List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty

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Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population living below the national poverty line. Based on data from the CIA World Factbook. Not all figures are up to date.
Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population living under $2 (PPP) a day. Based on the 2009 UN Human Development Report.

These are the lists of countries of the world by percentage of population living in poverty.

Methodology[edit]

"Poverty" defined as an economic condition of lacking both money and basic necessities needed to successfully live, such as food, water, education, healthcare, and shelter. There are many working definitions of "poverty," with considerable debate on how to best define the term.

Lack of income security, economic stability and the predictability of one's continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs.

The first table refers to the lists of countries by the percentage of their population with an income of less than 1.25, and less than 2, US dollars per day. The sourced data refers to the most recent year available during the period 1992-2011.

The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line — the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.

Definitions of the poverty line do vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Even among rich nations, the standards differ greatly. Thus, the numbers are not comparable among countries. Even when nations do use the same method, some issues may remain. [1]

Only countries for which sourced data is available are listed. Data of countries, including Libya, Saudi Arabia remains unavailable. It's usually accepted, that over one third (33.3%) of the population in these countries lives below the poverty line.[2][3]

Countries[edit]

Population living under 1.25 and
2 dollar (PPP) a day (%)
(International poverty line)
Population living below national poverty line (%)
Country < $1.25[4] < $2[4] Year
 Albania 0.5 3.00 2012
 Algeria 6.79 23.61 1995
 Angola 43.4 67.4 2009
 Argentina 1.4 2.9 2011
 Armenia 1.28 12.43 2008
 Bangladesh 29 76.54 2012 [5]
 Belarus 0.10 0.19 2008
 Belize 12.21 22.00 1999
 Benin 51.6 74.3 2012
 Bhutan 2.4 15.2 2012
 Bolivia 8.0 12.7 2012
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.04 0.19 2007
 Botswana 13.4 27.8 2009
 Brazil 3.8 6.8 2012
 Bulgaria 1.9 3.9 2011
 Burkina Faso 44.60 72.56 2009
 Burundi 81.32 93.45 2006
 Cambodia 22.75 53.27 2008
 Cameroon 9.56 30.36 2007
 Cape Verde 21.02 40.85 2002
 Central African Republic 62.83 80.09 2008
 Chad 61.94 83.28 2003
 Chile 0.8 1.9 2011
 China 6.3 18.6 2011
 Colombia 5.6 12.0 2012
 Comoros 46.11 64.98 2004
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 87.72 95.15 2006
 Congo, Republic of the 32.8 57.3 2011
 Costa Rica 1.4 3.1 2012
 Côte d'Ivoire 23.75 46.34 2008
 Croatia 0.06 0.09 2008
 Czech Republic 0.00 0.00 2009
 Djibouti 18.84 41.20 2002
 Dominican Republic 2.24 8.8 2012
 East Timor 37.44 72.82 2007
 Ecuador 4.0 8.4 2012
 Egypt 1.69 15.43 2008
 El Salvador 2.5 8.8 2012
 Estonia 0.46 0.9 2009
 Ethiopia 36.8 72.2 2011
 Fiji 5.88 22.90 2009
 Gabon 4.84 19.59 2005
 Gambia, The 33.63 55.93 2003
 Georgia 15.27 32.21 2008
 Ghana 28.59 51.84 2006
 Guatemala 13.53 26.33 2006
 Guinea 40.9 72.7 2012
 Guinea-Bissau 48.90 77.96 2002
 Guyana 8.70 18.02 1998
 Haiti 61.71 77.51 2001
 Honduras 16.5 29.2 2011
 Hungary 0.07 0.18 2002
 India 24.7 60.6 2011
 Indonesia 18.06 43.3 2010
 Iran 1.45 8.03 2005
 Iraq 3.9 21.2 2012
 Jamaica 0.21 5.44 2004
 Jordan 0.12 1.59 2010
