Ocean Park Hong Kong
Main entrance of Ocean Park during its 30th anniversary
WOW It's My Park
|Location||Wong Chuk Hang and Nam Long Shan
|Opened||10 January 1977|
|Area||17 hectares (42 acres)|
|Website||Ocean Park Official Website|
|Ocean Park Hong Kong|
Ocean Park Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港海洋公園; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 hoi2 yeung4 gung1 yun2), commonly known as Ocean Park, is a marine mammal park, oceanarium, animal theme park and amusement park, situated in Wong Chuk Hang and Nam Long Shan in the Southern District of Hong Kong. Opened in 1977 by the then Governor of Hong Kong Sir Murray MacLehose, Ocean Park has grown to about 35 attractions and rides. The park has won several awards, including The World's Seventh Most Popular Amusement Park and 33rd Most Visited Tourist Attractions in the World by Forbes.
Ocean Park claims that it received 6.95 million visitors in 2011, awarding it the position of the world's 12th most visited theme park by annual attendance. However, reported attendance for the park's fiscal year 2010/2011 is 5.9 million visitors, placing it behind Hong Kong Disneyland's 5.94 million visitors.
Covering an area of 870,000 square metres (210 acres) of land, the park is separated by a large mountain into two areas, The Summit (Headland) and The Waterfront (Lowland) respectively. The areas can be reached by a 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) cable car system, a shuttle bus, or the Ocean Express funicular railway. As the Headland comprises several hills, visitors can also opt to take the world's second longest outdoor escalator.
The theme park currently has 20 rides, including four rollercoasters, but also houses 11 animal exhibits, such as a giant panda habitat, a jelly fish and Chinese sturgeon aquarium, as well as a four-story aquarium displaying more than 2,000 fish. Between 1979 and 1997, Ocean Park was most famous for its signature killer whale, Miss Hoi Wai (海威小姐).
Opened on 10 January 1977 by the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Murray MacLehose. Ocean Park was constructed with HK$150 million funded by The Hong Kong Jockey Club. The land was provided free by the Hong Kong Government. Between 1982 and 1984, The Hong Kong Jockey Club allocated a further HK$240 million into developing facilities at Tai Shue Wan and thrill rides at the Summit.
Ocean Park ceased to be a subsidiary of the Hong Kong Jockey Club on 1 July 1987, becoming its own statutory body, with a Government-appointed Board. The Hong Kong Jockey Club established a HK$200 million trust to ensure the Park’s continued development. At present, Ocean Park is managed by the Ocean Park Corporation, a financially independent, non-profit organisation.
The Summit (高峰樂園)
Marine World (海洋天地)
- Pacific Pier (太平洋海岸) – Mimics the rocky habitat of 20 resident seals and sea lions on the Northern Californian coast. Allows visitors to walk under the pier to view these marine mammals in the water, complete with simulated waves.
- Atoll Reef (海洋館) - A four-storey high aquarium holding more than 2,000 fish from 250 different species, including the Black Spotted Sting Ray, for which a second generation was successfully bred at Ocean Park.
- Chinese Sturgeon Aquarium – Yangtze River Exploration (中華鱘館- 長江足跡) – Houses rare Chinese sturgeon along with other native species of the Yangtze River in an educational exhibit on this fragile ecosystem.
- Ocean Park Tower (海洋摩天塔) – One of the tallest observation towers in Southeast Asia. Rises 200 metres above sea level with a rotating observation deck at the top offering 360° views of the South China Sea.
- Sea Jelly Spectacular (水母萬花筒) – Showcases an underwater ‘garden’ of over 1,000 sea jellies from around the globe, set to the latest lighting, music and multimedia special effects.
- Ocean Express (海洋列車) – A funicular railway system capable of transporting visitors between the Summit and the Waterfront in 3 minutes with a capacity of carrying 5000 people per hour. This themed ride utilizes multimedia effects to simulate the feeling of travelling into the depths of the sea. The Funicular was supplied by specialist ropeway engineering company Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group  in conjunction with Swiss based Gangloff  who built the Funicular car, the themed multimedia effects were designed and installed by UK based theme park design specialist Sarner Ltd.
- The Dragon (瘋狂過山車) – A custom Arrow Dynamics looping coaster.
- The Abyss (極速之旅) – Raises passengers up 62 metres (203 ft) in 20–25 seconds before thrusting them downward at speeds of up to 65 km/h, even faster than freefalling.
