Punjab Police (India)

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Punjab Police
ਪੰਜਾਬ ਪੁਲਿਸ
Abbreviation P.P.
Motto ਸ਼ੁਭ ਕਰਮਨ ਤੇ ਕਬਹੁੰ ਨਾ ਟਰੋਂ
"Shubh karman te kabhun nan taron"
(Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script:"Let me never deviate from doing a righteous deed" - Lyrics from a poem by Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj, 10th Patshahi")
Agency overview
Formed 1861
Employees 70000[1]
Annual budget ₹4,600 crore[2]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Punjab, India
India Punjab locator map.svg
Map of Punjab Police's jurisdiction.
Primary governing body Government of Punjab (India)
Secondary governing body P.P.R. 1934
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Chandigarh
Sworn members “To learn what is good, a thousand days are not sufficient; to learn what is evil, an hour is too long.”
Agency executive Suresh Arora, Director General of Police
Motorcycle, Jeep, Cars, Buses, Trucks 3083[3]
Anniversary 21 October
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Punjab Police is responsible for law enforcement in the state of Punjab, India. The mission of Punjab Police is the prevention and detection of crime, maintenance of law and order and the enforcement of the Constitution of India. The current chief of Punjab Police is Suresh Arora.

On September 7, 2011, Punjab Police started a video conferencing service to redress problems of NRIs.[4]


After Independence of India, Punjab police was responsible for protection of Indo-Pak as well as Indo-Chinese border before BSF and ITBP were raised.[5]

Insignia of Punjab Police[edit]

Indian State Police Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia[6][7][8]
Insignia SSP State Police.png SP State Police.png Assistant Superintendent of Police.png Deupty Superintendent of Police.png
Rank Superintendent of Police (selection grade) Superintendent of Police Additional Superintendent of Police Deputy Superintendent of Police
Abbreviation SP SP Addl.SP/ASP DSP/Dy. SP
  • Note: Gazetted officers belonging to Indian State Police Service(s) lie between ranks DSP and SP.
  • Officers usually officers undergo training to attain SP rank and are awarded IPS, but this varies from state to state.
Indian State Police Non-Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia
Insignia Police Inspector insignia.png Assistant Police Inspector.png Police Sub-Inspector.png Assistant Sub-Inspector.png Police Head Constable.pngHead Constable.png Senior Police Constable.pngPolice Naik.png No Insignia¹
Rank Inspector of Police Assistant Inspector of Police2 Sub-Inspector of Police Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police Police Head Constable3 Senior Police Constable3 Police Constable
  • ¹ Police Constable has no insignia except the khaki uniform.
  • 2This rank only exists in Maharashtra Police Service
  • 3Shoulder insignia for this rank is used by Maharashtra Service
  • Note: Colour pattern and size of chevron may vary according to the different rules of several distinct Indian State Police Services.

Rapid Rural Police Response System[edit]

Punjab to be the first state of India to have Rapid Rural Police Response System which provides City PCR-like response service in rural areas.[9] As Punjab Police adopted Computer-Aided-Dispatch (CAD) system for Dial 100 system, 289 four-wheelers and 724 GPS fitted motorcycles are being used.[10][11]

Punjab Highway Patrol[edit]

Punjab Police have global positioning system (GPS) tracker and vehicle registration search device equipped highway patrol vehicles.[12]

Night Policing Scheme[edit]

Punjab is first state in the country to launch Night policing scheme with independent cadre, command and structure of 4,000 strong police force[13] for prevention of offences at night time.[14]

Bureau of Investigation[edit]

Punjab is the first State of India that have formed Bureau of Investigation and separated law & order duties from investigation functions by bringing all investigation staff of 7,772 under a unified wing command.[15] The Bureau of Investigation would conduct investigation into civil and criminal cases registered at various police stations[16] and is equipped with:

  • mobile forensic evidence collection units
  • regional forensic science labs
  • modern cyber crime unit
  • modern interview rooms
  • modern women police stations in all districts[17]

Training centres[edit]

Police Recruits Training Centre

Police Recruits Training Centre (PRTC) is located at Jahan Khelan, which is about 10 km from Hoshiarpur on the Una road. PRTC Jahan Khelan is headed by a Commandant. This is a subsidiary training centre of the Punjab Police Academy. It caters to the teaching and training needs of the newly recruited police constables and also organizes several other courses. It is the oldest and premier police training centre of Northern area and is functioning in this campus since November 1947 after shifting from fort Gobindgarh, Amritsar.

Commando training centre

Punjab Police has a commando training centre at Fort Bahadurgarh in Patiala.[18]

Armed Battalions[edit]

  • Punjab Armed Police
  • India Reserve Battalions
  • Punjab Commando Police

The headquarters of the Punjab Armed Police are located at Jalandhar while the India Reserve Battalions are stationed at Sangrur, Amritsar, Patiala, Ludhiana and Jalandhar and the Punjab Commando Police at Bahadurgarh (Patiala) and S.A.S. Nagar (Mohali).

