Demographics of Denmark

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Denmark, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

National demographics[edit]

Population of Denmark as of 1 January 2012 by ancestry.

Since 1980, the number of Danes has remained constant at around 5 million in Denmark and nearly all the population growth from 5.1 up to the 2018 total of 5.8 million was due to immigration.[1]

According to 2017 figures from Statistics Denmark, 86.9%[2][3] of Denmark’s population of over 5,760,694 was of Danish descent, defined as having at least one parent who was born in Denmark and has Danish citizenship.[4][2] The remaining 13.1% were of a foreign background, defined as immigrants or descendants of recent immigrants. With the same definition, the most common countries of origin were Poland, Turkey, Germany, Iraq, Romania, Syria, Somalia, Iran, Afghanistan, and Yugoslavia and its successor states.[citation needed] More than 752 618 individuals (13.1%)[2][3] are migrants and their descendants (146 798 second generation migrants born in Denmark[3]).

Of these 752 618[2] immigrants and their descendants:

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1870 1,784,741—    
1880 1,969,039+10.3%
1890 2,172,380+10.3%
1901 2,449,540+12.8%
1911 2,747,076+12.1%
1921 3,267,831+19.0%
1930 3,550,656+8.7%
1940 3,844,312+8.3%
1950 4,281,275+11.4%
1960 4,585,256+7.1%
1970 4,937,579+7.7%
1980 5,122,065+3.7%
1990 5,135,409+0.3%
2000 5,330,020+3.8%
2011 5,560,628+4.3%
2018 5,781,190+4.0%
Source: Statistics Denmark

Ethnic groups[edit]

Non-Scandinavian ethnic minorities include:

Historic minorities[edit]

Ethnic minorities in Denmark include a handful of groups:

Total fertility rate from 1850 to 1899[edit]

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[9]

Year 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860[9]
Total fertility rate in Denmark 4.24 4.06 4.48 4.27 4.41 4.31 4.37 4.44 4.48 4.53 4.4
Year 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[9]
Total fertility rate in Denmark 4.27 4.17 4.17 4.06 4.21 4.32 4.09 4.18 3.96 4.1
Year 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[9]
Total fertility rate in Denmark 4.06 4.09 4.16 4.17 4.31 4.4 4.36 4.27 4.3 4.28
Year 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[9]
Total fertility rate in Denmark 4.34 4.36 4.29 4.5 4.39 4.37 4.28 4.25 4.21 4.11
Year 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899[9]
Total fertility rate in Denmark 4.18 4 4.16 4.1 4.09 4.11 4.02 4.08 4.01

Vital statistics since 1900[edit]

Data according to Statistics Denmark, which collects the official statistics for Denmark.[10]

