Dallas Holocaust and Human Rights Museum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Dallas Holocaust and Human Rights Museum (formerly the Dallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education and Tolerance) is a history education museum in Dallas, Texas in the historic West End at the southeast corner of N. Houston Street and Ross Avenue. The mission of the Museum is to teach the history of the Holocaust and advance human rights to combat prejudice, hatred, and indifference. The Museum features climate-controlled archives and a research library to expand education.[1]

The current facility opened on September 18, 2019.[2]

Dallas Holocaust and Human Rights Museum
Dallas Holocaust & Human Rights Museum Photo.png
Museum Entrance on Houston Street
DHHRM is located in Texas
DHHRM
DHHRM
DHHRM is located in the United States
DHHRM
DHHRM
DHHRM (the United States)
Former nameDallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education & Tolerance
Established1984
Location300 N Houston St, Dallas, TX 75202
Coordinates32°46′49″N 96°48′27″W / 32.780278°N 96.8075°W / 32.780278; -96.8075Coordinates: 32°46′49″N 96°48′27″W / 32.780278°N 96.8075°W / 32.780278; -96.8075
TypeHolocaust / human rights museum
Visitors+80,000 annually (2018)
PresidentMary Pat Higgins
ArchitectOmniplan
Public transit accessDART - West End Station
Nearest car park333 N Houston St, Dallas, TX 75202
WebsiteDallas Holocaust and Human Rights Museum
Kingman-Texas Building
Location209-211 N. Record St.
Built1907 (1907)
Architectural styleRichardsonian Romanesque
Part ofWestend Historic District (#78002918[3])
DLMKHD #H/2 (West End HD)
Significant dates
Designated CPNovember 14, 1978
Designated DLMKHDOctober 6, 1975[4]

History[edit]

In 1977, 125 Dallas-based Jewish Holocaust Survivors met and formed an organization called Holocaust Survivors in Dallas.[5][6] In 1984, the Survivors, along with North Texas benefactors, established The Dallas Memorial Center for Holocaust Studies. The Center was located in the Dallas Jewish Community Center in North Dallas.[7] In January 2005, the Memorial Center changed its name to the Dallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education & Tolerance and moved to a transitional space in downtown Dallas. The Museum is now in a 55,000-square-foot permanent location in Dallas’ historic West End.[8][9]

Permanent Exhibition[edit]

The Museum’s permanent exhibition consists of four wings designed by Berenbaum Jacobs Associates—Orientation Wing, Holocaust / Shoah Wing, Human Rights Wing, and Pivot to America Wing.[7]

Orientation Wing[edit]

A Museum tour begins here. Visitors enter an intimate theater to view a brief film. Fundamental questions are posed, such as, “Why should I care about the Holocaust and human rights? And, what can I do about these things?” Upon exiting the theater, visitors learn about the Jews, "the longest hatred," and why this hatred was central to the rise of Hitler and the Nazis. They also see a glimpse of Jewish life in Europe before the Holocaust through a photo mural of the families of Dallas-area Survivors. From here, visitors enter the third-floor exhibitions.[10]

Holocaust / Shoah Wing[edit]

This wing explores the history of the Holocaust. Highlights include 68 local Survivor testimonies, 9 original films, a geographic approach to the material, and a focus on Upstanders across Europe. Visitors may also walk through an authentic Nazi-era rail car, the first ever displayed in a museum anywhere in the world.[8][11]

Human Rights Wing[edit]

In the Human Rights Wing, the exhibition focuses on advances in the global approach to human rights—starting with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which provides aspirational guidance to people and nations. This wing explores the importance of the Nuremberg Trials for representational justice after World War II and the Holocaust. Also here is the Ten Stages of Genocide Gallery which contains 10 floor-to-ceiling islands, each representing an historical genocide, including the Rwandan Genocide of the Tutsis, the Guatemalan Genocide, and the Holodomor in Ukraine.[1][12][13]

Pivot To America Wing[edit]

The Pivot to America Wing challenges visitors to “Embrace Ideals. Challenge Reality. Participate in Repair.” This wing addresses the American experience, American ideals, American reality, and the repair process by which the country strives to bring its ideals and reality more closely into accord. Visitors explore the development of civil and human rights throughout the country’s history via interactive kiosks, and they learn about Upstanders, from Texas and beyond, who have driven the process of repair in America.[7] The visitor experience culminates in a Call to Action, a challenge to embrace ideals, challenge reality, and participate in repair. Here, visitors can connect with activities and organizations to start to make a difference.[13]

