List of coffee drinks

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A selection of coffee drinks

Coffee drinks are made by brewing hot water with ground coffee beans. The brewing is either done slowly by drip or filter, French press or cafetière, percolator, etc., or done very quickly under pressure by espresso machine, where the coffee is termed "espresso"—slow-brewed coffees are generally regarded simply as "coffee". All coffee drinks are based on either coffee or espresso, in different strengths; some drinks have milk added, some have flavourings, some have alcohol, some are combinations of coffee with espresso or tea.[1]

With the invention of the Gaggia machine, espresso, and espresso with milk such as cappuccino and latte, spread in popularity from Italy to the UK in the 1950s, then to America, and with the rise in popularity of the Italian coffee culture in the 1980s it began to spread worldwide via coffeehouses and coffeehouse chains.[2][3]

The caffeine content in coffee beans may be reduced via one of several decaffeination processes to produce decaffeinated coffee (sometimes known as "decaf" coffee), which may be drunk as regular, espresso or instant coffee.

Drip or filtered coffee[edit]

Main article: Drip brew

Drip-brewed, or filtered, coffee is brewed by hot water passing slowly over roasted, ground coffee beans contained in a filter. Water seeps through the ground coffee, absorbing its oils and essences, solely under gravity, then passes through the bottom of the filter. The used coffee grounds are retained in the filter with the liquid falling (dripping) into a collecting vessel such as a carafe or pot. Paper coffee filters were invented in Germany by Melitta Bentz in 1908.[4]

French press or cafetière[edit]

Main article: French press

A French press, also known as a press pot, coffee press, coffee plunger, cafetière (UK) or сafetière à piston, is a coffee brewing device patented by Italian designer Attilio Calimani in 1929.[5] A French press requires coffee of a coarser grind than does a drip brew coffee filter, as finer grounds will seep through the press filter and into the coffee.[6] Coffee is brewed by placing the ground coffee in the empty beaker and adding hot (93-96 degrees Celsius, 200-205 degrees Fahrenheit) water, in proportions of about 28 grams (1 ounce) of coffee to 450 ml (15 fluid ounces) of water, more or less to taste. After approximately four minutes the plunger is pressed to separate the grounds and hold them at the bottom of the beaker, then the coffee is poured.[7]

Percolated[edit]

Main article: Coffee percolator

A coffee percolator is a type of pot used to brew coffee by continually cycling the boiling or nearly-boiling brew through the grounds using gravity until the required strength is reached.[8]

Arabic/Turkish coffee[edit]

Original Turkish Coffee in Bosnia-Herzegovina.JPG

Beans for Arabic/Turkish coffee are ground or pounded to the finest possible powder, finer than for any other way of preparation. Preparation of Arabic/Turkish coffee consists of immersing the coffee grounds in hot (but not continuously boiling) water[original research?] for long enough to dissolve the flavorsome compounds. While prolonged boiling of coffee gives it an unpleasant "cooked" or "burnt" taste, very brief boiling does not, and bringing it to the boil shows without guesswork that it has reached the appropriate temperature. In The Mideast, four degrees of sweetness are used. The Arabic/Turkish terms and approximate amounts are as follows: sada (plain; no sugar), sukar khafif (little sugar; half a level teaspoon of sugar), sukar wasat (medium sugar; one level teaspoon), helweh (one and a half teaspoonful of sugar) and sukar zeyadeh (a lot of sugar; for children). The coffee and the desired amount of sugar are stirred until all coffee sinks and the sugar is dissolved. Following this, the spoon is removed and the pot is put on moderate heat; if too high, the coffee comes to the boil too quickly, without time to extract the flavour. No stirring is done beyond this point, as it would dissolve the foam. Just as the coffee comes to the boil the pot is removed from the heat. It is usually kept off the heat for a short time, then brought to the boil a second and a third time, then the coffee is poured into the cups. Getting the thickest possible layer of foam is considered the peak of the coffee maker's art. One way to maximize this is to pour slowly and try to lift the pot higher and higher as the pouring continues. Regardless of these techniques, getting the same amount of foam into all cups is hard to achieve, and the cup with the most foam is considered the best of the lot.[citation needed]

Slight variations to this coffee exist in neighboring countries, such as Greek coffee and Cypriot coffee.

