List of islands by population

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This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population. It includes all islands with population greater than 100,000. For comparison, continental landmasses are also shown. The population of the world's islands is over 730 million, approximately 11% of the world's total population.

Continental island / land masses[edit]

  1. Afro-Eurasia (World Island) — 6.15 billion people
  2. Americas — 972 million people
  3. Australia[1] — 23 million people
  4. Antarctica — 0–1,000 people[2]

Islands ordered by population[edit]

Population over 10,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population Density
(/km²)
1 Java  Indonesia 139,448,718 (2014 Estimate, without Madura)[3][4] 1,117
2 Honshū  Japan 104,000,000 (2010)[5][6] 451.8
3 Great Britain  United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales) 60,800,000 (2011)[7] 281.3
4 Luzon  Philippines 48,520,774 (2010)[8][9] 441
5 Sumatra  Indonesia 47,010,000 (2010)[10][11] 90.4
6 Taiwan (Formosa)  Taiwan 23,232,125 (2012)[citation needed] 657
7 Sri Lanka  Sri Lanka 20,860,000 (2010)[12] 315.5
8 Madagascar  Madagascar 20,714,000 (2010)[12] 34.1
9 Mindanao  Philippines 20,365,352 (2010)[8][13] 209
10 Hispaniola  Dominican Republic,  Haiti 19,920,000 (2010)[12] 241.5
11 Borneo  Brunei,  Malaysia,  Indonesia 19,712,000 (2010)[10][14][14][15] 26.3
12 Sulawesi  Indonesia 17,360,000 (2010)[10][16] 97
13 Salsette  India (Maharashtra) 15,111,974 (2011)[17] 24,414
14 Kyūshū  Japan 13,200,000 (2010)[5][18] 371
15 Cuba  Cuba 11,150,000 (2007)[10][19] 103.3

Population 1,000,000 to 10,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population
16 New Guinea  Papua New Guinea and  Indonesia 9,425,634 (2010 RI, 2011 PNG)[20][21]
17 Hainan  People's Republic of China 8,671,500 (2010)[22]
18 Long Island  United States (New York) 7,686,912 (2012)[23]
19 Ireland  Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) 6,380,661 (2008)[24][25]
20 Hokkaidō  Japan 5,444,307 (2013-3) [5]
21 Singapore  Singapore 5,312,400 (2012)[26]
22 Sicily  Italy 5,017,000 (2007)[27]
23 Bali  Indonesia 4,220,000 (2012) [28][29]
24 Negros  Philippines 4,194,525 (2010)[8]
25 Panay  Philippines 4,031,636 (2010)[8][30]
26 Shikoku  Japan 3,912,670 (2013)[5]
27 Puerto Rico  Puerto Rico (territory of the  United States) 3,725,800 (2010)[31]
28 Cebu  Philippines 3,629,540 (2010)[8]
29 Madura  Indonesia 3,622,000 (2010)[10]
30 North Island  New Zealand 3,422,000 (June 2013 estimate).[32]
31 Lombok  Indonesia 3,160,000 (2010) [29]
32 Timor  Indonesia and  East Timor 2,786,000 (2010)[12][33][34]
33 Jamaica  Jamaica 2,741,000 (2010)[12]
34 Zhongshan Dao  People's Republic of China (Guangdong) 2,275,000 (2002)[10][12][35]
35 Zealand  Denmark 2,275,000 (2005)[36]
36 Leyte  Philippines 2,188,295 (2010)[8]
37 Island of Montreal  Canada (Quebec) 1,886,481 (2011)[37]
38 Xiamen Island  China (Fujian) 1,847,047 (2010 census)[38]
39 Flores  Indonesia 1,831,000 (2010)[29]
40 Samar  Philippines 1,751,267 (2010)[8][39]
41 Bhola Island  Bangladesh 1,758,000 (2011)[10][40]
42 Sardinia  Italy 1,659,000 (2007) [27]
43 Manhattan Island  United States (New York) 1,619,090 (2012)[41]
44 Haizhu Island  People's Republic of China 1,558,663 (2010 census)[42]
45 São Luís  Brazil (Maranhão) 1,366,266 (2013-7E IBGE incl. Taua islands)[43]
46 Sumbawa  Indonesia 1,330,000 (2010)[44]
47 Mauritius  Mauritius 1,299,000 (2010)[12]
48 Trinidad  Trinidad and Tobago 1,267,145 (2011 Census)[45]
49 Okinawa Island  Japan 1,287,000 (2010)[5]
50 Hong Kong Island  Hong Kong 1,270,876 (2011 Census)[46]
51 Mindoro  Philippines 1,238,573 (2010)[8]
52 Bahrain  Bahrain 1,234,571 (2010 Census) (whole nation)[47]
53 Bohol  Philippines 1,163,790 (2010)[8]
54 Batam  Indonesia 1,153,860 (2012 BPS Civil Survey)[48]
55 Cyprus  Cyprus 1,088,503 (2010 estimate)[49]
56 South Island  New Zealand 1,048,200 (June 2013 estimate).[32]