 Kazakhstan 0.11 1.12 2009
 Kenya 43.37 67.21 2005
 Kyrgyzstan 6.23 21.69 2009
 Laos 33.88 62.00 2012
 Latvia 0.14 0.37 2008
 Lesotho 43.41 62.25 2003
 Liberia 83.76 94.88 2007
 Lithuania 0.16 0.44 2008
 Macedonia, Republic of 0.00 5.91 2009
 Madagascar 81.29 92.62 2010
 Malawi 73.86 90.45 2004
 Malaysia 0.00 2.27 2009
 Mali 50.43 78.66 2010
 Mauritania 23.43 47.69 2008
 Mexico 1.00 4.1 2012
 Micronesia, Federated States of 31.15 44.69 2000
 Moldova 0.2 2.8 2011
 Montenegro 0.2 0.70 2011
 Morocco 2.52 14.03 2007
 Mozambique 59.58 81.77 2008
 Namibia 23.5 43.20 2010
   Nepal 23.7 56.0 2010
 Nicaragua 8.5 20.8 2009
 Niger 43.62 75.23 2008
 Nigeria 62.0 82.2 2010
 Pakistan 12.7 50.7 2011
 Panama 4.0 8.9 2012
 Papua New Guinea 35.79 57.38 1996
 Paraguay 3.0 7.7 2012
 Peru 2.9 8.0 2012
 Philippines 10.42 21.53 2009
 Poland 0.05 0.20 2009
 Romania 0.41 1.67 2009
 Rwanda 63.17 82.37 2011
 São Tomé and Príncipe 28.18 54.20 2001
 Senegal 33.50 60.36 2005
 Serbia 0.25 1.14 2004
 Seychelles 0.25 1.84 2007
 Sierra Leone 53.37 76.08 2003
 Slovakia 0.3 0.5 2011
 Slovenia 0.00 0.00 2008
 South Africa 9.40 26.2 2011
 Sri Lanka 4.1 23.9 2010
 Saint Lucia 20.93 40.58 1995
 Sudan 19.80 44.14 2009
 Suriname 15.54 27.20 1999
 Swaziland 39.3 60.40 2010
 Syria 1.71 16.85 2004
 Tajikistan 6.56 27.69 2009
 Tanzania 43.50 73.0 2012
 Thailand 0.37 3.5 2010
 Togo 38.68 69.31 2006
 Trinidad and Tobago 4.16 13.53 1992
 Tunisia 0.7 4.5 2010
 Turkey 0.1 2.6 2011
 Turkmenistan 24.82 49.65 1998
 Uganda 37.8 62.9 2013
 Ukraine 0.06 0.17 2009
 Uruguay 0.30 1.3 2012
 Venezuela 6.63 12.91 2006
 Vietnam 2.4 12.50 2012
 West Bank and Gaza 0.04 0.34 2009
 Yemen 17.53 46.60 2005
 Zambia 68.51 82.55 2006
Country World
Bank
[6]
Year CIA[7] Year Other Year
 Afghanistan 35.8 2011 36 FY08/09 N/A N/A
 Albania 14.3 2012 12.5 2008 est. N/A N/A
 Algeria 22.6 1995 23 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Andorra N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Angola 36.6 2008 40.5 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Anguilla N/A N/A 23 2002 N/A N/A
 Argentina N/A N/A 30 2013[8] 5.4 2013[9]
 Armenia 27.6 2008 34.1 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Austria N/A N/A 6 2008 N/A N/A
 Azerbaijan 7.6 2011 6 2012 est. N/A N/A
 Bahamas, The N/A N/A 9.3 2004 N/A N/A
 Bangladesh 31.5 2010 26 2012 est. N/A N/A
 Belarus 7.3 2011 27.1 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Belgium N/A N/A 15.2 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Belize 33.5 2002 43 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Benin 36.2 2011 37.4 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Bermuda N/A N/A 19 2000 N/A N/A
 Bhutan 23.2 2007 23.2 2008 N/A N/A
 Bolivia 45.0 2011 51.3 2009 est.[10] 54.0 2007[11]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.9 2011 18.6 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Botswana 19.3 2009 30.3 2003 N/A N/A
 Brazil 11.1 2011 26 2008 24.9 2009[11]
 Bulgaria 20.7 2009 21.8 2008 N/A N/A
 Burkina Faso 46.7 2009 46.4 2004 N/A N/A
 Burma N/A N/A 32.7 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Burundi 66.9 2006 68 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Cambodia 30.1 2007 31 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Cameroon 39.9 2007 48 2000 est. N/A N/A
 Canada N/A N/A 9.4 2008[12] 4.9 2004[13]
 Cape Verde 26.6 2007 30 2000 N/A N/A
 Central African Republic 62 2008 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Chad 46.7 2011 80 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Chile 14.4 2011 11.5 2012 10.4 2011[14]
 China N/A N/A 13.4 2011[15] N/A N/A