Cold brew[edit]

Main article: Cold brew

Cold brew, or cold press, is coffee grounds steeped in water at cold or room temperature for an extended period. It is sometimes referred to as "Toddy coffee" which is a trademarked cold-brewing system. Coarse-ground beans are soaked in water for a prolonged period of time, usually 12 hours or more. The water is normally kept at room temperature, but chilled water is also used. The grounds are filtered out of the water after they have been steeped using a paper coffee filter, a fine metal sieve, a French press or felt, in the case of the Toddy system. The result is a coffee concentrate that is often diluted with water or milk, and is served hot, over ice, or blended with ice and other ingredients such as chocolate. Cold-brewed coffee naturally seems sweeter due to its lower acidity. It is around 65 to 70 percent less acidic than hot drip coffee or espresso. Because the coffee beans in cold-brewed coffee never come into contact with heated water, the process of leaching flavor from the beans produces a chemical profile different from conventional brewing methods.[9]

Vacuum coffee[edit]

Main article: Vacuum coffee maker
A vacuum Coffee Pot

A vacuum coffee maker brews coffee using two chambers where vapor pressure and vacuum produce coffee. This type of coffee maker is also known as vac pot, siphon or syphon coffee maker, and was invented by Loeff of Berlin in the 1830s. These devices have since been used for more than a century in many parts of the world and more recently have been given a new use by molecular mixologists and chefs to make hot cocktails and broths.[10]

Espresso and variations[edit]

Main article: Espresso
The closable pressure container has a dual outlet to dispense espresso into two cups simultaneously.
Espresso brewing, with a dark reddish-brown foam, called crema

Espresso is brewed by using an espresso machine to force a small amount of nearly boiling water and steam - about 86 to 95 °C (187 to 203 °F) - under pressure through finely ground and compacted coffee.[11][12] The espresso machine was patented in 1901 from an earlier 1884 machine,[13][14] and developed in Italy; with the invention of the Gaggia machine, espresso spread in popularity to the UK in the 1950s where it was more often drunk with milk as cappuccino due to the influence of the British milk bars,[15][16][17] then America in the 1980s where again it was mainly drunk with milk,[18] and then via coffeehouse chains it spread worldwide.[3] Espresso is generally denser than coffee brewed by other methods, having a higher concentration of suspended and dissolved solids; it generally has a creamy foam on top termed "crema".[19] Espresso is the base for a number of other coffee drinks, such as latte, cappuccino, macchiato, mocha, and Americano.[20]

Caffè Americano[edit]

A Caffè Americano

Caffè Americano or simply Americano (the name is also spelled with varying capitalization and use of diacritics: e.g. Café Americano, Cafe Americano, etc.) is a style of coffee prepared by adding hot water to espresso, giving a similar strength to but different flavor from regular drip coffee. The drink consists of a single or double-shot of espresso combined with between 1 and 16 fluid ounces (30 - 470ml) of hot water. The strength of an Americano varies with the number of shots of espresso added. In the United States, "Americano" is used broadly to mean combining hot water and espresso in either order, but in a narrower definition it refers to adding water to espresso (espresso on the bottom), while adding espresso to water (espresso on the top) is instead referred to as a long black.[citation needed]

Variations include long black and lungo.

Café Cubano[edit]

Café Cubano (Cuban coffee, Cuban espresso, cafecito, Cuban pull, Cuban shot) is a type of espresso which originated in Cuba after espresso machines were first imported there from Italy. Specifically, it refers to an espresso shot which is sweetened with demerara sugar as it is being brewed, but the name covers other drinks that use Cuban espresso as their base. Drinking café cubano remains a prominent social and cultural activity within Cuba, Miami, West Palm Beach, Tampa and the Keys, as well as the Cuban exile community. Café Cubano is available in almost all coffee shops in Miami, making it a staple of local cuisine and tradition.[citation needed]

Caffè crema[edit]

Caffè crema (Italian: cream coffee) refers to two different coffee drinks:[21]

  • An old name for espresso (1940s and 50s).
  • A long espresso drink primarily served in Switzerland and Austria and northern Italy (1980s onwards), along the Italian/ Swiss and Italian/ Austrian border.[22]

As a term it generally means "espresso", while in technical discussions, referring to the long drink, it may more narrowly be referred to as Swiss caffè crema. Variant terms include "crema caffè" and the hyperforeignism "café crema" – "café" is French, while "caffè" and "crema" are Italian, thus "café crema" mixes French and Italian.

