Colvin Run Mill

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Colvin Run Mill
Colvin Run Mill.jpg
Colvin Run Mill
Colvin Run Mill is located in Northern Virginia
Colvin Run Mill
Colvin Run Mill is located in Virginia
Colvin Run Mill
Colvin Run Mill is located in the US
Colvin Run Mill
Nearest city Great Falls, Virginia
Coordinates 38°58′8″N 77°17′38″W / 38.96889°N 77.29389°W / 38.96889; -77.29389Coordinates: 38°58′8″N 77°17′38″W / 38.96889°N 77.29389°W / 38.96889; -77.29389
Built 1810
NRHP Reference # 77001487 [1]
VLR # 029-0008
Significant dates
Added to NRHP August 16, 1977
Designated VLR September 21, 1976[2]

Colvin Run Mill is in Great Falls, Virginia. Built c. 1811, Colvin Run Mill is the sole surviving operational 19th-century water-powered mill in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, and its restored mechanism is a nationally significant example of automated technologies pioneered in milling and later adopted across American industry.[3] Down the gravel path of the park is the miller's house, home to the families who ran the mill. In 1883, Addison Millard moved his family here when he bought the old mill. Addison, his wife Emma, and some of their 20 children lived there. When Addison died, the family stayed and operated the mill until 1934. [4]

In the mid-1930s the mill was abandoned, and highway development caused it to be cut off from any near-by water source. The mill was later acquired by the Fairfax County Park Authority, repaired, and made open to the public.[5]

Civil War era[edit]

The Battle of Dranesville was a small battle during the American Civil War that took place between Confederate forces under Brigadier General J. E. B. Stuart and Union forces under Brigadier General Edward O. C. Ord on December 20, 1861, in Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of Major General George B. McClellan's operations in northern Virginia. The two forces on similar winter-time patrols encountered and engaged one another in the crossroads village of Dranesville.

Ord, leading the 10,000 strong 3rd Brigade of Pennsylvania Reserves set out west from Langley to clear the south bank of the Potomac River of Confederate pickets and partisans in Fairfax and Loudoun. At Colvin Run Mill, Ord left half his force to protect his rear and prevent his force from being cut off from their base at Langley. The battle resulted in a Union victory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Colvin Run Mill - History" (PDF). The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). May 10, 2001. 
  4. ^ "Colvin Run Mill - History". May 14, 2008. 
  5. ^ Netherton, Ross D. Colvin Run Mill. Fairfax,VA: Fairfax County Office of Comprehensive Planning, 1985

External links[edit]