14th Street – Union Square (New York City Subway)

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14th Street – Union Square
NYCS 4 NYCS 5 NYCS 6 NYCS 6d NYCS L NYCS N NYCS Q NYCS R
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Union Square Subway 3760070985 d4b6a3d4fa2.jpg
Station entrance within Union Square Park
Station statistics
Address East 14th Street, Park Avenue South & Broadway
New York, NY 10003
Borough Manhattan
Locale Union Square
Coordinates 40°44′05″N 73°59′25″W / 40.73472°N 73.99028°W / 40.73472; -73.99028Coordinates: 40°44′05″N 73°59′25″W / 40.73472°N 73.99028°W / 40.73472; -73.99028
Division A (IRT), B (BMT)
Line       BMT Broadway Line
      BMT Canarsie Line
      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services       4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      6 all times (all times) <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)
      L all times (all times)
      N all times (all times)
      Q all times (all times)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
Connection NYCT Bus: M1, M2, M3, M14A/D, X1, X7, X9, X10, X12, X17, X27, X28
Structure Underground
Levels 3
Other information
Opened July 1, 1948 (66 years ago) (1948-07-01)[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (BMT Broadway Line & BMT Canarsie Line platforms only)
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 35,309,414 (station complex)[2] Increase 1.9%
Rank 4 out of 421

14th Street-Union Square Subway Station (IRT; Dual System BMT)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 05000671[3]
Added to NRHP July 6, 2005

14th Street – Union Square is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the BMT Broadway Line, the BMT Canarsie Line and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. It is located at the intersection of Fourth Avenue and 14th Street, underneath Union Square in Manhattan, and is served by the:

  • 4, 6, L, N, and Q trains at all times
  • 5 and R trains at all times except late nights
  • <6> train weekdays in the peak direction

In 2013, 35,309,414 passengers entered this station, making it the fourth-busiest station of the New York City Subway.[2]

Overview[edit]

The complex located on the border of several neighborhoods with popular business, residential and nightlife destination spots, including the East Village to the southeast, Greenwich Village to the south and southwest, Chelsea to the northwest, and both the Flatiron District and Gramercy Park to the north and northeast.

There are three originally separate stations here, which were combined sometime after unification of the subways in 1940. They now share a mezzanine, common entrance points, and unified signage. This complex was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[4]

Information for riders at the 14 Street – Union Square Station. Photo taken prior to the discontinuation of the W in June 2010.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at NE corner of 14th Street and Park Avenue S (Union Square E))
B2 Side platform, not in service
Northbound local NYCS 6 NYCS 6d toward Pelham Bay Park (NYCS 6 toward Parkchester rush hours and middays) (23rd Street)
NYCS 4 toward Woodlawn late nights (23rd Street)
(No service: 18th Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Northbound express NYCS 4 toward Woodlawn except nights (Grand Central – 42nd Street)
NYCS 5 toward Dyre Avenue weekdays (Nereid Avenue rush hours) (Grand Central – 42nd Street)
Southbound express NYCS 4 toward Crown Heights – Utica Avenue except nights (Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall)
NYCS 5 toward Flatbush Avenue – Brooklyn College weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound local NYCS 6 NYCS 6d toward Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall (Astor Place)
NYCS 4 toward New Lots Avenue late nights (Astor Place)
Side platform, not in service
B3 Southbound local NYCS N toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via Sea Beach (Eighth Street – New York University)
NYCS R toward Whitehall Street (weekdays) or Bay Ridge – 95th Street (weekends) (Eighth Street – New York University)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS Q toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via Brighton (Canal Street)
Northbound express NYCS Q toward Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard weekdays, 57th Street – Seventh Avenue weekends (34th Street – Herald Square)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS N toward Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard (23rd Street)
NYCS R toward Forest Hills – 71st Avenue except nights (23rd Street)
B4 Northbound NYCS L toward Eighth Avenue (Sixth Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound NYCS L toward Canarsie – Rockaway Parkway (Third Avenue)



BMT Broadway Line platforms[edit]

14th Street – Union Square
NYCS N NYCS Q NYCS R
New York City Subway rapid transit station
14th Street Union Square BMT Broadway 006.JPG
NYCS R train of R160 cars arriving on the local track
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Broadway Line
Services       N all times (all times)
      Q all times (all times)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened September 4, 1917 (96 years ago) (1917-09-04)[5][6]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Transfer to IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms not yet accessible)
Station succession
Next north 23rd Street (local): N all times R all except late nights
34th Street – Herald Square (express): Q all times
Next south Eighth Street – New York University (local): N all times R all except late nights
Canal Street (express): Q all times


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 34th Street – Herald Square: N all times Q all times R all except late nights
Next Handicapped/disabled access south DeKalb Avenue (via bridge): N late nights only Q all times R weekends except late nights
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (via bridge bypass): N all except late nights
Jay Street – MetroTech (via tunnel): ZZZtemporarily closed for construction

14th Street – Union Square, opened on September 5, 1917 is an express station on the BMT Broadway Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. N and R trains stop at the local tracks while Q trains stop at the express tracks.

It is the southernmost station in Manhattan with a cross-platform interchange between all three Broadway services. A mosaic on the platform side walls is a depiction of "the junction of Broadway and … Bowery Road, 1828," as the area was once known. The mezzanine and crossover level has been reconstructed as well. Some former passageways and stairways have been closed off, including one immediately adjacent to the southernmost staircase on the northbound side.

