Demographics of Austria

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Historical population
YearPop.±%
17802,970,000—    
17903,046,000+2.6%
18003,064,000+0.6%
18103,054,000−0.3%
18213,202,000+4.8%
18303,476,000+8.6%
18403,649,000+5.0%
18503,879,000+6.3%
18574,075,000+5.1%
18694,497,880+10.4%
18804,963,528+10.4%
18905,417,360+9.1%
19006,003,845+10.8%
19106,648,310+10.7%
19236,534,742−1.7%
19346,760,044+3.4%
19396,652,567−1.6%
19516,933,905+4.2%
19617,073,807+2.0%
19717,491,526+5.9%
19817,555,338+0.9%
19917,795,786+3.2%
20018,032,587+3.0%
20118,401,940+4.6%
20188,823,054+5.0%
Source: [1]

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Austria, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Austrians are a homogeneous people, although four decades of strong immigration from other parts of Europe have significantly changed the composition of the population of Austria.

According to the 2001 population census, 88.6% are native German speakers (96% Austro-Bavarian dialects and 4% Alemanic dialects) while the remaining 11.4% speak several minority languages. The non-German speakers of Austria can be divided into two groups: traditional minorities, who are related to territories formerly part of the Habsburg Monarchy, and new minorities, resulting from recent immigration.

Total Fertility Rate from 1870 to 1899[edit]

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period in the present-day Hungary. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[2]

Years 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[2]
Total Fertility Rate in Austria 4.69 4.65 4.75 4.83 4.8 4.81 4.92 4.72 4.61 4.61 4.62
Years 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[2]
Total Fertility Rate in Austria 4.55 4.56 4.51 4.58 4.49 4.51 4.49 4.43 4.44 4.24
Years 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899[2]
Total Fertility Rate in Austria 4.48 4.31 4.36 4.34 4.4 4.4 4.33 4.35 4.35

Vital statistics since 1900[edit]