Population 500,000 to 1,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population
57 Oahu  United States (Hawaii) 976,372 (2012)[50]
58 Bangka  Indonesia 960,692 (2010) [29]
59 Tenerife  Spain (Canary Islands) 906,854 (2010 census)
60 Unguja (Zanzibar Island)  Tanzania (Zanzibar) 896,721 (2012 Census)[51]
61 Majorca  Spain (Balearic Islands) 862,397 (2009 census)
62 Penang Island  Malaysia 860,000 (2010 estimate)
63 Gran Canaria  Spain (Canary Islands) 838,397 (2009 census)
64 Réunion  France 837,868 (2012 estimate)[52]
65 Palawan  Philippines 793,391 (2010)
66 Nias  Indonesia 756,338 (2010 Census) [53]
67 Vancouver Island  Canada (British Columbia) 748,937 (2009 estimate)[54]
68 São Vicente  Brazil (São Paulo) 720,000[55]
69 Chongming  People's Republic of China (Shanghai) 703,722 (2010 census)
70 Sumba  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) 686,113 (2010 Census)[53]
71 Viti Levu  Fiji 661,997 (2007 Census)[56]
72 Masbate  Philippines 659,912 (2010)
73 Crete  Greece 623,065 (2011 Census)
74 Jeju  South Korea 583,284 (2010 Census)[57]
75 Phuket  Thailand 525,018 (2010)[58]
76 New Britain  Papua New Guinea 513,926 (2011 census)[59]
77 Tasmania  Australia 507,626 (2010 estimate)
78 Zhoushan  People's Republic of China (Zhejiang) 502,667 (2000 census)[60]