Average pop. Live births Deaths Nat. change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Nat. change (per 1000) Total fertility rate[fn 1]
1900 2 432 000 72 129 40 891 31 238 29.7 16.8 12.8 4,16
1901 2 463 000 73 219 38 786 34 425 29.7 15.7 14.0 4,14
1902 2 494 000 72 839 36 424 36 391 29.2 14.6 14.6 4,05
1903 2 525 000 72 351 36 956 35 403 28.7 14.6 14.0 3,96
1904 2 546 000 73 692 35 903 37 788 28.9 14.1 14.8 3,97
1905 2 574 000 73 082 38 598 34 484 28.4 15.0 13.4 3,87
1906 2 603 000 74 217 35 231 38 986 28.5 13.5 15.0 3,87
1907 2 635 000 74 324 37 275 37 049 28.2 14.1 14.1 3,81
1908 2 668 000 76 233 39 072 37 161 28.6 14.6 13.9 3,83
1909 2 702 000 76 301 35 837 40 464 28.2 13.3 15.0 3,78
1910 2 737 000 75 299 35 184 40 013 27.5 12.9 14.6 3,67
1911 2 770 000 73 933 37 236 36 697 26.7 13.4 13.2 3,60
1912 2 802 000 74 659 36 486 38 173 26.6 13.0 13.6 3,58
1913 2 833 000 72 475 35 364 37 111 25.6 12.5 13.1 3,43
1914 2 866 000 73 294 35 921 37 373 25.6 12.5 13.0 3,42
1915 2 901 000 70 192 37 174 33 018 24.2 12.8 11.4 3,23
1916 2 936 000 71 559 39 265 32 294 24.4 13.4 11.0 3,23
1917 2 972 000 70 306 39 224 31 082 23.7 13.2 10.5 3,11
1918 3 006 000 72 505 39 038 33 467 24.1 13.0 11.1 3,16
1919 3 041 000 68 722 39 590 29 132 22.6 13.0 9.6 2,96
1920 3 079 000 78 230 39 841 38 389 25.4 12.9 12.5 3,29
1921 3 283 000 78 815 36 215 42 600 24.0 11.0 13.0 3,11
1922 3 318 000 73 899 39 452 34 435 22.3 11.9 10.4 2,87
1923 3 352 000 74 827 37 903 36 924 22.3 11.3 11.0 2,85
1924 3 389 000 73 836 38 091 35 778 21.8 11.2 10.6 2,78
1925 3 425 000 71 897 37 083 34 814 21.0 10.8 10.2 2,66
1926 3 452 000 70 734 38 093 32 641 20.5 11.0 9.5 2,58
1927 3 475 000 68 024 40 190 27 834 19.6 11.6 8.0 2,44
1928 3 497 000 68 516 38 484 30 032 19.6 11.0 8.6 2,43
1929 3 518 000 65 297 39 486 25 913 18.6 11.2 7.4 2,30
1930 3 542 000 66 303 38 174 28 129 18.7 10.8 7.9 2,29
1931 3 569 000 64 266 40 578 23 688 18.0 11.4 6.6 2,20
1932 3 603 000 64 650 39 701 24 949 17.9 11.0 6.9 2,17
1933 3 633 000 62 780 38 287 24 493 17.3 10.5 6.7 2,10
1934 3 666 000 65 116 38 050 27 066 17.8 10.4 7.4 2,15
1935 3 695 000 65 223 40 816 24 407 17.7 11.0 6.6 2,12
1936 3 722 000 66 418 40 919 25 499 17.8 11.0 6.9 2,14
1937 3 749 000 67 440 40 442 26 998 18.0 10.8 7.2 2,16
1938 3 777 000 68 463 39 058 29 407 18.1 10.3 7.8 2,18
1939 3 805 000 67 914 38 535 29 379 17.8 10.1 7.7 2,16
1940 3 832 000 70 121 39 730 30 391 18.3 10.4 7.9 2,22
1941 3 863 000 71 306 39 756 31 550 18.5 10.3 8.2 2,24
1942 3 903 000 79 545 37 527 42 018 20.4 9.6 10.8 2,50
1943 3 949 000 84 319 37 982 46 337 21.4 9.6 11.7 2,65
1944 3 998 000 90 641 41 087 49 554 22.7 10.3 12.4 2,84
1945 4 045 000 95 062 42 298 52 764 23.5 10.5 13.0 2,98
1946 4 101 000 96 111 42 013 54 098 23.4 10.2 13.2 3,02
1947 4 146 000 91 714 40 043 51 671 22.1 9.7 12.5 2,90
1948 4 190 000 84 938 35 981 48 957 20.3 8.6 11.7 2,71
1949 4 230 000 79 919 37 793 42 126 18.9 8.9 10.0 2,58
1950 4 271 000 79 558 39 300 40 258 18.6 9.2 9.4 2,57
1951 4 304 000 76 559 37 960 38 599 17.8 8.8 9.0 2,50
1952 4 334 000 76 943 39 173 37 770 17.8 9.0 8.7 2,53
1953 4 369 000 78 261 39 350 38 911 17.9 9.0 8.9 2,60
1954 4 406 000 76 365 39 885 36 480 17.3 9.1 8.3 2,55
1955 4 439 000 76 845 38 789 38 056 17.3 8.7 8.6 2,58
1956 4 466 000 76 725 39 588 37 137 17.2 8.9 8.3 2,61
