Delhi Police

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Delhi Police
दिल्ली पुलिस
Common name Delhi Police
Abbreviation DP
Delhi Police logo.jpg
Logo of the Delhi Police.
Motto Shanti Seva Nyaya
(English: "Peace Service Justice")
Agency overview
Formed 1861
Preceding agency Municipal Police
Employees 80,000 approx.
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Delhi, IN
Delhi map.PNG
Map of Delhi Police's jurisdiction.
Size 1,483 square miles (3,840 km2)
Population 16,753,235
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Indraprasta Estate, New Delhi-110002
Police Officers 70,000 ( Excluding constable staff and head department )
Agency executive Bhim Sain Bassi, Commissioner of Police
Stations 180
Helicopters 1[1]
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Delhi Police (Hindi: दिल्ली पुलिस), is the main law and order agency for the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). It does not have jurisdiction over the adjoining areas of the National Capital Region.


Delhi Police has its origin in a small security force, established in 1803, under the assistant of British Resident to the Mughal Imperial Courts.[2] Founded in 1861 after the adoption of the Indian Police Act, Delhi Police remained a part of the Punjab Police until India gained independence in 1947. It was re-organised in 1966 following which four Delhi Police divisions were created. It is headed by the Police Commissioner of New Delhi, an officer of Director General of Police (DGP) rank. With a total strength of more than 80,000 personnel, Delhi Police is one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world. Since 1984, the Police Training College for the Department of Police is located in the village of Jharoda Kalan.[3]

Organisational Structure[edit]

Delhi police headquarters at Indraprastha Marg

Before 1948 Delhi was part of Punjab Police. In 1948, Delhi police was restructured with the appointment of Inspector General, Deputy Inspector General and Superintendents. Mr D.W. Mehra became first chief of Delhi Police.

In 1966, the Delhi Police Commission was formed which instituted Police Commissioner System on 1 July 1978. J.N. Chaturvedi became first Commissioner of Delhi Police. As of now, Delhi Police is the biggest metropolitan police force in the world with 180 Police stations with its headquarters at Indraprastha Estate. Delhi Police is composed of the following personnels:

  • 3 Special Commissioners
  • 17 Joint Commissioners
  • 7 Additional Commissioners
  • 74 Deputy Commissioners
  • 272 ACPs

Delhi is the capital of India and is the centre of wide range of political, cultural, social and economic activities. The Delhi police has to play a number of roles so far maintenance of law and order is concerned. The Delhi Police undertakes the following activities:

  • Investigating crimes
  • Controlling criminal activities
  • Protection of women
  • Control traffic problem

Delhi Police is considered to be having the most advanced administrative system in India. It believes in the principle of 'Citizen First'. Traffic control is very important in order to avoid accidents and in this field Delhi police is taking strong measures to assure safety to the people.

Delhi Police is divided into twelve branches under the Commissioner of Delhi Police. The main four among the branches are:

  • Special C.P Administration
  • Special C.P Training
  • Special C.P Security and Armed Police
  • Special C.P Intelligence

In addition to the four Special Commissioner of Police (C.P), there are 8 Joint Commissioners of Police.

The Special C.P Administration has three Joint Commissioner of Police under him and two Additional C.P's. One of them is responsible for Headquarters. Every Joint C.P and Additional C.P has a DCP under him. The C.P responsible for Headquarters is in charge of Public Relations and has a Public Relation Officer (PRO) under him.

The Special C.P has a Deputy Commissioner of Police (D.C.P) answering to him. The Vice-Principal of Police Training College (P.T.C) answers to the D.C.P.

The Special C.P Security and Armed Police has three Joint C.P's working under him.Each of them has an Additional C.P under him. The Additional C.P gives orders to the C.P's of each Police Battalion

The Special C.P Intelligence has a Joint C.P and an Additional C.P working under him. The Additional C.P gives orders to an Additional C.P and to the F.R.R.O section. He is responsible for registration of foreigners in the Delhi Police region. The Additional C.P has a D.C.P working under him. There is an Additional D.C.P under the D.C.P.

The Commissioner of Police directly controls the Joint C.P who in turns control the D.C.P's of the North, South and East. The Joint C.P of N.D.D also controls the D.C.P STF and D.C.P Supreme Court.


Delhi Police has Helpline numbers through which people can seek help without going to the police station in person. The various Helpline numbers of Delhi Police are as follows;[4]

  • Police Control Room- 100
  • Senior Citizens Security Cell- 1291
  • Traffic problems- 1095
  • Women helpline- 1091
  • Anti-Obscene Calls Cell and Anti-stalking Cell - 1091
  • Terrorism - 1090
  • NORTH-EAST (People from North East India) HELPINE - 1093

Delhi Police has also launched the facility of registering Online FIR from February 2014.[5]


Over the years, Delhi Police has been involved in a series of controversies; ranging from custodial deaths, refusal to write First Information Report, inaction or collusion with arsonists during communal riots. At various times, Delhi Police has been found to be harsher on criminals which has caused it to get warnings from the Supreme Court of India and Central Bureau of Investigation.

Delhi Police has often been reported as one of the most corrupt police forces in the country, with the highest number of complaints in the Indian Police Services being registered against its personnel.[6][7][8]

Weapons Inventory[edit]

All the equipment for the Delhi Police are manufactured indigenously by the Indian Ordnance Factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, Ministry of Defence, Government of India.


SWAT Commandos[edit]

Were formed in 2009 in wake of 26/11,they saw action first in 2010 Commonwealth Games,they were tasked with protection duties. They are trained on the lines of National Security Guard.All the commandos are under 28 years of age thus, making them fit and capable tasks meant for commandos.There main work is to fight against any terrorist attack if occurs in Delhi NCR. They have been trained exclusively in Krav Maga. Delhi was one of the first city to get SWAT force Delhi. The SWAT is provided with various state-of-art equipments and latest technology. Weapons used-


  1. ^ The Hindu Business Line : Pawan Hans to provide copter to Delhi Police for surveillance
  2. ^ "Delhi Police: With you, for you, since 1911". Hindustan Times. 1 September 2011. 
  3. ^ N. R. Madhava Menon, D. Banerjea (2002). Criminal Justice India Series: Volume 7 National Capital Territory of Delhi. Ahmedabad: Allied Publishers. pp. 45–46. 
  4. ^ Helplines. Delhi Police. Retrieved on 19 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Delhi Police to launch the Facility of filing FIR Online". IANS. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "Anti Corruption Branch finds Delhi Police, MCD most corrupt". Hindustan Times. 19 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Delhi Police most corrupt, says report". The Times of India. 29 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "Cops turn rogues and turn Delhi Capital of corruption". India Today. 22 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Tata Nano unveiled as new Delhi Police PCR van at security expo". The Economic Times. 26 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Delhi: Police Station Heads to Get Toyota Innovas". NDTV. 30 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Crippled: A third of Delhi Police PCR fleet of 650 is unfit but cops need 1,000 vans". The Daily Mail Online (India). 16 September 2012. 
  12. ^ "Delhi cops openly flout PMO order on vehicle use". India Today. 2 February 2015. 

External links[edit]