Cafe Zorro[edit]

A Cafe Zorro is a double espresso, or doppio, added to hot water with a 1:1 ratio.[23]

Doppio[edit]

Extracting a doppio

Doppio in espresso is a double shot, extracted using a double filter basket in the portafilter.[citation needed]

Espresso Romano[edit]

An espresso Romano is a shot of espresso with a slice of lemon served on the side. The lemon can be run along the rim of the cup as a way to accentuate the espresso's sweetness.[24] Despite the name, it has no link to Italy nor Rome.

Guillermo[edit]

Originally one or two shots of hot espresso, poured over slices of lime. It can also be served on ice, sometimes with a touch of milk.[citation needed]

Ristretto[edit]

Ristretto is traditionally a short shot of espresso made with the normal amount of ground coffee but extracted with about half the amount of water.[25] Since ristrettos are essentially the first half of a full length extraction, the faster-to-extract compounds predominate in a ristretto. The opposite of a ristretto is a lungo, which is typically double the shot volume. Ristretto means “limited” or “restricted” in Italian whereas lungo means “long.”

Straight ristrettos—shots that are traditionally drunk from a demitasse and not diluted into a larger cup containing milk or water—could be described as bolder, fuller, with more body, and less bitterness, but with a higher concentration of acidity. These characteristics are usually attributed to espresso in general but are more pronounced in a ristretto. Diluted into a cup of water (to make an Americano or long black) or milk (e.g. latte and cappuccino), ristrettos are less bitter and exhibit a more intense espresso character.[26]

Espresso with milk[edit]

Antoccino[edit]

Antoccino Espresso

An antoccino is a single shot of espresso with steamed milk in a 1:1 ratio, served in an espresso cup. Despite the name, it has no link to Italy, nor any meaning in Italian.[citation needed]

Breve[edit]

Espresso with half milk and half cream; size can vary - the name relates to the use of cream and milk.[27]

Café bombón[edit]

Café bombón

Café bombón was made popular in Valencia, Spain, and spread gradually to the rest of the country. It might have been re-created and modified to suit European tastebuds as in many parts of Asia such as Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore the same recipe for coffee which is called "Kopi Susu Panas" (Malaysia) or "Gafeh Rorn" [lit: hot coffee] (Thailand) has already been around for decades and is very popular in "mamak" stalls and "kopitiams" in Malaysia. A café bombón, however uses espresso served with sweetened condensed milk in a 1:1 ratio whereas the Asian version uses ground coffee and sweetened condensed milk at the same ratio. For café bombón, the condensed milk is added to the espresso. For visual effect, a glass is used, and the condensed milk is added slowly to sink underneath the coffee and create two separate bands of contrasting colour – though these layers are customarily stirred together before consumption. Some establishments merely serve an espresso with a sachet of condensed milk for patrons to make themselves.[citation needed]

Cappuccino[edit]

Cappuccino

Cappuccino is a coffee-based drink prepared with espresso, hot milk, and steamed milk foam. A cappuccino differs from a caffè latte in that it is prepared with much less steamed or textured milk than the caffè latte with the total of espresso and milk/foam making up between approximately 150 and 180 millilitres (5 and 6 US fluid ounces). A cappuccino usually exceeds the height of the cup, making the foam visible above the side of the cup. A cappuccino is traditionally served in a porcelain cup, which has far better heat retention characteristics than glass or paper. The foam on top of the cappuccino acts as an insulator and helps retain the heat of the liquid, allowing it to stay hotter longer.[citation needed]

Cortado[edit]

A cortado (also known as "pingo" or "garoto") is an espresso "cut" (from the Spanish and Portuguese cortar) with a small amount of warm milk to reduce the acidity. The ratio of milk to coffee is between 1:1 – 1:2, and the milk is added after the espresso. The steamed milk hasn't much foam, but many baristas make some micro foam to make latte art. It is popular in Spain and Portugal, in Norway as well as throughout Latin America, where it is drunk in the afternoon. In Cuba, it is known as a cortadito. It's usually served in a special glass, often with a metal ring base and a metal wire handle. There are several variations, including cortado condensada (espresso with condensed milk) and leche y leche (with condensed milk and cream on top). In the United States it is sometimes known as a "Gibraltar". Differs from cappuccino with little or no milk foam, and from flat white in that the flat white is always prepared with a double espresso and "wet" microfoam foam.[citation needed]

