Empire Airlines (1976–1985)
(merged and integrated into Piedmont Airlines)
|Hubs||Oneida County Airport|
|Key people||Paul Quackenbush|
Empire Airlines was a regional airline in the Northeastern United States from 1976 to 1985, when it was purchased by Piedmont Airlines, which itself was later purchased by USAir and whose name lived on in the US Airways Express network before US Airways merged into American Airlines in 2015.
Founded by Paul Quackenbush, Empire Airlines began with a hub at Oneida County Airport serving Utica and Rome, New York. Much of its early growth came by picking up routes abandoned by Allegheny Airlines as they concentrated on larger cities. Empire expanded in the early 1980s to cities in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states.
For a time, Empire also provided connecting passenger service as a "banner carrier" for Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) operating as Pan Am Express at New York JFK International Airport (JFK) via a code sharing agreement. In early 1983 Empire was operating Pan Am Express service with Fokker F28s between New York JFK Airport and Buffalo, Ithaca, Rochester, Syracuse and Utica/Rome in New York. Pan Am then had an international and domestic passenger hub at New York JFK.
Toward the end of its existence Empire announced plans to phase out its Swearingen Metro IIs and become all-jet. Coinciding with this was a decision to reduce their presence in Utica and relocate their headquarters and most operations to Syracuse Hancock International Airport.
Empire was founded in the 1970s as a small carrier based in Utica. After USA Airline Deregulation in 1978, the airline saw potential to grow a hub operation at larger nearby Syracuse using a fleet of 80-seat Fokker F28 Fellowships and 19-seat Swearingen Metro IIs. Empire acquired additional F28s from Philadelphia-based Altair Airlines after that airline shut down in 1982. In addition to hub flights at Syracuse, Empire offered direct flights from other medium-sized Mid-Atlantic cities like Rochester and Buffalo to major business centers like New York and Boston.
Empire's success attracted the attention of Piedmont Airlines (1948–1989), a pre-Deregulation "local service carrier" based in North Carolina. After Deregulation, Piedmont expanded into the Northeast, starting with a hub opened at Baltimore-Washington International Airport about 1982. Piedmont bought Empire in 1985 and merged them into itself on 1 May 1986, bringing additional Fokker F28 jets to the Piedmont fleet. Syracuse joined Baltimore, Charlotte, and Dayton, OH as Piedmont hubs. In about 1987 Piedmont opened an extension to the south concourse at Syracuse Hancock Airport.
The dominant pre-Deregulation local-service carrier in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast, USAir, saw Piedmont's growth into the Northeast as a threat to its lucrative and often previously monopoly routes from medium-size cities such as Rochester, Syracuse and Buffalo. As part of the industry-wide consolidation of 1986–1987, USAir bought Piedmont in 1987. USAir operated Piedmont as a separate unit, including the old Empire Syracuse hub and F28 jets previously operated by Empire and then Piedmont, until Piedmont was completely merged into USAir in August 1989. By the early 1990s the old Empire Airlines hub was gone, its connecting traffic moved mostly to USAir's key hubs in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. USAir subsequently changed its name to US Airways which in turn was merged into American Airlines in 2015.
- New York
- Utica (Oneida County Airport)* - hub, later focus city
- Albany (Albany International Airport)
- Binghamton (Broome County Airport)
- Buffalo (Buffalo Niagara International Airport)
- Elmira (Elmira-Corning Regional Airport)
- Islip (Long Island MacArthur Airport)
- Ithaca (Ithaca Tompkins Regional Airport)
- New York (John F. Kennedy International Airport)
- New York (LaGuardia Airport)
- Niagara Falls (Niagara Falls International Airport)
- Rochester (Greater Rochester International Airport)
- Syracuse (Syracuse Hancock International Airport) - focus city, later hub
- White Plains (Westchester County Airport)
- New Jersey
- Ontario, Canada
- Quebec, Canada
- Rhode Island
Those airports marked with an asterisk (*) are no longer served by commercial air service.
- Piper Aztec - 1 (1975–1976)
- Piper PA-31 Navajo - 3 (1975–1979)
- Swearingen Metroliner II - 6 (1977–1985)
- Fokker F28 Fellowship - 13 (1980–1986)
- http://www.departedflights.com, Feb. 1, 1983 Pan Am domestic route map including Empire Airlines/Pan Am Express routes
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