E (New York City Subway service)

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"E" train symbol
Eighth Avenue Local
R160A E Train entering World Trade Center.jpg
An E train of R160As arriving at World Trade Center
Map of the "E" train
Note: Dashed line shows late night only service
Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to 179th Street
Northern end Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer
Jamaica–179th Street (limited rush hour service)
Southern end World Trade Center
Stations 22
32 (late night service)
19 (limited service)
Rolling stock 260 R160A/Bs (26 trains)[1]
Depot Jamaica Yard
Started service August 19, 1933; 84 years ago (1933-08-19)
Route map

Down arrow  F  ( E  rush hours)
Jamaica–179th Street
Parsons Boulevard
Down arrow  E 
 J  Z 
Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer
Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–JFK
Jamaica–Van Wyck
Briarwood
Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike
75th Avenue
switches to local during
evenings and weekends
Down arrow  M  R 
Forest Hills–71st Avenue
67th Avenue
63rd Drive–Rego Park
Woodhaven Boulevard
Grand Avenue–Newtown
Elmhurst Avenue
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue
65th Street
Northern Boulevard
46th Street
Steinway Street
36th Street
 F  trains continue south
switches to local
during late nights
Queens Plaza
no regular service via Crosstown
Court Square–23rd Street
Lexington Avenue–53rd Street
Fifth Avenue–53rd Street
7th Avenue–53rd Street
"A" train"B" train"C" train"D" train Uptown & the Bronx via 8th Avenue
50th Street
(Handicapped/disabled access southbound)
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal
34th Street–Penn Station
23rd Street
14th Street
West 4th Street–Washington Square
Spring Street
Canal Street
World Trade Center | Chambers Street
Up arrow  E 
Legend

Lines used by the "E" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "E" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 E 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The E Eighth Avenue Local[2] is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan.[3]

The E operates at all times between Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer in Jamaica, Queens, and Chambers Street–World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan; limited rush hour service originates and terminates at 179th Street[a] instead of Jamaica Center. Daytime service operates express in Queens[b] and local in Manhattan; late night service makes local stops along its entire route.

In its early years, the E train ran along the Rutgers Street Tunnel and IND Culver Line to Brooklyn, though this service pattern stopped by the 1940s. Until 1976, it ran to Brooklyn and Queens via the IND Fulton Street Line and IND Rockaway Line.

History[edit]

On August 19, 1933, E service officially began, running between Roosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights and the Hudson Terminal (current World Trade Center station). The E would not yet run express via Queens Boulevard as the IND Crosstown Line did not yet fully open until Brooklyn, and the Queens Boulevard Line had not yet opened to Jamaica.[4][5][6]

On January 1, 1936, the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened to East Broadway and the E was extended there. E trains no longer served stations on the Eighth Avenue Line south of West Fourth Street.[4][7] On April 9 of the same year, the Sixth Avenue Line was extended through the Rutgers Street Tunnel to Jay Street–Borough Hall, and E trains were extended via this line and the IND Culver Line to Church Avenue, replacing the A train.[4][8] E service was again extended when the Queens Boulevard Line was extended to Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike on December 31, 1936,[9][10] and then to 169th Street on April 24, 1937.[11][12] E trains began running express between Continental Avenue and Queens Plaza on April 24, 1937.[4][13]

On September 12, 1938, several weekday rush hour trains began terminating at Jay Street in the morning, and a few entered service at Smith–Ninth Streets in the evening.[4] Between 1939 and 1940, select PM E trains ran to-and-from the Horace Harding Boulevard terminal at the 1939 New York World's Fair, terminating at Hudson Terminal in Manhattan. Service ended following the fair.[14][15]

Sixth Avenue Subway Will Be Opened to the Public at 12-01 A.M. Sunday, Dec 15, 1940
Subway Goes To Rockaway

On December 15, 1940, service on the entire Sixth Avenue Line began. The E was cut back to Broadway–Lafayette Street. South of that station, it was replaced by the F train.[16] On October 24, 1949, the E was extended during rush hours to Broadway – East New York running via Fulton Street Local.[17]

On December 10, 1950, 179th Street opened. E service terminated there, running express between Queens Plaza and 71st Avenue and local from 71st Avenue to 179th Street.[4][18][19][20]