Latte[edit]

Main article: Latte
A latte

A latte is an espresso and steamed milk,[28][29] generally in a 1:3 to 1:5 ratio of espresso to milk, with a little foam on top.[30]

In Italy it is called caffè latte or caffellatte, which means "milk coffee". In northern Europe and Scandinavia the term 'café au lait' has traditionally been used for the combination of espresso and milk, but this term is used in the US for brewed coffee and scalded milk. In France, 'caffè latte' is mostly known from American coffee chains; a combination of espresso and steamed milk equivalent to a 'latte' is in French called 'grand crème' and in German 'Milchkaffee' or 'Melange'. In Portuguese it is called galão.

Variants include replacing the coffee with another drink base such as masala chai (spiced Indian tea), mate or matcha, and other types of milk, such as soy milk or almond milk are also used.

Latte macchiato[edit]

Latte macchiato literally means stained milk. This refers to the method of preparation, wherein the milk gets "stained" by the addition of espresso. It differs from latte firstly in that espresso is added to milk (rather than milk to espresso), secondly that it features more foam, rather than simply hot milk, thirdly in that often only ½ (or less) of an espresso shot is used, and fourthly in that it is often a "layered" drink, rather than being mixed as in a caffè latte. Simply, in a latte, the emphasis is on the coffee, while in a latte macchiato, the emphasis is on the milk.[citation needed]

Espressino[edit]

An espressino is made from espresso, steamed milk, and cocoa powder, similar to the Marocchino.[citation needed]

Flat white[edit]

Main article: Flat white
A flat white with latte art

Flat white is an espresso with a similar proportion of coffee to milk as a latte and a cappuccino, the main difference being the texture of the milk and (in some regions) the number of espresso shots.

The drink originated in New Zealand in the late 1970s as an alternative to the frothier cappuccino. It has since spread to the UK, where it was first served at independent cafes in London such as Department of Coffee and Social Affairs and Speak Easy where owners and staff from New Zealand brought the style of coffee into the UK before being adopted by chains Costa Coffee and Starbucks.[31] Available in the form of a 12 oz. double latte from Starbucks in the US since January 6, 2015,[32] it is rarely found in continental Europe.

In New Zealand it is traditionally made with two shots of espresso topped with stretched and textured milk. The milk is prepared by steaming air into the milk and folding the top layer into the lower layers. To achieve the "flat", non-frothy texture the steamed milk is poured from the bottom of the jug, holding back the lighter froth on the top in order to access milk with smaller bubbles, making the drink smooth and velvety in texture. This leads to a white coffee with the crema on top still intact. The drink was traditionally served in a ceramic cup used for cappuccinos (approximately 220-260ml in capacity), though present-day speciality cafes are more likely to serve it in smaller (150-160ml) cups with two Ristretto shots used, resulting in a drink noticeably stronger and less milky than a caffè latte.[citation needed]

Outside New Zealand, the milk is prepared in a manner more similar to that of a caffè latte; the milk is stretched and textured but is poured freely rather than the froth being held back with a spoon or knife. This results in a thicker density of milk with more froth.[citation needed]

In Australia the drink more closely resembles a caffè latte as it tends to be served with a single shot of coffee, resulting in a weaker and milkier drink.[citation needed]

In the United Kingdom the drink has a similar strength to the New Zealand version. It is made in a small cup (150-160ml), contains two espresso (often ristretto) shots, and is often finished with latte art. The skill needed in preparing ristretto shots and latte art means that it is viewed as somewhat of a speciality product in the UK.[31]

Galão[edit]

Galão is a hot drink from Portugal made of espresso and foamed milk. Similar to caffè latte or café au lait, it comes in a tall glass with plenty of milk. With only half milk, it is known as "meia de leite"[33] In Madeira, a large, milky coffee is known as a "chinesa" (literally, "Chinese Lady").[34] [35]

Macchiato[edit]

Main article: Caffè macchiato
A caffè macchiato

Macchiato, meaning "stained", is an espresso with a dash of foamed milk. At first sight it resembles a small cappuccino, but even if the ingredients are the same as those used for cappuccino, a macchiato has a much stronger and aromatic taste. The milk is foamed directly into the espresso cup, which is then put under the coffee outlet. The espresso is then drawn into the cup. Cocoa is sometimes sprinkled over the drink.[36] Often the process is reversed and milk foam is floated on top of extracted coffee. A long macchiato will have two shots of espresso and a small amount of hot water (as per long black). A short macchiato will usually have one shot of coffee and less water (as per short black).

