Purba Medinipur district

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For other uses, see Midnapore (disambiguation).
Purba Medinipur district
পূর্ব মেদিনীপুর জেলা
District of West Bengal
Location of Purba Medinipur district in West Bengal
Location of Purba Medinipur district in West Bengal
Country India
State West Bengal
Administrative division Burdwan
Headquarters Tamluk
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Kanthi (Contai), Tamluk, Ghatal (partly), Medinipur (partly)
 • Assembly seats Tamluk, Panskura Purba, Panskura Paschim, Moyna, Nandakumar, Mahisadal, Haldia, Nandigram, Chandipur, Patashpur, Kanthi Uttar, Bhagabanpur, Khejuri, Kanthi Dakshin, Ramnagar, Egra
Area
 • Total 4,736 km2 (1,829 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,094,238
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 87.66 per cent
 • Sex ratio 936
Major highways NH 6, NH 41
Website Official website
Map of Purba Medinipur showing Tamluk

Purba Medinipur district (Pron: ˈpʊəbə ˌmedɪnɪˈpʊə) (Bengali: পূর্ব মেদিনীপুর জেলা), or East Midnapore district (Pron: ˌmɪdnəˈpɔ:) is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the southernmost district of Burdwan division – one of the three administrative divisions of West Bengal. The headquarters is located at Tamluk. It was formed on January 1, 2002 after the Partition of Midnapore into Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur which lies at the northern and western border of it. The state of Odisha is at the south-west border whereas the Bay of Bengal lies in the south; the Hooghly river and South 24 Parganas district to the east and Howrah district to the north-east.

Purba Medinipur is formed of the sub-divisions of Tamluk, Contai and Haldia of erstwhile Midnapore district.[1] Another sub-division, Egra has been created out of the erstwhile Contai sub-division during the partition of Midnapore. In 2011, the state government has proposed to rename the district as Tamralipta district after the ancient port city of Tamralipta which used to lie near the modern district headquarters.

Purba Medinipur saw many political movements during the British Raj. A parallel government named the Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar was formed during the Quit India Movement in Tamluk.[2] In 2007, Purba Medinipur witnessed the Nandigram violence, an incident of police firing that killed 14 farmers.[3]

Geography[edit]

Major cities and towns[edit]

Major cities and towns include: Panskura, Tamluk, Nandakumar, Contai, Egra, Haldia, Mecheda, Mahisadal, Kajlagarh, Digha, Mandarmani, Khejuri, Ramnagar, Patashpur, Bhagabanpur, Manglamarro, Chandipur, Kolaghat, Deshopran Paniparul, Deulihat and Haria.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Purba Medinipur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the eleven districts in West Bengal currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Divisions[edit]

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

The district comprises four subdivisions: Tamluk, Haldia, Egra and Contai. Tamluk subdivision consists of Tamluk municipality, Panskura municipality and seven community development blocks: Nandakumar, Mayna, Tamluk, Shahid Matangini, Panskura–I, Panskura–II and Chandipur (Nadigram–III). Haldia subdivision consists of Haldia municipality and five community development blocks: Mahisadal, Nandigram–I, Nandigram–II, Sutahata and Haldia. Egra subdivision consists of Egra municipality and six community development blocks: Bhagawanpur–I, Bhagawanpur–II, Egra–I, Egra–II, Pataspur–I and Pataspur–II. Contai subdivision consists of Contai municipality and seven community development blocks: Kanthi–I, Kanthi–II, Kanthi–III, Khejuri–I, Khejuri–II, Ramnagar–I and Ramnagar–II.[5]

Tamluk is the district headquarters. There are 21 police stations, 25 development blocks, 5 municipalities and 223 gram panchayats in this district.[5][6]

Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. In total there are 10 urban units: 5 municipalities and 5 census towns.[6] Panskura municipality was established in 2001.[7]

Tamluk subdivision[edit]

  • Two municipalities: Tamluk and Panskura.
  • Nandakumar community development block consists of rural areas only with 12 gram panchayats.
  • Moyna community development block consists of rural areas with 11 gram panchayats and one census town: Goasafat.
  • Tamluk community development block consists of rural areas with 12 gram panchayats and one census town: Dakshin Baguan.
  • Shahid Matangini community development block consists of rural areas with 10 gram panchayats and one census town: Kakdihi.
  • Panskura–I community development block consists of rural areas with 14 gram panchayats and one census town: Bahirgram.
  • Panskura–II community development block consists of rural areas with 13 gram panchayats and one census town: Kolaghat.
  • Chandipur (Nadigram–III) community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • barkshimpur one of the most historical place

Haldia subdivision[edit]

  • One municipality: Haldia.
  • Mahisadal community development block consists of rural areas only with 11 gram panchayats.
  • Nandigram–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • Nandigram–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.
  • Sutahata community development block consists of rural areas only with 6 gram panchayats.
  • Haldia community development block consists of rural areas only with 4 gram panchayats.

Egra subdivision[edit]

  • One municipality: Egra.
  • Bhagabanpur–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • Bhagabanpur–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Egra–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.
  • Egra–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.
  • Pataspur–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Pataspur–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.