Population 100,000 to 500,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population
79 Marajó  Brazil (Pará) 487,010 (2010 census)
80 Sakhalin  Russia 485,000 (2010 Census)[61]
81 Newfoundland  Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) 479,105 (2006 census)
82 Staten Island  United States (New York) 477,377 (2006 estimate)
84 Halmahera  Indonesia 449,938 2010 Census [62][63]
85 Jolo  Philippines 447,600
86 Buton  Indonesia 447,408 (2010 Census) [53]
87 Funen  Denmark 447,060 (2006 estimate)
88 Ambon  Indonesia 441,000 (2010 Census)[53]
89 Margarita Island  Venezuela 436,900 (2007 estimate)
90 Seram  Indonesia 434,113 (2010 Census) [53]
91 IJsselmonde  Netherlands 423,000
92 Santa Catarina  Brazil (Santa Catarina) 421,203 (2010 census)
93 Sandwip  Bangladesh 400,000
94 Basilan  Philippines 391,179 (2010)
95 Martinique  Martinique, overseas department of  France 390,371 (2012 estimate)[52]
96 Malta  Malta 373,955 (2005 census)
97 Mactan  Philippines 368,820 (2010 census)
98 Pemba  Tanzania 406,808 (2012 Census)[51]
99 Ukerewe Island  Tanzania 345,147 (2012 Census)[51][64]
100 Grande Comore  Comoros 345,000 (2005 estimate)
101 Île Jésus  Canada (Quebec) 339,101
102 Haitan  People's Republic of China (Fujian) 332,146 (2000 census)
103 Bintan  Indonesia 329,659 (2010 Census)[53]
104 Maheshkhali  Bangladesh 321,218 (2011 Census)[65]
105 Flevopolder  Netherlands 317,000 (2007)
106 Corsica  France 316,578 (2012 estimate)[52]
107 Iceland  Iceland 311,396 (2007 estimate)
108 Vendsyssel-Thy  Denmark 306,373 (2003)
109 Vitória  Brazil (Espirito Santo) 300,000
110 Chengār  Bangladesh 292,057 (2011 Census)[66]
111 Santo Amaro (Guarujá)  Brazil (São Paulo) 290,752 (2010 census) [67]
112 Abu Dhabi (island)  United Arab Emirates 280,385
110 Barbados  Barbados 279,254 (2005 estimate)
113 Anjouan  Comoros 270,000
114 Muna  Indonesia 268,140 (2010 Census) [53]
115 Santiago  Cape Verde 266,161 (2005)
116 Belitung  Indonesia 262,357 (2010 census) [53]
117 Madeira  Portugal 245,806 (2006 estimate)
118 Geoje Island  South Korea 241,711 (2010 Census) [57]
119 Bougainville  Papua New Guinea 234,280 (2011 census)[59]
120 Grande Terre  New Caledonia, sui generis collectivity of  France 228,144 (2009 Census)[68]
121 Marinduque  Philippines 227,828 (2010)
122 Lagos Island  Nigeria 212,700(2006 Census)[69]
83 Governador Island  Brazil (Rio de Janeiro) 212,574 (2010C adm dist including nearby island)[70]
123 New Providence  Bahamas 210,832 (2000 census)
124 Euboea  Greece 210,815 (2011 Census)
125 Vasilievsky Island  Russia 202,650 (2002 census).[71]
126 Tsing Yi  Hong Kong, special administrative region of  People's Republic of China 200,402 (2007 estimate)[72]
127 Qeshm  Iran 200,000
128 Grande-Terre  Guadeloupe, overseas department of  France 197,603 (2006 census)
129 Tarakan  Indonesia (East Kalimantan) 193,370 (2010 Census)[53]
130 Hawaii (island)  United States (Hawaii) 189,191 (2012 factfinder)
131 Basse-Terre  Guadeloupe, overseas department  France 186,661 (2006 census)
132 Ternate  Indonesia (North Maluku) 185,705 (2010 Census)[53]
133 Tahiti  French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of  France 178,133 (2007 census)
134 Guam  Guam, organized unincorporated territory of  United States 173,456 (2007 estimate)
135 Voorne-Putten  Netherlands 170,411 (2002)
136 Carmen, Campeche  Mexico 169,466 (2010 Census)[73]
137 Lulu Island  Canada 168,162
138 Buru  Indonesia (Maluku) 162,116 (2010 Census) [53]
139 Guimaras  Philippines 162,943 (2010)
140 Grande Terre  Mayotte, overseas department of  France 162,036 (2007 census)
141 New Ireland  Papua New Guinea 161,165 (2011 census)[59]
142 Saint Lucia  Saint Lucia 160,765 (2005 census)
143 Amager  Denmark 160,064 (2006 estimate)
144 Maui  United States (Hawaii) 158,226 (2012 census factfinder)[50]
145 Guadalcanal  Solomon Islands 158,222 (2009 census)[74]
146 Tablas  Philippines 158,050 (2010)
147 Biliran  Philippines 155,061 (2010)
148 Portsea Island  United Kingdom 147,088
149 Mombasa  Kenya 146,334
150 Cape Breton Island  Canada (Nova Scotia) 147,454 (2001 census)
151 Upolu  Samoa 147,629 (2011 census)[75]
152 Alor  Indonesia 145,299 (2010 Census) [76]
153 Yeong Island  South Korea (Busan) 144,884 (2010 Census)[57]
154 Prince Edward Island  Canada 140,402 (2010 estimate)
155 Chiloé  Chile 140,376 (2002 census)
156 Malaita  Solomon Islands 140,000 (2006)
157 Isle of Wight  United Kingdom 140,000 (2005 estimate)
158 Djerba  Tunisia 139,517 (2004 census)
159 Awaji  Japan 138,804 (2013)
160 Curaçao  Curaçao, autonomous part of the  Kingdom of the Netherlands 138,000 (2006 estimate)
161 São Tomé  São Tomé and Príncipe 139,000 (2004 estimate)
162 Bantayan  Philippines 136,960 (2010 census)
163 Mannar Island  Sri Lanka 132,000
164 Lanzarote  Spain (Canary Islands) 131,708 (2007 estimate)
