Felis chaus chaus

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Felis chaus chaus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Felinae
Genus: Felis
Species: F. chaus
Subspecies: F. c. chaus
Trinomial name
Felis chaus chaus
Schreber, 1777

Felis chaus chaus is the nominate subspecies of the jungle cat.[1]

The Baltic-German naturalist Johann Anton Güldenstädt was the first scientist who observed a jungle cat in the southern frontier of the Russian empire during his travels in 1768–1775 undertaken at the behest of Catherine II of Russia.[2] He described the animal in 1776 under the name "chaus".[3][4]

In 1778, the German naturalist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber used chaus as the species name and is therefore considered the binomial authority.[5] The German zoologist Paul Matschie in 1912 and the American zoologist Joel Asaph Allen in 1920 challenged the validity of Güldenstädt's nomenclature, arguing that the name Felis auriculis apice nigro barbatis was not a binomen and therefore improper, and that "chaus" was used as a common name rather than as part of the scientific name.[6]

Distribution[edit]

This subspecies occurs in the Caucasus, Turkestan, Iran, Baluchistan and Yarkand, Chinese Turkestan, Palestine, southern Syria, Iraq, Egypt;[7] northern Afghanistan and south of the Amu Darya River;[8] along the right tributaries of the Amu Darya River, in the lower courses of the Vakhsh River ranging eastwards to the Gissar Valley and slightly beyond Dushanbe.[9]

Jungle cats have also been recorded in central and southern Turkey.[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kitchener, A. C., Breitenmoser-Würsten, C., Eizirik, E., Gentry, A., Werdelin, L., Wilting A., Yamaguchi, N., Abramov, A. V., Christiansen, P., Driscoll, C., Duckworth, J. W., Johnson, W., Luo, S.-J., Meijaard, E., O’Donoghue, P., Sanderson, J., Seymour, K., Bruford, M., Groves, C., Hoffmann, M., Nowell, K., Timmons, Z. & Tobe, S. (2017). "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11. 
  2. ^ Güldenstädt, J.A. (1787). Reisen durch Russland und im Caucasischen Gebürge (in Russian). St. Petersburg, Russia: Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences. 
  3. ^ Güldenstädt, J.A. (1776). "Chaus – Animal feli adfine descriptum". Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae (in Latin). 20: 483–500. 
  4. ^ Sanderson, J. (2009). "A Matter of Very Little Moment? The mystery of who first described the jungle cat". Feline Conservation Federation. 53 (1): 12–18. 
  5. ^ Schreber, J. C. D. (1778). "Der Kirmyschak". Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen. Erlangen: Wolfgang Walther. pp. 414–416. 
  6. ^ Allen, J.A. (1920). "Note on Güldenstädt's names of certain species of Felidae". Journal of Mammalogy. 1: 90–91. doi:10.1093/jmammal/1.2.90. 
  7. ^ Ellerman, J.R.; Morrison-Scott, T.C.S. (1966). Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946 (2nd ed.). London, UK: British Museum of Natural History. pp. 306–307. 
  8. ^ Zukowsky, L. (1914). "Drei neue Kleinkatzenrassen aus Westasien" [Three new small breeds from east Asia]. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (in German). 80 (10): 139–142. 
  9. ^ Geptner, V. G.; Sludskij, A. A. (1992) [1972]. "Jungle Cat". Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moskva: Vysšaia Škola [Mammals of the Soviet Union. Volume II, Part 2. Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats)]. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation. pp. 356–398. 
  10. ^ Avgan, B. (2009). "Sighting of a jungle cat and the threats of its habitat in Turkey". Cat News. 50: 16. 
  11. ^ Ogurlu, I., Gundogdu, E., and Yildirim, I. C. (2010). "Population status of jungle cat (Felis chaus) in Egirdir lake, Turkey". Journal of Environmental Biology (31): 179–183.