In 1953, the platforms were lengthened to 660 feet at 75th Avenue, Sutphin Boulevard, Spring Street, Canal Street, Ralph Avenue and Broadway–East New York so that E trains could run eleven car trains. The E began running eleven car trains during rush hours on September 8, 1953. The extra train car increased the total carrying capacity by 4,000 passengers.[21]

Then, on October 30, 1954, E trains began running to Hudson Terminal during non-rush hours, and began running express in Manhattan during rush hours.[22]

On June 28, 1956, the LIRR Rockaway Beach Branch re-opened as the IND Rockaway Line after being converted for subway service[23] and E service was extended from East New York to Rockaway Park or Wavecrest during weekday rush hours. During non-rush hours, service was provided by shuttle service between Euclid and Rockaway Park or Wavecrest.[4]

On September 16, 1956, rush hour E service was cut back to Euclid Avenue when Rockaway service was replaced by the A train. The A and E later switched southern terminals again, and on September 6, 1958, the E began running to the Rockaways during rush hours. During off-peak hours on weekedays, separate shuttles operated to Far Rockaway and Rockaway Park. During weekends and late nights round-robin service operated.[24]:216 On September 8, 1959, the E began running express to Euclid Avenue, while the A became local;[4] however, in 1960, the E train became an express in Brooklyn and was extended to the Rockaways, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard during rush hours.[4] Some E trains were extended to Lefferts Boulevard on June 6 of that year due to complaints.[4][25] In 1963–1964, the E was extended to the Rockaways during rush hours, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard.[4]

E Train (1967-1979).svg
1967–1979 bullet

On March 23, 1970, southbound E trains, during rush hours, began stopping at the lower level of the 42nd Street station.

E Train Riders 42nd Street Stations

On January 2, 1973, the E train became the local in Brooklyn again, running to Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street only.[4][26][27] Finally, on August 27, 1976, E service in Brooklyn was eliminated with all trains terminating at World Trade Center (the local platform). Brooklyn service was replaced by the CC local.[4][28][29]

On December 11, 1988, the IND Archer Avenue Line opened. E trains were rerouted via this branch, stopping at the upper level of the Sutphin Boulevard and Jamaica Center stations. The E train now skipped 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard on weekdays. R service was extended to 179th Street, replacing the E as the Hillside Avenue Local service, but this was later discontinued when the F became the local. A few rush hour trains continue to operate to 179th Street.[4][30][31][32] On March 23, 1997, the E service began stopping at 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard during evenings, nights and weekends.

On August 31, 1997, E service began running local in Queens during late nights.[4]

During the early part of 2000, because of the replacement of track switches at the World Trade Center station, the E was extended to Euclid Avenue at all times except late nights, when it operated to Canal Street.[4] Service on the E was again affected by the September 11 attacks in 2001, as its terminal station, World Trade Center, was located at the northeastern corner of the World Trade Center site, so for a time, the E again operated to Euclid Avenue in Brooklyn as the local on the IND Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights, replacing the temporarily suspended C service. On September 24, 2001, C service was restored, and E service was cut back to Canal Street, since World Trade Center would be closed until January 2002.

On December 16, 2001, the connection from the IND 63rd Street Line to the Queens Boulevard Line opened, and F trains were rerouted via this connector to travel between Manhattan and Queens. Some rush hour E trains now ran to 179th Street, allowing passengers on Hillside Avenue east of Union Turnpike to have an express service to 53rd Street. This was also due to the lack of capacity at Jamaica Center during rush hours.

EE service[edit]

EE Train (1967-1976).svg
EE bullet

The EE originally ran as an Eighth Avenue local between 71st–Continental Avenues and Chambers Street during off peak hours when the GG didn't run.[13][33] This service was discontinued when the IND Sixth Avenue Line was completed in 1940. However, the EE reappeared in 1967 when it ran between 71st–Continental Avenues and Whitehall Street via the local tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, replacing the QT and RR.[28][34] This service was discontinued on August 30, 1976, and replaced by the N.[29][35] The route of the EE to Whitehall Street is currently duplicated by the R service.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the E service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[36]