Data according to Statistik Austria.[3]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate[fn 1] Infant mortality rate (per 1000 births) Life expectancy males Life expectancy females Net reproduction rate
1900 5 973 000 187 094 138 509 48 585 31.3 23.2 8.1 4.33
1901 6 035 000 189 539 134 234 55 305 31.4 22.2 9.2 4.34
1902 6 099 000 191 926 134 479 57 447 31.5 22.0 9.4 4.35
1903 6 164 000 184 244 133 435 50 809 29.9 21.6 8.2 4.13
1904 6 228 000 187 963 131 309 56 654 30.2 21.1 9.1 4.17
1905 6 292 000 181 685 142 673 39 012 28.9 22.7 6.2 3.99
1906 6 357 000 184 477 129 084 55 393 29.0 20.3 8.7 4.01
1907 6 421 000 181 026 132 006 49 020 28.2 20.6 7.6 3.89
1908 6 485 000 184 477 136 434 48 043 28.4 21.0 7.4 3.83
1909 6 550 000 180 106 134 152 45 954 27.5 20.5 7.0 3.80
1910 6 614 000 176 588 127 243 49 345 26.7 19.2 7.5 3.69
1911 6 669 000 168 916 132 615 36 301 25.3 19.9 5.4 3.50
1912 6 724 000 170 555 122 759 47 796 25.4 18.3 7.1 3.50
1913 6 767 000 163 354 124 388 38 966 24.1 18.4 5.8 3.33
1914 6 680 000 161 692 124 560 37 132 24.2 18.6 5.6 3.20
1915 6 690 000 125 680 144 259 -18 579 18.8 21.6 -2.8 3.07
1916 6 660 000 98 895 139 324 -40 429 14.8 20.9 -6.1 2.94
1917 6 610 000 92 289 150 346 -58 057 14.0 22.7 -8.8 2.81
1918 6 543 000 92 560 172 573 -80 013 14.1 26.4 -12.2 2.68
1919 6 420 000 118 518 130 658 -12 140 18.5 20.4 -1.9 2.55
1920 6 455 000 146 644 122 775 23 869 22.7 19.0 3.7 3.14
1921 6 504 000 151 138 110 451 40 687 23.2 17.0 6.3 3.21
1922 6 528 000 150 958 113 467 37 491 23.1 17.4 5.7 3.19
1923 6 543 000 146 885 99 924 46 961 22.4 15.3 7.2 3.10
1924 6 562 000 142 141 98 055 44 086 21.7 14.9 6.7 2.99
1925 6 582 000 135 841 94 988 40 853 20.6 14.4 6.2 2.85
1926 6 603 000 127 250 98 905 28 345 19.3 15.0 4.3 2.66
1927 6 623 000 118 669 99 080 19 589 17.9 15.0 3.0 2.47
1928 6 643 000 116 729 95 959 20 770 17.6 14.4 3.1 2.43
1929 6 664 000 112 047 97 300 14 747 16.8 14.6 2.2 2.32
1930 6 684 000 112 330 90 315 22 015 16.8 13.5 3.3 2.32
1931 6 705 000 106 324 93 895 12 429 15.9 14.0 1.9 2.19
1932 6 725 000 102 277 93 599 8 678 15.2 13.9 1.3 2.10
1933 6 746 000 96 369 88 977 7 392 14.3 13.2 1.1 1.97
1934 6 755 000 91 567 85 685 5 882 13.6 12.7 0.9 1.87
1935 6 761 000 88 689 92 524 -3 835 13.1 13.7 -0.6 1.81
1936 6 758 000 88 264 89 078 - 814 13.1 13.2 -0.1 1.80
1937 6 755 000 86 351 90 035 -3 684 12.8 13.3 -0.5 1.54
1938 6 753 000 93 812 94 755 - 943 13.9 14.0 -0.1 1.92
1939 6 658 000 137 825 101 709 36 116 20.7 15.3 5.4 2.86
1940 6 705 000 145 926 99 475 46 451 21.8 14.8 6.9 2.70
1941 6 731 000 135 398 94 121 41 277 20.1 14.0 6.1 2.53
1942 6 799 000 116 172 90 510 25 662 17.1 13.3 3.8 2.37
1943 6 815 000 122 443 94 269 28 174 18.0 13.8 4.1 2.21
1944 6 837 000 126 938 109 622 17 316 18.6 16.0 2.5 2.04
1945 6 793 000 101 369 173 767 -72 398 14.9 25.6 -10.7 1.88
1946 7 000 000 111 302 94 077 17 225 15.9 13.4 2.5 2.01 81.4
1947 6 971 000 128 953 90 027 38 926 18.5 12.9 5.6 2.35 78.3
1948 6 953 000 123 221 84 213 39 008 17.7 12.1 5.6 2.25 76.2
1949 6 942 000 113 375 89 247 24 128 16.3 12.9 3.5 2.07 75.2
1950 6 935 000 107 854 85 710 22 144 15.6 12.4 3.2 2.09 66.1
1951 6 934 000 102 764 88 253 14 511 14.8 12.7 2.1 2.02 61.3
1952 6 928 000 103 012 83 372 19 640 14.9 12.0 2.8 2.06 51.9
1953 6 932 000 102 867 83 399 19 468 14.8 12.0 2.8 2.09 49.9
1954 6 940 000 103 985 84 632 19 353 15.0 12.2 2.8 2.15 48.3
1955 6 947 000 108 575 84 995 23 580 15.6 12.2 3.4 2.29 45.6
1956 6 952 000 115 827 86 824 29 003 16.7 12.5 4.2 2.48 43.3
1957 6 966 000 118 712 89 298 29 414 17.0 12.8 4.2 2.57 44.2
1958 6 987 000 119 755 85 980 33 775 17.1 12.3 4.8 2.60 40.7
1959 7 014 000 124 377 87 970 36 407 17.7 12.5 5.2 2.69 39.8
1960 7 048 000 125 945 89 603 36 342 17.9 12.7 5.2 2.70 37.5
1961 7 087 000 131 563 85 673 45 890 18.6 12.1 6.5 2.79 32.7 1.29
1962 7 130 000 133 253 90 854 42 399 18.7 12.7 5.9 2.80 32.8 1.30
1963 7 176 000 134 809 91 579 43 230 18.8 12.8 6.0 2.82 31.3 1.31
1964 7 224 000 133 841 89 081 44 760 18.6 12.3 6.2 2.80 29.2 1.30
1965 7 271 000 129 924 94 273 35 651 17.9 13.0 4.9 2.71 28.3 1.26