1957 4 488 000 75 264 41 730 33 534 16.8 9.3 7.5 2,57
1958 4 515 000 74 681 41 560 33 121 16.5 9.2 7.3 2,55
1959 4 547 000 73 928 42 159 31 769 16.3 9.3 7.0 2,52
1960 4 581 000 76 077 43 681 32 396 16.6 9.5 7.1 2,57
1961 4 610 000 76 439 43 310 33 129 16.6 9.4 7.2 2,55
1962 4 647 000 77 808 45 334 32 474 16.7 9.8 7.0 2,58
1963 4 684 000 82 413 45 773 36 640 17.6 9.8 7.8 2,64
1964 4 720 000 83 356 46 811 36 545 17.7 9.9 7.7 2,60
1965 4 758 000 85 796 47 884 37 912 18.0 10.1 8.0 2,61
1966 4 795 000 88 332 49 344 38 988 18.4 10.3 8.1 2,62
1967 4 836 000 81 410 47 836 33 574 16.8 9.9 6.9 2,35
1968 4 865 000 74 543 47 290 27 253 15.3 9.7 5.6 2,12
1969 4 891 000 71 298 47 943 23 355 14.6 9.8 4.8 2,00
1970 4 951 000 70 802 48 233 22 569 14.3 9.7 4.6 1,95
1971 4 963 000 75 359 48 858 26 501 15.2 9.8 5.3 2,04
1972 4 992 000 75 505 50 445 25 060 15.1 10.1 5.0 2,03
1973 5 022 000 71 895 50 526 21 369 14.3 10.1 4.3 1,92
1974 5 045 000 71 327 51 637 19 690 14.1 10.2 3.9 1,90
1975 5 060 000 72 071 50 895 21 176 14.2 10.1 4.1 1,92
1976 5 073 000 65 267 54 001 11 266 12.9 10.6 2.2 1,75
1977 5 088 000 61 878 50 485 11 393 12.2 9.9 2.2 1,66
1978 5 104 000 62 036 52 864 9 172 12.2 10.4 1.8 1,67
1979 5 117 000 59 464 54 654 4 810 11.6 10.7 0.9 1,60
1980 5 123 000 57 293 55 939 1 354 11.2 10.9 0.3 1,55
1981 5 122 000 53 089 56 359 -3 270 10.4 11.0 -0.6 1,44
1982 5 118 000 52 658 55 368 -2 710 10.3 10.8 -0.5 1,43
1983 5 114 000 50 822 57 156 -6 334 9.9 11.2 -1.2 1,38
1984 5 112 000 51 800 57 109 -5 309 10.1 11.2 -1.0 1,40
1985 5 114 000 53 749 58 378 -4 629 10.5 11.4 -0.9 1,45
1986 5 121 000 55 312 58 100 -2 788 10.8 11.3 -0.5 1,48
1987 5 127 000 56 221 58 136 -1 915 11.0 11.3 -0.4 1,51
1988 5 130 000 58 844 58 984 - 127 11.5 11.5 -0.0 1,56
1989 5 133 000 61 351 59 397 2 047 12.0 11.6 0.4 1,62
1990 5 140 000 63 433 60 926 2 545 12.3 11.9 0.5 1,67
1991 5 154 000 64 358 59 581 4 777 12.5 11.6 0.9 1,68
1992 5 170 000 67 726 60 821 6 905 13.1 11.8 1.3 1,76
1993 5 189 000 67 369 62 809 4 560 13.0 12.1 0.9 1,75
1994 5 205 000 69 666 61 099 8 567 13.4 11.7 1.6 1,81
1995 5 228 000 69 771 63 127 6 644 13.3 12.1 1.3 1,81
1996 5 262 000 67 638 61 043 6 595 12.9 11.6 1.3 1,75
1997 5 284 000 67 648 59 898 7 750 12.8 11.3 1.5 1,75
1998 5 301 000 66 174 58 453 7 721 12.5 11.0 1.5 1,72
1999 5 322 000 66 220 59 179 7 041 12.4 11.1 1.3 1,73
2000 5 340 000 67 084 57 998 9 086 12.6 10.9 1.7 1,77
2001 5 359 000 65 458 58 355 7 103 12.2 10.9 1.3 1,74
2002 5 375 000 64 075 58 610 5 465 11.9 10.9 1.0 1,72
2003 5 391 000 64 599 57 574 7 025 12.0 10.7 1.3 1,76
2004 5 405 000 64 609 55 086 9 523 12.0 10.2 1.8 1,78
2005 5 419 000 64 282 54 962 9 320 11.9 10.1 1.7 1,80
2006 5 437 000 64 984 55 477 9 507 12.0 10.2 1.7 1,85
2007 5 461 000 64 082 55 604 8 478 11.7 10.2 1.6 1,84
2008 5 494 000 65 038 54 591 10 447 11.8 9.9 1.9 1,89
2009 5 523 000 62 818 54 872 7 946 11.4 9.9 1.4 1,84
2010 5 548 63 411 54 368 9 043 11.4 9.8 1.6 1,87
2011 5 571 58 998 52 516 6 482 10.6 9.4 1.2 1,75
2012 5 591 57 916 52 325 5 591 10.4 9.4 1.0 1,73
2013 5 614 55 844 52 428 3 416 9.9 9.3 0.6 1,67
2014 5 659 56 870 51 340 5 530 10.1 9.1 1.0 1,69
2015 5 707 58 205 52 555 5 650 10.2 9.2 1.0 1,71
2016 5 749 61 614 52 824 8 790 10.7 9.2 1.5 1,79
2017 5 781 61 272 53 261 8 011 10.6 9.2 1.4 1,77
2018 5 806 61 476 55 232 6 244 10.6 9.5 1.1 1,78

