Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
|Hamilton Township, New Jersey|
|Motto: America's Favorite Hometown|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 11, 1842|
|• Type||Faulkner Act Mayor-Council|
|• Mayor||Kelly Yaede (R, term ends December 31, 2013)|
|• Administrator||John Ricci|
|• Clerk||Eileen A. Gore|
|• Total||40.387 sq mi (104.602 km2)|
|• Land||39.489 sq mi (102.277 km2)|
|• Water||0.898 sq mi (2.325 km2) 2.22%|
|Area rank||55th of 566 in state
2nd of 13 in county
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Rank||9th of 566 in state
1st of 13 in county
|• Density||2,240.2/sq mi (864.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||272nd of 566 in state
7th of 13 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||08609, 08610, 08611, 08619, 08620, 08629, 08690, 08691|
|GNIS feature ID||0882127|
Hamilton Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 88,464, reflecting an increase of 1,355 (+1.6%) from the 87,109 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 556 (+0.6%) from the 86,553 counted in the 1990 Census. The township was the state's 9th-largest municipality, after having been ranked 10th in 2000. The township is located immediately east of the city of Trenton, the state's capital.
Hamilton was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 11, 1842, from portions of the now-defunct Nottingham Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Chambersburg borough (April 1, 1872, annexed by Trenton in 1888) and Wilbur borough (April 24, 1891, annexed by Trenton in 1898). Hamilton Township derives its name from the village of Hamilton Square, which may or may not have been named for Alexander Hamilton.
In 2006, Hamilton Township was ranked by Morgan Quitno as the eighteenth safest city in the United States, out of 369 cities nationwide. In the company's 2005 survey, the Township was ranked 15th safest of 354 cities surveyed nationwide.
Hamilton Township is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 40.387 square miles (104.602 km2), of which, 39.489 square miles (102.277 km2) of it is land and 0.898 square miles (2.325 km2) of it (2.22%) is water.(40.20704,-74.674431). According to the
Although Hamilton is one of the largest townships in New Jersey it doesn't have a true "downtown", but a number of settlements within the township form smaller commercial centers. Groveville (with a 2010 Census population of 2,945), Hamilton Square (12,784), Mercerville (13,230), White Horse (9,494) and Yardville (7,186) are all census-designated places and unincorporated communitys located within the township.
As of late 2005, much of the new residential development in Hamilton has been geared to accommodating the aging baby boomer generation. Retirement communities and assisted-living facilities outpace that of traditional residential communities. Such construction has been spurred by several factors. The first being that school budgets have always been kept low. Hamilton voters have a proven track record for vetoing school budgets in their yearly elections to keep taxes low. As a result, the planning board has been reluctant to authorize construction of housing that will increase the student population. Another reason is a series of improvements to Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital. The hospital is now a highly respected source of care in the state. It is situated next to where most of the under-developed land in the township used to be, land that is now home to the active older-adult communities.
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 88,464 people, 34,534 households, and 23,759 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,240.2 inhabitants per square mile (864.9 /km2). There were 36,170 housing units at an average density of 915.9 per square mile (353.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 78.38% (69,340) White, 11.78% (10,419) Black or African American, 0.17% (149) Native American, 3.29% (2,914) Asian, 0.09% (79) Pacific Islander, 4.27% (3,775) from other races, and 2.02% (1,788) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.87% (9,613) of the population.
There were 34,534 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the township the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $72,026 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,663) and the median family income was $87,512 (+/- $2,631). Males had a median income of $58,674 (+/- $3,519) versus $45,661 (+/- $1,733) for females. The per capita income for the township was $32,344 (+/- $701). About 3.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 87,109 people, 33,523 households, and 23,667 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,208.0 people per square mile (852.5/km²). There were 34,535 housing units at an average density of 875.4 per square mile (338.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 85.15% White, 8.16% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.13% of the population.
There were 33,523 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the township the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $57,110, and the median income for a family was $66,986. Males had a median income of $46,360 versus $33,673 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,441. About 2.8% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
Hamilton Township is governed under the Mayor-Council system of New Jersey municipal government under the Faulkner Act by a mayor and a five-member township council, with all elected representatives serving four-year terms of office. Elections alternate in a four-year cycle, with the mayor and two township council members up for election and then the three other township council seats coming up to vote two years later.
As of 2013[update], the Mayor of Hamilton Township is Kelly Yaede (R, serving an unexpired term of office that ends November 5, 2013). Members of the Township Council are Council President Edward R. Gore (R, 2013), David Kenny (R, 2013), Kevin Meara (R, 2015), Dennis Pone (R, 2013) and Ileana Schirmer (R, 2013).
