Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Yugoslavia
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia
Flag
(1961–1991)
Flag
(1992)
Member station JRT
National selection events Jugovizija (Yugovision) (1961–1972, 1981–1992)
Opatija Festival (1973–1976)
Appearances
Appearances 27
First appearance 1961
Last appearance 1992
Best result 1st: 1989
Worst result Last: 1964
External links
Yugoslavia
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia →'s page at Eurovision.tv
Vice Vukov performing "Čežnja" in Naples
Eva Sršen performing "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" in Amsterdam

Yugoslavia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 27 times, debuting in 1961 and competing every year until its last appearance in 1992, with the exceptions of 1977–1980, and 1985. Yugoslavia won the 1989 contest and hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1990.

History[edit]

1961–1991: Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961. The national pre-selection organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT) was Jugovizija, and it featured entries submitted by the subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav federation: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina (RTV Sarajevo), SR Croatia (RTV Zagreb and RTV Split[1]), SR Macedonia (RTV Skopje), SR Montenegro (RTV Titograd), SR Serbia (RTV Belgrade) and SR Slovenia (RTV Ljubljana) and also the broadcasting services of the autonomous provinces within SR Serbia: SAP Kosovo (RTV Priština) and SAP Vojvodina (RTV Novi Sad).[2] The first to compete in 1961 were Belgrade, Ljubljana and Zagreb, while the others joined in the following years.[2]

During its existence, SFR Yugoslavia was represented by a variety of artists from five of the eight Yugoslav federal units. These artists were from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia, with Macedonia, Vojvodina, and Kosovo never passing the national pre-selection. Croatia was the most successful constituent republic, as its performers won the national contest 13 out of the 26 times SFR Yugoslavia took part in the contest. From 1977 to 1980, and in 1985, Yugoslavia didn't participate in the contest.

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia won the Eurovision Song Contest 1989 with the song "Rock Me" by the group Riva. Following the rules of the contest, the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 took place in Zagreb, as the entry came from Croatia.

1992: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

During the process of breakup of SFR Yugoslavia in 1991, the former constituent republics: Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia proclaimed independence and hence withdrew from Jugovizija, while the then-leaderships of Serbia and Montenegro agreed to maintain a close alliance. On 28 March 1992, the countries that still (at least formally) constituted the fading and shrunken former Yugoslav federation took part in 1992 Jugovizija held in Belgrade. It included artists not only from Serbia and Montenegro, but also from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although the latter declared independence on 1 March of that year. Among it candidates was Alma Čardžić.[3] The winner of that pre-selection was "Ljubim te pesmama" performed by Extra Nena (Snežana Berić) from Serbia.[4] Before that year's ESC took place, on 28 April, a new federative state was formed consisting of Serbia and Montenegro called Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which was represented by the previously mentioned Extra Nena in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992 held on 9 May.[5][6][7]

1993–present: After the breakup of SFRY[edit]

After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia its former constituent republics proclaimed independence. The once subnational public radio and TV stations changed to national but under new names, including: RTV Slovenia, HRT, RTS, MKRTV and so on. Since joining the EBU respectively, all of the ex-Yugoslav countries have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.

Overall the results of the new republics have been mixed: Croatia had some early successes in the mid-1990s, and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina have enjoyed some success in recent years, while the Republic of Macedonia has never secured a top 10 result despite making it through to the final each year until 2008, in which it lost at the semi-final stage. In 2004, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro debuted and came in 2nd and in 2007, Montenegro joined the contest but failed to qualify for the final, while Serbia won the Eurovision Song Contest the first time it entered as an independent nation. In 2013, no ex-Yugoslav country secured a spot in the final, as Bosnia & Herzegovina withdrew before the contest began, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro & Serbia all failed to qualify in the first semi-final and Macedonia failed to qualify in the second semi-final.

Contestants[edit]

The following lists the 27 contestants that won the local competition and went on to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. Note that the selected entries of 1978–1980 and 1985 did not actually compete at the contest, as Yugoslavia did not participate during those years because of internal political reasons.[specify] Yugoslavia is one of the few countries that have sent all the songs in one of the official languages.

