District location in Uganda
|• Land||1,141 km2 (441 sq mi)|
|• Density||130.9/km2 (339/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
Buliisa District is bordered by Pakwach District to the northwest, Nwoya District to the northeast, Masindi District to the east, Hoima District to the south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, across Lake Albert, to the west. The 'main town' in the district, Buliisa, is located approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi), by road, northwest of Masindi, the nearest large town. Buliisa Town is approximately 91 kilometres (57 mi), by road, north of Hoima, the largest city in the Bunyoro sub-region.
Buliisa District was created in 2006 by the Ugandan Parliament. Prior to that, Buliisa District was part of Masindi District. The district is primarily rural and most people in the district are either pastoralists, fisherpeople or subsistence agriculturalists. The district is part of Bunyoro sub-region, which is coterminous with Bunyoro Kingdom. As of October 2020, the districts that comprise Bunyoro Kingdom include: 1. Buliisa District 2. Masindi District 3. Kiryandongo District 4. Hoima District 5. Kikuube District 6. Kakumiro District 7. Kibaale District and 8. Kagadi District.
The 1991 national population census enumerated the population of the district at 47,709. In 2002, the national census conducted that year enumerated the district population at 63,363. On 27 August 2014, the national population census and household survey enumerated the population of Buliisa District at 113,161. In July 2020, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the mid-year population of the district at 149,300 people. Of these, approximately 78,300 (52.4 percent) were males and approximately 71,000 (47.6 percent) were females. UBOS estimates that the district population grew at an average annual rate of 4.86 percent, between 2014 and 2020.
During the first 20 years of the 2000s, a considerable amount of crude oil deposits have been discovered in the district. The Ugandan Government is in the final stages of preparing to start extracting the oil discovered in Buliisa and the neighboring districts.
Polish Refugee Camp
A Polish refugee camp was established in the area of Nyabyeya (now part of the Nyabyeya Forestry College in the southern part of Buliisa District) as part of the Evacuation of Polish civilians from the USSR in World War II. The refugee camp existed from 1939-1948. The Our Lady Queen of Poland Catholic Church and it's graveyard are maintained to this day.
- Hilary O. Onek (2016). "Buliisa District: Hazard, Risk and Vulnerability Profile" (PDF). Kampala: Office of the Prime Minister of Uganda. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Google (7 October 2020). "Road Distance From Masindi To Buliisa" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Google (7 October 2020). "Road Distance Between Hoima And Buliisa" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Bwindi Gorilla (6 May 2020). "The People and Culture of Bunyoro". Kampala: Bwindi Uganda Gorilla. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Uganda Bureau of Statistics (1 July 2020). "The population development of Buliisa as well as related information and services". Kampala: Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Martin Kaahwa (5 March 2009). "Massive oil well tested in Bulisa". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- Gwen Thompkins (3 February 2010). "Oil Find In Uganda Cause For Hope, Caution". Washington, DC: National Public Radio. Retrieved 7 October 2020.