Line From To Tracks Times
rush hours week­days evenings, week­ends late nights
IND Archer Avenue Line (full line) Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer Jamaica–Van Wyck all Most trains      
IND Queens Boulevard Line (full line) Jamaica–179th Street Sutphin Boulevard express Limited service N/A N/A N/A
Briarwood 75th Avenue        
local        
Forest Hills–71st Avenue Queens Plaza express      
local        
Court Square–23rd Street Seventh Avenue all      
IND Eighth Avenue Line 50th Street World Trade Center local

Four E trips originate from 179th Street during the a.m. rush hour,[37] three E trips originate from 179th Street during the p.m. rush hour, and four trips terminate at 179th Street during the p.m. rush hour.[38]

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Stops rush hours only (limited service not noted on map)
Stops late nights and weekends Stops evenings, late nights, and weekends
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
E service to Jamaica Center
JC
E service to Jamaica/179th Street
179
Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Other Notes
Queens
Hillside Avenue Branch (limited rush hour service only)
N/A Stops rush hours only (limited service) Jamaica–179th Street Handicapped/disabled access F all times Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Parsons Boulevard F all times
Archer Avenue Branch
Stops all times N/A Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer Handicapped/disabled access J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction Q44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–JFK Airport JFK Airport Handicapped/disabled access J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction LIRR City Terminal Zone at Jamaica
AirTrain JFK
Q44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Jamaica–Van Wyck Handicapped/disabled access
Queens Boulevard Line (services from 179th Street and Jamaica Center merge)
Stops late nights and weekends | Briarwood Elevator access to mezzanine only F all times Q44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike Handicapped/disabled access F all times Q10 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Some northbound a.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station
Stops late nights and weekends | 75th Avenue F all times
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Forest Hills–71st Avenue Handicapped/disabled access F all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.R all hours except late nights LIRR City Terminal Zone at Forest Hills
Stops late nights only | 67th Avenue
Stops late nights only | 63rd Drive–Rego Park Q72 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops late nights only | Woodhaven Boulevard Q53 Select Bus Service
Stops late nights only | Grand Avenue–Newtown Q53 Select Bus Service
Stops late nights only | Elmhurst Avenue Q53 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 7 all times (IRT Flushing Line)
F all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.R all hours except late nights
Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport Marine Air Terminal
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops late nights only | 65th Street
Stops late nights only | Northern Boulevard
Stops late nights only | 46th Street
Stops late nights only | Steinway Street
Stops late nights only | 36th Street
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Queens Plaza Handicapped/disabled access M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.R all hours except late nights
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Court Square–23rd Street Elevator access to mezzanine only M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
G all times (IND Crosstown Line)
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Lexington Avenue–53rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 51st Street)
M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Fifth Avenue/53rd Street M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Seventh Avenue B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times
Eighth Avenue Line
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) 50th Street Handicapped/disabled access ↓ A late nightsC all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line) Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal Handicapped/disabled access A all timesC all except late nights
1 all times2 all times3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square–42nd Street
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) 34th Street–Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access A all timesC all except late nights M34/M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) 23rd Street A late nightsC all except late nights M23 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) 14th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all timesC all except late nights
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) West Fourth Street–Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access A all timesC all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all timesF all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Spring Street A late nightsC all except late nights
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) Canal Street A all timesC all except late nights
Stops all times Stops rush hours only (limited service) World Trade Center [c] Handicapped/disabled access A all timesC all except late nights
2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
N late nightsR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line at Cortlandt Street)
PATH at World Trade Center
Hoboken and Jersey City ferries

