kingdom (7), France (3) and Belgium (2). A strong F1 struck the city of Nuneaton damaging seriously 5 houses, then an F2 T4 tornado struck the city of Reke,Halluin and Rekkem, with a path of 12,8 km injuring 3 people and damaging several buildings.
Roscommon tornado 12 Feb 2014 Athleague, Ireland - - F0 tornado
Nonantola tornado 30 Apr 2014 Italy 1 5 injuries 1 tornado was confirmed near Modena and two funnels cloud have been reported, one of which probably touch the ground near Minerbio, the same region hit by the tornadoes of 2013. The tornado that hit Nonantola was a likely an F2, maybe a category T5 that travelled for 14 km and injured 5 people in the industrial area.
Padua tornado 07 Jul 2014 Italy >1 - EF0 tornado[38]
North France tornado outbreak 10 August 2014 United Kingdom,France,Belgium,Netherlands and Germany 12 4 injuries 3 F0 tornado, 7 F1 and 2 F2 tornadoes were confirmed that day over United Kingdom (1),France (4),Belgium (3), Netherlands (2) and Germany (2). A strong long-lived F1 struck Achicourt (France) and several other villages over 41 km path. An F2 T4 tornado struck Haarle about 1 hour later damagind several buildings and destroying a forest on 10 km path. In Belgium an F1 in Marbay injured 4 people. In Germany an F2 T4 tornado damaged 50 houses on 9 km path with a width of 200m.
Kariyevo tornado 29 August 2014 Russia , Republic of Bashkortostan 1 2 A wedge F3 tornado struck Kariyevo and Janaul with a total path of 45 km. The storm killed 2 people and injured about 50.
Apulia tornado Outbreak 12 November 2014 Italy , Apulia 4 - 4 tornadoes were confirmed. The first tornado was an strong F1 that struck Ginosa Marina traveling for 9 km. Another F1 struck Carosino near Taranto, while an F2 struck Monacizzo and Torricella traveling for 6 km causing severe damage. A brief waterspout made landfall in Gallipoli not causing damage.
North Germany tornado outbreak 5 May 2015 Germany , Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2 - 2 tornadoes were confirmed in the town of Bützow and in Kreien. Trees were uprooted or snapped, houses lost their roofs and windows. A car was flipped over and dragged 70m further. [39]
South Germany tornado outbreak 13 May 2015 Germany , Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg at least 3 - One F3 tornado which caused severe damage to many buildings was confirmed in the district of Aichach-Friedberg north of Augsburg, [40] and two more in the southern part of the Black Forest [41] [42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d e Atmospheric Research 67–68 (2003): Tornadoes within the Czech Republic from early medieval chronicles to the ‘‘internet society’’ Linked 2013-05-21
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  5. ^ http://curioza.blogspot.com/2013/06/1866-najbardziej-smiercionosne-tornado.html
  6. ^ Gayà, Miquel (Feb 2007). "The 1886 tornado of Madrid". Atmos. Res. 83 (2-4): 201–10. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2005.10.017. 
  7. ^ a b https://www.escholar.manchester.ac.uk/api/datastream?publicationPid=uk-ac-man-scw:142460&datastreamId=POST-PEER-REVIEW-NON-PUBLISHERS.PDF
  8. ^ Nestle, R. (1969). "Der Tornado vom 10. 7. 1968 im Raum Pforzheim". Meteor. Rundsch. 22: 1–3. 
  9. ^ Marcinoniene, Izolda (Jul–Sep 2003). "Tornadoes in Lithuania in the period of 1950–2002 including analysis of the strongest tornado of 29 May 1981". Atmos. Res. 67-68: 475–84. doi:10.1016/S0169-8095(03)00060-7. 
  10. ^ Homar, V.; M. Gayà; R. Romero; C. Ramis; S. Alonso (Jul–Sep 2003). "Tornadoes over complex terrain: an analysis of the 28th August 1999 tornadic event in eastern Spain". Atmos. Res. 67-68: 301–17. doi:10.1016/S0169-8095(03)00064-4. 