 Colombia 32.7 2012 37.2 2010 est. 45.5 2012[11]
 Comoros 44.8 2004 60 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 71.3 2006 71 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Congo, Republic of the 46.5 2011 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Costa Rica 20.6 2012 24.2 2010 est. 18.9 2009[11]
 Côte d'Ivoire 42.7 2008 42 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Croatia 11.1 2004 18 2009 N/A N/A
 Czech Republic 8.6 2012 9 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Denmark N/A N/A 13.4 2011 N/A N/A
 Djibouti N/A N/A 42 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Dominica N/A N/A 29 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Dominican Republic 34.4 2010 42.2 2004 41.1 2009[11]
 East Timor 49.9 2007 41 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Ecuador 27.3 2012 28.6 December 2011 40.2 2009[11][16]
 Egypt 25.2 2011 20 2005 est. N/A N/A
 El Salvador 34.5 2012 36.5 2010 est. 47.9 2009[11]
 Equatorial Guinea 76.8 2006 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Eritrea 69 1993 50 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Estonia N/A N/A 17.5 2010 N/A N/A
 Ethiopia 38.9 2005 29.2 FY09/10 est. N/A N/A
 Fiji 31 2009 25.5 FY90/91 N/A N/A
 France N/A N/A 6.2 2004 N/A N/A
 Gabon 32.7 2005 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Gambia, The 48.4 2010 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Gaza Strip N/A N/A 38 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Georgia 17.7 2011 9.7 2010 N/A N/A
 Germany N/A N/A 15.5 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Ghana 24.2 2012 28.5 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Greece N/A N/A 20 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Greenland N/A N/A 9.2 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Grenada N/A N/A 38 2008 N/A N/A
 Guam N/A N/A 23 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Guatemala 53.7 2011 54 2011 est. 54.8 2006[11]
 Guinea-Bissau 69.3 2010 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Guinea 55.2 2012 47 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Guyana N/A N/A 35 2006 N/A N/A
 Haiti 58.5 2012 80 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Honduras 60 2010 65 2010 68.9 2007[11]
 Hungary 12.2 2009 13.9 2010 N/A N/A
 India 21.9[17] 2012 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Indonesia 12.5 2011 13.33 2010 N/A N/A
 Iran N/A N/A 18.7 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Iraq 22.9 2007 25 2008 est. N/A N/A
 Ireland N/A N/A 5.5 2009 6.8 2004 est.[18]
 Israel N/A N/A 23.6 2007[19] N/A N/A
 Jamaica 17.6 2010 16.5 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Japan N/A N/A 16 2007[20] N/A N/A
 Jordan 14.4 2010 14.2 2002 N/A N/A
 Kazakhstan 8.2 2009 8.2 2009 N/A N/A
 Kenya 45.9 2005 50 2000 est. N/A N/A
 Korea, South N/A N/A 15 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Kosovo 29.2 2010 30 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Kyrgyzstan 33.7 2010 33.7 2011 est. N/A N/A
 Laos 27.6 2008 26 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Latvia 5.9 2004 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Lebanon N/A N/A 28 1999 est. N/A N/A
 Lesotho 56.6 2003 49 1999 N/A N/A
 Liberia 63.8 2007 80 2000 est. N/A N/A
 Libya N/A N/A See note. [21] N/A N/A
 Lithuania N/A N/A 4 2008 N/A N/A
 Macedonia, Republic of 27.1 2010 30.9 2010 30.4 2011[22]
 Madagascar 75.3 2010 50 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Malawi 50.7 2010 53 2004 N/A N/A
 Malaysia 3.8 2009 3.8 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Maldives N/A N/A 16 2008 N/A N/A
