Sunshine Coast, Queensland
Buderim Waterfall Boardwalk, 2016
|Population||39,911 (2006 census)|
|• Density||643.7/km2 (1,667.2/sq mi)|
|Area||62.0 km2 (23.9 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|LGA(s)||Sunshine Coast Region|
The name "Buderim" is usually believed to be derived from a local Kabi Kabi Aboriginal word for the hairpin honeysuckle, (Badderam) Banksia spinulosa var. collina. However, as the environment on the mountain before British occupation was one of dense rainforest not Banksia heath, the name may have come from the Yugambeh word budherahm meaning sacred or spiritual.
In 1862, Tom Petrie set out from Brisbane with 25 Turrbal and Kabi Kabi men including Billy Dingy and Wanangga to search for cedar in the Maroochy area. They ascended Buderim mountain where they saw forests of fine timber, then had the satisfaction of being the first to cut a cedar tree there.' Buderim was seen as a resource for timbergetters, as huge stands of Beech and Australian Red Cedar grew across the mountain. Some trees were so large they were wasted due to the lack of transport to carry them down to the river for despatch to Brisbane. Once clear felled, the plateau was used for farming. The rich red volcanic soil found on Buderim made the area particularly suited to growing almost everything, from bananas to small crops. The most notable were coffee and (in the 20th century) ginger, the crop which made Buderim famous. The farming pioneer Burnett won awards for the quality of his coffee at shows in London during the late 19th century.
In the middle of the 20th century the largest ginger processing facility in the southern hemisphere was built, and operated as the Buderim Ginger Factory until 1980 when operations were moved to a new facility near Yandina. As the value of their produce was eroded, many farmers left the land to find work elsewhere.
The Buderim War Memorial Hall and Library was extended in 1966. The extension provided space for the Buderim branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association which moved into the extended facility.
In 2011 the average value of Buderim real estate was $475,000 and, largely due to its altitude, its proximity to the Sunshine Coast beaches and its pleasant climate, has increased to $595,000, and this has pressured many others out of the rural lifestyle, as housing development increased in and around Buderim Mountain. Thanks to the huge leap in real estate values during the first decade of 2000, steep land was developed that was previously deemed too expensive to engineer for housing. Due to these developments, the remainder of the farming land and much of the secondary growth rainforest on the escarpment has disappeared. Substantial rainforest remnants remain, especially in the protected area known as the Foote Sanctuary which provides well-maintained public walking paths and BBQ facilities. There is also access to the Buderim Falls. The area is home to an abundance of native wildlife, notably king parrots and lorikeets. Brush turkeys are also a common sight, as are families of kangaroos and wallabies.
Nowadays, the Mountain is notable for the enormous variety of its architectural styles, which range from the classic 'Queenslander' to ultra-modern one-off designs. Some homes, especially those 'on top' with ocean views, sell for seven-figure sums. One celebrated 'mansion', straddling four blocks, has recently been on the market for 'offers close to $20 million'.
Buderim contains a significant heritage relic of the early days in the form of Pioneer Cottage, restored and cared for by the Buderim Historical Society.
Between 1914 and 1935 a small gauge railway ran from Buderim to Palmwoods, to take produce from Buderim farms to market. The railway was closed down in 1935 when improved roads and truck transport made it economically redundant. A substantial section of the old track has been cleared and now provides a fine scenic walking trail running parallel to Mons Road. The magnificent old Krauss steam locomotive which previously hauled the carriages along this track is currently undergoing restoration and is planned for public display in the centre of Buderim, when sufficient funds are raised.
Buderim has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 5 Ballinger Crescent: Pioneer Cottage
- 12 Dixon Road: Canambie Homestead
- 10 Orme Road: Buderim House
- Telco Road: Palmwoods-Buderim Tramway
Historically, until the 2001 census, a section of Buderim within about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of Sunshine Motorway, as well as Mountain Creek, were considered parts of the neighbouring Maroochydore urban centre.
Buderim's suburbs are served by Sunbus Sunshine Coast, who operate a transfer station at Buderim Market Place, and a bus station at University of the Sunshine Coast. Various bus routes connect Buderim to Maroochydore, Caloundra, Nambour and other centres.
Census populations for the Buderim urban centre have been recorded since 1933. Due to a substantial redefinition of Buderim before the 2001 census, the first column records the UC/L population to 1996 and its component parts thereafter; the second records the SLA based on time series data.
According to the 2016 census, Buderim had a population of 29,355, largely made of people of European descent. Buderim has the largest communities of Australians with English (13,685; 32.9%), Irish (4,059; 9.8%), Scottish (3,885; 9.3%), German (1,955; 4.7%), Dutch (586; 2.0%), and Welsh ancestry (313; 1.1%) out of any suburb in Queensland.
The area is exceptionally well-served for both state and private schools, including:
- Buderim Mountain State School caters for Prep to Year 6. The school opened on 5 July 1875.
- Chancellor State College (secondary 2004; primary 1997)
- Mountain Creek State School (1994)
- Mountain Creek State High School (1995)
- Immanuel Lutheran College (1982)
- Matthew Flinders Anglican College (1989)
- Montessori International College (1982)
- Siena Catholic Primary School (2001)
- Siena Catholic College (1997)
- Sunshine Coast Grammar School (1997)
- Chevallum State School (1921)
A primary school operated in nearby Mons from 7 February 1916 to 31 December 1974.
- Bindi Irwin, actress, television presenter and conservationist
- Robert Irwin, conservationist
- Peggy Kelman, OBE Australian pioneer aviator
- Mitch Larkin, Australian Swimmer
- Russell Skerman, Supreme Court Judge
- Edna Walling, landscape designer
- Jessica Watson, OAM, Australian sailor
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Maroochy (S) - Buderim (Statistical Local Area)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Buderim - town (entry 4915)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- Sharpe, Margaret C. (Margaret Clare), (compiler, issuing body.) (2013), All Yugambeh-Bundjalung dictionary with Grammar, texts, etc (Revised ed.), Margaret C Sharpe, ISBN 978-0-9807077-3-1CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Petrie, C.C. (1904). Tom Petrie's Reminscences of Early Queensland. Brisbane: Watson, Ferguson & Co. p. 191.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Buderim War Memorial Hall & Library". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- "View property investment data for All houses in Buderim". realestate.com.au. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Buderim house may set Qld record". Sunshine Coast Daily. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Buderim Historical Society". Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Buderim Tramway Train". Buderim Website. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014.
- "Buderim - Palmwoods Heritage Tramway". Buderim Community Website. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Pioneer Cottage Buderim (entry 600688)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "Canambie Homestead (entry 602166)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "Buderim House (entry 601176)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "Palmwoods to Buderim Tramway Track Foundation and Formwork Remnants (entry 601711)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "2011 Census QuickStats: Buderim". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Translink Queensland. "All bus timetables". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "2016Census_G_QLD_SSC - Census DataPacks - General Community Profile". Australian Bureau of Statistics – Census 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Buderim (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "Buderim Mountain State School". Archived from the original on 2 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Libraries: Mobile timetable". Sunshine Coast Regional Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
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