Wiener or Viennese melange[edit]

Main article: Wiener Melange
A Wiener melange

Mélange is popular in Austria, Switzerland and the Netherlands, and is traditionally similar to latte and cappuccino (and more a mix of the two), a large cup with (today) espresso and steamed milk with some milk foam. Mélange and cappuccino both have variations with whipped cream atop the blend of milk and coffee. Outside Vienna this is sometimes referred to as Wiener Melange, although that name does not exist there. The origin of Mèlange goes back to the 1700s as a Café drink (you wouldn't call it that at home) in Austria.[citation needed]

A Wiener Melange is a speciality coffee drink similar to a cappuccino. The difference is sometimes assumed to be that the melange is made with milder coffee[37] but the Viennese coffee company Julius Meinl describes a Wiener melange as "One small espresso served in a large cup of coffee. Steam milk and add milk foam to coffee (=small milk coffee)".[38] Cafe Sabarsky in Manhattan concurs.[39] At Cafe Sperl in Vienna, the Melange is 1/2 cup "black coffee" and 1/2 cup creamy milk, completed by milk foam.[40]

Coffee with milk[edit]

Café au lait[edit]

Café au lait as being served in Oslo, Norway; espresso and steamed milk, served in a bowl

A café au lait is traditionally the French way of preparing 'coffee with milk' both at home and in Cafés in Europe. "Café au lait" stems from the same continental tradition as "caffè Latte" in Italy, "café con leche" in Spain, "kawa biała" ("white coffee") in Poland, "tejeskávé" in Hungary, "Milchkaffee" in Germany, "Mèlange" in Austria,[41] "koffie verkeerd" in Netherlands, and "café com leite" in Portugal, meaning simply "coffee with milk".

In northern Europe, café au lait is the name most often used in coffee shops for what other places is a 'caffè latte'.

The term 'café au lait' has been used for espresso and milk since the 1950s in among other places the UK, Netherland, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

In the US, café au lait is defined as a coffee drink consisting strong or bold coffee (sometimes espresso) mixed with scalded milk in approximately a 1:1 ratio.[citation needed]

Ca phe sua da[edit]

A Cà phê sữa đá

Cà phê sữa đá, also known as "cafe sua da" (Vietnamese: Cà phê sữa đá) or "V-caf", is a unique Vietnamese coffee recipe. Literally, ca phe sua da means "iced milk coffee". Ca phe sua da can be made simply by mixing black coffee with about a quarter to a half as much sweetened condensed milk and then pouring it over ice. A substitute made by many Vietnamese immigrants in the Southern U.S., particularly in Louisiana is a dark French roast, often with chicory; otherwise an imported Vietnamese-grown and roasted coffee is used when it is available. The coffee is traditionally brewed with a small metal Vietnamese drip filter into a cup containing the condensed milk. The condensed milk and coffee are stirred together and then poured over the ice. Ca phe sua nong (Vietnamese: 'cà phê sữa nóng') — literally, "hot milk coffee" — is made by excluding the ice.

In Spain, there is a similar drink called Café del Tiempo ([Summer] Weather Coffee) or Café con Hielo (Coffee with Ice). Similarly, Café Bombón can be served with ice. The coffee is served in a small cup and an empty small glass with ices cubes. Sugar or condensed milk is added in the small cup while the coffee is still hot, and then the coffee is poured in the small glass with ices. When the coffee is cooled, the remaining ice is removed with the help of a spoon.[citation needed]

Egg coffee[edit]

Egg coffee is a Vietnamese drink which is traditionally prepared with egg yolks, sugar, condensed milk and Robusta coffee.[citation needed]

Eggnog latte[edit]

An autumn and winter seasonal blend of steamed milk and eggnog, plus espresso and a pinch of nutmeg.[citation needed]

