Fiat 1300 and 1500
Fiat 1500 C
|Also called||Zastava 1300 |
|Production||1961–1967 (until 1979 in Yugoslavia)|
|Designer||Mario Boano at Centro Stile Fiat|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Large family car (D)|
|Body style||4-door saloon|
5-door station wagon
Polski Fiat 125p
|Engine||1295 cc OHV I4|
1481 cc OHV I4
|Transmission||4-speed manual all-synchromesh|
|Wheelbase||2,425 mm (95.5 in)|
2,505 mm (98.6 in) (1500 C)
|Length||4,030 mm (158.7 in)|
4,130 mm (163 in) (1500 C)
|Width||1,545 mm (60.8 in)|
|Height||1,365 mm (53.7 in)|
|Kerb weight||960 kg (2,116 lb)|
|Predecessor||Fiat 1400, Fiat 1200 cabriolet|
|Successor||Fiat 124 (1300)|
Fiat 125 (1500)
Fiat 124 Sport Spider (Cabriolet)
The Fiat 1300 and Fiat 1500 are automobiles which were manufactured by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1961 to 1967. They replaced the Fiat 1400 and Fiat 1200 coupé, spyder and cabriolet. The 1300 and 1500 were essentially identical except for their engine displacement, as indicated by their model names. They were available as a saloon and station wagon, and as convertible and coupé models which shared little mechanically with the other body styles except the 1500 engine.
The car's 75 hp engine combined with its lightweight construction was unusual for the time, especially when considering the price. Front wheels were equipped with disc brakes with four-pot calipers while rear brakes were alloy drums.
The 1300/1500 and their derivatives were also assembled by Yugoslavia's Zastava and Fiat's German subsidiary, Neckar Automobil AG, as well as in South Africa. The floorpan of the 1500 C was used as a basis for the 1500s replacement, the Fiat 125, while another model, the Polski Fiat 125p, made by the Polish FSO, was created by mating the body of 125 and mechanicals (engines, gearbox, transmission, suspension) of 1300/1500. In the Italian range, the 1300 was replaced by the Fiat 124 in 1966, and the 1500 by the Fiat 125 a year later.
In total, 1,900,000 units were produced worldwide.
The 1300/1500 were conventional cars, with longitudinally, front-mounted engines powering the rear axle via a four-speed manual transmission with a column gearchange. The engines employed were two versions of the same design, differing mainly in bore:
- Fiat 1300 - 1295 cc (bore 72 x stroke 79.5 mm) OHV 4-cyl inline 60 hp (45 kW; 61 PS) at 5000 rpm
- Fiat 1500 - 1481 cc (bore 77 x stroke 79.5 mm) OHV 4-cyl inline 73 hp (54 kW; 74 PS) at 5400 rpm
Both engines had alloy cylinder heads with twin rocker shafts and inlet valves angled at 45 degrees
Both variants started with a wheelbase of 2,425 mm (95.5 in), but from 1964 the wheelbase of Fiat 1500 was increased to 2,505 mm (98.6 in). This longer version was called the 1500 C and also received three more horsepower (for a total of 75) and various other detail differences, including power brakes and bigger taillights with built-in reverse lamps.
The Pininfarina-designed Coupé and Cabriolet models of the preceding 1200 continued with largely unchanged bodywork, although they were now equipped with the larger 1.5 litre engine. The O.S.C.A. engined 1600 S Coupé and Cabriolet also continued to be available. All of the coupés and convertibles were replaced by the new 124 coupés and spiders in 1966.
The New Zealand importer, Torino Motors, marketed the 1500 as the "Crusader", with corresponding badging. In South Africa, dealers could also supply the "1500 OTS", a conversion for more power available in two different stages. The OTS was developed by CMI (Cartoria Motor Industries) specifically to suit local production car competition regulations. Rather than the standard car's 83 bhp (62 kW) SAE, the OTS developed 96 and 108 bhp (72 and 81 kW) SAE in the respective Stage I and Stage II variants. A variety of extras were also offered, including lowered suspension and a conversion to a floor-mounted shifter.
Fiat 1500 L / 1500 Taxi
These models were essentially Fiat 1800s fitted with the 1500 engine, and therefore referred to as "1500" in Fiat nomenclature. The Taxi version debuted in 1962 and had the engine detuned to 60 hp (45 kW). The 1500 L (for "Lunga" - Italian for "long") originally had the same 72 hp (54 kW) engine as the regular 1500, and in 1964 was upgraded to 75 hp (56 kW) along with the Fiat 1500 C.
Other manufacturers’ versions
The Seat 1500 was a car unrelated to the Fiat 1500. It was instead, as the Italian Fiat 1500 L, an underengined version of the Fiat 1800/2100. It was built in Barcelona, Spain by Seat, where 183,652 were produced between 1960 and 1972.
