Welcome to the Pittsburgh Portal
Pittsburgh is the second largest city in Pennsylvania and its metropolitan area ranks as the largest in both Appalachia and the Ohio River Valley while being the 22nd largest urban area in the United States.
Pittsburgh is dominated by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers which form the Ohio River. This strategic juncture was a major site of the North American theater of the Seven Years' War, with Great Britain winning control in 1758 to establish Fort Pitt in honor of "The Great Commoner", William Pitt. Following the American Revolution, the area grew as an important transportation center and primary gateway to the American frontier. 19th century coal and iron production made Pittsburgh into the world leader of steel and by 1910 the city was the eighth largest in the United States. With the collapse of American industries in the 1980s, Pittsburgh lost population but has successfully transitioned its economy into a world leader of healthcare, technology, education, and financial services.
Pittsburgh is known colloquially as "The Steel City", for its continued leadership in steel production, as well as "The City of Bridges" for its world record 466 structures. The city's official colors of black and gold are so symbolic that all pro-sports teams from the area, the Penguins, Pirates, and Steelers have also adopted them. Multiple publications have named Pittsburgh the "most livable city" in the United States for its low crime, affordability, and plentiful educational, cultural, and recreational amenities with its skyline vistas ranked by USA Today as second only to the Grand Canyon.
Carnegie Mellon University
(also known as CMU
or simply Carnegie Mellon
) is a private research university
. The university began as the Carnegie Technical Schools, founded by Andrew Carnegie
in 1900. In 1912, the school became Carnegie Institute of Technology
and began granting four-year degrees. In 1967, the Carnegie Institute of Technology
merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research
to form Carnegie Mellon University. The University’s 140-acre (0.57 km2
) main campus is 3 miles (4.8 km) from Downtown Pittsburgh
and abuts the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh
, Schenley Park
, and the campus of the University of Pittsburgh
in the city's Oakland
neighborhood, partially extending into Squirrel Hill
Carnegie Mellon has seven colleges and independent schools: the Carnegie Institute of Technology (engineering), the College of Fine Arts, the College of Humanities and Social Sciences, the Mellon College of Science, the Tepper School of Business, the School of Computer Science, and the H. John Heinz III College.
Carnegie Mellon students come from all 50 U.S. states and 93 countries and was named one of the "New Ivies" by Newsweek in 2006.
On this day in Pittsburgh history...
- (1755) Gen. Braddock dies after the Battle of the Monongahela & is buried at Wharton.
- (1763) Col. Bouquet responds to Virginia Gov. Amherst: "I will try to inoculate the bastards with some blankets that may fall into their hands, & take care not to get the disease myself."
- (1787) The NW Ordinance passes spurring expansion down the Ohio Valley.
- (1847) The Mercantile Library is founded, 19 years later constructing their main branch.
- (1892) The Guard is ordered to Homestead days after strikers & Frick's Pinkertons clash in gunfire deaths.
- (1900) The Pirates lose to the Phillies 8-23.
- (1901) US Steel agrees to recognize the AA at only ¾ths of all mills, leading to a strike.
- (1909) The Pressed Steel strike starts.
- (1921) The body of the 1st US soldier killed in WWI, Tom Enright, returns home as E. Liberty names a theater in his honor.
- (1931) McKeesport homing pigeons race a plane from D.C. to Bettis Field.
- (1939) Billy Conn wins the World Light Heavyweight title defeating Melio Bettina in 15 in New York.
- (1943) At the ASG in Philadelphia, Pirates star Vince DiMaggio hits 3 including a triple & homer with 2 runs & an RBI.
- (1944) USS LST-766 is laid down at Ambridge as the 19 county area surpasses its $477 millionia "War Loan" goal.
- (1947) The Pirates win #5,000 (regular season) 6-3 at the Giants as Ralph Kiner homers & Hank Greenberg hits a sac RBI.
- (1950) An Ohio private plane on approach to Pittsburgh International kills 2 & injures another, crashing at Montour Country Club.
- (1956) The Penn Incline is demolished.
- (1960) At Yankee Stadium, Pirates ace Vern Law hurls a ShO to set the ASG record for consecutive game winning NL pitchers following Bob Friend.
- (1964) KQV's 1st "Shower of Stars" show is held at the Syria Mosque with The Supremes, Gene Pitney, The Dixie Cups & The Shirelles.
- (1976) E. Pittsburgh strikes against Westinghouse.
- (1976) Ticket requests flood the Port Authority after a "suburbs fare" of only $5.48ia to the Steelers upcoming ASG is advertised. The game has always been played in Chicago.
- (1994) The world's 1st pro hockey game to play 2 opposing females as New Jersey's Manon Rheaume gives Phantoms goalie Erin Whitten her 1st loss.
- (1999) Pirates hall of famer Honus Wagner is announced as a member of the All-Century team & introduced at the ASG.
- (2001) At PNC Park v Kansas City, Pirates ace Todd Ritchie hurls an 8⅓ no-hitter, his 6th win in the last 7 after opening the season 0-8.
- (2010) The 51 year old Turnpike Bridge is imploded.
- (2013) Andy San Dimas is kicked out of a Pirates game for dancing with a unicorn mask, tweeting a picture of a Pittsburgh Police Sgt. later wearing the mask.
- ...that Litchfield Towers is the largest and tallest dormitory at the University of Pittsburgh's main campus, at 22 stories in height and housing over 1,850 residents?
- ... that Emil John Mihalik, the first Byzantine Eparch of Parma, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania?
- ... that the 23 home runs hit by Johnny Rizzo in 1938 set a Pittsburgh Pirates team record at the time, and his nine RBI in a 1939 game set a single game team record that still stands today?
- ... that the American Iron and Steel Institute formed the Steelmark in 1960 to promote American steel, with the logo put on the helmets of the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1962 to further publicize the program?
- ... that William J. Winter, while serving as auxiliary bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh, confirmed an estimated 45,000 Catholics?