Delhi Police

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Delhi Police
दिल्ली पुलिस
Common name Delhi Police
Abbreviation DP
Delhi Police logo.jpg
Logo of the Delhi Police
Motto Shanti Seva Nyaya
(English: "Peace Service Justice")
Agency overview
Formed 1861
Preceding agency Municipal Police
Employees 84,536
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Delhi, IN
Delhi map.PNG
Map of Delhi Police's jurisdiction.
Size 1,483 square miles (3,840 km2)
Population 16,753,235
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Indraprasta Estate, New Delhi-110002
Police Officers 70,000 ( Excluding constable staff and head department )
Agency executive Bhim Sain Bassi, Commissioner of Police
Facilities
Stations 180
Helicopters 1[1]
Website
DelhiPolice.nic.in
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Delhi Police (Hindi: दिल्ली पुलिस), is the main law and order agency for the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). It does not have jurisdiction over the adjoining areas of the National Capital Region. The head of the Delhi police (DP) is designated as Police Commissioner of New Delhi. In 2015, sanctioned strength of DP was 84,536 (including I.R. Battalions)[2]:para7.69 making it one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world.[3]

The 'Public Order', and Police in Delhi, the National Capital Territory, is under Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and not under the Government of Delhi, or The Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister.[2] :para7.5

History[edit]

Delhi Police has its origin in a small security force, established in 1803, under the assistant of British Resident to the Mughal Imperial Courts.[4] Founded in 1861 after the adoption of the Indian Police Act, Delhi Police remained a part of the Punjab Police until India gained independence in 1947.

1984 Riots[edit]

In 1984, over 2000 Sikhs were singled out and killed in Delhi, following the assassination of Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister, on 31 October 1984. Sections of the Delhi police were, according to inquiry reports, complicit in the killings along with the Central Bureau of Investigation. Many Delhi police officers abdicated authority and looked on while the rioting and targeted killing went on for three days. Afterwards evidence was destroyed and tampered. No police officer was tried or convicted. The Police Commissioner during this period was SC Tandon, IPS.[5] The Home Minister was P. V. Narasimha Rao.

Organisation[edit]

Delhi police headquarters at Indraprastha Marg

Before 1948 Delhi was part of Punjab Police.

1948-1966[edit]

In 1948, Delhi police was restructured. Mr D.W. Mehra became first chief of Delhi Police. Strength of Delhi police in 1951 was about 8,000 with one Inspector General of Police (IGP) and eight Superintendents of Police (SP). In 1956 a post of Deputy Inspector General of Police was created. In 1961, the strength of Delhi police was over 12,000.[6]

In 1966, the Delhi Police on the basis of the Khosla Commission Report was reorganized. Four Police districts, namely, North, Central, South and New Delhi were created.[6] In 1978, the Delhi Police Act was passed and the Commissioner System was introduced with effect from July 1, 1978.[2]:para7.69

J.N. Chaturvedi (October 1978-Jan 1980), with rank of IGP, became first Commissioner of Delhi Police.[6]

Impact of Sixth Central Pay Commission[edit]

Following the Sixth Central Pay Commission the UPA Government, in 2008, decided to make promotions for Indian Police Service officers, even for higher ranks, time bound. Indian Police Service officers are now promoted on fixed time table, more or less independent of functional requirements or span of responsibility, up to the level of Inspector Generals of Police, at intervals of 4, 9, 13, 14, and 18 years of service.[7]:p 155–56, section 3 The time bound promotion, much of it non functional, to high ranks apart from increasing the burden on the policing budget has made Delhi Police top heavy, sluggish, and unwieldy. Delhi Police, which had one Inspector General (IG) till Jan 1980s, now has 12 officers with ranks senior to IGPs. They are called Commissioners and Special commissioners, who are in the HAG grades and apex pay grades. In addition Delhi police, instead of one IGP, has several dozen IGPs, as every one gets to be IGP after completion of 18 years service. New IG's functions and responsibilities are no different from that of pre-1980s DIGs and Superintendents of police (SPs).[7]:Senior Duty Posts under Government of Delhi, p 177

Current Organization[edit]

Delhi Police, in 2015, had 6 Ranges, 11 Police Districts, 54 Sub-Divisions with 181 Police Stations (161 Territorial, 2 IGIA, 5 Crime & Railways, 8 Metro and 5 Specialized Units declared as Police Stations namely, (i) Economic Offenses Wing (ii) Crime Branch (iii) Special Cell (iv) Special Police Unit for Women and Children (SPUWAC) and (v) Vigilance.[2]:para7.69

Headquarters[edit]

Delhi Police is divided into twelve branches under the Commissioner of Delhi Police. The main four among the branches, each under a Special Commissioner of Police (SCP), are:

Special C.P AdministrationThe Special C.P Administration has three Joint Commissioner of Police under him and two Additional C.P's. One of them is responsible for Headquarters. Every Joint C.P and Additional C.P has a DCP under him. The C.P responsible for Headquarters is in charge of Public Relations and has a Public Relation Officer (PRO) under him.

Special C.P Training The Special C.P has a Deputy Commissioner of Police (D.C.P) answering to him. The Vice-Principal of Police Training College (P.T.C) answers to the D.C.P.

Special C.P Security and Armed Police The Special C.P Security and Armed Police has three Joint C.P's working under him.Each of them has an Additional C.P under him. The Additional C.P gives orders to the C.P's of each Police Battalion

Special C.P Intelligence The Special C.P Intelligence has a Joint C.P and an Additional C.P working under him. The Additional C.P gives orders to an Additional C.P and to the F.R.R.O section. He is responsible for registration of foreigners in the Delhi Police region. The Additional C.P has a D.C.P working under him. There is an Additional D.C.P under the D.C.P.