Siata 1500 TS
Siata, the Italian tuning accessories and special vehicles manufacturer, devised a model called TS or 1500 TS that differed from the regular Fiat saloon in styling details, including two-tone paint, but mainly in the fact that the engine was tuned to deliver as much as 94 bhp (70 kW). Moreover, there was a 1500 TS Coupé version with a unique body designed by Giovanni Michelotti. Both the saloon and the coupé were also manufactured by Fiat's German subsidiary, Neckar Automobil AG, formerly known as NSU-Fiat, located in Heilbronn (unlike regular Fiat 1300/1500).
Zastava 1300 and 1500
The Yugoslavian automaker Zastava, which was extensively cooperating with Fiat, also assembled the 1300 and 1500, branding them as Zastava 1300 and Zastava 1500, respectively. Zastava went on to produce the 1300 by itself when Fiat in 1967 stopped production. During the seventies better equipment was added and models named DeLuxe and 1300E. The production finished in December 1979. 201,160 copies were made since 1961. The car was nicknamed Tristać (trista means 300 in Serbian language.)
With all-around disc brakes, rear-wheel drive, up to 72 horsepower (the engine could propel the car to a top speed of 155 km/h), the elegant Tristać was Yugoslavia's favorite upmarket car. The Zastava 1300 was also assembled by Leonidas Lara (C.C.A.) in Bogotá, Colombia. Assembly of Zastavas in Colombia began as early as 1969.
Fiat 1500 Argentino
For South American market Fiat Concord in Buenos Aires from 1963 produced a 1500 version named «Argentino». This was available as «berlina», «familiar» and a pick-up version with 3 seats in front row named «Multicarga». A total of 123,059 examples were produced. A Vignale-bodied coupé version, very rare in Europe, was more common in Argentina where 5228 units were built between 1966 and 1970. These four-seater coupés differed in minor ways from the Vignale coupés built in Italy and provided the basis for the later 1600 Sport, a fastback coupé that eventually developed into the Argentina-only 125 Sport. These later versions no longer required Fiat Concord to pay (steep) royalties to Vignale.
Polski Fiat 125p
- Giacosa, p. 234.
- Haynes Autobook 214 1972
- "Fiat 1300/1500". carsfromitaly.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2006. - accessed via the Wayback Machine
- Haynes Autobooks 214
- "News summary: From Turin there is a new Fiat...". Practical Motorist. 7 (nbr 84): 1309. August 1961.
- Webster, Mark (2002). Assembly: New Zealand Car Production 1921–98. Birkenhead, Auckland, New Zealand: Reed. p. 80. ISBN 0-7900-0846-7.
- Symons, Leicester (August 1968). "FIAT 1500 OTS Stage Two". CAR (South Africa). Vol. 12 no. 7. Cape Town, South Africa: Central News Agency Ltd. p. 27.
- "Siata". carsfromitaly.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2006. - accessed via the Wayback Machine
- "NSU Fiat cars". carsfromitaly.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2006. - accessed via the Wayback Machine
- "Fiat - Lizenzbau vor 1970 (Pkw und Transporter)". zuckerfabrik24.de (in German). Retrieved 23 July 2006.
- Munar Guerrero, Laura Cristina; Quiroga Porras, Johana Patricia; Peña Mayorga, Manuel Fernando (9 October 2012), Análisis estratégico del sector automotriz en Colombia [A strategic analysis of Colombia's automotive sector] (PDF) (in Spanish), Bogotá, Colombia: Universidad del Rosario, p. 10
- Ortega Peña, Juan Camilo; Dueñas Rojas, Leonardo Andrés (July 2012). "El proceso de internacionalización del sector automotriz en Colombia en el marco de los tratados de libre comercio con Estados Unidos y Corea del Sur: análisis y perspectivas" [The internationalization process of the automotive sector in Colombia as part of free trade agreements with the United States and South Korea] (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: Universidad del Rosario: 7.
- Perman, Mario M. "El "Proyecto Vignale"" [The "Vignale Project"]. Club Fiat Clásicos de Argentina (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 July 2017.
- Giacosa, Dante (2014) [1st pub. Automobilia, 1979]. I miei 40 anni di progettazione alla Fiat (PDF) (in Italian). Centro Storico Fiat.
Media related to Fiat 1300 and 1500 at Wikimedia Commons
|City car||500 "Topolino"||500|
|Small family car||1100 (Type 103)||128|
|1100 A / B / E||1200 Granluce||124||Ritmo|
|Large family car||1400||1300 / 1500||132|
|128 Coupé||128 3P|
|Pininfarina Coupé||124 Sport Coupé|
|2300 Coupé||130 Coupé|
|1100||1200||Pininfarina Cabriolet||124 Sport Spider|
|Off-road||Campagnola (1101)||Campagnola (1107)|
Zastava, road car timeline, 1955–2008
|Large family car||1300/1500|