Dallas Union Station
|Location||400 S. Houston St.,|
Dallas, Texas 75201
|Owned by||City of Dallas|
|Platforms||1 side and 2 island platforms|
|Tracks||5 + 2 through tracks|
|Train operators||Amtrak, TRE and DART Light Rail|
DART Local Bus: 11, 19, 21, 60
|Parking||20 long term and 20 short term parking spaces|
|Station code||Amtrak code: DAL|
|Fare zone||TRE Eastern|
|Opened||October 14, 1916|
|Passengers (2017)||47,488 12.8% (Amtrak)|
Dallas Union Terminal
|Area||5 acres (2.0 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||75001966|
|Added to NRHP||May 29, 1975|
|Designated TSAL||January 1, 1981|
|Designated DLMK||January 17, 1977|
Dallas Union Station, officially Eddie Bernice Johnson Union Station, also known as Dallas Union Terminal, is a railroad station in Dallas, Texas. It serves DART Light Rail, Trinity Railway Express commuter rail, and Amtrak intercity rail. It is located on Houston Street, between Wood and Young Streets, in the Reunion district of Downtown Dallas. The structure is a Dallas Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The station is served by Amtrak's Texas Eagle with Chicago as the eastern terminus and either San Antonio or Los Angeles as the western terminus. The light rail station serves as a stop on the Red and Blue lines as well as the TRE. Union Station is the northern terminus of the Dallas Streetcar and provides access to the Greyhound bus terminal, the George Allen Courts Building, Dealey Plaza, the Hyatt Regency at Reunion and Reunion Tower.
The first floor is occupied by an Amtrak ticketing window, waiting room, and privately rented offices. The second floor contains the restored Grand Hall and several meeting rooms named after railroads that previously serviced Dallas. The second floor and a mezzanine are operated by Wolfgang Puck Catering.
The Union Terminal Company constructed the Dallas Union Terminal, as Union Station was originally called, in 1916 to consolidate five rail stations scattered around Dallas into one, making Dallas a major transportation center in the Southwestern United States. At the peak of its usage, as many as 80 trains stopped each day at the station. It was designed by Jarvis Hunt, who designed other large train stations. Railroads served by the station included Texas & Pacific Railway, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, St. Louis Southwestern Railway (Cotton Belt), Fort Worth & Denver Railway, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Burlington-Rock Island Railroad, St. Louis and San Francisco Railway (Frisco), Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad (Katy), and Southern Pacific Railroad.
Originally, the 2nd level waiting room was connected to train platforms via an overhead walkway, but this design was never popular with travelers as they needed to climb a large number of stairs. Escalators were added, but the Grand Hall was finally abandoned in favor of renovated ticketing and a waiting room on the ground floor (still in use today). Also, an underground corridor replaced the overhead walkway, with ramps at each platform.
The last privately owned passenger train to serve Union Station, the Missouri Pacific Railroad's Texas Eagle, left on May 31, 1969. Amtrak service began on March 14, 1974 with the Inter-American between St. Louis and Laredo; the train evolved into today's Texas Eagle. DART's light-rail service began at the station on June 14, 1996. The station's upper-level waiting room was re-purposed into meeting and convention space for the Hyatt Regency Dallas, which is connected via an underground walkway.
In October 2016, the station was renamed the Eddie Bernice Johnson Union Station in honor of US. Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson.
In 1934, as part of the federally sponsored Public Works of Art Project, Jerry Bywaters and Alexander Hogue were granted the first commission in Texas to create a series of 10 murals depicting events in Dallas history. They had painted them on the walls of the second-floor lobby at the old Dallas City Hall Building, located on Harwood Street between Main and Commerce Streets. In 1954, the original murals were destroyed when City Hall relocated. When the station was renovated to accommodate light rail usage, the murals were partially recreated by Phillip Lamb along the train platforms at Union Station.
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|Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe|
toward San Angelo
|San Angelo – Dallas||Terminus|
|Cleburne – Paris||
|Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad|
|Colorado and Southern Railway|
toward El Paso
|El Paso-New Orleans||
toward New Orleans
|Rock Island Line|
|Minneapolis – Houston||
Other major trains served by the station:
- Frisco Lines and the Missouri-Kansas-Texas’s (Katy) Texas Special (St. Louis-Dallas-San Antonio)
- Missouri Pacific's Texan (St. Louis-Little Rock-Dallas-Fort Worth); Westerner (St. Louis-Little Rock-Dallas-El Paso-Los Angeles)
- Southern Pacific's Hustler (Dallas-Houston)
- St. Louis Southwestern’s (Cotton Belt) Morning Star (St. Louis-Dallas)
- Texas & Pacific's Louisiana Eagle (Fort Worth-Dallas-Shreveport-Alexandria-New Orleans)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Dallas County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Dallas County
- List of Dallas Landmarks
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of Texas" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- National Park Service (2013-11-02). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Lee E. Holt (January 17, 1977). "Ordinance No. 15382" (PDF). City of Dallas. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- Cantu, Blanca (2008-08-13). "DART celebrates 25 years with free doughnuts at Union Station". The Dallas Morning News.
- "Union Station Website". Retrieved 22 November 2009.
- "Union Station". DART.org. Retrieved 2006-05-01.
- "100 Years of History". Dallas Library. Retrieved 2006-05-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Union Station (Dallas).|
- Union Station | Dallas Area Rapid Transit
- Union Station | Trinity Railway Express
- Amtrak – Stations – Dallas, TX
- Union Station Wolfgang Puck | Event venue
- Dallas Union Station, from Amtrak's Texas Eagle website
- Dallas, Texas (DAL) (Amtrak's Great American Stations)
- Dallas Amtrak-DART-TRE Station (USA Rail Guide — Train Web)