In addition to the four Special Commissioner of Police (C.P), there are 8 Joint Commissioners of Police.

The Commissioner of Police directly controls the Joint C.P who in turns control the D.C.P's of the North, South and East. The Joint C.P of N.D.D also controls the D.C.P STF and D.C.P Supreme Court.

Ranks

  • 3 Special Commissioners
  • 17 Joint Commissioners
  • 7 Additional Commissioners
  • 74 Deputy Commissioners
  • 272 ACPs

Training[edit]

Since 1984, DP Training College is located in the village of Jharoda Kalan.[3]

Roles and Responsibilities[edit]

Delhi is the capital of India and is the centre of wide range of political, cultural, social and economic activities. The Delhi police has to play a number of roles so far maintenance of law and order is concerned. The Delhi Police undertakes the following activities:

  • Investigating crimes
  • Controlling criminal activities
  • Protection of women
  • Control traffic problem

Delhi Police is considered to be having the most advanced administrative system in India. It believes in the principle of 'Citizen First'. Traffic control is very important in order to avoid accidents and in this field Delhi police is taking strong measures to assure safety to the people.

Crime in Delhi[edit]

'Heinous crime' in Delhi, in 2014, according to government statistics, increased by 157.13 percent from 3268 in 2013, to 8403 in 2014: Murder is up 7.4 percent from 416 to 447 ; Attempted murder by 36.11 percent from 457 to 622; Rape by 37.64 percent from 1230 to 1693; Burglary by 239.20 percent, from 2352 to 7978; and robbery by 429 percent.[2]:para p 89. 7.71 [8] Neither the Government or the Police Commissioner gave explanation for the spurt in crime.

04.2013-31-12 2013 2014- 31-12 2014 Percent change
Murder 416 447 +7.45 by comparison, in 2014, 328 were murdered in New York, a city with reputation for violent crime and higher weapon ownership[9]
Attempted Murder 457 662 +36.11
Rape 1230 1693 +37.6
Robbery 1024 5425 +429.79

Helplines[edit]

Delhi Police has Helpline numbers through which people can seek help without going to the police station in person. The various Helpline numbers of Delhi Police are as follows;[10]

  • Police Control Room- 100
  • Senior Citizens Security Cell- 1291
  • Traffic problems- 1095
  • Women helpline- 1091
  • Anti-Obscene Calls Cell and Anti-stalking Cell - 1091
  • Terrorism - 1090
  • NORTH-EAST (People from North East India) HELPINE - 1093

Delhi Police has also launched the facility of registering Online FIR from February 2014.[11]

Controversies[edit]

Over the years, Delhi Police has been involved in a series of controversies; ranging from custodial deaths, refusal to write First Information Report, inaction or collusion with arsonists during communal riots. At various times, Delhi Police has been found to be harsher on criminals which has caused it to get warnings from the Supreme Court of India and Central Bureau of Investigation.

Delhi Police has often been reported as one of the most corrupt police forces in the country, with the highest number of complaints in the Indian Police Services being registered against its personnel.[12][13][14]

Weapons Inventory[edit]

All the equipment for the Delhi Police are manufactured indigenously by the Indian Ordnance Factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, Ministry of Defence, Government of India.

Vehicles[edit]

SWAT Commandos[edit]

Were formed in 2009 in wake of 26/11,they saw action first in 2010 Commonwealth Games,they were tasked with protection duties. They are trained on the lines of National Security Guard.All the commandos are under 28 years of age thus, making them fit and capable tasks meant for commandos.There main work is to fight against any terrorist attack if occurs in Delhi NCR. They have been trained exclusively in Krav Maga. Delhi was one of the first city to get SWAT force Delhi. The SWAT is provided with various state-of-art equipments and latest technology. Weapons used-

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Hindu Business Line : Pawan Hans to provide copter to Delhi Police for surveillance
  2. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report Ministry of Home Affairs 2014-2015" (PDF). Delhi: Departments of Internal Security, States, Home,Jammu & Kashmir Affairs and Border Management. July 2015. p. 82. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b N. R. Madhava Menon, D. Banerjea (2002). Criminal Justice India Series: Volume 7 National Capital Territory of Delhi. Ahmedabad: Allied Publishers. pp. 45–46. 
  4. ^ "Delhi Police: With you, for you, since 1911". Hindustan Times. 1 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "FORMER COMMISSIONERS OF DELHI POLICE". Delhi Police. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c Delhi police (July 2015). "History of Delhi Police". New delhi: Delhi police. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (PAY) RULES, 2007" (PDF). DOPT. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "CRIME IN DELHI" (PDF). Delhi Police. 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  9. ^ GOODMAN, J. DAVID; BAKER, AL (31 December 2014). "Murders in New York Drop to a Record Low, but Officers Aren’t Celebrating". New York Times. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  10. ^ Helplines. Delhi Police. Retrieved on 19 August 2013.
  11. ^ "Delhi Police to launch the Facility of filing FIR Online". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Anti Corruption Branch finds Delhi Police, MCD most corrupt". Hindustan Times. 19 July 2010. 
  13. ^ "Delhi Police most corrupt, says report". The Times of India. 29 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "Cops turn rogues and turn Delhi Capital of corruption". India Today. 22 January 2011. 
  15. ^ "Tata Nano unveiled as new Delhi Police PCR van at security expo". The Economic Times. 26 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "Delhi: Police Station Heads to Get Toyota Innovas". NDTV. 30 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "Crippled: A third of Delhi Police PCR fleet of 650 is unfit but cops need 1,000 vans". The Daily Mail Online (India). 16 September 2012. 
  18. ^ "Delhi cops openly flout PMO order on vehicle use". India Today. 2 February 2015. 

External links[edit]