Dhanbad district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Dhanbad.
Dhanbad district
धनबाद जिला
District of Jharkhand
Location of Dhanbad district in Jharkhand
Location of Dhanbad district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
Administrative division North Chotanagpur division
Headquarters Dhanbad
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Dhanbad
 • Total 2,074.68 km2 (801.04 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,682,662
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
 • Literacy 75.71 per cent
 • Sex ratio 908
Website Official website

Dhanbad district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Dhanbad is the administrative headquarters of this district. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Jharkhand (out of 24).[1]


The district is bounded on the west by Giridih and Bokaro on the north by Giridih and Dumka and on the east and south by Purulia district of West Bengal. It is situated in the state of Jharkhand and lies between 23°37'3" N and 24°4' N latitude and between 86°6'30" E and 86°50' E longitude.

Natural divisions[edit]

The district can be divided into three broad natural divisions, namely, (I) the north and north western portions consisting of the hilly region, (ii) the uplands containing coal mines and most of the industries and (iii) the remaining uplands and plains lying to the south of the Damodar river consisting of cultivable flat lands. The north and north western division is separated for the entire length by the Grand trunk road.

In the western middle part of the district are the Dhangi hills, situated in the strip falling between the Grand trunk road in the north and the Grand chord line of the Eastern Railway. In the south, these hills extend from Pradhankhanta to Govindpur, reaching a maximum altitude of 1,256 feet at Dhangi. Further north, a branch of the Parasnath hill runs through Topchanchi and Tundi, the highest point of 1,500 feet being reached at Lalki. The southern part of the district is largely undulating land. The general slope is from west to east, the direction followed by the two major rivers, Damodar and Barakar.


The Damodar is the most important river of the Chotanagpur plateau. It rises in Palamu and flows eastward between the plateaus of Ranchi and Hazaribag. It is joined by the Bokaro, the Konar and the Barakar rivers. The Damodar enters Dhanbad district at its confluence with the Jamuria, a stream which marks the western boundary of Dhanbad with Hazaribagh District. Further east, the Damodar is joined by the Katri River which rises in the foot hills below Parasnath and traverses through the Coal-field Area. The Damodar flows for about 77 km. through the district being joined by the Barakar at its eastern border near Chirkunda. The Panchet dam extending to roughly 6 km is built on river Damodar. The hydel station there generates 40,000 K.W. per hour (sicsic).

Sunset at Maithon Dam

The Barakar, which forms the northern boundary of the district, traverses about 77 km. In the district. It flows in south westerly direction up to Durgapur and then south till it joins the Damodar near Chirkuda. The Maithon dam is located on this river about 13 km off its confluence with the Damodar. Attached to it is the Maithan Power Station with a generating capacity of 60,000 K.W.H. Among other small rivers in the district are Gobai, the Irji, the Khudia besides the river Katri.

Climatic conditions[edit]

The climate of the district is characterised by general dryness. It is very pleasant during the cold weather from November to February. Thereafter the climate becomes warm. It remains hot until the monsoon breaks towards the middle of June. With the setting in of rains, the temperature falls and humidity rises; July to October are the rainy months. July and August are the wettest months. The average rainfall during July is 287 mm and that in August 445 mm. The average annual rainfall in the district is approximately 1300 mm.


Coal Mining in the outskirts of Dhanbad

In 2006 the Indian government named Dhanbad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]


According to the 2011 census Dhanbad district has a population of 2,682,662,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[3] or the US state of Nevada.[4] This gives it a ranking of 148th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 1,284 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,330/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 11.91%.[1] Dhanbad has a sex ratio of 908 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 75.71%.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°47′24″N 86°25′48″E / 23.79000°N 86.43000°E / 23.79000; 86.43000