  11. ^ Matsangouras, J.T.; P.T. Nastos (2010). "The 27 July 2002 tornado event in Athens, Greece" (PDF). Adv. Sci. Res. 4: 9–13. 
  12. ^ Lemon, Leslie R.; A. Stan-Sion (A. Bell), C. Soci, E. Cordoneanu (Jul–Sep 2003). "A strong, long-track, Romanian tornado". Atmos. Res. 67-68: 391–416. doi:10.1016/S0169-8095(03)00063-2. 
  13. ^ a b Sioutas, Michalis; R. Doe; S. Michaelides; M. Christodoulou1; R. Robins (Jan 2006). "Meteorological conditions contributing to the development of severe tornadoes in southern Cyprus". Weather 61 (1): 10–6. doi:10.1256/wea.268.04. 
  14. ^ http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7774288817480826661&pr=goog-sl
  15. ^ "Six hurt as tornado hits London". BBC. 2006-12-07. Retrieved 2011-12-08. 
  16. ^ Tornado at Salboro (Padua)
  17. ^ Mahieu, Pierre; E. Wesolek (Oct 2009). "The Deadly EF-4 Tornado of August 3, 2008, in Northern France" (PDF). 5th European Conference on Severe Storms. Landshut, Germany: European Severe Storms Laboratory. 
  18. ^ Wesolek, Emmanuel; P. Mahieu (Jun 2011). "The F4 tornado of August 3, 2008, in Northern France: Case study of a tornadic storm in a low CAPE environment". Atmos. Res. 100 (4): 649–56. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.09.003. 
  19. ^ http://www.desastres.org/noticias.php?id=21092009-12
  20. ^ Matsangouras, I.T.; P.T. Nastos and I. Pytharoulis (2011). "Synoptic-mesoscale analysis and numerical modeling of a tornado event on 12 February 2010 in northern Greece". Adv. Sci. Res. 6: 187–94. doi:10.5194/asr-6-187-2011. 
  21. ^ Tornadoes in Venice, Vicenza and Padua, a man killed in Verona
  22. ^ Tornado in the Padua area, damages and injuries
  23. ^ Tornado at Lido and Sant'Elena
  24. ^ Tornado in Venice
  25. ^ Tornado in Venice and on the Venetian Coast: report
  26. ^ Keraunos: Tornade à Montviette (14) le 7 juillet 2012 Re-linked 21/05/2013
  27. ^ Keraunos: Tornade à Verderel-lès-Sauqueuse (60) le 7 juillet 2012 Re-linked 2013-05-21
  28. ^ Keraunos: Tornade à Saint-Pierre-de-Manneville (76) le 7 juillet 2012 Re-linked 2013-05-21
  29. ^ Keraunos: Tornade à Fervaques (14) le 7 juillet 2012 Re-linked 2013-05-21
  30. ^ "Poland shocked by tornadoes, one dead". Reuters. 15 July 2012. 
  31. ^ [10]
  32. ^ "35 injured as tornado knocks over Ferris wheel at fairground in Spain", Independent.ie
  33. ^ [11]
  34. ^ Tornado in Silves LIVE (video footage)
  35. ^ [12],
  36. ^ [13],
  37. ^ [14],
  38. ^ "Vento a 108 chilometri orari, decine di fulmini: ecco i dati del nubifragio". il Mattino di Padova. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  39. ^ http://www.bild.de/news/inland/wetter/wetter-kurz-sommer-und-gewitter-dann-kracht-es-bei-mir-40821832.bild.html
  40. ^ http://www.augsburger-allgemeine.de/augsburg-land/Tornado-Opfern-droht-die-Obdachlosigkeit-id34082627.html
  41. ^ http://www.suedkurier.de/region/schwarzwald-baar-heuberg/blumberg/Unwetter-bei-Fuetzen-Tornado-knickt-Strommast;art372508,7853787
  42. ^ http://www.badische-zeitung.de/muenstertal/windhose-sorgt-fuer-jede-menge-kleinholz--104831884.html

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]