1670s

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The 1670s decade ran from January 1, 1670, to December 31, 1679.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
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Events

1670

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

  • July 11 – Representatives of England (led by King Charles II) and Denmark (led by King Christian V) sign a treaty of alliance and commerce, the Treaty of Copenhagen.
  • July 18 (July 8, O.S.) – The Treaty of Madrid, also known as the Godolphin Treaty, is signed between England and Spain to formally end hostilities left over from the Anglo-Spanish War, in the Caribbean, that ended ten years earlier. For the first time, Spain acknowledges that it is not entitled to all territory in the Americas west of Brazil, as provided by the 1493 line of demarcation decreed by Pope Alexander VI, and by the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal. Spain acknowledges that Jamaica and the Cayman Islands are English possessions.
  • August 17 – A joint fleet of warships from England (commanded by Commodore Richard Beach on HMS Hampshire) and from the Dutch Republic (led by Admiral Willem Joseph van Ghent on Spiegel) rescue 250 Christian slaves and then sink six Algerian pirate ships in a battle in the Mediterranean Sea off of the coast of Morocco at Cape Spartel.[9]
  • August 26 – The Parliament of France enacts a uniform criminal code for the nation with the passage of the Criminal Ordinance of 1670, which takes effect on January 1. The code remains in force until October 9, 1789, when it is abrogated during the French Revolution.
  • mid-August – Three Spanish frigates from Spanish Florida, sailing from St. Augustine and under the command of Juan Menendez Marques, arrive at Charleston harbor, preparing to attack the English settlement in South Carolina. The English settlers have been warned in advance by Indians who had found out about the invasion. Because of a storm, and the English preparations for a siege, Captain Menendez abandons the colony without attempting an attack.[10]
  • September 5William Penn and William Mead are found not guilty of violating the Conventicles Act 1670, after a five day jury trial in London. The two had been arrested on August 14 in front of a meeting house Gracechurch Street after preaching a Quaker sermon outside following a ban on preaching indoors. The defiance by the jury leads to the landmark English decision in Bushel's Case.

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1671

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Undated[edit]

1672

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Undated[edit]

1673

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

Kintai Bridge officially complete in Japan on October 3

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1674

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

  • October 4
    • The Battle of Entzheim takes place in France with 35,000 Holy Roman Empire troops and 22,000 French defenders during the Franco-Dutch War, with the forces fighting near Entzheim south of Strasbourg. While the battle is inconclusive, the outnumbered French win a strategic victory by keeping the Germans from entering French territory.[38] Most of the former battlefield now lies beneath the Strasbourg International Airport.
    • A second coronation is held by the Maratha Empire for the Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhonsle, after the Vedic priest Nischal Puri Goswami decides that the June 18 coronation was "held under inauspicious stars".[39]
  • October 15 – The Torsåker witch trials begin in the Torsåker Parish in Sweden, with over 100 men and women accused of witchcraft and the abduction of children. On June 1, 1675, the mass beheading of the 71 persons convicted takes place at Häxberget, 65 of whom are women.[40][41] The others are two men and four boys.
  • November 10 – As provided in the Treaty of Westminster of February 19, the Dutch Republic cedes its colony of New Netherland to England. This includes the colonial capital, New Orange, which is returned to its English name of New York. The colonies of Surinam, Essequibo and Berbice remain in Dutch hands.
  • December 4 – Father Jacques Marquette, along with Pierre Poteret and Jacque Poteret, sails southward along the shore of Lake Michigan, accompanied by nine canoes of Indians from the Potawatomi tribe, and comes ashore at what is now Chicago. The three missionaries, the first Europeans to explore the area, camp there for the winter.[42] Marquette notes in his journal "The land bordering it is of now value, except on the prairies," and adds "There are eight to ten quite fine rivers."[43] A historical marker is now erected on the site of the landing.[44] Father Marquette founds a mission (which will in time grow into the city of Chicago) on the shores of Lake Michigan, in order to create a Christian ministry to convent native Americans in the Illinois Confederation.

Date unknown[edit]

1675

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1676

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1677

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

  • October 29Michel le Tellier becomes Chancellor of France.
  • November 4 – The future Mary II of England marries William of Orange in London.
  • November 16French troops occupy Freiburg.
  • December 7 – Father Louis Hennepin of Belgium, exploring North America, becomes the earliest known European person to discover Niagara Falls, and the first to report its existence. In his book A New Discovery of a Vast Country in America, published in 1698, Hennepin writes "Betwixt the lakes Ontario and Eire there is a vast prodigious Cadence of water which falls down after a surprising and astonishing manner, inasmuch that the Universe does not afford its parallel."[62]
  • December 9 – The French Navy, led by Charles de Courbon de Blénac with a land force of 950 men, lands at the Caribbean island of Tobago, lays siege to the Dutch fort defending the territory during the Franco-Dutch War, and destroys the structure when it fires a cannon overlooking the fort, striking the gunpowder arsenal. The explosion kills 250 of the defenders, including Dutch Admiral Jacob Binckes and 16 officers. Combined with the sinking of four ships of the Netherlands Navy, the victory at Tobago ends Dutch military power in the Antilles.
  • December 15 – The Siege of Stettin (the modern-day Polish city of Szczecin but, at this time, a possession of Sweden) ends after almost five months with Sweden's surrender of the city to Prussia's Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. The siege, part of the Scanian War, had begun on June 25.

Date unknown[edit]

1678

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1679

January–June[edit]

April–June[edit]

A depiction by Sir William Allan of Sharp's assassination

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

1670

1671

1672

1673

1674

1675

1676

1677

1678

1679

Deaths[edit]

1670

1671

1672

1673

1674

1675

1676

1677

1678

1679

References[edit]

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  8. ^ Studi magrebini. Istituto Universitario Orientale. 1989. p. 98.
  9. ^ "Beach and Van Ghent destroy six Barbary ships near Cape Spartel, Morocco, 17 August 1670", Royal Museums Greenwich
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