Eiskaffee[edit]

Eiskaffee, literally "ice cream coffee", is a popular German drink consisting of chilled coffee, milk, vanilla ice cream, and sometimes sugar and/or whipped cream.[citation needed]

Kopi susu[edit]

Kopi susu is found in (at least) Malaysia, Borneo and Indonesia and very similar to the preceding entry for Ca phe sua nong. Literally, kopi susu means "milk coffee". Served in a glass, kopi susu can be made simply by mixing black coffee (arabica) with about a quarter to half a glass of sweetened condensed milk then let stand to cool and allow the grounds to sink to the bottom. You should not drink this to the end unless you want to "eat" the ground coffee. Kopi Turbruk is as above but uses sugar instead of sweetened condensed milk.[citation needed]

White coffee[edit]

Ipoh white coffee is a popular coffee drink which originated in Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia. The coffee beans are roasted with palm-oil margarine, and the resulting coffee is served with condensed milk. The taste is smooth and sweet, and is often served iced.[citation needed]

White coffee (England)[edit]

White coffee is the old English alternative to a 'black coffee' - it is any form of black coffee with a small amount of fresh cold milk added (like tea but added in the opposite order).

Coffee or espresso with whipped cream[edit]

Vienna coffee[edit]

A Vienna coffee is coffee or espresso topped with whipped cream. Milk is sometimes poured into the coffee/espresso before adding the whipped cream. Vanilla, chocolate or cinnamon is sometimes sprinkled on the cream.[42] Melange mit schlag (or schlagobers) is the Austrian term for coffee with whipped cream.[43] Austria has a number of coffees with whipped cream.[44]

Espresso con panna[edit]

Espresso con panna is coffee with whipped cream.

Combinations[edit]

Coffee with espresso[edit]

Regular coffee (slow brewed as with a filter or cafetière) is sometimes combined with espresso to increase intensity of flavour and/or caffeine.[45] This may be called a variety of names, most commonly "red eye",[46] "shot in the dark",[47][48] and "depth charge" - though this is a federally registered trademark of a company, Caribou Coffee, so usage is restricted.[49] Coffeehouse chains may have their own names, such as "turbo" at Dunkin' Donuts.[50] A double shot of espresso in the coffee may be termed a "black eye", and a triple shot a "dead eye".[51] "Caffè Tobio" is a version with an equal amount of coffee to espresso.[52]

Coffee with tea[edit]

Black tie[edit]

A black tie is a traditional Thai iced tea, which is a spicy and sweet mixture of chilled black tea, orange blossom water, star anise, crushed tamarind, sugar and condensed milk or cream, with a double shot of espresso.[citation needed]

Chai latte[edit]

Numerous houses use the term chai latte to indicate that the steamed milk of a normal cafè latte is being flavoured with a spiced tea concentrate instead of with espresso. Add espresso shots for a "Dirty Chai Latte".

Chai tea with a single shot of espresso. In addition, 1-2 tablespoons of instant espresso may be brewed while simultaneously steeping Chai in the same container; a small amount of a dairy or non-dairy drink of choice is usually added to complete the drink.[citation needed]

Red tie[edit]

A traditional Thai iced tea, which is a spicy and sweet mixture of chilled black tea, orange blossom water, star anise, crushed tamarind, sugar and condensed milk or cream, with a single shot of espresso.[citation needed]

Yuanyang[edit]

Yuanyang, sometimes also called Ying Yong, is a popular drink in Hong Kong, made of a mixture of coffee and Hong Kong-style milk tea. It was originally served at dai pai dangs (open space food vendors) and cha chaan tengs (cafe), but is now available in various types of restaurants. It can be served hot or cold. The name yuanyang, which refers to mandarin ducks, is a symbol of conjugal love in Chinese culture, as the birds usually appear in pairs and the male and female look very different. This same connotation of "pair" of two unlike items is used to name this drink.[citation needed]

Coffee with alcohol[edit]

Liqueur coffee[edit]

A liqueur coffee, as its name suggests, is a coffee brew with a 25 ml shot of liqueur. This brew is usually served in a clear, clean, pre-heated, liqueur coffee glass with the coffee and cream separated for good visual and taste effect. The liqueur of choice is added first with a teaspoon of raw cane sugar mixed in. The glass is then filled to within an inch of the top with good, strong, fresh filter coffee. Fresh, chilled, additive free, slightly whipped cream is then poured carefully over the back of a cold teaspoon, so that it floats on top of the coffee and liqueur mixture. The sugar is required in the coffee mixture to help the cream float.[citation needed]

