Angous

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Angous
Commune
The road into Angous
The road into Angous
Angous is located in France
Angous
Angous
Location within Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
Angous is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Angous
Angous
Coordinates: 43°17′41″N 0°48′45″W / 43.2947°N 0.8125°W / 43.2947; -0.8125Coordinates: 43°17′41″N 0°48′45″W / 43.2947°N 0.8125°W / 43.2947; -0.8125
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Le Cœur de Béarn
Intercommunality Canton de Navarrenx
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Francis Lansalot-Matras
Area1 6.22 km2 (2.40 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 107
 • Density 17/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64025 /64190
Elevation 133–262 m (436–860 ft)
(avg. 177 m or 581 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Angous is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Angousiens or Angousiennes [1]

Geography[edit]

Angous is located some 5 km south-west of Navarrenx and 12 km north-east of Mauléon-Licharre. It can be accessed by the D2 road which runs from Navarrenx and forms the south-eastern border of the commune before continuing to Moncayolle-Larrory-Mendibieu. Access to the village is by the D69 road which runs off the D2 to the village. The commune consists of mainly farmland with patches of forest.[2]

Located on the watershed of the Adour, the Serrot, a tributary of the Lausset, with many tributaries flows through the commune from south-west to north-east passing near the village. The Ruisseau de Lassere with many tributaries also flows from the south-west towards the northeast to the east of the village and forms part of the eastern border.

Places and Hamlets[edit]

  • Beigbédé
  • Bestit
  • Bois de Carrié
  • Bonnehoun
  • Bordenave
  • Cabane
  • Caillau[3]
  • Carrié
  • Chincas
  • Claverie
  • Denis
  • Jaquet
  • Labadie
  • Labatut
  • Labourdette
  • Lagrave
  • Lahaderne
  • Larrieu
  • Lartigue
  • Lauga
  • Ligaray
  • Maréchal
  • Miranda
  • Mirassou
  • Montjoye
  • Mouliet
  • Nabarre (ruins)
  • Olive
  • Parfouby
  • Poumirau
  • Pucheu
  • Serbielle[3]
  • Serrot[3]
  • Trouilh

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in Gascon is Angós which means "marshy terrain" according to Michel Grosclaude[4] and Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Angous Angos 1385 Raymond
6
Census Village
Anguos 1548 Raymond
6
Reformation
Saint-André d'Angous 1673 Raymond
6
Insinuations
Angous 1750 Cassini
Angoust 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Angons 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini Bulletin des Lois
Caillau Caillau 1863 Raymond
39
Fief
Dalen Dalen 1863 Raymond
54
Farm
Les Navailles Navaillez 1366 Raymond
121
Chapter of Navailles Hamlet, former commune founded in 1366
Los Nabalhes 1385 Raymond
121
Census
Los Navalhees d'Angos 1412 Raymond
121
Notaries
Los quoate Nabalhes 1538 Raymond
121
Reformation
Les Navaillès 1593 Raymond
121
Angous
Les Randuches Les Randuches 1366 Raymond
141
Chapter of Navailles Hamlet
Serbielle Serviele 1385 Raymond
160
Census Farm
Servielle 1863 Raymond
160
Serrot Serrot 1863 Raymond
160
Census Hamlet

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 6 of the 1863 dictionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey, a vassal of the Viscount of Béarn. In 1385 there were 12 fires in Angous and it depended on the bailiwick of Navarrenx.[3]

The barony of Gabaston, a vassal of the Viscount of Béarn, was made up of Angous, Navailles, and Susmiou.[3]

Administration[edit]

Angous School

List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 David Layous
2001 2008 Roger Eyheremendy
2008 2020 Francis Lansalot-Matras

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Navarrenx;
  • the inter-communal association for gaves and of Saleys;
  • the mixed forestry association for the oak groves in the Basque and béarnais valleys;
  • the collection association of Navarrenx;
  • the AEP association of Navarrenx;
  • the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 106 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
342 356 383 352 385 387 372 382 365
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
351 325 317 291 289 305 265 278 270
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
273 242 261 250 249 228 225 214 224
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
196 158 151 129 121 111 103 106 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Angous War Memorial
Population of Angous

Economy[edit]

The activity is directed mainly towards agriculture (livestock grazing, market gardening, and horticultural crops). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-André

The Parish Church of Saint-André (1847)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[13]

Church Gallery

The sect Tabitha's place has a property of eleven hectares in the commune.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1] Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c d e f Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  4. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  5. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (in French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Angous
  7. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Notaries of Navarrenx in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Titles of Angous in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000569 Parish Church of Saint-André (in French)

External links[edit]