 Mali 43.6 2010 36.1 2005 est. N/A N/A
 Mauritania 42 2008 40 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Mauritius N/A N/A 8 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Mexico 51.3 2010 48.0 2013 48.0 2013[11]
 Micronesia, Federated States of N/A N/A 26.7 2000 N/A N/A
 Moldova 16.6 2012 26.3 2009 N/A N/A
 Mongolia 27.4 2012 39.2 2010 N/A N/A
 Montenegro 11.3 2012 6.6 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Morocco 9 2007 15 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Mozambique 54.7 2009 54 2008 est. N/A N/A
 Namibia 28.7 2009 55.8 2005 est.[23] N/A N/A
   Nepal 25.2 2011 25.2 2011 N/A N/A
 Netherlands N/A N/A 10.5 2005 N/A N/A
 Nicaragua 42.5 2009 46.2 2005 61.9 2005[11]
 Niger 59.5 2007 63 1993 est. N/A N/A
 Nigeria 46.0 2010 70 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Norway N/A N/A N/A N/A 4.3 2007[24]
 Pakistan 22.3 2006 22.3 FY05/06 est. 2013 40%[25]
 Panama 27.6 2011 29 2011 est. 26.4 2009[11]
 Papua New Guinea 39.9 2009 37 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Paraguay 26.9 2012 18.8 2009 est. 56.0 2009[11]
 Peru 25.8 2012 31.3 2010 34.8 2009[11]
 Philippines 25.2 2012 9.9 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Poland 7.6 2008 10.2 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Portugal N/A N/A 18 2006 N/A N/A
 Romania 13.8 2006 21.1 2010 N/A N/A
 Russia 12.7 2011 13.1 2010 13.1 Dec. 2008[26]
 Rwanda 44.9 2011 60 2001 est. N/A N/A
 São Tomé and Príncipe 61.7 2009 54 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Senegal 46.7 2011 54 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Serbia 24.6 2011 8.8 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Sierra Leone 52.9 2011 70.2 2004 N/A N/A
 Slovakia 13.2 2011 21 2002 N/A N/A
 Slovenia N/A N/A 12.3 2008 N/A N/A
 South Africa 23 2006 50 2000 est. N/A N/A
 South Sudan 50.6 2009 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Spain N/A N/A 19.8 2005 26.4 2012[27]
 Sri Lanka 8.9 2010 8.9 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Sudan 46.5 2009 40 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Suriname N/A N/A 70 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Swaziland 63.0 2009 69 2006 N/A N/A
  Switzerland N/A N/A 6.9 2010 N/A N/A
 Syria N/A N/A 11.9 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Taiwan N/A N/A 1.16 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Tajikistan 46.7 2009 53 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Tanzania 28.2 2012 36 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Thailand 13.2 2011 8.1 2009 est. N/A N/A
 Togo 58.7 2011 32 1989 est. N/A N/A
 Tonga N/A N/A 24 FY03/04 N/A N/A
 Trinidad and Tobago N/A N/A 17 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Tunisia 15.5 2010 3.8 2005 est. 3.8 2005[28]
 Turkey 18.1 2009 16.9 2010 20.5 2005[29]
 Turkmenistan N/A N/A 30 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Uganda 24.5 2009 35 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Ukraine 7.8 2011 35 2009 N/A N/A
 United Arab Emirates N/A N/A 19.5 2003 0.0 2011[30]
 United Kingdom N/A N/A 14 2006 est. N/A N/A
 United States N/A N/A 15.1 2010 est. 14.5 2013[31]
 Uruguay 12.4 2012 6.7 2010[32] 6.7 2012[33]
 Uzbekistan 16.0 2011 26 2008 est. N/A N/A
 Venezuela 25.4 2012 27.4 2011 est. 27.6 2008[11]
 Vietnam 17.2 2012 14.5 2010 est. N/A N/A
 Virgin Islands, U.S. N/A N/A 28.9 2002 N/A N/A
 West Bank N/A N/A 18.3 2010 est. N/A N/A
 West Bank and Gaza 25.8 2011 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Yemen 34.8 2005 45.2 2003 N/A N/A
 Zambia 59.3 2006 64 2006 N/A N/A
 Zimbabwe 72.3 2011 68 2004 N/A N/A

