Eid prayers

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Eid prayer during Eid al-Fitr at Taipei Grand Mosque, Taiwan
Muslim males can be seen attending Khutbah as part of the Eid-ul-Adha prayers. Photo taken at Barashalghar union of Comilla's Debidwar upazila.

Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid (Arabic: صلاة العيد‎) and Șālat al-’Īdayn (Arabic: صلاة العيدين‎ "Prayer of the Two Eids"), is the special prayers offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals traditionally in an open space allocated (musalla or Eidgah) or field available for prayer. The two festivals on which these prayers are conducted in large congregations are:

Name variations[edit]

Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic صلاة العيد (Ṣalāh al-'Eid)
Iran, Afghanistan Persian نماز عيد
Pakistan, India Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi نماز عيد, ईद नमाज़ (Eid namaaz)
Turkey, Azerbaijan Turkish, Azeri Bayram namazı
Balkans Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian Bajram-namaz
Bangladesh, West Bengal Bengali ঈদের নামাজ (Eider namaz)
Sweden Swedish Eidbön
Indonesia Indonesian, Javanese Salat Id
Malaysia Bahasa Melayu Solat Sunat Hari Raya
Iraqi Kurdistan Kurdish Sorani نوێژی جێژن
Tamil Nadu Tamil பெருநாள் தொழுகை (Perunal thozhugai)

Importance[edit]

Different scholars interpret the importance of this salat (prayer) differently. Salat al-Eid is Wajib (necessary/mandatory) according to Hanafi scholars, Sunnah al-Mu'kkadah according to Maliki and Shaf'i jurisprudence, and Fard according to Hanbali scholars. Some scholars say it is fard al-ayn and some say it is fard al-kifaya.[1]

Timing[edit]

The time for Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately three meters above the horizon until it reaches its meridian. It starts when the sun has risen above the height of a spear, and continues until the sun is approaching its zenith. It is recommended to offer it in the forenoon in the early hours after sunrise.[2]

Adhering to the Sunnah, the time for Eid al-Fitr prayer is delayed and Eid al-Adha prayer is hastened, so as to facilitate distribution of Fitrana before the Eid al-Fitr prayer and offer sacrifice after the Eid al-Adha prayer. This has been a proved Sunnah and has been well recorded in Hadith books.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ruling on Eid prayers". Islam Question and Answer.
  2. ^ The Two Eids and their Significance.

2. Description of Eid Prayer.