This station was overhauled in the late 1970s. The MTA replaced the original wall tiles, old signs, and incandescent lighting with the 1970s wall tile band and tablet mosaics, signs and fluorescent lights. They also fixed staircases and platform edges. In 2002, the station was upgraded for ADA-accessibility and its original late 1910s tiling was restored. As part of the upgrade, the MTA repaired the staircases, re-tiled for the walls and floors, upgraded the station's lights and the public address system, installed yellow safety threads along the platform edge, new signs, and new trackbeds in both directions. The station now has an elevator on both platforms as well as connection to the station entrances and passageway to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line.

In 2005, an artwork called City Glow by Chiho Aoshima was installed here.

Image gallery[edit]

Further reading[edit]


BMT Canarsie Line platform[edit]

Union Square
NYCS L
New York City Subway rapid transit station
14th Street Union Square BMT Canarsie Line elevator.JPG
Elevator and "countdown clock"
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Canarsie Line
Services       L all times (all times)
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened September 21, 1924 (89 years ago) (1924-09-21)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (transfer to IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms not yet accessible)
Station succession
Next north Sixth Avenue: L all times
Next south Third Avenue: L all times


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Eighth Avenue: L all times
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Myrtle–Wyckoff Avenues: L all times

Union Square on the BMT Canarsie Line, opened on September 21, 1924 has two tracks and one island platform with numerous stairways and exits leading from it. There is one mezzanine attached to this station with entrances on the south side of 14th Street between Broadway and University Place. Other entrances in the complex serve the other services that stop here. The original mosaic band of sky blue, sea green, lime green and yellow ochre stands clearly visible above new green-bordered tile panels. The station has been renovated and is now ADA-accessible with a single elevator going up from the platform to the mezzanine.


IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms[edit]

14th Street – Union Square
NYCS 4 NYCS 5 NYCS 6 NYCS 6d
New York City Subway rapid transit station
14 Street-Union Square IRT 003.JPG
Downtown platform for the local services (left) and express services (right), showing the curvature of the station and the movable platforms
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services       4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      6 all times (all times) <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)
Platforms 2 island platforms (in service)
cross-platform interchange
2 side platforms (abandoned)
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened October 27, 1904 (109 years ago) (1904-10-27)[7]
Station succession
Next north 23rd Street (local): 4 late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Grand Central – 42nd Street (express): 4 all except late nights 5 all except late nights
18th Street (closed)
Next south Astor Place (local): 4 late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall (express): 4 all except late nights 5 all except late nights

14th Street – Union Square, opened on October 27, 1904, is an express station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. The uptown and downtown platforms are offset from each other and slightly curved. Gap-filling movable platforms on the downtown side are automatically operated via proximity sensors when trains arrive. The station's mezzanines are located over the platforms.

The station has two abandoned local side platforms; the northbound one is visible through windows, bordered with wide, bright red frames. From the north end of the downtown platform's mezzanine, the adjacent side platform can be seen through a hole in the plywood.

1991 accident[edit]

On August 28, 1991, an accident just north of the station killed five riders and injured 215 others in one of the worst wrecks since a crash at Times Square – 42nd Street on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line in 1928 that killed 16 people. The train operator, Robert Ray, was intoxicated and had been overshooting platforms during the entire run from Woodlawn in the Bronx. Just north of this station, his Utica Avenue-bound 4 train was to be shifted to the local track due to repair work on the express one. He was running at 40 mph (65 km/h) at a 10 mph (16 km/h) zone and took the switch so fast that only the first car made it through the crossover. The rest of the train was involved in a derailment that led to a massive pile-up. Cars 1435, 1436, 1437, 1439, and 1440 were essentially scrapped on the site, and the IRT Lexington Line suffered heavy structural damage as a result. Service was disrupted for six days (with trains terminating at 59th Street for the duration) as transit workers toiled around the clock to clean up the wreckage. The entire infrastructure, including signals, switches, track, roadbed, cabling, and 23 support columns needed to be replaced. Ray was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but released in April 2002 for good behavior.[8][9]

The wreck occurred at the entry to a former pocket track. Like 72nd Street on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line, this station was built with extra tracks on the approach to the station. These were between the local and express tracks and approximately 300 feet (91 m) long. The idea was to have a "stacking" track where a train could be held momentarily until the platform cleared for it to enter the station. The tracks here and at 72nd Street were rendered useless when train lengths grew beyond these tracks' capacity. When the damage from the 1991 wreck was repaired, the stacking track was removed.

Image gallery[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, Transfer Points Under Higher Fare, June 30, 1948, page 19
  2. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-04-06. 
  3. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ New York County Listings at the National Register of Historic Places (Structure #05000671)
  5. ^ New York Times, Open First Section of Broadway Line, September 5, 1917
  6. ^ New York Times, Open New Subway to Times Square, January 6, 1918
  7. ^ New York Times, Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It, October 28, 1904
  8. ^ http://www.nysubway.com/safety/subwaysafety.html
  9. ^ 44:10-50:10 in this video do a small documentary on the accident: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KKVupF7Uug

External links[edit]