Welcome to the Pittsburgh Portal
Pittsburgh is the second largest city in Pennsylvania and its metropolitan area ranks as the largest in both Appalachia and the Ohio River Valley while being the 22nd largest urban area in the United States.
Pittsburgh is dominated by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers which form the Ohio River. This strategic juncture was a major site of the North American theater of the Seven Years' War, with Great Britain winning control in 1758 to establish Fort Pitt in honor of "The Great Commoner", William Pitt. Following the American Revolution, the area grew as an important transportation center and primary gateway to the American frontier. 19th century coal and iron production made Pittsburgh into the world leader of steel and by 1910 the city was the eighth largest in the United States. With the collapse of American industries in the 1980s, Pittsburgh lost population but has successfully transitioned its economy into a world leader of healthcare, technology, education, and financial services.
Pittsburgh is known colloquially as "The Steel City", for its continued leadership in steel production, as well as "The City of Bridges" for its world record 466 structures. The city's official colors of black and gold are so symbolic that all pro-sports teams from the area, the Penguins, Pirates, and Steelers have also adopted them. Multiple publications have named Pittsburgh the "most livable city" in the United States for its low crime, affordability, and plentiful educational, cultural, and recreational amenities with its skyline vistas ranked by USA Today as second only to the Grand Canyon.
~ Brendan Gill The New Yorker, 1989
||The three most beautiful cities in the world are Paris; St. Petersburg, Russia; and Pittsburgh. If Pittsburgh were situated somewhere in the heart of Europe, tourists would eagerly journey hundreds of miles out of their way to visit it. Its setting is spectacular . . .
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The Homestead Strike
was an industrial lockout
which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892 that resulted in several deaths and the eventual involvement of the Pennsylvania state militia . It was one of the most serious disputes in US labor history
. The dispute occurred in the Pittsburgh
-area town of Homestead, Pennsylvania
, between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers
(the AA) and the Carnegie Steel Company
. The final result was a major defeat for the union, and a setback for efforts to unionize steelworkers.
The Bost Building, AA headquarters during the strike and today a National Historic Landmark. The pumphouse where the gunfight occurred remains as a museum and meeting hall. There are several historical markers as well as a metal commemorative sign with the US Steel logo that reads "In Honor Of The Workers."
The Pittsburgh Panthers
, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers
, are the athletic teams of University of Pittsburgh
. Pitt fields 19 varsity
teams at the highest level of competitive collegiate athletics in the United States, NCAA Division I
, which compete as members of the Big East Conference
, Eastern Wrestling League
, East Atlantic Gymnastics League
, and Eastern College Athletic Conference
. The 26 time bowl qualifying football team
founded in 1889 and the thirty time tournament qualifying basketball team
founded in 1905, are the most popular sports Pitt fields and enjoy significant local and national followings. Heinz Field
hosts the football team and the Petersen Events Center
hosts the basketball team.
The university's athletic program is one of only five current NCAA Division 1A schools to have won multiple national championships in both football (9) and basketball (2), and the Panthers have been ranked as having among the best combinations of football and basketball programs by multiple publications. Pitt was ranked as having the fifth best combination of football and basketball programs in CBSSports.com's Flourishing Five ranking in 2010. In its "Hoops & Helmets" list of the best combinations, CollegeFootballNews.com has ranked Pitt fifth in 2010 and 3rd in 2009.
On this day in Pittsburgh history...
- (1755) Lt. de Carqueville & Egn. la Perade are buried as de Beaujeu's body lies in honor at Ft. Duquesne after the Battle of the Monongahela.
- (1795) Washington signs the world's 1st Presidential pardons for Whiskey Rebels.
- (1901) At Expo Park, the MLB ShO record is set by Pirates ace Jack Chesbro allowing 15 hits over 12 innings for a 4-game Braves sweep, Honus Wagner is the game's sole run.
- (1908) The Pirates rally down 4 to win on Tommy Leach's CF homer in the 9th as Honus Wagner, Fred Clarke & Chief Wilson triple at Expo Park v New York.
- (1909) The Pressed Steel strike starts as the company fails to explain short pay.
- (1922) The Pirates bat MLB's only MIT grad: “Merry” Merewether in his 1st & only MLB appearance, a 19-2 Forbes Field loss to New York.
- (1929) At Philadelphia, Pirates stars Pie Traynor, Lloyd Waner & Fred Fussell all homer as George Grantham goes yard twice as both teams combine to set the MLB record with a homer each inning.
- (1930) City Hall recommends a ban on Downtown curb parking.
- (1931) The 2nd USS Pittsburgh is decommissioned after nearly 30 years of service including World War I battles & the world's 1st flight deck landing.
- (1934) Pirates star Pie Traynor is the 1st & only ASG player to steal home.
- (1943) Grays owner Rufus Jackson is jailed for stopping a LMB raid of his championship roster--while in other news--Dodgers GM Branch Rickey puts down a player revolt led by Arky Vaughan at Forbes Field as the Pirates lose 23-6.
- (1951) Pirates star Ralph Kiner is the 1st & only to hit homers in 3 straight ASGs.
- (1956) wjas dj wifes body found.
- (1962) Roberto Clemente leads the ASG with 3 hits, the only with multiple knocks & NL bases with the game's only double.
- (1969) PAT adopts Skybus provoking controversy for both the decision & the secretive manner.
- (1971) The Pirates beat Phil Niekro at Three Rivers as Willie Stargell hits his 30th homer for the game winner, his 10th off Atlanta for the year.
- (1984) Dr. Maroon & his 4 surgeon Allegheny General team perform a pioneer brain surgery.
- (1994) Danny Glover, Tony Danza & Michael Eisner walk the red carpet into Three Rivers for the world premier of Angels in the Outfield as the 8 day Quartet National Championships close with a performance at Mellon Square.
- (1997) The Duchess of York visits the Northside for a community baseball game with Mayor Murphy.
- (1999) The Carnegie starts a 3 day celebration of Dippy's 100th discovery anniversary.
- (2000) Heinz sells the world's 1st green ketchup.
- (2008) The 1st Northshore connector tube under the Allegheny is completed.
- (2009) After 2 outs in the 1st, Pirates star Garrett Jones joins Ryan Howard as the only players to clear the batter’s eye at Philadelphia.
- (2013) The area is hit by storms producing 2"/hour as the city's emergency radio network breaks down.
The Carnegie Museum of Art
, located in the Oakland
neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
, is an art museum
founded in 1895 by the Pittsburgh-based industrialist Andrew Carnegie
. Carnegie envisioned a museum collection consisting of the "Old Masters of tomorrow" and the Carnegie Museum of Art became, arguably, the first museum of modern art in the United States. The museum presents as many as 15 changing exhibitions annually and continues Carnegie's love of contemporary art by staging the Carnegie International
every few years. Its permanent collection comprises roughly 35,000 works and includes European and American decorative arts from the late seventeenth century to the present, works on paper, paintings, prints, sculptures and installations, film and video works, as well as plaster casts of outstanding classical, ancient, and medieval architectural. Approximately 1,800 works are on view at any given time in the complex. The museum was featured prominently in the 1983 Academy Award winning Flashdance