- Flying Swing (飛天鞦韆) – Swings passengers up 7 metres (23 ft) into the air at 11 rpm in an undulating wave motion.
- Crazy Galleon (沖天搖擺船) – A suspended ship that tilts passengers back and forth at a nearly 45° angle, 20 metres above the ground.
- Ferris wheel (摩天巨輪) – Standing 27 metres (89 ft) tall with 18 six-seater gondolas, the Ferris wheel offers views of Ocean Park and the South China Sea.
- The Eagle (翻天飛鷹) – Hoists passengers 23.5 metres (77 ft) into the air and whirls them around at a maximum gyro drive speed of 22 rpm.
- Marine World Games Zone – Features 20 classic arcade games that tests players dexterity and strength.
Thrill Mountain (動感天地)
- Hair Raiser (動感快車) - A B&M Floorless Coaster that opened on 8 December 2011.
- Whirly Bird (超速旋風) - A chair swing ride standing 30 metres (98 ft) tall.
- Bumper Blaster (橫衝直撞) - Bumper cars that can carry 2 in each car.
- Rev Booster (雷霆節拍) - A ride that spins and whirls you in a high speed.
- The Flash (翻天覆地) - A ride that spins you up to 22 metres (72 ft) into to air, hitting 3.9G.
Adventure Land (急流天地)
- Mine Train (越礦飛車) - A steel "mine train" roller coaster made by Zamperla perched on the edge of a cliff overlooking Aberdeen Harbour.
- Raging River (滑浪飛船) – A refreshing water ride that takes passengers through tropical waterfalls, narrow ravines and finishes by shooting them down a slide at almost 60 km/h.
- Ocean Park Escalator (登山電梯) - At 225 metres (738 ft) long, this weatherproof escalator is the second longest outdoor escalator in the world.
Polar Adventure (极地探险)
- Arctic Blast (极地时速) - A steel "power coaster" made by Mack Rides that opened on 13 July 2012.
- Visitors can see king penguins, southern rockhopper penguins, and gentoo penguins at the South Pole Spectacular and walruses, snowy owls, and Arctic foxes at the North Pole Encounter.
The Waterfront (海濱樂園)
Amazing Asian Animals (亞洲動物天地)
- Giant Panda Adventure – An impressive purpose-built habitat that houses rare giant pandas and red pandas, making their first appearance in Hong Kong.
- Panda Village – Showcases clever Asian small-clawed otters and a variety of Asian birdlife in a woodland setting.
- Gator Marsh - A wetland setting, featuring Chinese Alligators, Grass carps and other Asian fishes
- Goldfish Treasures – A goldfish pavilion featuring the latest and rarest varieties like the Black Oranda and Blue Phoenix Eggfish. Educates visitors on the history and importance of the goldfish in Chinese culture.
Lowland Gardens (綠野花園)
- Hong Kong Jockey Club Giant Panda Habitat (香港賽馬會大熊貓園) - Home to two of Ocean Park’s giant pandas, An An and Jia Jia. The Giant Panda Habitat also acts as a resource centre on the care and conservation of this species.
- Sky Fair (七彩升空天地) – Ride a real hot air balloon that soars 100 metres (330 ft) into the air and see majestic views of southern Hong Kong. The area features a carnival setting with clowns, jugglers and acrobats.
- Bungee Trampoline(威水笨豬跳) – Enables visitors to jump very high into the air on large trampolines when strapped in.
Whisker's Harbour (威威天地)
- Dolphin University (海豚學堂) – Dolphins introduce young visitors to marine life and the importance of caring for the ocean. Home to the Park’s dolphin breeding centre, which achieved a world’s first in breeding artificially inseminated bottlenose dolphins.
- Balloon Up-up-and-away (昇空奇遇) – A gentle, colourful hot air balloon-themed Ferris wheel for very young visitors.
- Clown a Round(小丑旋風) – This merry-go-round has funny clown cars for younger kids to whirl around in.
- Frog Hopper (蛙蛙跳)– A kid’s version of a popular thrill ride. Young visitors strap into the mechanized ‘frog’, hop high into the air and land back on their feet.
- Merry-go-round (幻彩旋轉馬)– A classic children’s merry-go-round with gilded fairytale horses.
- Bouncer House (彈彈屋) – An inflatable, fully padded, covered house for children to bounce around in and get plenty of exercise.
