Astis

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Astis
View of the village
View of the village
Astis is located in France
Astis
Astis
Coordinates: 43°26′31″N 0°19′37″W / 43.4419°N 0.3269°W / 43.4419; -0.3269Coordinates: 43°26′31″N 0°19′37″W / 43.4419°N 0.3269°W / 43.4419; -0.3269
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Thèze
Intercommunality Luys en Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Alain Caïe
Area1 3.16 km2 (1.22 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 303
 • Density 96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64070 /64450
Elevation 160–242 m (525–794 ft)
(avg. 234 m or 768 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Astis (Astís in Occitan) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Astisiens or Astisiennes.[1]

Geography[edit]

The D834 at Astis

Astis is located some 20 km north of Pau and some 4 km south of Miossens-Lanusse. Access to the commune is by road D834 (Route de Bordeaux) from Pau entering the commune from the south-west passing through the village and continuing north to Sarron. The D39 road (Route de Morlaas) branches off the D834 in the north of the commune and goes south-east to Anos. The commune has a strip of forest along the length of the commune from north-west to south-east, parallel to the Route de Morlaas with the rest of the commune farmland.[2]

The Luy de France forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north eventually joining the Luy de Béarn and becoming the Luy river on the eastern border of Castel-Sarrazin commune. The Basta river rises in the south of the commune and flows north-west joining the Luy de France north of the commune.[2]

Places and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Anos[4]
  • Baradat[5]
  • Bernadot
  • La Caserne
  • Château[6]
  • Chinchin
  • Dibet
  • Guichanné
  • Jacoulet
  • Lamazou[7]
  • Nabarrot
  • Pascal
  • Plantié
  • Sarrette
  • Sarthoulet
  • Sébat
  • Tauhuré

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is also Astis. Michel Grosclaude proposed a Gascon etymology es (an old definitive article) followed by t(h)in ("Dependence") or tin ("singer").[8]

The following table details the origins of the commune name:

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Astis Estis 1385 Raymond
16
Census Village
Astis 1750 Cassini Cassini Map
Sources
  • Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (French)[9]
  • Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 (French)[8]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[10]
  • Cassini Map: Cassini Map from 1750[11]

Administration[edit]

Astis Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1790 1809 Jean Sabat
1809 1815 Jean Larrieu
1815 1828 Joseph Hondagne
1828 1830 Bernard Lamazou
1830 1868 Pierre Lamazou
1868 1871 Jean Larrieu
1871 1872 Félix Binde
1872 1878 Jean Larrieu Chinchin
1878 1919 Jean Lamazou
1919 1929 Jean Sebat
1929 1935 Julien Lamazou
1935 1944 Raymond Guichane
1944 1945 Julien Lamazou
1945 1959 Pierre Larrieu Bourdale
1959 1989 Albert Lafitte
1989 2014 Pierrette Barzu
2014 2020 Alain Caïe

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Recycling centre at Astis

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:[13]

  • the Community of communes of Luys en Béarn;
  • the AEP association of the regions of Luy and Gabas;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the scholastic association Argelos-Astis;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 303 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
157 97 - 175 215 232 222 225 220
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
220 227 213 170 166 180 180 193 189
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
190 171 167 154 140 128 139 119 108
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
111 101 98 163 198 266 292 303 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Astis

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Chateau (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Maison Mouras Farmhouse (1771)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A Farmhouse at Lamazou (1646)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Maison Larrieu Farmhouse (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • The Maison Lassus Farmhouse (1894)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Fortified Complex (Prehistoric)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint John the Baptist

The Church of Saint John the Baptist (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as a historical monument.[17]

The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

  • A Bronze Bell (1591)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
  • Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19][20]
  • A Bronze Bell in the bell tower (1591)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Ciborium (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
  • 2 Altar Candlesticks (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
  • 2 Altar Candlesticks (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
  • 2 Altar Candlesticks (torch bodies) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • A Painting: Saint John in the desert (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Worship bench (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
  • Baptismal fonts (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
  • 2 Statues: Saint Peter & Saint John (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
  • Bas-relief: Christ on the cross between Saint Madeleine & Saint John (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]
  • A Retable (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[31]
  • Altar seating and Tabernacle (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[32]
  • Main Altar Seating, Tabernacle, and RetableLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[33]

Facilities[edit]

The School

Astis has a primary school which is shared with Argelos as an inter-communal educational grouping.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026710 Maison Mourras (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026707 Maison Lassus (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027386 Chateau (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026709 Farmhouse at Lamazou (French)
  8. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
  9. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  13. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques Archived May 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 2 March 2012 (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026708 Maison Larrieu (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026706 Houses and Farms (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026705 Fortified complex (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026704 Church of Saint John the Baptist (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000058 Bronze bell (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001162 Furniture (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001148 2 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001161 Bronze Bell in the bell tower (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001160 Ciborium (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001159 2 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001158 2 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001157 2 Altar Candlesticks (torch bodies) (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001156 Painting: Saint John in the desert (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001155 Worship bench (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001154 Baptismal fonts (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001153 2 Statues: Saint Peter & Saint John (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001152 Bas-relief: Christ on the cross between Saint Madeleine & Saint John (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001151 Retable (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001150 Altar seating and tabernacle (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001149 Main Altar Seating, Tabernacle, and Retable (French)