Current natural increase[edit]

[11]

  • Number of births from January–June 2018 = Increase 30,414
  • Number of births from January–June 2019 = Decrease 29,551
  • Number of deaths from January–June 2018 = Negative increase 28,845
  • Number of deaths from January–June 2019 = Positive decrease 27,469
  • Natural growth from January–June 2018 = Decrease 1,569
  • Natural growth from January–June 2019 = Increase 2,082

Life expectancy from 1775 to 2015[edit]

Sources: Our World In Data and the United Nations.

1775-1950

Years 1775 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 33.0 38.4 40.0 41.5 43.1 41.9 41.1 42.6 42.5 43.9 44.0 43.4 40.4 40.4 40.8 39.5 43.5
Years 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 44.5 43.0 38.5 44.7 46.1 46.7 42.5 40.0 44.4 45.1
Years 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 47.6 47.6 47.2 40.2 39.8 42.9 44.9 45.6 46.1 46.0
Years 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 46.1 47.2 47.5 46.0 44.4 45.8 47.3 47.5 46.2 44.8
Years 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 48.3 46.7 48.5 48.5 49.6 49.0 48.7 46.7 47.8 47.2
Years 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 46.8 47.4 47.1 49.4 50.8 52.9 51.8 53.1 50.6 51.9
Years 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 52.6 54.7 54.8 55.7 54.3 56.5 56.1 54.9 57.4 58.0
Years 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 57.0 58.0 58.9 58.5 58.4 56.9 57.3 56.3 57.0 57.6
Years 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 61.7 60.6 61.2 61.1 61.9 61.7 61.2 61.9 61.9 62.3
Years 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 61.8 62.7 63.6 64.1 62.9 63.5 64.0 65.0 65.8 66.3
Years 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950[12]
Life expectancy in Denmark 66.0 67.1 67.4 66.4 66.1 67.2 68.5 70.1 70.1 70.3

1950-2015

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 71.1 1985–1990 74.8
1955–1960 72.1 1990–1995 75.2
1960–1965 72.4 1995–2000 76.1
1965–1970 72.9 2000–2005 77.3
1970–1975 73.6 2005–2010 78.6
1975–1980 74.2 2010–2015 80.2
1980–1985 74.4

Source: UN World Population Prospects[13]

Religion[edit]

The Church of Denmark (Den danske folkekirke) is state-supported and, according to statistics from January 2019, accounts for about 74.7% of Denmark's religious affiliation. Denmark has had religious freedom guaranteed since 1849 by the Constitution,[14] and numerous other religions are officially recognised,[15] including several Christian denominations, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu and other congregations as well as Forn Siðr, a revival of Scandinavian pagan tradition.[15] The Department of Ecclesiastical Affairs recognises roughly a hundred religious congregations for tax and legal purposes such as conducting wedding ceremonies.

Islam is the second largest religion in Denmark.

For historical reasons, there is a formal distinction between 'approved' (godkendte) and 'recognised' (anerkendte) congregations of faith.[15] The latter include 11 traditional denominations, such as Roman Catholics, the Reformed Church, the Mosaic Congregation, Methodists and Baptists, some of whose privileges in the country date hundreds of years back. These have the additional rights of having priests appointed by royal resolution and to christen/name children with legal effect.

Demographic statistics[edit]

Population of Denmark, 1769-2006
Foreign population in Denmark, 2003, by source country
Trend of population in Denmark, divided by gender (blue for male, red for female) and ethnicity (dark for Danish ethnicity, bright for other ethnicity). Note that abscissa crosses ordinate at population=2,225,000.

Population[edit]

Denmark's population from 1769 to 2007.