1966 7 322 000 128 577 91 440 37 137 17.6 12.5 5.1 2.66 28.1 1.24
1967 7 377 000 127 404 95 438 31 966 17.4 13.0 4.4 2.62 26.4 1.23
1968 7 415 000 126 115 96 014 30 101 17.1 13.0 4.1 2.59 25.5 1.21
1969 7 441 000 121 377 98 715 22 662 16.4 13.4 3.1 2.50 25.4 1.17
1970 7 467 000 112 301 98 819 13 482 15.1 13.3 1.8 2.29 25.9 66.5 73.4 1.07
1971 7 500 000 108 510 97 334 11 176 14.6 13.1 1.5 2.20 26.1 66.6 73.7 1.03
1972 7 544 000 104 033 95 323 8 710 13.9 12.7 1.2 2.09 25.2 66.9 74.0 0.98
1973 7 586 000 98 041 92 768 5 273 13.0 12.3 0.7 1.94 23.8 67.5 74.6 0.91
1974 7 599 000 97 430 94 324 3 106 12.9 12.5 0.4 1.91 23.5 67.5 74.7 0.90
1975 7 579 000 93 757 96 041 -2 284 12.4 12.7 -0.3 1.83 20.5 67.7 74.7 0.86
1976 7 566 000 87 446 95 140 -7 694 11.6 12.6 -1.0 1.69 18.2 68.2 75.1 0.80
1977 7 568 000 85 595 92 402 -6 807 11.3 12.2 -0.9 1.63 16.8 68.5 75.5 0.77
1978 7 562 000 85 402 94 617 -9 215 11.3 12.5 -1.2 1.61 15.0 68.5 75.7 0.76
1979 7 549 000 86 388 92 012 -5 624 11.4 12.2 -0.7 1.60 14.7 68.8 76.0 0.76
1980 7 549 000 90 872 92 442 -1 570 12.0 12.2 -0.2 1.65 14.3 69.0 76.1 0.78
1981 7 569 000 93 867 92 585 1 282 12.4 12.2 0.2 1.67 12.7 69.3 76.4 0.80
1982 7 574 000 94 840 91 339 3 501 12.5 12.1 0.5 1.66 12.8 69.4 76.6 0.79
1983 7 562 000 90 118 93 041 -2 923 11.9 12.3 -0.4 1.56 11.9 69.5 76.6 0.74
1984 7 561 000 89 234 88 466 768 11.8 11.7 0.1 1.52 11.4 70.0 77.2 0.73
1985 7 565 000 87 440 89 578 -2 138 11.6 11.8 -0.3 1.47 11.2 70.4 77.3 0.70
1986 7 570 000 86 964 87 071 - 107 11.5 11.5 -0.0 1.45 10.3 70.9 77.7 0.69
1987 7 575 000 86 503 84 907 1 596 11.4 11.2 0.2 1.43 9.8 71.4 78.1 0.68
1988 7 585 000 88 052 83 263 4 789 11.6 11.0 0.6 1.45 8.1 71.9 78.6 0.69
1989 7 620 000 88 759 83 407 5 352 11.6 10.9 0.7 1.44 8.3 71.9 78.7 0.69
1990 7 678 000 90 454 82 952 7 502 11.8 10.8 1.0 1.46 7.8 72.2 78.9 0.70
1991 7 755 000 94 629 83 428 11 201 12.2 10.8 1.4 1.51 7.5 72.3 79.0 0.72
1992 7 841 000 95 302 83 162 12 140 12.2 10.6 1.5 1.51 7.5 72.5 79.2 0.72
1993 7 906 000 95 227 82 517 12 710 12.0 10.4 1.6 1.50 6.5 72.8 79.4 0.72
1994 7 936 000 92 415 80 684 11 731 11.6 10.2 1.5 1.47 6.3 73.1 79.7 0.70
1995 7 948 000 88 669 81 171 7 498 11.2 10.2 0.9 1.42 5.4 73.3 80.0 0.68
1996 7 959 000 88 809 80 790 8 019 11.2 10.2 1.0 1.45 5.1 73.7 80.1 0.69
1997 7 968 000 84 045 79 432 4 613 10.5 10.0 0.6 1.39 4.7 74.0 80.6 0.67
1998 7 977 000 81 233 78 339 2 894 10.2 9.8 0.4 1.37 4.9 74.5 80.8 0.66
1999 7 992 000 78 138 78 200 - 62 9.8 9.8 0.0 1.34 4.4 74.8 80.9 0.64
2000 8 012 000 78 268 76 780 1 488 9.8 9.6 0.2 1.36 4.8 75.1 81.1 0.66
2001 8 042 000 75 458 74 767 691 9.4 9.3 0.1 1.33 3.7 75.6 81.6 0.64
2002 8 082 000 78 399 76 131 2 268 9.7 9.4 0.3 1.39 4.3 75.8 81.7 0.67
2003 8 121 000 76 944 77 209 - 265 9.5 9.5 -0.0 1.38 4.0 75.9 81.5 0.66
2004 8 172 000 78 968 74 292 4 676 9.7 9.1 0.6 1.42 4.0 76.4 82.1 0.68
2005 8 228 000 78 190 75 189 3 001 9.5 9.1 0.4 1.41 3.7 76.6 82.2 0.68
2006 8 269 000 77 914 74 295 3 619 9.4 9.0 0.4 1.41 4.0 77.1 82.7 0.68
2007 8 301 000 76 250 74 625 1 625 9.2 9.0 0.2 1.39 3.8 77.3 82.8 0.67
2008 8 337 000 77 752 75 083 2 669 9.3 9.0 0.3 1.42 3.3 77.6 83.0 0.68
2009 8 363 000 76 344 77 381 -1 037 9.1 9.3 -0.2 1.40 3.7 77.4 82.9 0.67
2010 8 388 000 78 742 77 199 1 543 9.4 9.2 0.2 1.44 3.8 77.7 83.2 0.69
2011 8 421 000 78 109 76 479 1 630 9.3 9.1 0.2 1.43 3.8 78.1 83.4 0.69
2012 8 464 000 78 952 79 436 -484 9.3 9.4 -0.1 1.44 3.2 78.3 83.3
2013 8 518 000 79 330 79 526 -196 9.3 9.3 -0.0 1.44 3.1 78.45 83.56
2014 8 584 000 81 722 78 252 3 470 9.6 9.1 0.5 1.46 3.0 78.91 83.74
2015 8 700 000 84 381 83 073 1 308 9.7 9.5 0.2 1.49 3.1 78.63 83.59
2016 8 773 000 87 675 80 669 7 006 10.0 9.2 0.8 1.53 3.1 79.14 83.95
2017 8 822 000 87 633 83 270 4 363 10.0 9.5 0.5 1.52 2.9 79.3 83.9
  • In 2016, 43,190 out of the 87,675 newborns had a Catholic mother (father: 38,884), 12,794 Muslim mother (father: 12,996) and 2,841 had a Protestant mother (father: 2,398).
  • In 2015, 41,783 out of the 84,381 newborns had a Catholic mother (father: 37,036), 10,760 Muslim mother (father: 10,972) and 2,595 had a Protestant mother (father: 2,212).