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "http://inequalitywatch.eu/spip.php?article99" Eurostat 2010
  2. ^ Libya Economy 2013 CIA factbook
  3. ^ One third of the Saudi Arabia's population lives under the poverty line, 5 August 2013
  4. ^ a b "World Development Indicators". World Bank. July 9, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Bangladesh People Under $1". nationmaster. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "World Databank". Databank.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  7. ^ Population below poverty line, The World Factbook, CIA, accessed on July 25, 2012.
  8. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2046.html
  9. ^ http://www.cadena3.com/contenido/2013/04/24/112569.asp?titulo=El-Indec-informo-que-la-pobreza-bajo-al-54%-a-fines-de-2012
  10. ^ Based on percent of population living on less than the international standard of $2/day (2009 est.).
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Panorama social de América Latina 2010". ECLAC (in Spanish). Retrieved December 1, 2010. 
  12. ^ This figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2008).
  13. ^ Basic Needs Poverty Measure, an absolute poverty measure calculated by the Fraser Institute. (See related article, Poverty in Canada.)
  14. ^ "La CASEN 2011, precisiones de la CEPAL" (in Spanish). United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012.  Note: The figure is on page 5 of the report.
  15. ^ In 2011, China set a new poverty line at RMB 2300 (approximately US $363; this new standard is significantly higher than the line set in 2009, and as a result, 128 million Chinese are now considered below the poverty line (2011).
  16. ^ Urban areas.
  17. ^ http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/reports/tableview.aspx?isshared=true
  18. ^ [1][dead link]
  19. ^ Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day (2007).
  20. ^ Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) press release, 20 October 2009 (2010).
  21. ^ About one-third of Libyans live at or below the national poverty line.
  22. ^ "Poverty Line". Stat.gov.mk. Retrieved 2012-111-7.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  23. ^ The UNDP's 2005 Human Development Report indicated that 34.9% of the population live on $1 per day and 55.8% live on $2 per day (2005 est.).
  24. ^ Poverty data: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2007/100577.htm Norway. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2007], US Department of State; Population: Norway - CIA The World Factbook.
  25. ^ "Below the line: Increasing poverty affecting 40% population, says report". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  26. ^ Structure of money incomes and share of expenditures in money incomes of population (Russian).
  27. ^ "El Indice de Miseria de Espana". Agett.com. Retrieved 2012-111-7.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  28. ^ "Newsletter-ang.pub" (PDF). Investintunisia.tn. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  29. ^ "::Welcome to Turkish Statistical Institute(TurkStat)'s Web Pages::". TurkStat. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  30. ^ Fatema Al Kamali and Hamda Al Bastaki. "Any poor Emiratis out there? - The National". Thenational.ae. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  31. ^ "Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2013". US Census. 
  32. ^ Percentage of households.
  33. ^ http://www.diariotextual.com/economia/item/1764-cepal-argentina-es-el-pa%C3%ADs-con-menos-pobreza-de-am%C3%A9rica-latina.html.

External links[edit]