165 São Miguel  Portugal (Azores) 131,609 (2001 census)
166 Hisingen  Sweden 130,497 (2007)
167 Bioko  Equatorial Guinea 130,000 (2005)
168 Vanua Levu  Fiji 130,000
169 Kutubdia  Bangladesh 125,279 (2011 Census)[65]
170 Srirangam  India 120,000 (2011 Census)
171 Rhodes  Greece 119,830 (2011 Census)
172 Dordrecht  Netherlands 118,601 (2009)
173 Ibiza  Spain (Balearic Islands) 117,698 (2007 estimate)
174 Daishan  People's Republic of China (Zhejiang) 113,983 (2000 census)[77]
175 Rote  Indonesia (Maluku) 119,908 (2010 Census) [53]
176 Lembata  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) 117,829 (2010 Census) [53]
177 Biak  Indonesia (West Papua) 112,873 (2010 Census) [78]
178 Peleng  Indonesia (Central Sulawesi) 109,319 (2010 Census) [79]
179 Bengkalis  Indonesia (Riau) 108,700 (2010 Census) [80]
180 Saint Vincent  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 108,600 (2000)
181 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego  Argentina and  Chile 107,983
182 Corfu  Greece 104,371 (2011 Census)
183 Muharraq  Bahrain 103,576
184 Aruba  Aruba, autonomous part of the  Kingdom of the Netherlands 103,484 (2006 estimate)
185 South Andaman Island  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) 100,000+
186 San Andrés Island  Colombia 100,000
187 Labuan  Malaysia 100,000 (2010 estimate)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ It is generally accepted that Australia is not an island; if it were considered as such it would rank seventh.
  2. ^ Antarctica has no permanent residents, but there are usually at least 1,000 people (mostly research personnel) living at its bases.
  3. ^ http://www.depkes.go.id/downloads/Penduduk%20Kab%20Kota%20Umur%20Tunggal%202014.pdf Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan
  4. ^ Composed of 6 provinces excluding the four regencies comprising Madura island
  5. ^ a b c d e Japan Civil Registry Database 2013
  6. ^ Composed of 34 prefectures including minor outlying islands
  7. ^ 2011 Census: Population Estimates for the United Kingdom. In the 2011 census, the population of England, Wales and Scotland was estimated to be approximately 61,370,000; compromising of 60,800,000 on Great Britain, and 570,000 on other islands. Retrieved 23 January 2014
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Composed of 7 administrative regions excluding island provinces
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Geohive.com Country data
  11. ^ Composed of 8 provinces including minor outlying islands
  12. ^ a b c d e f g United Nations World Population Prospects (2010 edition)
  13. ^ Composed of 6 administrative regions excluding island provinces
  14. ^ a b Malaysia: Federal States, Territories, Districts, Major Cities, Urban Aras & Conurbations - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de (2013-05-20). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  15. ^ Composed of 4 Indonesian provinces, 2 Malaysian states, 1 Malaysian territory and the sovereign state of Brunei
  16. ^ Composed of 6 provinces
  17. ^ Composed of Greater Mumbai, Thane and Mira-Bhayandar
  18. ^ Composed of 7 prefectures
  19. ^ Population of Cuba excluding Isla de la Juventud
  20. ^ does not include raja ampat regency, biak numfor, kep. yapen, supiori, but does include yos sudarso.
  21. ^ Includes some islands in milne bay
  22. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/China-UA.html Data refers to entire Hainan Province
  23. ^ 2012 United States Census
  24. ^ [1]. Composed of the constituent countries of England, Scotland, and Wales but excluding the administrative units of Isle of Wight, Eilean Siar, Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands, and Isle of Anglesey. Note that the figure still includes minor outlying islands with a total population of a few thousand.
  25. ^ Ireland Census of 2006
  26. ^ Statistics Singapore - Key annual indicators
  27. ^ a b Istat estimates for 2007
  28. ^ Bali faces population boom, now home to 4.2 million residents. The Jakarta Post (2012-12-17). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  29. ^ a b c d Indonesia (Urban City Population): Provinces & Cities - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de (2010-05-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  30. ^ Composed of 4 provinces
  31. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Census Data for Puerto Rico (2010)
  32. ^ a b "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2013 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.  Also "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates - DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)". Statistics New Zealand. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  33. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik - Nusa Tenggara Timur
