Sergey Shoygu

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Sergey Shoygu
Сергей Шойгу
Sergey Shoigu 2013.jpg
Minister of Defense
Assumed office
November 6, 2012
President Vladimir Putin
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev
Preceded by Anatoliy Serdyukov
Governor of Moscow Oblast
In office
May 11, 2012 – November 6, 2012
Deputy Ruslan Tsalikov
Preceded by Boris Gromov
Succeeded by Andrey Yuryevich Vorobyov (Acting)
Leader of United Russia
In office
December 1 2001 – April 15, 2005
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Boris Gryzlov
Minister of Emergency Situations
In office
April 17, 1991 – May 11, 2012
Prime Minister Boris Yeltsin
Yegor Gaidar (acting)
Viktor Chernomyrdin
Sergei Kiriyenko
Viktor Chernomyrdin (acting)
Yevgeny Primakov
Sergei Stepashin
Vladimir Putin
Mikhail Kasyanov
Viktor Khristenko (acting)
Mikhail Fradkov
Viktor Zubkov
Vladimir Putin
Viktor Zubkov (acting)
Dmitry Medvedev
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Vladimir Puchkov
Personal details
Born Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu
(1955-05-21) May 21, 1955 (age 59)
Chadan, Soviet Union
(now Russia)
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Before 1991)
Independent (1991–1995)
Our Home-Russia (1995–1999)
Unity (1999–2001)
United Russia (2001–present)
Spouse(s) Irina Shoygu
Children Yuliya
Alma mater Krasnoyarsk Polytechnical Institute
Awards Hero of the Russian Federation medal.png
St.AndrewOrder.png(with swords)
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Military Council of the civil defense troops of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation
Years of service 1991 — present
Rank General of the Army

Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu (Russian: Серге́й Кужуге́тович Шойгу́, Tyvan: Сергей Күжүгет оглу Шойгу; born May 21, 1955) is a Russian political figure who has served in the government of Russia as Minister of Defence since 2012. Previously he was Minister of Emergency Situations from 1991 to 2012 and briefly served as Governor of Moscow Oblast in 2012. He holds the military rank of General of the Army. He is also the President of the International Sport Federation of Firefighters and Rescuers.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Shoygu was born in Chadan, Tuva to a Tuvan father and a Russian mother.[2] In 1977, Shoygu graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute with a degree in Civil Engineering. Following graduation in 1977, he worked in the construction projects worldwide for the next decade, advancing from low levels to become an executive. In 1988 he became a minor functionary in the Abakan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and then in Komsomol for a couple of years. In 1990 he moved to Moscow from Siberia and was appointed Deputy Chief of State Architecture and Construction Committee of the Russian Federation.[3]

Ministry of Emergency situations[edit]

In 1991, he was appointed the head of Rescuer Corps, which was later given more responsibilities and renamed first to the State Committee on Emergencies, and eventually to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, making Shoygu a government minister. He became popular because of his hands-on management style and high visibility during emergency situations, such as floods, earthquakes and acts of terrorism. In 1999 he became one of the leaders of the Russian pro-government party Unity. He was awarded Russia's most prestigious state award – Hero of the Russian Federation – in 1999.

Governor of Moscow Oblast[edit]

In March 2012, he was announced as one of the potential candidates for the Governor of Moscow Oblast.[4][5] On April 5, 2012 he was elected by Moscow Oblast Duma (legislature) as the 3rd Governor of Moscow Oblast, and took office on May 11, 2012.[6]

Minister of Defence[edit]

On November 6, 2012 Shoygu was appointed Minister of Defence[7] when Putin ousted his longtime ally, Anatoly Serdyukov. According to expert Sergey Smirnov, the so-called "Petersburg group” siloviki of Sergei Ivanov, Sergey Chemezov and Viktor Ivanov wanted one of its guys to take Serdyukov’s place at the Defense Ministry. But Putin didn’t want to strengthen them, so he took the neutral figure Shoygu.[8]

On 7 November 2012 the minister decided to resurrect the tradition of Suvorov and Nakhimov cadets participating in the 9 May parade. On July 2013 Shoygu ordered commanders to begin every morning in the barracks with a rendition of the Russian Anthem, to compile an obligatory military-patriotic book reading list and take the preparation of demob albums under their control.[9] On August that year he ordered to dress all Defense Ministry civilian workers, other staff and management employees in so-called "office suits".[10]

Shoigu stated on 26 February 2014 that Russia planned to sign agreements with Vietnam, Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua, the Seychelles, Singapore and several other countries either to house permanent military bases and/or to house airplane refuel stations in those countries.[11]

In July 2014 Ukraine opened a criminal case against Shoygu; he was accused of helping to form “illegal military groups” in Eastern Ukraine who at the time fought against the Ukrainian army.[12]

Personal life[edit]

Sergey Shoygu is married to Irina Shoygu, and has two daughters (Yuliya, born 1977 and Kseniya, born 1991).[3] In his spare time, Shoygu enjoys sports such as gaelic football, a legacy of his time spent in Ireland, horseback riding, and enjoys music of Vanessa Mae and The Ramones. He speaks nine languages[citation needed], including English, Japanese and Turkish. He also has the largest collection of ancient samurai swords in Russia, worth over $40 million.

Shoygu with Vladimir Putin and Prince Albert in Tuva, 2007

Russian scientist Viktor Petrik attempted to use Shoygu's name to market his water filters. Shoygu has requested that Petrik cease using his name to market products.[13]

On May 16, 2011, Shoygu fired his personal driver because of the driver's threat to shoot a motorist made during a row on the Moscow Ring Road.[14]



Political offices
Preceded by
Anatoliy Serdyukov
Minister of Defence of Russian Federation
Preceded by
Boris Gromov
Governor of Moscow Oblast
Succeeded by
Ruslan Tsalikov
Preceded by
Position established
Ministry of Emergency Situations
Succeeded by
Vladimir Puchkov
Party political offices
New office Leader of United Russia
Succeeded by
Boris Gryzlov