Irish coffee[edit]

Irish coffee is coffee combined with whiskey and cream, often further sweetened with sugar. Also available as a flavor of ice cream.[citation needed]

Rüdesheimer Kaffee[edit]

Rüdesheimer Kaffee is an alcoholic coffee drink from Rüdesheim in Germany invented in 1957 by Hans Karl Adam. It is made with Asbach Uralt brandy with coffee and sugar, and is topped with whipped cream.[citation needed]

Pharisäer[edit]

A Pharisäer, meaning a Pharisee, is an alcoholic coffee drink that is popular in the Nordfriesland district of Germany. It consists of a mug of black coffee, a double shot of rum, and a topping of whipped cream. In 1981, a court in Flensburg ruled that 2 centilitres (0.70 imp fl oz; 0.68 US fl oz) of rum were not sufficient for preparing a genuine Pharisäer.[53]

Flavoured[edit]

Melya[edit]

Melya is coffee flavoured with cocoa powder and honey.[54] Cream is sometimes added.[54]

Caffè Marocchino[edit]

The Marocchino is made from espresso, steamed milk, and a dusting of cocoa powder, similar to the espressino.[citation needed]

Café miel[edit]

A café miel has a shot of espresso, steamed milk, cinnamon, and honey. The name comes from the French word for honey, miel.[citation needed]

Mocha or café mocha or mochaccino[edit]

A mocha latte in Costa Rica

A café mocha is a variant of a caffè latte. Like a latte, it is typically one third espresso and two thirds steamed milk, but a portion of chocolate is added, typically in the form of a chocolate syrup, although other vending systems use instant chocolate powder. Mochas can contain dark or milk chocolate.

The term moccaccino is used in some regions of Europe and the Middle East to describe caffè latte with cocoa or chocolate. In the U.S. it usually refers to a cappuccino made with chocolate.

A "cafe borgia" is a mocha with orange rind and sometimes orange flavoring added. Often served with whipped cream and topped with cinnamon.[citation needed]

Café de olla[edit]

Café de olla or pot coffee is a traditional coffee-based drink prepared using earthen clay pots or jars in Mexico and other Latin American countries. It is flavored with cinammon and piloncillo. Consumed primarily in colder weathers, usually with the merienda meal, and accompanied with pan dulce pastries.[citation needed]

Iced[edit]

Greek frappé coffee[edit]

A café frappé

Greek frappé (Café frappé) (Greek: φραπές) is a foam-covered iced coffee drink made from spray-dried instant coffee. It is very popular in Greece especially during summer, but has now spread on to other countries. There are numerous ways in which this coffee can be tailored to the individual's taste such as: 1.all water-no milk; 2.half-half; 3.all milk and; 4.varying levels of sweetness. Frappe is also extremely popular in the country of Cyprus where fresh milk is used as opposed to condensed. In French, when describing a drink, the word frappé means shaken and/or chilled; however, in popular Greek culture, the word frappé is predominantly taken to refer to the shaking associated with the preparation of a café frappé.[citation needed]

Mazagran[edit]

Mazagran (sometimes misspelled as Mazagrin) is a cold coffee drink that originated in Algeria. It is typically served in a tall glass, and is made with coffee and ice. Sometimes sugar, rum, lemon or water is added. Sometimes a fast version is achieved by pouring a previously sweetened espresso in a cup with ice cubes and a slice of lemon.[citation needed]

Palazzo[edit]

A Palazzo is an iced coffee variant, popular in Southern California. It is two shots of espresso, chilled immediately after brewing and mixed with sweetened cream. A Palazzo is typically made using a moka pot.[citation needed]

Instant coffee[edit]

Instant coffee

Instant coffee is a drink derived from brewed coffee beans. Through various manufacturing processes the coffee is dehydrated into the form of powder or granules. These can be rehydrated with hot water to provide a drink similar (though not identical) to conventional coffee. At least one brand of instant coffee is also available in concentrated liquid form.[citation needed]

Canned coffee[edit]

Canned coffee is ubiquitous in Japan, with a large number of companies competing fiercely and offering various types for sale. canned coffee is already brewed and ready to drink. It is available in supermarkets and convenience stores,[55] with vast numbers of cans being sold in vending machines[56] that offer heated cans in the autumn and winter,[57] and cold cans in the warm months.