2012 Mayoral resignation
On April 27, 2012, Mayor John Bencivengo was charged by the US Attorney's office for corruption in the extortion of payments in exchange for influencing the awarding of a health insurance contract for the Township's Board of Education. On June 22, 2012 he was indicted by a federal grand jury on five criminal counts including extortion, attempted extortion, money laundering and two counts related to the federal travel act.
On June 29, 2012, Rob Warney, a former Hamilton Township Director in Mayor John Bencivengo's cabinet, pleaded guilty before US District Court Judge Peter Sheridan to laundering money related to the federal bribery indictment against Mayor Bencivengo. Warney also admitted to accepting a bribe in 2006 in exchange for his vote and influence over a health insurance broker's contract.
On November 19, 2012, Bencivengo was found guilty on all counts of corruption, extortion and bribery. His sentencing date was set for February 27, 2013. He is facing 20 years in prison. Bencivengo submitted his resignation effective November 21.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen). Following the death of Frank Lautenberg on June 3, 2013, Governor Chris Christie named New Jersey Attorney General Jeffrey Chiesa (R, Branchburg) to fill the vacant seat on an interim basis from June 10 until an October special election is held to fill the balance of Lautenberg's term.
The 14th district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Linda R. Greenstein (D, Plainsboro Township and in the General Assembly by Daniel R. Benson (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County) and Wayne DeAngelo (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. As of 2013[update], the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D; term ends December 31, 2013, Princeton). Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the board selects a Freeholder Chair and Vice-Chair from among its members. Mercer County's freeholders are Freeholder Chair John Cimino (D; 2014, Hamilton Township), Freeholder Vice Chair Andrew Koontz (D; 2013, Princeton), Ann M. Cannon (D; 2015, East Windsor Township), Anthony P. Carabelli (D; 2013, Trenton), Pasqual "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (D; 2015, Lawrence Township), Samuel T. Frisby (D; 2015; Trenton) and Lucylle R. S. Walter (D; 2014, Ewing Township) Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Paula Sollami Covello (D, 2015). Sheriff John A. "Jack" Kemler (D, 2014) and Surrogate Dianne Gerofsky (D, 2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 56,202 registered voters in Hamilton Township, of which 18,266 (32.5%) were registered as Democrats, 10,402 (18.5%) were registered as Republicans and 27,508 (48.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 26 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.5% of the vote here (23,658 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 43.9% (19,422 votes) and other candidates with 1.5% (679 votes), among the 44,201 ballots cast by the township's 58,979 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.9%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 49.0% of the vote here (20,874 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 48.5% (20,637 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (376 votes), among the 42,561 ballots cast by the township's 56,332 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 75.6.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 47.4% of the vote here (14,234 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 45.0% (13,490 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.4% (1,629 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (324 votes), among the 29,999 ballots cast by the township's 57,543 registered voters, yielding a 52.1% turnout.
The Hamilton Township School District serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are 17 K-5 (except as noted) elementary schools — Alexander Elementary School (grades K-5; 369 students), Greenwood Elementary School (PreK-5; 230), Kisthardt Elementary School (227), Klockner Elementary School (242), Kuser Elementary School (353), Lalor Elementary School (268), Langtree Elementary School (373), McGalliard Elementary School (287), Mercerville Elementary School (382), Morgan Elementary School (382), Robinson Elementary School (405), Sayen Elementary School (301), Sunnybrae Elementary School (334), University Heights Elementary School (355), Wilson Elementary School (374), Yardville Elementary School (PreK-5; 279) and Yardville Heights Elementary School (268) — three middle schools for grades 6-8 — Crockett Middle School (884) Grice Middle School (935) Reynolds Middle School (1,099) — And three high schools for 9-12 — Steinert High School (East; 1,532) Nottingham High School (North; 1,366) Hamilton High School (West; 1,313) — along with Hamilton Educational Program (HEP) at Willey Campus.
Situated right next to the New Jersey state capital of Trenton, Hamilton is a strategic town in New Jersey. As New Jersey's eighth-largest municipality, Hamilton Township is 65 miles (105 km) away from New York City and 35 miles (56 km) away from Philadelphia. Hamilton is also close to most points along the Jersey Shore. By car, Hamilton is about 80 minutes from New York City and 50 minutes from Philadelphia. The train ride to New York is slightly shorter than the drive into New York while the train ride to Philadelphia is slightly longer than the drive into Philadelphia. With nearly 90,000 residents and 40 square miles (100 km2) of land, it is contains a rich mix of neighborhoods. With a bustling, modern train station and major roads passing through, such as the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95), Interstate 295, Interstate 195, U.S. Route 130, U.S. Route 206 and Route 33, it is a transportation hub. Hamilton is the only municipality in the state that hosts Interstate 95 and both of its auxiliary routes, Interstates 195 and 295.
