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Mula Dharma/Bispanthi/Visa panth is a Digambar Jain sect[1][2] that follows the pivot (Origin) of Jainism (Mula Jain Dharma). Bispanthis follow the legacy of Jain agamas since Thirtankar's period. Prathamachary Gutham Swamy and Kundaundacharya were the followers of Mula Dharma. The correct usage of word is Mula Dharama (Not Bispanth). The name Bispanth is not historic, it was given in 17th century by Terapanth breakaway/sub group of Digambar sect. We don't find usage of word Bispanth in any Jain holy books, it's always written as Mula Dharma.

Mangalam Bhagavan viro, Mangalam Gautami Gani, Mangalam Kundakundadya, Jaina Mharmostu Mangalam.

The above prayer give the authenticity of Mula dharma is from the origin/pivot of Jainism. It starts giving respect to Mahaveer Thirtankar then prathamacharya Guthamswamy and then Acharya Kundakunda of Mula Sangh.

Majority of the Digambar Jain population around the world follows Mula Dharma. Great Acharyas who followed Mula dharma are Prathamaacharya Guthamswamy, Acharya Kundakunda, Acharya Umaswamy / Umaswati written Tattvartha Sutra, Acharya Hemchandra, Acharya Nemichandra, Acharya Bhardabhau, Acharya Dharsen, Acharya Gunbhadra, Acharya Manatunga (Written Bhaktambara), Acharya Pujyapada, Acharya Sudhatta (Initiated Hoysala dynasty), 20th century Prathamacharya Charitrya Chakarvarthi Shanthsagar, Acharya Subalasagar, Acharya Sanmathisagar, present day tallest saint of Digambar sect Acharya Vidyanada, Acharya Vardhamansagar, Acharya Vishudsagar.

Great nuns like Aryak pramuk Gyanamathi Mata.

All the Bhattaraka (Head of Digambar Jain Monastery) instituted by Mula Sangh also follow Mula dharma. Even today all the Jain Aagam's (Holy books/scripts) of Jainism in its original form are in the possession of Mula dharma followers.

Jain Kings & Emperors followed Mula Dharma are Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara, Ashoka, Sampapthi, Mayurasharma Founder of Kadamba dynasty, King Pulakeshi founder of Chalukyas dynasty, King Sala founder of Hoysala dynasty , Bittideva/ Vishunvardana.

Jain Queen's followed Mula Dharma are Natyarani Sahntala, Rani Abbaka, Rani Chennabhiravi, Rani Atimabbe (Built one thousand Jain temple).

Dynasty/Kingdom/ rulers followed Mula Dharma are Maurya dynasty, Kalinga dynasty, Shatavahana dynasty, Banavasi Kadamba dynasty, Gangas dynasty of Talakad, Chalukyas dynasty of Badami, Rashtrakuta dynasty of Manyakheta, Chalukyas dynasty of Kalyana, Sevunas dynasty of Devagiri, Hoysala dynasty of Dwarasamudra, Jain Kingdoms of Western ghats/ Tulunadu, Pandyan dynasty.

Traditionally, Jains have had two prime sects of Digambara and Shwetambar. They were further subdivided into others on their thought schools. Where Digambar Terapanth professes 13 ways, the Bispanthis professed 20 ways to attain liberation. (Bis+panthi = Twenty+Follower of a way.)[3]


  1. ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh; Tapash Kumar Ghosh; Surendra Nath (1996). People of India: Delhi. Anthropological Survey of India. p. 258–259. ISBN 978-81-7304-096-2. 
  2. ^ Carrithers, Michael; Caroline Humphrey (1991). The Assembly of listeners: Jains in society. Cambridge University Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-521-36505-5. 
  3. ^ Robert Montgomery Martin (1838). Behar (Patna city) and Shahabad: Volume 1 of The History, Antiquities, Topography, and Statistics of Eastern India. W. H. Allen and Company. p. 216. Retrieved 10 December 2013.