Outline of Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka (orthographic projection).svg

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Sri Lanka:

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a sovereign island nation located in the Indian Ocean about 31 kilometres (19 mi) off the southern coast of India.[1] Sri Lanka is home to about twenty million people.

Because of its location in the path of major sea routes, Sri Lanka is a strategic naval link between West Asia and South East Asia, and has been a center of Buddhist religion and culture from ancient times. Today, the country is a multi-religious and multi-ethnic nation, with more than a quarter of the population following faiths other than Buddhism, notably Hinduism, Christianity and Islam. The Sinhalese community forms the majority of the population, with Tamils, who are concentrated in the north and east of the island, forming the largest ethnic minority. Other communities include the Muslim Moors and Malays and the Burghers.

Famous for the production and export of tea, coffee, coconuts and rubber, Sri Lanka boasts a progressive and modern industrial economy and the highest per capita income in South Asia. The natural beauty of Sri Lanka's tropical forests, beaches and landscape, as well as its rich cultural heritage, make it a world famous tourist destination.

After over two thousand years of rule by local kingdoms, parts of Sri Lanka were colonized by Portugal and the Netherlands beginning in the 16th century, before the control of the entire country was ceded to the British Empire in 1815. During World War II, Sri Lanka served as an important base for Allied forces in the fight against the Japanese Empire.[2] A nationalist political movement arose in the country in the early 20th century with the aim of obtaining political independence, which was eventually granted by the British after peaceful negotiations in 1948.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Sri Lanka

Geography of Sri Lanka[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Sri Lanka

Environment of Sri Lanka[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Sri Lanka

Natural geographic features of Sri Lanka[edit]

Regions of Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Regions of Sri Lanka

Ecoregions of Sri Lanka[edit]

Administrative divisions of Sri Lanka[edit]

Provinces of Sri Lanka[edit]
Districts of Sri Lanka[edit]

Demography of Sri Lanka[edit]

Government and politics of Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Government of Sri Lanka and Politics of Sri Lanka

Branches of the government of Sri Lanka[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Sri Lanka[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Sri Lanka[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Sri Lanka[edit]

Foreign relations of Sri Lanka[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Law of Sri Lanka

Military of Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Military of Sri Lanka

Local government in Sri Lanka[edit]

History of Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: History of Sri Lanka and Timeline of the history of Sri Lanka

Culture of Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Culture of Sri Lanka
Architecture

Art in Sri Lanka[edit]

Sports in Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Sports in Sri Lanka

Economy and infrastructure of Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Economy of Sri Lanka

Education in Sri Lanka[edit]

Health in Sri Lanka[edit]

Main article: Health in Sri Lanka

See also[edit]

Main article: Sri Lanka

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sri Lanka". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ British Prime Minister Winston Churchill described the moment a Japanese fleet prepared to invade Sri Lanka as "the most dangerous and distressing moment of the entire conflict." - Commonwealth Air Training Program Museum, The Saviour of Ceylon

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Sri Lanka

Government
Tourism
Business
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