- Whiskers Harbour Playground (威威天地遊樂場) – A safe, child (and parent)-friendly haven for kids to run around and explore slides, see-saws, tunnels and jungle gyms.
- Interactive Shadow Play (互動影子樂) – Kids get to play simple spelling and skill games on interactive multimedia screens. Correct answers are rewarded with charming audiovisual presentations.
- Animal Story Corner (動物故事坊) – Children can explore interactive educational displays about different land, air and sea animals, and what makes each of them distinct.
Emperors of the Sky (天上王者)
- An educational bird show featuring birds of prey including steppes eagles, Lanner falcons, striated caracaras and turkey vultures, along with 70 other species of birds, at the newly refurbished Bird Theatre.
Ocean Theatre (海洋劇場)
- Currently shows “Sea Dreams!”, a world-class production featuring the Park’s marine animal stars in an inspirational story about the importance of marine conservation.
Whisker's Harbour (威威天地)
Whisker's Theatre (威威劇場)
- Features two shows, “Sea Lion Fun Time” and “Whiskers and Friends”. The former explores a day in the life of the Park’s sea lions, while the latter is a variety show starring the Park’s mascots.
A pair of Giant Pandas, a male named An An (安安) and a female called Jia Jia (佳佳), were given to Ocean Park by the central government in 1999. To mark the 10th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to Chinese sovereignty, two more pandas were given to Hong Kong. The pair of two year-old bears, a male called Le Le (樂樂) and a female named Ying Ying (盈盈), arrived at Ocean Park from the China Conservation and Research Center in Wolong in Sichuan province on 1 May 2007. After quarantine, they made their first public appearance in Ocean Park on 1 July 2007. A new compound was prepared at the park to house them on their arrival.
In July 2009 Domino and Domisa, two dolphins from Bayworld in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, arrived at Ocean Park. The dolphins, a father and daughter pair, were separated in order to ensure that they do not mate with each other. They will be introduced to other dolphins and form part of Ocean Park's breeding program.
Ocean Park has established a registered charitable non-governmental organization named Ocean Park Conservation Foundation Hong Kong (OPCFHK, 香港海洋公園保育基金). OPCFHK has funded various research projects on dolphins, horseshoe crabs, porpoises, giant pandas, snakes and birds in various Asian countries, including Indonesia, China and the Philippines.
Miss Hoi Wai (海威小姐)
Hoi Wai was a female Orca captured near Iceland in 1977, who performed at Ocean Park between January 1979 and April 1997, when she died due to intestinal bleeding. Hoi wai was about 5 metres (16 ft) long and weighed about 1,800 kilograms (4,000 lb).
Transport within Ocean Park=
||It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article titled Ocean Park Escalators. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2013.|
|This section requires expansion. (June 2013)|
||It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article titled Ocean Park Cable Car. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2013.|
Ocean Park features a 1.5-kilometre (0.93 mi) long cable car system connecting the lowland and the upland areas of the park with an 8.3 minute journey. It has a capacity of 4,000 passengers per hour with 252 cable cars on two pairs of ropeways. Each car has a capacity of six passengers.
||It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article titled Ocean Express. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2013.|
Major annual events
Ocean Park hosts five major events throughout the year: a varying Animal in High Definition Month, the Ocean Park Summer Splash, the Halloween Bash and Christmas and Chinese New Year celebrations.
2009’s Halloween Bash, themed “Haunted Hong Kong”, was a spine-tingling success that featured costumed ‘ghosts’ promoting the event throughout the city. In 2008, the theme for the Halloween Bash was, “Fear Formula”.
The Animal in High Definition Months enable visitors to encounter a variety of rare animals up close, with educational experts on hand to disseminate vital information about these creatures. The Animal in High Definition Month for 2010 has a reptile theme called, “Mighty Dragons”.
Unique park experiences and SmartFun Annual Pass programme
Ocean Park runs a variety of programmes that enables visitors to get close to its resident animals as well as hold events within the Park. Its wildlife encounter programmes run the gamut from hands-on experiences like swimming with dolphins at the Dolphin Encounter, or learning to be a panda keeper at the Honorary Panda Keeper Programme, to tours like the Amazing Animals Ed-Venture and Sea Jellies & Fish Ed-Venture, which take groups behind the scenes at these facilities. The Park can also be chartered for birthday parties, wedding celebrations and evening company outings.