Year Population Year Population
1769 797,584 1976 5,065,313
1787 841,806 1977 5,079,879
1801 929,001 1978 5,096,959
1834 1,230,964 1979 5,111,537
1840 1,289,075 1980 5,122,065
1845 1,356,877 1981 5,123,989
1850 1,414,648 1982 5,119,155
1855 1,507,222 1983 5,116,464
1860 1,608,362 1984 5,112,130
1870 1,784,741 1985 5,111,108
1880 1,969,039 1986 5,116,273
1890 2,172,380 1987 5,124,794
1901 2,449,540 1988 5,129,254
1906 2,588,919 1989 5,129,778
1911 2,757,076 1990 5,135,409
1916 2,921,362 1991 5,146,469
1921 3,267,831 1992 5,162,126
1925 3,434,555 1993 5,180,614
1930 3,550,656 1994 5,196,642
1935 3,706,349 1995 5,215,718
1940 3,844,312 1996 5,251,027
1945 4,045,232 1997 5,275,121
1950 4,281,275 1998 5,294,860
1955 4,448,401 1999 5,313,577
1960 4,585,256 2000 5,330,020
1965 4,767,597 2001 5,349,212
1970 4,937,579 2002 5,368,354
1971 4,950,598 2003 5,383,507
1972 4,975,653 2004 5,397,640
1973 5,007,538 2005 5,411,405
1974 5,036,184 2006 5,427,459
1975 5,054,410 2007 5,447,084
  • Source Statistics Denmark, "Folketal efter hovedlandsdele (summariske tal fra folketællinger)" (table FT)[16]
  • To curb population decline, Denmark began subidizing the Do it for Denmark advertising campaign in 2014.

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[17]

  • One birth every 8 minutes
  • One death every 9 minutes
  • One net migrant every 34 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 24 minutes

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[18]

Population
5,809,502 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
Population pyramid of Denmark in 2017
0-14 years: 16.57% (male 493,829 /female 468,548)
15-24 years: 12.67% (male 377,094 /female 358,807)
25-54 years: 39.03% (male 1,147,196 /female 1,119,967)
55-64 years: 12.33% (male 356,860 /female 359,264)
65 years and over: 19.42% (male 518,200 /female 609,737) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 41.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 35th
male: 40.8 years
female: 42.9 years (2018 est.)
Birth rate
Birth and death rates of Denmark, 1950-2008
10.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 178th
Death rate
9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 55th
Total fertility rate
1.78 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 152nd
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.1 years (2015 est.)
Population growth rate
0.59% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 148th
Net migration rate
2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 46th
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81 years (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 34th
male: 79.1 years (2018 est.)
female: 83.1 years (2018 est.)
Ethnic groups
Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 86.3%, Turkish 1.1%, other 12.6% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, German, Iraqi, and Romanian) (2018 est.)

note: data represent population by ancestry

Religions
Evangelical Lutheran (official) 74.8%, Muslim 5.3%, other (denominations of less than 1% each, include Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, and Buddhist) 19.9% (2017 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 56 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 26.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 29.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2015 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 87.9% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 0.51% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major urban areas - population
1.321 million COPENHAGEN (capital) (2018)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 19 years (2014)
male: 18 years (2014)
female: 20 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 12% (2016 est.) Country comparison to the world: 109th
male: 13.1% (2016 est.)
female: 10.9% (2016 est.)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and have been marked blue, 2 and below leads to an aging population and a reducing population.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parallelsamfund i Danmark / Økonomisk Analyse nr. 30. Ministry for economic affairs and the interior. February 2018. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d [1][dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e "IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS". Dst.dk. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  4. ^ [2][dead link]
  5. ^ "Willkommen bei der deutschen Minderheit in Dänemark". Nordschleswig.dk. Archived from the original on 26 March 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Forside - Mosaiske". Mosaiske.dk. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  10. ^ "Statistikbanken". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Population and Elections". StatBank Denmark. Statistics of Denmark. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Life expectancy". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  13. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  14. ^ "Denmark – Constitution : Part VII – Section 70". Servat.unibe.ch. Retrieved 29 August 2017. No person shall for reasons of his creed or descent be deprived of access to complete enjoyment of his civic and political rights, nor shall he for such reasons evade compliance with any common civic duty.
  15. ^ a b c Freedom of religion and religious communities in Denmark – The Ministry of Ecclesiastical Affairs – May 2006. Km.dk
  16. ^ "Statistikbanken". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  17. ^ "Denmark Population 2019", World Population Review
  18. ^ "World Factbook EUROPE : DENMARK", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2009 edition".

External links[edit]