Table key

     Winner
     Second place
     Third place
     Last place
     Did not compete or was relegated
Year Artist Language Title Place Points
1961 Ljiljana Petrović Serbian "Neke davne zvezde"
(Неке давне звезде)
8 9
1962 Lola Novaković Serbian "Ne pali svetlo u sumrak"
(Не пали светло у сумрак)
4 10
1963 Vice Vukov Croatian "Brodovi" 11 3
1964 Sabahudin Kurt Bosnian "Život je sklopio krug" 13 0
1965 Vice Vukov Croatian "Čežnja" 12 2
1966 Berta Ambrož Slovene "Brez besed" 7 9
1967 Lado Leskovar Slovene "Vse rože sveta" 8 7
1968 Luciano Capurso & Hamo Hajdarhodžić Croatian "Jedan dan" 7 8
1969 Ivan & 3M Croatian "Pozdrav svijetu" 13 5
1970 Eva Sršen Slovene "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" 11 4
1971 Kićo Slabinac Croatian "Tvoj dječak je tužan" 14 68
1972 Tereza Kesovija Croatian "Muzika i ti" 9 87
1973 Zdravko Čolić Bosnian "Gori vatra" 15 65
1974 Korni Grupa Serbian "Moja generacija"
(Моја генерација)
12 6
1975 Pepel in Kri Slovene "Dan ljubezni" 13 22
1976 Ambasadori Bosnian "Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" 17 10
1977
Did Not Compete
1978
1979
1980
1981 Vajta Bosnian "Lejla" 15 35
1982 Aska Serbian "Halo, Halo"
(Хало, хало)
14 21
1983 Danijel Croatian "Džuli" 4 125
1984 Vlado & Isolda Croatian "Ciao, amore" 18 26
1985
Did Not Compete
1986 Doris Dragović Croatian "Željo moja" 11 49
1987 Novi Fosili Croatian "Ja sam za ples" 4 92
1988 Srebrna Krila Croatian "Mangup" 6 87
1989 Riva Croatian "Rock Me" 1 137
1990 Tajči Croatian "Hajde da ludujemo" 7 81
1991 Baby Doll Serbian "Brazil"
(Бразил)
21 1
1992 Extra Nena Serbian "Ljubim te pesmama"
(Љубим те песмама)
13 44

Voting history[edit]

Between 1961 and 1992, Yugoslavia's voting history was as follows:

12 Points[edit]

Table key

     Winner - Yugoslavia gave 12 points to a winning song / Yugoslavia won the contest.
     Second place - Yugoslavia gave 12 points to a runner-up song / Yugoslavia was runner-up in the contest.
     Third place - Yugoslavia gave 12 points to a third place song / Yugoslavia came third place in the contest.
Year Given Received
1975  United Kingdom
None
1976  France
None
1977 Did not Participate
1978
1979
1980
1981   Switzerland
None
1982  Germany  Sweden
1983  Luxembourg  Belgium
 Denmark
 Finland
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
1984  Cyprus
None
1985 Did not Participate
1986  Turkey  Cyprus
1987  Italy  Norway
 Turkey
1988  France  Denmark
 Iceland
 Israel
1989  Sweden  Ireland
 Israel
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
1990  France  Israel
 Turkey
1991  Israel
None
1992  Israel
None

Hostings[edit]

Year Location Venue Presenters
1990 Socialist Republic of Croatia Zagreb Koncertna dvorana Vatroslav Lisinski, Zagreb, SR Croatia Helga Vlahović and Oliver Mlakar

Commentators and Spokespeople[edit]

Year(s) Serbian Commentator Croatian Commentator Slovene Commentator Spokesperson
1961 Ljubomir Vukadinović Gordana Bonetti Tomaž Terček Unknown
1962 Mladen Delić
1963 Miloje Orlović
1964 Miloje Orlović Oliver Mlakar
1965 Mladen Delić
1966 Dragana Marković
1967 Oliver Mlakar
1968 Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1969 Helga Vlahović
1970 Milovan Ilić Oliver Mlakar Dragana Marković
1971 No Spokesperson
1972
1973
1974 Helga Vlahović
1975 Dragana Marković
1976 Viktor Blažič
1977 Did not participate
1978
1979
1980
1981 Mladen Popović Helga Vlahović
1982 Miša Molk
1983 Boško Negovanović
1984 Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1985 No broadcast Did not participate
1986 Mladen Popović Oliver Mlakar Miša Molk Enver Petrovci
1987 Minja Subota
1988 Slobodan Kaloper Miša Molk
1989 Miša Molk Dijana Čulić
1990 Branko Uvodić Drago Čulina
1991 Ksenija Urličić Draginja Balać
1992 Separate Countries Veselin Mrđen
  • Due to Croatia and Slovenia becoming independent countries in the break up of Yugoslavia in 1991 and 1992 there was no Croatian or Slovene commentator.

Non-participating years[edit]

In all, Yugoslavia did not participate in 5 contests: from 1977 to 1980 and again in 1985, due to national memorial day for 5 years of anniversary of death of Josip Broz Tito being held in the country.[8]

Despite this Yugoslavia have had organized national finale for 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980 as part of Opatija music festival and 1985 as special show program produced by TV Zagreb.[9]

Year Artist Title
1977 Oliver Dragojević "Zbogom ostaj ljubavi" (Goodbye my love)
1978 Rani mraz "Moja prva ljubav" (My first love)
1979 Meta sekcija "Fly by JAT"
1980 Novi Fosili "Najdraže moje"
1985 Magazin "Istanbul"

[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://free-st.t-com.hr/eurodalmatia/gotovo_za_web/jugovizije/results/1979.htm
  2. ^ a b Jugovizija statistics by year, Eurodalmatia official ESC fan club, Dalmatia, Croatia
  3. ^ Alma Čardžić Bio – Official Site (Bosnian) (Turkish)
  4. ^ Extra Nena Bio – Official Site (Serbian) (English)
  5. ^ "Eurovision Trivia: Did you know...". BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  6. ^ Klier, Marcus (28 September 2007). "Interview with Extra Nena". ESCToday. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  7. ^ Deniz, Jose Miguel Galvan (14 March 2005). "Eurovision shows political side". BBC News. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  8. ^ "History – Eurovision Song Contest 1985". Eurovision.tv. 
  9. ^ a b "Title unknown". [not in citation given]

External links[edit]