Weapons and Equipments[edit]

PP was equipped with .303 rifles, .410 Muskets,561 Sten Guns but now modernisation with Advanced weapons taking place.[2]


Punjab Police have 3083 vehicles[3] and patrol cars like Mahindra Scorpio Getaways[19][20] and Maruti Gypsys.[21] PP also have motorcycles equipped with GPS and Multi Utility Vehicles equipped with GPS and CCTV cameras.[22]

Punjab SWAT[edit]

Punjab Police Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) was formed in 2010.[23][24] They are usually tasked with protection duties.[25] They are highly trained on the lines of National Security Guard by Israel's Mossad[26] through private company Athena Security, deployed by the Punjab Government.[27] All the commandos are under 28 years of age, thus making them fit and capable of tasks meant for commandos. Their main work is to fight against any terrorist attack if it occurs in Punjab State. They have been trained exclusively in Krav Maga, room intervention, close and open techniques and other secret tactics.[28]

The SWAT is provided with various state-of-art equipment and the latest technology.[29] The teams are provided with:

  • Bullet-proof transport
  • Light weight bullet-proof jackets and helmets
  • Hands-free radio sets
  • Complete anti-trauma body suit with level-2 protection
  • Riot control helmet
  • Gas masks
  • Shock shields
  • Laser guns
  • Gas guns and
  • Pepper gun launcher


Major operation[edit]

Punjab SWAT very efficiently handled counter-terrorism operation at Dina Nagar[30] Police Station in 2015 Gurdaspur attack[31][32] by killing all 3 suspected Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists.[33]

Commemoration Day[edit]

Every year, 21 October is celebrated as Commemoration Day by Punjab Police.[34]

Punjab police in popular culture[edit]

Punjab police has been frequently portrayed in films. Some of the prominent ones are listed below:

Punjabi Films[edit]

Hindi Films[edit]


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Home Minister of India praised Punjab Police saying,[34]

I know the difficulties and disaster which overtook the Punjab Police during the period of partition. Your force was depleted terribly and quickly you had to begin from a scratch. After such a partition and the period of communal disturbances a parallel of which is not known, you had to face great difficulties and you have in fact performed miracle in reorganizing your force in such a short time and in such a splendid manner

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Punjab has over 70,000 policemen". 
  2. ^ a b Service, Tribune News (30 July 2015). "Punjab cops equipped with useless arms: CAG". http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/chandigarh/punjab-cops-equipped-with-useless-arms-cag/56897.html. Retrieved 30 July 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ a b "punjab police is getting problem due to vehicle scarcity". www.patrika.com (in Hindi). 15 February 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "Punjab". Overseas Indian Facilitation Centre. Archived from the original on 10 October 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Tribune Chandigarh". 
  6. ^ "Police Ranks" (PDF). Maharashtra Police. Retrieved August 14, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Governance of Kerala Police". Kerala Police. Retrieved August 14, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Police Ranks and Badges". Odisha Police. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Punjab to be the first state to have ‘rapid rural police response system’, Odisha Current News, Odisha Latest Headlines". OdishaDiary. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Punjab set to launch new rural policing system". The Hindu. 2012-08-30. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  11. ^ "‘Rapid Rural Police Response System finalised’". The Pioneer. 30 December 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  12. ^ Dua, Rohan (2013-07-15). "Punjab introduces GPS-enabled highway patrol vehicles". The Times of India. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  13. ^ India (2013-07-15). "4,000-strong force to police Punjab at night". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  14. ^ IANS (2013-07-14). "Punjab launches night policing". Business Standard News. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  15. ^ Bajwa, Harpreet (2015-03-05). "Punjab Sets up Bureau of Investigation". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  16. ^ "Punjab Govt separates investigation from law and order". The Pioneer. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  17. ^ "Punjab Police gets separate wing to speed up investigations". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 2015-03-04. Retrieved 2015-07-30.  External link in |website= (help)
  18. ^ "Spectrum". The Sunday Tribune. 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  19. ^ "Punjab Police adds 150 Scorpio Getaways to its fleet". IIFL - BSE/NSE, India Stock Market Recommendations, Live Stock Markets, Sensex/Nifty, Commodity Market, Financial News, Mutual Funds. 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  20. ^ Basu, Rahul (2010-09-24). "Punjab Police armoured with 30 new Scorpio Getaways". Zigwheels.com. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  21. ^ "Punjab Police Gypsy 'hits' youth, speeds away". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  22. ^ "Punjab police to get GPS bikes, CCTV-fitted cars soon". daily.bhaskar.com. 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  23. ^ "Israeli trainers for SWAT teams of Punjab Police". 
  24. ^ "Family of Punjab SWAT firing victim awaits justice". 
  25. ^ "Punjab had formed this SWAT team in 2011 after regular threats on Punjab politicians". 
  26. ^ "The 28 Punjab commandos involved in Monday's operation were also trained by Mossad.". 
  27. ^ "The state government had deployed a private company, Athena Security, to get the team trained through Israeli experts spending Rs 1.5 crore on the training.". 
  28. ^ "Gurdaspur attack: Punjab Police SWAT team bang on target". 
  29. ^ "Punjab Now Has Its Own SWAT". 
  30. ^ "The SWAT team deployed in Dinanagar was involved in an exercise at Amritsar and therefore could be deployed in Gurdaspur immediately". 
  31. ^ "How Punjab's new heroes stared death in the face and came back laughing". 
  32. ^ "Gurdaspur attack: Punjab's SWAT team's creation bears fruit". 
  33. ^ "Lashkar-e-Taiba behind Gurdaspur terror attack, confirms MHA". 
  34. ^ a b Police Commemoration Day
  35. ^ "Watch: Babbu Maan in Baaz". The Times of India. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 

External links[edit]