The SmartFun Annual Pass programme was launched in 2009. Apart from allowing its members enhanced or discounted access to the Park and its special events, SmartFun members may also be invited to take part in exclusive education workshops
Ocean Park introduced a waving sea lion named Whiskers (known as Wai Wai in Chinese) as its major mascot on 9 December 2000. Other members of the Ocean Park family include James Fin H2O (a shark), Jewel (a butterfly), Swift (a dolphin), Chief (a parrot), Professor (a turtle), Later Gator (an alligator), and Redd (a red panda).
|This section's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (March 2013)|
Ocean Park unveiled a Master Redevelopment Plan (MRP) in March 2005, which aims to rejuvenate older features at the park, develop significant new areas and double the current amount of attractions from 35 to over 70. The Lowland will be completely redeveloped as a new area called the Waterfront, while the Headland will be transformed into a new section called the Summit, with separate areas where visitors can experience the chill of the North and South Poles or journey through a tropical Rainforest. A dedicated thrill ride area, Thrill Mountain, will be opened for enthusiasts of fast, action-packed attractions, and Ocean Park’s current children’s area, Kids’ World, is now refurbished as Whiskers’ Harbour.
The Waterfront will feature a brand new area, Aqua City, due to open in late 2010. At its heart is the Grand Aquarium, Southeast Asia’s largest and newest aquarium, a massive 3-storey attraction that will house 5,000 fish from 400 species, and contain the world’s biggest aquarium viewing dome. Also at the Waterfront will be Symbio!, the world’s first 360° water screen augmented by water, fire and intelligent lighting effects. The new aquarium is designed by the Pritzker Prize-winning architect Frank Gehry with nightly water shows composed by Academy award-winning Peter Lehman.
Groundbreaking for the MRP took place in November 2006, signalling the start of this HK$5.5 billion project, which will be completed in six years over eight phases while the Park remains open throughout.
The first of these new developments, the Amazing Asian Animals, showcasing some of the Asian region’s most precious endangered creatures, and Ocean Express, a funicular train system capable of transporting 5,000 visitors per hour between the Summit and the Waterfront, were launched in 2009.
In his 2013-14 budget speech, Hong Kong Financial Secretary John Tsang announced that the government will provide a HK$2.3 billion loan to Ocean Park to develop a new all-weather Water World at Tai Shue Wan.
- 5 December 2010, seven tourists were injured when a train driver triggered the emergency braking system by mistake on the Ocean Express tunnel railway at the park. Ocean Park was required to install caps over the emergency brake button for their trains before reopening.
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- Diana Lee, Baby hopes for new HK celebrities, The Standard, April 27, 2007
- Ottermann, Birgit (2009-07-01). "PE dolphins ready for HK trip". News24. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "About Hoi Wai / Suzie (OO7901)". cetacousin.bplaced.net. Cetacean Cousins. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- "They did not survive the show". orcahome.de. Stephan Jacobs. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- Reeves, Randall R.; DeMaster, Douglass P.; Hill, Cynthia L.; Leatherwood, Stephen. "Survivorship of Odontocete Cetaceans at Ocean Park, Hong kong, 1974–1994". Asian Marine Biology (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press). 11–12. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- "Ocean Park: a wonderland in Hong Kong | gbtimes". Radio86.com. 1999-02-22. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
- "樂園1.5公里纜車 盡覽港半島景色". Tvbs.com.tw. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
- Bradsher, Keith (25 March 2007). "Taking to the Sky Above the City Crowds". The New York Times.
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- Disney Rival Ocean Park to Woo Visitors With Egg-Shaped Hong Kong Aquarium Bloomberg.com Wendy Leung - January 11, 2011 12:01 PM GMT+0800
- "Ocean Park Press Release". Ocean Park Hong Kong. 29 August 2011.
- John Tsang (27 February 2013). "2013-14 Budget - Promoting Tourism Industry". Hong Kong Government.
- "TEA/AECOM 2008 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2008. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "TEA/AECOM 2009 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2009. Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "TEA/AECOM 2010 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2010. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
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- "Train accident in HK's Ocean Park injures 7". Chinadaily.com.cn. 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ocean Park, Hong Kong|
- Ocean Park Hong Kong Official Site
- Ocean Park Animal Close Encounters
- Ocean Park Conservation Foundation, Hong Kong (OPCFHK)
- Sarner Ltd UK based Theme Park Design Company