Portal:Pittsburgh

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Pittsburgh is the second largest city in Pennsylvania and its metropolitan area ranks as the largest in both Appalachia and the Ohio River Valley while being the 22nd largest urban area in the United States.

Pittsburgh is dominated by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers which form the Ohio River. This strategic juncture was a major site of the North American theater of the Seven Years' War, with Great Britain winning control in 1758 to establish Fort Pitt in honor of "The Great Commoner", William Pitt. Following the American Revolution, the area grew as an important transportation center and primary gateway to the American frontier. 19th century coal and iron production made Pittsburgh into the world leader of steel and by 1910 the city was the eighth largest in the United States. With the collapse of American industries in the 1980s, Pittsburgh lost population but has successfully transitioned its economy into a world leader of healthcare, technology, education, and financial services.

Pittsburgh is known colloquially as "The Steel City", for its continued leadership in steel production, as well as "The City of Bridges" for its world record 466 structures. The city's official colors of black and gold are so symbolic that all pro-sports teams from the area, the Penguins, Pirates, and Steelers have also adopted them. Multiple publications have named Pittsburgh the "most livable city" in the United States for its low crime, affordability, and plentiful educational, cultural, and recreational amenities with its skyline vistas ranked by USA Today as second only to the Grand Canyon.

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The three most beautiful cities in the world are Paris; St. Petersburg, Russia; and Pittsburgh. If Pittsburgh were situated somewhere in the heart of Europe, tourists would eagerly journey hundreds of miles out of their way to visit it. Its setting is spectacular . . .
~ Brendan Gill The New Yorker, 1989

more Pittsburgh quotes at Wikiquote!

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Photo credit: Moira Burke
Hall of Architecture at the Carnegie Museum of Art

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Pinkerton men leave the barges after their surrender during the Homestead Strike
The Homestead Strike was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892 that resulted in several deaths and the eventual involvement of the Pennsylvania state militia . It was one of the most serious disputes in US labor history. The dispute occurred in the Pittsburgh-area town of Homestead, Pennsylvania, between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers (the AA) and the Carnegie Steel Company. The final result was a major defeat for the union, and a setback for efforts to unionize steelworkers.

The Bost Building, AA headquarters during the strike and today a National Historic Landmark. The pumphouse where the gunfight occurred remains as a museum and meeting hall. There are several historical markers as well as a metal commemorative sign with the US Steel logo that reads "In Honor Of The Workers."

Sports

Pitt Panthers basketball at the Petersen Events Center
The Pittsburgh Panthers, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers, are the athletic teams of University of Pittsburgh. Pitt fields 19 varsity teams at the highest level of competitive collegiate athletics in the United States, NCAA Division I, which compete as members of the Big East Conference, Eastern Wrestling League, East Atlantic Gymnastics League, and Eastern College Athletic Conference. The 26 time bowl qualifying football team founded in 1889 and the thirty time tournament qualifying basketball team founded in 1905, are the most popular sports Pitt fields and enjoy significant local and national followings. Heinz Field hosts the football team and the Petersen Events Center hosts the basketball team.

The university's athletic program is one of only five current NCAA Division 1A schools to have won multiple national championships in both football (9) and basketball (2), and the Panthers have been ranked as having among the best combinations of football and basketball programs by multiple publications. Pitt was ranked as having the fifth best combination of football and basketball programs in CBSSports.com's Flourishing Five ranking in 2010. In its "Hoops & Helmets" list of the best combinations, CollegeFootballNews.com has ranked Pitt fifth in 2010 and 3rd in 2009.

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Pittsburgh

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You are invited to participate in WikiProject Pittsburgh, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about the City of Pittsburgh and the surrounding Western Pennsylvania area. Please see the Pittsburgh WikiProject page for more information. See yinz there!

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Hall of Architecture
The Carnegie Museum of Art, located in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is an art museum founded in 1895 by the Pittsburgh-based industrialist Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie envisioned a museum collection consisting of the "Old Masters of tomorrow" and the Carnegie Museum of Art became, arguably, the first museum of modern art in the United States. The museum presents as many as 15 changing exhibitions annually and continues Carnegie's love of contemporary art by staging the Carnegie International every few years. Its permanent collection comprises roughly 35,000 works and includes European and American decorative arts from the late seventeenth century to the present, works on paper, paintings, prints, sculptures and installations, film and video works, as well as plaster casts of outstanding classical, ancient, and medieval architectural. Approximately 1,800 works are on view at any given time in the complex. The museum was featured prominently in the 1983 Academy Award winning Flashdance.

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Mark Cuban
Mark Cuban (born July 31, 1958) is an American entrepreneur. He is the owner of the Dallas Mavericks, an NBA basketball team, owner of Landmark Theatres, and Chairman of HDNet, an HDTV cable network. Mark Cuban was born in Pittsburgh and grew up in the Pittsburgh suburb of Mt. Lebanon. Cuban enrolled as a full time student at the University of Pittsburgh, where after one year he transferred to Indiana University. After earning billions in the Dot-com boom, in 2000 he purchased a majority stake in the NBA Dallas Mavericks basketball team. Cuban's ownership has been the source of extensive media attention and controversy involving league policies and fines. He has also appeared in several television shows and films, sometimes as himself, including an appearance on The Simpsons and Dancing with the Stars.

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