The Museum also incorporates a 250-seat theater for special events, presentations, and video testimony from local Holocaust Survivors.[1][14]

Dimensions in Testimony Theater[edit]

The Museum features a permanent interactive exhibition called Dimensions in Testimony, implemented by the USC Shoah Foundation. The Dimensions in Testimony Theater uses 3-D holographic technology and artificial intelligence to present genocide Survivors answering questions about their experiences long after they are gone. Visitors can interact with Survivors as if they are in the room with them.[14][15][16]

Max Glauben, 91 years old at the time, a Holocaust Survivor and one of the original founders of the Museum, was filmed by the USC Shoah Foundation in 2018 using a 360-degree, 18-camera and green screen setup. Glauben, who survived the Warsaw Ghetto as a child and was orphaned at 13 while in the Budzyn Labor Camp, was asked more than 1,000 questions about his life for his holographic projection. He is one of the featured Holocaust Survivors with whom visitors interact in the Dimensions in Testimony Theater.[14][15][16] Glauben was named Texan of the Year in December 2019 by The Dallas Morning News.[17]

Design and Architecture[edit]

The Museum was designed from the inside out with the help of Dr. Michael Berenbaum, former project director of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.[7] The Museum’s façade is designed to blend with the historic brick masonry architecture of the historic West End while also standing out by using a large band of copper cladding around the outside of the building. Over time, the copper will age and develop a patina, reflecting the importance of perseverance and weathering the storm.[18] Omniplan was the architect, and Seattle-based Pacific Studio fabricated and assembled the core exhibition components.[7][9] The Museum will now be able to accommodate over 200,000 visitors a year.[19] Half of this number are anticipated to be students.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Home". Dallas Holocaust and Human Rights Museum. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  2. ^ "Dallas Holocaust and Human Rights Museum opens its doors Sept. 18". Dallas News. 2019-09-16. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. November 2, 2013.
  4. ^ Staff (August 4, 2016). "West End Historic District" (PDF). Department of Urban Planning, City of Dallas. p. 3. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  5. ^ "Dallas Holocaust Museum". museu.ms. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  6. ^ "Dallas Holocaust Museum, Center for Education and Tolerance at MuseumsUSA.org". www.museumsusa.org. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Dallas Holocaust Museum officials hope bigger facility, focus will help fight prejudice, hate". Dallas News. 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  8. ^ a b "First Look At New Dallas Holocaust Museum". Art&Seek. 2019-03-26. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  9. ^ a b "A Peek Inside The New Dallas Holocaust And Human Rights Museum". 2019-03-25. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  10. ^ Astri-O'Reilly, Ana (2019-08-29). "The New Holocaust and Human Rights Museum in Dallas Allows Visitors to Interview a Survivor". Dallas Observer. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  11. ^ "'There's enormous pressure': A behind-the-scenes look at restoring the Dallas Holocaust Museum boxcar". Dallas News. 2019-03-11. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  12. ^ "With hate rising, the Dallas Holocaust Museum unveils a new home, and an expanded mission". Dallas News. 2019-09-15. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  13. ^ a b "Touring the Dallas Holocaust and Human Rights Museum | TJP News". Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  14. ^ a b c "Max Glauben Will Live Forever". D Magazine. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  15. ^ a b "Using holograms and AI to preserve firsthand stories of the Holocaust". Religion News Service. 2019-03-22. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  16. ^ a b "How holograms are helping this Dallas Holocaust survivor tell his story". Dallas News. 2018-08-22. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  17. ^ "The Dallas Morning News Texan of the Year 2019: Holocaust survivor Max Glauben". Dallas News. 2019-12-29. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  18. ^ "It's hard not to take a shine to new Holocaust Museum in Dallas' West End". CultureMap Dallas. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  19. ^ "Dallas Holocaust museum takes visitors from WWII to today". AP NEWS. 2019-08-31. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  20. ^ Sep 16; 2019 | 1 (2019-09-16). "New Holocaust and Human Rights Museum includes LGBT exhibits". Dallas Voice. Retrieved 2020-02-05.