Shunde District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shunde)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shunde
顺德区
District
Shunfengshan Park in Shunde
Shunfengshan Park in Shunde
Coordinates: 22°50′11″N 113°15′09″E / 22.83639°N 113.25250°E / 22.83639; 113.25250Coordinates: 22°50′11″N 113°15′09″E / 22.83639°N 113.25250°E / 22.83639; 113.25250
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Prefecture-level city Foshan
Area
 • Total 806 km2 (311 sq mi)
  [1]
Population [1]
 • Total 1,220,000
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 528300
Website (Chinese) www.shunde.gov.cn
Shunde District
Simplified Chinese 顺德区
Traditional Chinese 順德區
Cantonese Jyutping seon6 dak1 keoi1
Cantonese Yale Seuhndāk Kēui
Hanyu Pinyin Shùndé Qū
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 顺德
Traditional Chinese 順德
Cantonese Jyutping seon6 dak1
Cantonese Yale Seuhndāk
Hanyu Pinyin Shùndé
Postal Map Shuntak

Shunde District, is a district in the city of Foshan in the Pearl River Delta, Guangdong Province, China. Once a traditional agricultural county, it has become one of the most affluent counties in Guangdong and mainland China. Since 2009, it is administrated independently of Foshan city, answerable directly to the Guangdong provincial government.

Administration Division[edit]

Shunde was a county-level city until December 8, 2002, when it became a district of Foshan prefecture-level city.[2] Shunde has direct jurisdiction over four subdistricts and six towns:

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin
Daliang Subdistrict 大良街道 Dàliáng Jiēdào
Ronggui Subdistrict 容桂街道 Róngguì Jiēdào
Leliu Subdistrict 勒流街道 Lēiliú Jiēdào
Lunjiao Subdistrict 伦教街道 Lúnjiào Jiēdào
Beijiao Town 北滘镇 Běijiào Zhèn
Lecong Town 乐从镇 Lècóng Zhèn
Jun'an Town 均安镇 Jūn'ān Zhèn
Xingtan Town 杏坛镇 Xìngtán Zhèn
Chencun Town 陈村镇 Chéncūn Zhèn
Longjiang Town 龙江镇 Lóngjiāng Zhèn

Unique as a district of any prefecture-level city in China, Shunde has been granted a degree of prefecture-level administrative autonomy over certain matters, notably, economic development. It is independent of Foshan city and has been answerable directly to the Guangdong Provincial government since 2009.[2]

Economy[edit]

Since the implementation of policies related to reform and openness began in 1978, the people of this area were given full control over their geographical position and culture. This has allowed Shunde, once a traditional agricultural county, to gradually develop into a modern industrial boomtown. Shunde was approved as a pilot city for the comprehensive reform of Guangdong in 1993,[2] and also for taking the lead in accomplishing modernization in 1999. From 2000 to 2003, Shunde was ranked first among China's top 100 counties for Basic Economic Competitiveness for four consecutive years (released by National Bureau of Statistics of China). In 2005, Shunde achieved a GDP of 2170.13 billion.[3]

Situated in the fertile Pearl River Delta, the its economy was once dominated by agriculture, fisheries and silk farming. Since the Chinese economic reform, this has been superseded by industrial manufacturing and development, especially the manufacturing of furniture and electric appliances.[4] Some mainland Chinese product brands like Kelon (科龙) or Midea are made in Shunde. Recently a new technology industrial park has also been opened in this area, featuring car manufacturers such as Toyota.

Today, this area has become one of the most affluent counties in Guangdong and mainland China (according to official information from the Chinese government and the United Nations).[citation needed] The GDP reached 127.5 billion yuan in 2007, an annual increase of 18%, and GDP per capita reached 107,991 yuan (ca. US $14,200).

Tourism[edit]

Tourist attractions include the Qinghui Garden (清晖园), which features fish ponds surrounded by osmanthus, bamboo and mulberry bushes,[5] as well as the Bruce Lee Memorial Museum located in Jun'an. Shunfengshan Park was opened to the public in 2004 and has a memorial archway which is 88 metres (289 ft) wide and 38 metres (125 ft) high. Baolin Temple is accessible through the park.

Travelling from Shunde is easy with many different options. There are ferries and buses that go directly to Hong Kong, including an option to Hong Kong International Airport. Bus tickets can be purchased at the New World Centre Hotel. Macau is easily accessible by train, taking less than an hour. Guangzhou is accessible by train, taxi or bus. [6]

Famous residents and people from the area[edit]

Martial artist Bruce Lee's ancestral roots are traced to Gwan'on (Jun'an) in Seundak (Shunde). A street in the village is named after the actor, and his ancestral home is open to the public.

Others include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 顺德基本概况 (in Chinese). Shunde People's Government of Foshan. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c 历史沿革 (in Chinese). Government of Shunde. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  3. ^ "广东GDP总量超新加坡香港" (in Chinese). Government of Shunde. Jan 26, 2006. 
  4. ^ 传统产业 (in Chinese). Government of Shunde. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Qinghui Garden". CITS.net. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ 顺峰山简介 (in Chinese). July 24, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Bloomberg Billionaires Index". Retrieved 1 June 2013. 

External links[edit]