With the addition of the modern Hamilton train station located on Sloan Avenue just off I-295 at Exit 65B on New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line, the township has attracted more New York City-based commuters to the area. The station offers service to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to Trenton station. In Trenton station, there is a SEPTA Trenton Line Regional Rail train to and from Philadelphia.
Located in Hamilton Township is the neighborhood of White Horse.
The Turnpike's Woodrow Wilson service area is located between Interchanges 7 and 7A northbound at milepost 58.7. The Richard Stockton service area is located between Interchanges 7A and 7 southbound at milepost 58.7. No turnpike interchange is located in the township, but the closest exit is at Interchange 7A along I-195 in neighboring Robbinsville Township.
The New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTPA) is planning to widen the Turnpike (with the "dual-dual" configuration) between Exit 6 (in Mansfield Township) and Exit 8A (in Monroe Township), which may require the condemnation of part of the Richard Stockton Service Area and the Woodrow Wilson Service Area. New entrance & exit ramps would be constructed as well to access the service areas.
In the news
- The Megan Kanka case, for whom Megan's Law was named, occurred in Hamilton Township.
- Some letters involved in the 2001 anthrax attacks were processed through the United States Postal Service Regional Mail Facility in Hamilton Township. The building was closed for more than four years while it was decontaminated at a cost of $65 million, but an improvised post office was made from tents and canopies in the building's vicinity.
- The annual Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree chosen for 2008 was grown in Hamilton. It was a 77-year-old Norway Spruce weighing 8 tons and rising 72 feet (22 m) that was located off the side of Klockner Road at the Tree King Tree Mart.
Points of interest
- Hamilton hosts one of the largest recreational parks in the state, and borders another. Veterans Park is 350 acres (1.4 km2) and is housed entirely in the township. Mercer County Park borders the township to the North and encompasses 2,500 acres (10 km2) of land that was shared from Hamilton Township along with neighboring Lawrence Township and West Windsor Township. This park contains one of the largest man-made lakes in the state. The lake was built as a result of a Princeton University grant as a place for the University's crew team to practice and compete.
- The Grounds for Sculpture is a 35-acre (140,000 m2) sculpture park which houses more than 230 sculptures, gardens, water features, and other nature scenes. The organization's mission is to promote the appreciation of arts and sculpture.
- Sayen Park Botanical Garden - Named after Fredrick Sayen because it was originally his land and his home.
- Quakerbridge Road - George Washington crossed this road from Princeton on his way to Trenton.
Notable current and former residents of Hamilton Township include:
- Samuel Alito (born 1950), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- Bill Baroni (born 1971), Deputy Executive Director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, former state senator and assemblyman.
- Daniel R. Benson (born 1975), member of the New Jersey General Assembly and former Hamilton Township Councilman.
- Wayne DeAngelo (born 1965), member of the New Jersey General Assembly and former Hamilton Township Councilman.
- Dan Donigan (born 1967), retired soccer forward and current head coach of Rutgers University Men's Soccer team.
- Colin Ferrell (born 1984), defensive tackle for the Indianapolis Colts, who played collegiate football at Kent State University.
- Eddie Gaven (born 1986), soccer player who plays for the Columbus Crew of Major League Soccer.
- Glen Gilmore, former mayor of Hamilton Township.
- Janice Harsanyi (1930–2007), soprano singer and college professor.
- Peter Inverso (born 1938), former member of the New Jersey Senate.
- Dahntay Jones (born 1980), professional basketball player, currently playing for the Sacramento Kings.
- Megan Kanka (c. 1987–1994), whose murder inspired Megan's Law.
- Tad Kornegay (born 1982) defensive back for the Saskatchewan Roughriders in the Canadian Football League.
- Paul Kramer (born 1933), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Chris Pittaro (born 1961), former Major League Baseball infielder.
- George R. Robbins (1814–1875), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1855 to 1859.
- Chris Smith (born 1953), member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey's 4th congressional district.
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- Davis, Mike. "Hamilton Mayor John Bencivengo is indicted by grand jury ", The Times (Trenton),
- Duffy, Erin. "Hamilton official admits role as intermediary for bribes solicited by Mayor John Bencivengo", The Times (Trenton), June 29, 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012. "A Hamilton administrator who resigned abruptly earlier this week admitted today in federal court that he was the intermediary who funneled bribes to Mayor John Bencivengo."