Coffee milk[edit]

Coffee milk
Prepared coffee milk in a supermarket dairy case.
The ingredients for preparing coffee milk: coffee syrup and milk

Coffee milk sold in two ways, prepared coffee milk and coffee syrup, lt is a drink prepared made or made by adding a sweetened coffee concentrate called coffee syrup to milk in a manner similar to chocolate milk. It is the official state drink of Rhode Island in the United States of America.[58]

Decaffeinated[edit]

A decaffeination process removes caffeine from coffee beans to lower the caffeine content.[59] Four main methods are used to extract the caffeine: water method, where the beans are soaked in water; ethyl acetate method, where the beans are washed in a solution of water and ethyl acetate; carbon dioxide method, where either liquid or "supercritical" (between liquid and gas) carbon dioxide is applied to the beans at high pressure; dichloromethane method, where dichloromethane, a solvent, is used to dissolve the caffeine.[60] Decaffeinated coffee grew in popularity over the last half of the 20th century, mainly due to health concerns regarding over consumption of caffeine.[61][62][63] Decaffeinated coffee, sometimes known as "decaf", may be drunk as regular brewed coffee, instant, espresso, or as a mix of regular caffeine beans and decaffeinated beans.[64][65]

Other[edit]

Affogato[edit]

An affogato

An affogato (Italian for "drowned") is a coffee-based drink or dessert. "Affogato style", which refers to the act of topping a drink or dessert with espresso, may also incorporate caramel sauce or chocolate sauce.[citation needed]

Caffè Medici[edit]

A Caffè Medici is a doppio poured over chocolate syrup and orange peel, usually topped with whipped cream. The drink originated at Seattle's historic Last Exit on Brooklyn coffeehouse.[66]

Café Touba[edit]

Café Touba is the spiritual drink of Senegal, named after Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba Mbacké (known as Serigne Touba) and the holy city of Touba in Senegal.[67] During the roasting process, the coffee beans are mixed with grains of selim, and sometimes other spices, and ground into powder after roasting.[67] The drink is prepared using a filter, similar to plain coffee. Sugar is often added before drinking.[67]

Indian filter coffee[edit]

South Indian Coffee, also known as Mylapore Filter Coffee or Kaapi (South Indian phonetic rendering of "coffee') is a sweet milky coffee made from dark roasted coffee beans (70%–80%) and chicory (20%–30%), especially popular in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The most commonly used coffee beans are Peaberry (preferred), Arabica, Malabar and Robusta grown in the hills of Karnataka (Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru), Kerala (Malabar region) and Tamil Nadu (Nilgiris District,Yercaud and Kodaikanal).[citation needed]

Moka[edit]

Moka coffee is coffee brewed with a moka pot, a stovetop coffee maker which produces coffee by passing hot water pressurized by steam through ground coffee at a lower pressure than an espresso maker. The flavor of moka pot coffee depends greatly on bean variety, roast level, fineness of grind, and the level of heat used. Due to the higher-than-atmospheric pressure involved, the mixture of water and steam reaches temperatures well above 100 °C, causing a more efficient extraction of caffeine and flavors from the grounds, and resulting in a stronger brew than that obtained by drip brewing.[citation needed]

Shakerato[edit]

An iced coffee made by shaking espresso and ice cubes.

Pocillo[edit]

A shot or small portion of unsweetened coffee, now usually made either using an espresso machine or a moka pot, but traditionally made using a cloth drip, usually served in cups made for the purpose (called "tazitas de pocillo"). It is widely drunk in Latin America, usually as an afternoon or after-dinner coffee. The defining feature is the size, usually half to a quarter the size of the usual ~8 US fluid ounces (240 ml) coffee cups. There are a number of small-sized drinks that use tazitas de pocillo, including sweetened (such as café cubano and café cortado), but these are usually not called a pocillo; rather, the Spanish diminutive suffix "-ito" is usually added to the name of the drink wanted in a pocillo size cup. For example, a pocillo-sized cortado is usually called a cortadito.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]