Current natural increase[edit]

[4]

  • Number of births January–June 2016 = Increase 42,155
  • Number of births January–September 2017 = Decrease 0.3% 65,886
  • Number of deaths January–June 2015 = Negative increase 43,208
  • Number of deaths January–September 2017 = Negative increase 4.5% 61,661
  • Natural population growth January–June 2015 = Decrease -2,053
  • Natural population growth January–September 2017 = Increase 4,225

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Population of Austria 1900-2010
Population density per state.

There are 185,000 Turks, including Turkish Kurds, in Austria today, accounting for 2.2% of the population. This is the third largest ethnic minority after Serbs and Federal Germans (2.7%).[5]

There are three "traditional" ethnic minorities within Austria that have found themselves within Austria as a result of European boundary changes over the years. They are Carthinian Slovenes, Croats and Hungarians.[5]

Modern immigration has resulted in the creation of a number of sizeable new ethic groups in Austria. Notably more than 300,000 people came to Austria from the former Yugoslavia during and after the wars there, as well as more than 300,000 from Turkey.[5]

The number of people living in Austria but born elsewhere increased by 35% over the past decade. Austria estimates that 81% of its population had no migration background, while about 19% had at least one parent of migrant background. There are estimated to be 415,000 descendants of foreign-born immigrants in the country.[5]

The majority of Austrians (73.6%) in the 2001 census reported that they were Roman Catholic. Protestants made up a further 4.7% of the population and Muslims 4.2%. 12% of respondents said that they were not religious.[5]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review.[5]

  • One birth every 6 minutes
  • One death every 6 minutes
  • One net migrant every 26 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 25 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[6] and Statistik Austria.