  34. ^ Composed of 5 Indonesian regencies and the sovereign state of East Timor
  35. ^ Data refers to Zhongshan (prefecture level city), Xiangzhou District (in Zhuhai prefecture level city), and Macau SAR. Note that this area is not generally referred to as an island; see article for more details.
  36. ^ Statbank Denmark
  37. ^ Census of 2001
  38. ^ China Census of 2010 for Siming District of Xiamen Islando. Data has not include the outlying island of Gulangyu.
  39. ^ Composed of 3 provinces
  40. ^ Data refers to Bhola District which includes minor outlying islands
  41. ^ New York State 2012 estimates by county
  42. ^ 广州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Gzstats.gov.cn (2011-05-17). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  43. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/brazil-regiaonordeste-admin.php
  44. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik - Nusa Tenggara Barat
  45. ^ Trinidad and Tobago: Municipalities, Major Cities & Communities - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  46. ^ Hong Kong: Districts, Major Cities & Towns - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  47. ^ Bahrain: Governorates, Major Cities & Towns - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  48. ^ Batam Civil regsitry April 2012
  49. ^ Republic of Cyprus: 803,147 and Northern Cyprus: 285,356 = 1,088,503. Source for Republic of Cyprus - "Total population as of 1 January". Eurostat, source for Northern Cyprus - North Cyprus' State Planning Organization
  50. ^ a b Census.gov
  51. ^ a b c http://www.citypopulation.de/php/tanzania-admin.php
  52. ^ a b c "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge". INSEE. Retrieved 2013-10-12. 
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Administrative Division of Indonesia: Provinces, Regencies and Cities - Statistics & Maps by »City Population«. Citypopulation.de (2012-02-18). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  54. ^ "Vancouver Island Population Figures 2008". Bcstats.gov.bc.ca. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  55. ^ Approximate. The Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) 2010 census data list a combined population of 751,845 inhabitants for the municipalities of Santos and São Vicente, whose main urban areas are located on the island. However, there are a few small districts of both cities that are located on the mainland, for which separate data are not available on the IBGE Web site.
  56. ^ http://citypopulation.de/Fiji.html
  57. ^ a b c http://www.citypopulation.de/php/southkorea-admin.php
  58. ^ Thailand Citypopulation.de
  59. ^ a b c Papua New Guinea: Provinces, Cities & Urban Localities - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  60. ^ Statistical Information of Zhoushan, line 2(the part of Dinghai District) plus line 31(the part of Putuo District)
  61. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm
  62. ^ Indonesia Halmahera including Gebe and Ju islands of Halmahera Tengah
  63. ^ Halmahera Selatan Regency site table, including mainland Gane but excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands
  64. ^ entire district, includes Ukawa island
  65. ^ a b Administrative Division of Bangladesh: Districts and Subdistricts - Statistics & Maps by »City Population«. Citypopulation.de (2012-07-25). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  66. ^ (consists of Matlab Uttar)
  67. ^ "IBGE - Cidades@ - Guarujá" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved 2012-10-22.  Population of the municipality of Guarujá, which is coterminous with the island.
  68. ^ http://citypopulation.de/NewCaledonia.html
  69. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/nigeria-admin.php
  70. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/brazil-rio.php
  71. ^ ???????????????? ????? (Vasilieostrovsky District) (Russian)
  72. ^ District Council Election 2007 - Kwai Tsing. The sum of the population in constituency areas S18 to S28
  73. ^ Mexico (Major Cities): Federal States & Major Cities - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de (2010-05-31). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  74. ^ http://citypopulation.de/Solomon.html includes Honiara and Guadacanal Prov.
  75. ^ http://citypopulation.de/Samoa.html
  76. ^ http://sp2010.bps.go.id/files/ebook/5307.pdf
  77. ^ Statistical Information of Zhoushan, line 26
  78. ^ http://sp2010.bps.go.id/files/ebook/9409.pdf
  79. ^ BRS hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010. Bangkepkab.bps.go.id (2010-11-02). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  80. ^ http://sp2010.bps.go.id/files/ebook/1408.pdf

External links[edit]