Contai subdivision[edit]

  • One municipality: Contai.
  • Kanthi–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.
  • Kanthi–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.
  • Kanthi–III community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.
  • Khejuri–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 6 gram panchayats.
  • Khejuri–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 5 gram panchayats.
  • Ramnagar–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Ramnagar–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Purba Medinipur district has a population of 5,094,238,[8] roughly equal to the United Arab Emirates[9] or the US state of Colorado.[10] This gives it a ranking of 20th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 1,076 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,790/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.32%.[8] Purba Medinipur has a sex ratio of 936 females for every 1000 males,[8]

Educational facilities in Purba Medinipur district:[11]
High School(Including Higher Secondary School)–456
Junior High School–189
Junior High Madarsa–5
High Madarsa–8
Senior Madarsa–2
Primary School–3217
Sishu Sikhsha Kendra–1516
Ishwar chandra Jana Chetna Centre–3089
College–15
Engineering colleges–2
Skill Development Institutions-44

Literacy and education[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the district has a literacy rate of 87.66[12] up from 80.20% of 2001 census. As per 2001 census, this district had a male literacy rate of 89.1% and female literacy rate was 70.7%. Education Index of this district is 0.74[11] and the district is ranked 1st position in literacy rate in comparison to other districts of West Bengal.[13]

The College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat was established in 1998.

Bajkul Youth Computer Training Centre in collaboration with Department of Youth Services,Govt. of WestBengal & Monoma Infotech Vill-Tethiari, Post - Kismat Bajkul (Near bajkul college gate, upper of Central Bank of India) Phone - 03220-274835

Palpara Youth Computer Training Centre in collaboration with Department of Youth Services,Govt. of WestBengal & Monoma Infotech Vill-Palpara, Post - Palpara (Near Palpara college gate)

Culture[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Coastal region of Purba Medinipur district is situated in the face of river Hoogly and river Subarnarekha. With good coastal landform diversity, seasonal diversity, rural diversity and heritage diversity,it offers potential for tourism in their typical coastlines and rural areas. The famous tourist spots are[11]

Tamluk (Tamralipta)[edit]

Bargabhima Temple, Tamluk

Tamluk, district headquarters of Purba Medinipur district is situated on the bank of river Rupnarayan and the bank of which is a very popular picnic spot. The other places are

  • Temple of Devi Barghobhima is a 1150 years of Kali temple and is considered as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. According to Puran, the small finger of left feet of Sati/Parvati fell here when Lord Vishnu cut the sacred Body of Goddess Sati into several pieces to make Lord Shiva quite.
  • Archeological Museum of tamluk is a must see place. It contains artifacts of tamra (copper) and has preserved a tamralipta of Greek inscriptions. It preserves the historical heritage of Bengal.
  • Rakhit Bati is the another important place to visit in Tamluk. In the beginning of 19th century it was famous as a secrete center of the then revolutionary party Anusilan Samiti & Gupta Samiti.
  • There are many other ancient temples in Tamluk town to visit,i.e. Jagannath Temple, Hari Temple, Mahaprabhu Temple, Ram Jiu Temple, Rajbari Temple etc. You can enjoy sylvan beauty and soothing breez at Rupnarayan river side at Tamluk.

Panskura[edit]

It's a municipality zone updated on 2002 and one of the busiest town in Midnapur district West Bengal. Panskura known as place flowers, many farmers from the urban place transporting the flowers all across the country also the foreign countries like Europe, USA, DUBAI, Malaysia, Singapore and many other countries. Panskura also known green vegetables whole sale market near rail way station every day after 10pm to morning 7am and more than lakhs of people gathering regularly. Panskura also on of the busiest railway station jn. can go to Digha or Haldia directly through this station or by bus. The river Kansabati is good picnic place and Mahakali(Bhavatarini)temple near by old Panskura bazar. welcome to all of you to visit Panskura.


Mahishadal[edit]

Mahishadal is only 16 km from Tamluk town where you can visit the Mahishadal Rajbari and the museum there, do boating in the attached park. Also give a visit to Geonkhali, a place 8 km away from Mahishadal, a perfect picnic spot at the junction (Mohona) of three rivers.

New Digha Beach

Digha[edit]

Main article: Digha

Digha is a seaside resort town of East Midnapore district and at the northern end of the Bay of Bengal, is the most popular seaside resort of West Bengal.Renowned for its beaches, Digha is visited by thousands of tourists every year.

Mandarmani[edit]

Mandarmani is a small virgin beach on Bay of Bengal, only a 14 km from Digha-Contai Road from Chulkhola Bus Stop. It is also a small fishing harbour and a fast developing tourist resort.

Haldia[edit]

Haldia is a city and a municipality in Purba Medinipur,is a major seaport located approximately 50 kilometers southwest of Calcutta near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges. It is being developed as a major trade port for Calcutta, intended mainly for bulk cargoes.

Media & communications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jana, Naresh (2001-12-31). "Tamluk readies for giant's partition". The Telegraph (Kolkata). Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Sushil Dhara:Dreams of ’42 Service in ‘90’s". janasamachar.net. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  3. ^ "Red-hand Buddha: 14 killed in Nandigram re-entry bid". The Telegraph. 15 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-15. 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  6. ^ a b "Administration Setup". Official website of Purba Medinipur district. Retrieved 2008-12-06. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Municipalities: Panskura Municipality". Department of Urban Development, West Bengal. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. United Arab Emirates 5,148,664 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Colorado 5,029,196 
  11. ^ a b c "Official website of the Purba Medinipur District". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "District Census 2011". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 

External links[edit]