Nationality
noun: Austrian(s)
adjective: Austrian
Population
8,754,413 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 95th
Age structure
Population pyramid of Austria.
0-14 years: 14.01% (male 628,205/female 598,519)
15-24 years: 11.07% (male 494,016/female 475,500)
25-54 years: 42.42% (male 1,856,532/female 1,856,937)
55-64 years: 13.23% (male 574,570/female 584,022)
65 years and over: 19.26% (male 731,126/female 954,986) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 13.6% (male 573,146/female 546,596)
15-24 years: 11.6% (male 488,564/female 468,891)
25-54 years: 42.9% (male 1,766,729/female 1,756,880)
55-64 years: 12.7% (male 515,913/female 528,988)
65 years and over: 19.2% (male 670,750/female 906,605) (2014 est.)
0-14 years: 14% (male 590,855/female 563,300)
15-64 years: 67.7% (male 2,793,725/female 2,769,840)
65 years and over: 18.2% (male 627,456/female 872,104) (2011 est.)
0–14 years: 14.5% (male 609,748/female 581,144)
15–64 years: 67.5% (male 2,785,091/female 2,756,402)
65 years and over: 18% (male 612,613/female 865,283) (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.47 children born/woman (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 201st
1.43 children born/woman (2012 est.) Country comparison to the world: 202nd
Median age
total: 44 years. Country comparison to the world: 13rd
male: 42.8 years
female: 45.1 years (2017 est.)
Total: 44.3 years
Male: 43.2 years
Female: 45.3 years (2014 est.)
Total: 43 years
Male: 41.9 years
Female: 44 years (2011 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate
0.47% (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 156th
0.01% (2014 est.)
Birth rate
9.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 201st
8.76 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate
9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 50th
10.38 deaths/1,000 population (July 2014 est.)
Net migration rate
4.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 25th
1.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.6 years. Country comparison to the world: 23rd
male: 78.9 years
female: 84.4 years (2017 est.)
Ethnic groups

Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, Germans 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)

Languages

German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in South Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 est.)

Religions

Catholic 73.8% (includes Roman Catholic 73.6%, other Catholic 0.2%), Protestant 4.9%, Muslim 4.2%, Orthodox 2.2%, other 0.8% (includes other Christian), none 12%, unspecified 2% (2001 est.)

Urbanization
urban population: 58.3% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 0.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births Country comparison to the world: 208th
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Total: 4.16 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 196
Male: 5.01 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 3.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Maternal mortality ratio
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.) Country comparison to the world: 175th
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 49.2
youth dependency ratio: 21.1
elderly dependency ratio: 28.1
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2015)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 10.6% Country comparison to the world: 125th
male: 11.1%
female: 10% (2015 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS
Adult prevalence rate: 0.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
People living with HIV/AIDS: 15,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
New Infections with HIV/AIDS: 453 (2005)
Deaths: 54 (2004[permanent dead link])
Health expenditures
11% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 20
Physicians density
4.749 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
country comparison to the world: 6
Hospital bed density
7.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
country comparison to the world: 9
Education expenditures
5.9% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 44
Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%
Illiterates: some 3–4% of Austrians are functionally illiterate[7]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Traditional ethnic minorities in Austria[edit]

Only three numerically significant traditional minority groups exist – 14,000 Carinthian Slovenes (according to the 2001 census – unofficial estimates of Slovene organisations put the number at 50,000) in Austrian Carinthia (south central Austria) and about 25,000 Croats and 20,000 Hungarians in Burgenland (on the Hungarian border). The Slovenes (also called 'Windische') form a closely knit community. Their rights as well as those of the Croats are protected by law and generally respected in practice. The present boundaries of Austria, once the center of the Habsburg Empire that constituted the second-largest state in Europe, were established in accordance with the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1919. Some Austrians, particularly near Vienna, still have relatives in countries that made up the Monarchy, namely Croatia, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia and Hungary.

New ethnic minorities in Austria[edit]

COB data Austria.PNG

According to the Austrian Statistical Bureau, 814,800 foreigners legally lived in Austria in mid-2006, representing 9.8% of the total population, one of the highest rates in Europe.

Of these foreign residents, 305,100 came from the former Yugoslavia and 110,800 from Turkey.

Owing to a growing naturalization rate, 330,000 people have been naturalized between 1985 and the end of 2003, representing about 4% of the 7.4 million Austrian citizens living today in the country.

Of these new citizens 110,000 came from the former Yugoslavia and 90,000 from Turkey. Considering pre-1985 naturalizations, in 2005 at least 18% (in Vienna more than 30%) of the population was either foreign or of foreign origin. Native Austrians have had stagnant demographics since World War I, and have been in absolute decline since the 1970s.