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Limited rush hour service to Manhattan originates at 179th Street during a.m. and p.m. rush hours; service from Manhattan terminates at 179th Street during p.m. rush hours only. Signs are located above the express tracks at Parsons Boulevard, showing that trains skip 169th Street. Part of one of these signs can be seen in this 2004 photo Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine..
  2. ^ During weekday rush hours and middays, E trains skip 75th Avenue and Briarwood; at all other times, E trains serve these two stops.
  3. ^ Chambers Street–World Trade Center are actually counted as two separate stations by the MTA. The E train terminates at World Trade Center while the A and ​C trains have through service at Chambers Street.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer. 
  2. ^ "E Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018. 
  3. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  5. ^ "New Subway Links Running Smoothly; Exact Schedules Maintained on First Day's Operation of Queens Tubes". The New York Times. August 20, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Two Subway Units Open at Midnight; Links in City-Owned System in Queens and Brooklyn to Have 15 Stations. Trains Tested on Routes Full Staffs Operate Them on Schedule Minus Passengers -- Celebrations Planned". The New York Times. August 18, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  7. ^ "La Guardia Opens New Subway Link; Warmly Praises Delaney as He Puts $17,300,000 Line on East Side Into Service. Seeks Wider Home Rule Hints at Ceremony That City Will Again Attempt to End Transit Board's Powers. The Mayor Opens a New Line of the City Subway System. La Guardia Opens New Subway Link". The New York Times. January 2, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Two Subway Links Start Wednesday; City Will Begin Operating Fulton Street Line and Extension to Jay Street. Mayor to Make Trip Entire System With Exception of Sixth Av. Route to Be Finished Early Next Year". The New York Times. April 6, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  9. ^ Scramble is Mild at subway opening Few Turn out at 7 AM in Kew Gardens to be first new station
  10. ^ Scramble is Mild at subway opening Few Turn out at 7 AM in Kew Gardens to be first new station
  11. ^ "Subway Link Opens Soon: City Line to Jamaica Will Start About April 24" (PDF). The New York Times. March 17, 1937. Retrieved June 27, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Trial Run to Jamaica on Subway Tomorrow: Section From Kew Gardens to 169th Street Will Open to Public in Two Weeks" (PDF). The New York Times. April 9, 1937. Retrieved June 30, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "New Subway Link to Jamaica Opened; La Guardia, City Officials and Civic Groups Make Trial Run on 10-Car Train". The New York Times. April 25, 1937. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  14. ^ "How to Get To The Fair Grounds; by Subway". The New York Times. April 30, 1939. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  15. ^ "New Subway Spur Is Ready to Open: First Train to Start Four Minutes Before the Fair Officially Begins". The New York Times. April 17, 1939. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  16. ^ "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. December 15, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  17. ^ "IND Faster Service Will Start Sunday" (PDF). The New York Times. October 20, 1949. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  18. ^ "PWA Party Views New Subway Link: Queens Section to Be Opened Tomorrow Is Inspected by Tuttle and Others" (PDF). The New York Times. December 30, 1936. Retrieved June 27, 2015. 
  19. ^ "New Subway Link Opening in Queens" (PDF). The New York Times. December 12, 1950. Retrieved June 30, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Subway Link Opens Monday" (PDF). The New York Times. December 6, 1950. Retrieved June 30, 2015. 
  21. ^ Ingalls, Leonard (August 28, 1953). "2 Subway Lines to Add Cars, Another to Speed Up Service" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Bronx to Coney Ride In New Subway Link" (PDF). The New York Times. October 18, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  23. ^ Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  24. ^ ERA Headlights. Electric Railroaders Association. 1956. 
  25. ^ "Some "E" Trains Were Extended To Lefferts Boulevard". The New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 3 (2): 1. June 1960 – via Issu. 
  26. ^ "Subway Schedules In Queens Changing Amid Some Protest". The New York Times. January 2, 1973. p. 46. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Changes Set for Jan. 2 Praised" (PDF). The New York Times. November 25, 1972. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  28. ^ a b Fischler, Stan; Friedman, Richard (May 23, 1976). "Subways" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  29. ^ a b "Service Adjustment on BMT and IND Lines Effective 1 A.M. Monday, Aug. 30". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. August 1976. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  30. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  31. ^ Alternatives Analysis/Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Queens Subway Options Study. United States Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Urban Mass Transit Administration. May 1990. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  32. ^ Johnson, Kirk (December 9, 1988). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2015. 
  33. ^ Danzig, Allison (September 7, 1939). "International Array of Stars Ready for Opening of U.S. Title Tennis Today; Four Australians Stay for Tourney Quist, Bromwich, Hopman and Crawford Get Permission to Play at Forest Hills Riggs Among Favorites Hopes to Avenge Setback in Davis Cup Event--British Women to Seek Honors". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  34. ^ Perlmutter, Emanuel (November 16, 1967). "Subway Changes To Speed Service: Major Alterations in Maps, Routes and Signs Will Take Effect Nov. 26" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  35. ^ Burks, Edward C. (August 14, 1976). "215 More Daily Subway Runs Will Be Eliminated by Aug. 30". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  37. ^ "E train southbound". Trip Planner+. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  38. ^ "E train northbound". Trip Planner+. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 

External links[edit]