- Davis, Mike. "Hamilton Mayor John Bencivengo resigns after being found guilty of taking $12,400 in bribes", The Times (Trenton), November 20, 2012. Accessed November 21, 2012. "Hamilton Mayor John Bencivengo will resign from his $108,000-a-year job tomorrow, 24 hours after he was convicted of taking bribes from a health insurance broker to help influence a school board contract."
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- Duffy, Erin. "Hamilton marks 10 year anniversary of anthrax attacks", The Times (Trenton), October 19, 2011. Accessed April 30, 2012. "By Oct. 18, 2001, the Route 130 facility was closed after anthrax spores were found inside and a handful of workers were confirmed to have cases of both inhalational and skin anthrax. Nearly 1,000 workers were treated for potential exposure, and the Hamilton facility remained closed for nearly five years, subject to dozens of tests and a $65 million cleanup."
- Jaccarino, Mike; and Melago, Carrie. "Planted with love: Rockefeller Center finds its Christmas tree in Hamilton, New Jersey", Daily News (New York), November 13, 2008. Accessed April 30, 2012. "Though Kremper and her husband, Joseph Varanyak, aren't alive to enjoy the fanfare, their sons beamed Thursday, when the 72-foot-high tree was cut down from their Hamilton, N.J., front yard."
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- Colin Ferrell, Indianapolis Colts. Accessed August 11, 2008.
- Giase, Frank. "Hamilton native Gaven will face Red Bulls, his former team, in MLS Cup", The Star-Ledger, November 19, 2008. Accessed February 22, 2011.
- Russakoff, Dale. "Outside Cities, Response Differs; Anthrax Scenario in N.J. Exposes Hole in Bioterror Safety Net", The Washington Post, October 29, 2001. Accessed February 22, 2011. "An impending [Cipro] free-for-all was averted here only when a high- energy suburban mayor, Glen Gilmore of Hamilton Township (population: 90,000), called the local community hospital, arranged for it to become a central treatment point and dispatched a police cruiser to Southern New Jersey to pick up 14,000 Cipro tablets from the hospital's private distributor."
- Staff. "Garden Staters will be among the nearly one million deer hun(ters)", Daily Record (Morristown), November 27, 2002. Accessed February 22, 2011. "A bill to allow Sunday hunting in our state, S-2013, has been introduced in the Senate, sponsored by Peter Inverso of Hamilton Township."
- Battista, Judy. "COLLEGE BASKETBALL; Rutgers Could Have a Post-Season With Meaning", The New York Times, February 21, 1999. Accessed March 17, 2012. "With his first full recruiting class, one of the best in the Big East, Bannon got Dahntay Jones, a guard from Hamilton Square, N.J., and Rashod Kent, a forward from West Virginia."
- Glaberson, William. "Jury Selection Under Way In Megan Kanka's Killing", The New York Times, January 14, 1997. Accessed March 17, 2012. "The Kanka family lived in Hamilton Township in Mercer County, about 25 miles south of here."
- CFL.ca Player Profile. Accessed December 17, 2007. "Thaddeus was An All-County and All-Area selection at Hamilton High School West in Trenton [sic], New Jersey"
- Assemblyman Paul Kramer, New Jersey Legislature, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 25, 1998. Accessed June 8, 2010.
- Staff. "Draft fulfills an officer's dream", Contra Costa Times, June 17, 2007. Accessed February 22, 2011. "Chris Pittaro, the A's national field coordinator, is a fellow native of Hamilton Township and has known of Johnston since his days in American Legion ball."
- George Robbins Robbins, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 25, 2007.
- Cannon, Kathleen. "Challenger questions Smith on vets' issues", Burlington County Times, October 10, 2004. Accessed February 22, 2011. "As U.S. Rep. Chris Smith, R-4th of Hamilton Township, this weekend is due to receive an award from the Vietnam Veterans of America, his Democratic challenger, Amy Vasquez of Burlington City, issued a statement criticizing his record on veterans issues."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey|
- Hamilton Township website
- Hamilton Township Public Schools
- Hamilton Township Public Schools's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Hamilton Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Hamilton Township Election and Polling Place information
- Hamilton Township Politics Blog
- Cub Scout Pack 87, Hamilton Township
- Hamilton Township Recreation Soccer Association
||Trenton||Lawrence Township||West Windsor Township|
|Delaware River||Robbinsville Township|
|Falls Township, PA||Bordentown city
|Upper Freehold Township
North Hanover Township