Immigration[edit]

As of 2011, Statistik Austria official estimates have shown that 81% of residents, or 6.75 million[8] had no migration background and more than 19% or 1.6 million inhabitants[8] had at least one parent of immigrant background.[clarification needed] There are more than 415,000 descendants of foreign-born immigrants[8] residing in Austria, the great majority of whom have been naturalized.

According to Eurostat, there were 1.27 million foreign-born residents in Austria in 2010, corresponding to 15.2% of the total population. Of these, 764,000 (9.1%) were born outside the EU and 512,000 (6.1%) were born in another EU member state.[9]

350,000 ethnic Turks[10] (including a minority of Turkish Kurds) currently live in Austria. At about 3% of the total population, they make up the biggest single ethnic minority in Austria.

Rank Nationality Population

(1 January 2018)[11]

1 European Union Germany 186,891
2  Serbia 120,341
3  Turkey 117,277
4 European Union Romania 102,242
5  Bosnia and Herzegovina 95,221
6 European Union Hungary 77,174
7 European Union Croatia 76,690
8 European Union Poland 62,187
9  Syria 48,116
10  Afghanistan 45,720

Languages[edit]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Austria (2016)[12][13]

  Roman Catholicism (58.8%)
  Protestantism (3.4%)
  Islam (7%)
  Buddhism (0.2%)
  Judaism (0.1%)
  None or other (24%)

In 2001, about 74% of Austria's population were registered as Roman Catholic,[14] while about 5% considered themselves Protestants.[14] Austrian Christians, both Catholic and Protestant,[15] are obliged to pay a mandatory membership fee (calculated by income—about 1%) to their church; this payment is called "Kirchenbeitrag" ("Ecclesiastical/Church contribution"). Since the second half of the 20th century, the number of adherents and churchgoers has declined. Data for the end of 2016 from the Austrian Roman Catholic church lists 5,162,622 members, or 58.8% of the total Austrian population. Sunday church attendance was 605,828 or 7% of the total Austrian population in 2015.[16] The Lutheran church also recorded a loss of 74,421 adherents between 2001 and 2016.

About 12% of the population declared that they have no religion.[14] in 2001; this share had grown to 20% by 2015.[17] Of the remaining people, around 340,000 were registered as members of various Muslim communities in 2001, mainly due to the influx from Turkey, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo.[14] The number of Muslims has doubled in 15 years to 700,000 in 2016.[18] About 180,000 are members of Orthodox Churches (mostly Serbs), about 21,000 people are active Jehovah's Witnesses[19] and about 8,100 are Jewish.[14]

An estimated 15,000 Jews or adherents of Judaism live in Austria, primarily in Vienna – a remnant of the post-World War II community after the Nazi Holocaust.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and have been marked blue, 2 and below leads an aging population and the result is that the population reduces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Total Population. Population since 1869". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last two centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  3. ^ AUSTRIA, STATISTIK. "Bevölkerung". Statistik.at. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Population". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Austria Population 2018", World Population Review
  6. ^ "The World FactBook - Austria", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-05-12. Retrieved 2005-05-25.
  8. ^ a b c "STATISTIK AUSTRIA Kommission für Migrations - und Integrationsforschung der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 2012" (PDF). Medienservicestelle.at. p. 23. Retrieved 2017-08-24.
  9. ^ 6.5% of the EU population are foreigners and 9.4% are born abroad, Eurostat, Katya VASILEVA, 34/2011.
  10. ^ BBC (2010-11-10). "Turkey's ambassador to Austria prompts immigration spat". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
  11. ^ "Österreich - Ausländer nach Staatsangehörigkeiten 2018 - Statistik". Statista. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Kirchenaustritte gingen 2012 um elf Prozent zurück" [Leaving church increased by eleven percent in 2012]. derStandard.at (in German). 8 January 2013. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013.
  13. ^ WZ-Recherche 2016. Published in article: "Staat und Religion". Wiener Zeitung, January 2016.
  14. ^ a b c d e "Census 2001: Population 2001 according to religious affiliation and nationality" (PDF) (in German). Statistik Austria. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  15. ^ Tax is only mandatory for Lutherans and Reformed.
  16. ^ "Katholische Kirche Österreichs, Statistik". Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  17. ^ Church data retrieved 14 January 2015
  18. ^ Zahl der Muslime in Österreich seit 2001 verdoppelt diepresse.com, 04/08/2017.
  19. ^ 2015 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses. Watch Tower Society. p. 178.

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External links[edit]