Portal:Pittsburgh

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Pittsburgh is the second largest city in Pennsylvania and its metropolitan area ranks as the largest in both Appalachia and the Ohio River Valley while being the 22nd largest urban area in the United States.

Pittsburgh is dominated by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers which form the Ohio River. This strategic juncture was a major site of the North American theater of the Seven Years' War, with Great Britain winning control in 1758 to establish Fort Pitt in honor of "The Great Commoner", William Pitt. Following the American Revolution, the area grew as an important transportation center and primary gateway to the American frontier. 19th century coal and iron production made Pittsburgh into the world leader of steel and by 1910 the city was the eighth largest in the United States. With the collapse of American industries in the 1980s, Pittsburgh lost population but has successfully transitioned its economy into a world leader of healthcare, technology, education, and financial services.

Pittsburgh is known colloquially as "The Steel City", for its continued leadership in steel production, as well as "The City of Bridges" for its world record 466 structures. The city's official colors of black and gold are so symbolic that all pro-sports teams from the area, the Penguins, Pirates, and Steelers have also adopted them. Multiple publications have named Pittsburgh the "most livable city" in the United States for its low crime, affordability, and plentiful educational, cultural, and recreational amenities with its skyline vistas ranked by USA Today as second only to the Grand Canyon.


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~Art Rooney

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The Cathedral of Learning at the University of Pittsburgh
The Cathedral of Learning, a Pittsburgh landmark listed in the National Register of Historic Places, is the centerpiece of the University of Pittsburgh's main campus in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh. Standing at 535 feet (>163 m), the 42-story Late Gothic Revival Cathedral is the tallest educational building in the Western hemisphere and the second tallest university building (fourth tallest educationally-purposed building) in the world. The Cathedral of Learning was commissioned in 1921 and ground was broken in 1926. The first class was held in the building in 1931 and its exterior finished in October 1934, prior to its formal dedication in 1937. Designed by Charles Klauder, the Cathedral is a steel frame structure overlaid with Indiana limestone and contains more than 2,000 rooms and windows. Open to tour for the public, it contains and Gothic-style hall that covers half an acre (2,000 m²) and extends upwards four stories, reaching 52 ft (16 m) in height. It also is the home to a collection of 27 Nationality Rooms which are museum-quality functional classrooms each designed to celebrate a different culture that had an influence on Pittsburgh's growth. Containing significant works by stained glass artist Charles Connick and ironworker Samuel Yellin, it is an impressive scenic building that has been described as the figurative and literal culmination of Late Gothic Revival architecture.

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Gene Kelly
Eugene Curran "Gene" Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996) was an American dancer, actor, singer, film director and producer, and choreographer from Pittsburgh. A major exponent of 20th century filmed dance, Kelly was known for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks and the likeable characters that he played on screen. Although he is known today for his performance in Singin' in the Rain, he was a dominant force in Hollywood musical films from the mid 1940s until this art form fell out of fashion in the late 1950s. His many innovations transformed the Hollywood musical film, and he is credited with almost single-handedly making the ballet form commercially acceptable to film audiences. Kelly, and alumnus of the University of Pittsburgh, was the recipient of an Academy Honorary Award in 1952 for his career achievements. He later received lifetime achievement awards in the Kennedy Center Honors, and from the Screen Actors Guild and American Film Institute; in 1999, the American Film Institute also numbered him 15th in their Greatest Male Stars of All Time list.

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The Mattress Factory building
The Mattress Factory is a museum of contemporary art located in Pittsburgh. It exhibits room-sized installation art from across the country and around the world.

The Mattress Factory museum is named for its gallery buildings, housed since 1977 in the former Stearns & Foster mattress factory and warehouse buildings at 500 Sampsonia Way in the Mexican War Streets area of Pittsburgh's Central Northside.

The Mattress Factory hosts 16 continuous, permanent installations and receives about 38,000 visitors per year. It is considered an institutional leader for incorporating interactive technologies and social media networks into the physical museum space and the virtual world, and in 2009, it became the first museum in the United States to introduce the use of QR codes as a visitor engagement tool. Museum operating hours are Tuesday through Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. The Mattress Factory is closed on Mondays.

Sports

Duquesne Dukes
The Duquesne Dukes is the name of the athletic teams of Duquesne University located in Pittsburgh. Duquesne fields varsity teams in NCAA Division I in Atlantic 10 Conference and also fields Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) football and more recently Women's Basketball. Dukes Football began in 1893 and had a rich history with two appearances in present day BCS bowls and five seasons in the top 25 AP Poll. More recently the FCS squad has claimed 11 MAAC titles.

Duquesne's most popular and successful sport though remains men's basketball, which plays games at the A. J. Palumbo Center and began play in 1914. Duquesne's men's basketball team has appeared in 21 postseason tournaments including the 1940 Final Four and made back-to-back appearances in the National Invitation Tournament in 1954 and winning it all in 1955. The basketball team has a major cross-town rivalry, termed the City Game, with the Pitt Panthers.

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WikiProject Pittsburgh

An invitation to join us!

You are invited to participate in WikiProject Pittsburgh, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about the City of Pittsburgh and the surrounding Western Pennsylvania area. Please see the Pittsburgh WikiProject page for more information. See yinz there!


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