SEAT 133

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SEAT 133
1976 Seat 133 Especial (5065972166).jpg
Overview
Also calledFiat 133 (European exports and Latin America)
Nasr 133 (Egypt)
Production1974 – 1981 (SEAT)
1977 – 1982 (Sevel)
AssemblyBarcelona, Spain (SEAT)
Córdoba, Argentina (Fiat (Sevel))
Helwan, Egypt (Nasr)
Body and chassis
ClassCity car (A)
Body styleTwo-door saloon
LayoutRR layout
RelatedSEAT 850
Fiat 850
Powertrain
Engine843 cc I4
903 cc I4[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase79.125 in (2,009.8 mm)
Length135.875 in (3,451.2 mm)
Width56 in (1,400 mm)
Height52.25 in (1,327 mm)
Curb weight690 kg (1521 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorSEAT 600[1]
SEAT 850
SuccessorSEAT Panda
Fiat Panda (European exports)
Fiat 147 (Latin America)

The SEAT 133 is a small rear-engined car designed and sold by SEAT in Spain from 1974 until 1979. The car used the chassis and engine of the by then defunct Fiat/SEAT 850 and featured a new body in the style of the contemporary, somewhat smaller and only indirectly related Fiat 126.[2]

History[edit]

The car was first exhibited at the Barcelona Motor Show in May 1974.[3] Noteworthy at that time was the compression ratio of only 8:1, which permitted the car to run on 85 octane petrol/gasoline.[3] This was still appropriate in Spain, but elsewhere in western Europe even "regular" fuel grades by now generally guaranteed a higher minimum octane rating.[3]

SEAT 133

The 133's design premise was that it had to be a cheap car both to develop and build. Thus, the final product inherited most of its components from the SEAT 850 (or very closely related Fiat 850). As with the 850, it was a rear-wheel drive, rear-engined car – a layout that was being supplanted by front-engined, front-wheel drive hatchbacks like the Renault 5 and Fiat's own Fiat 127 at the time.

Seat 133 L (rear)

The 133 effectively replaced the SEAT 850 and the SEAT 600 both of which had been produced in considerable numbers with around 800,000 of the more venerable 600 built – almost exclusively for the domestic market - by 1974.[1]

It was developed in Spain by SEAT, with which Italian company Fiat had signed an agreement of collaboration in the 1950s. Initially the 133 was only sold in Spain and did not enjoy great success, since it suffered from frequent overheating problems. It was intended to replace the old 600 and 850 models, and was also meant to provide a means for SEAT to open new markets and make up for the loss of sales in Spain that would come with the disappearance of the restrictions in car imports during the 1970s. Export rates were higher than for the 133's predecessors (as well as the remainder of the SEAT range), reaching 36.7 percent in 1976.[4]

Reflecting the rear engine lay-out, there was just a small well for parcels behind the back seats, with more room for luggage under the 'bonnet/hood' at the front of the car.

Up to 200,000 SEAT 133s had been produced by 1979 in Spain.

Export markets[edit]

Fiat 133 (Europe)

The SEAT 133 was named as the Fiat 133 in certain export markets where the SEAT brand was unknown. Around 127,000 units were exported, mostly under the Fiat name.

The SEAT 133 was exported to Germany from the autumn/Fall of 1974:[1] there it found some success among rear-wheel-drive loyalists in the mid-seventies. It was also sold in Britain from June 1975.[5] These countries had no SEAT dealership network at the time, and the cars were branded as Fiat 133s, to be marketed alongside the Fiats 126 and 127.

Nasr 133

From 1977 to 1980 the Fiat Argentine subsidiary built them, also under the Fiat name. Around 15,821 Fiat 133 were made in the Fiat/Sevel Plant at Córdoba in Argentina between 1977 and 1982.[6]

A sporty version called FIAT 133 T IAVA developed by Industria Argentina de Vehículos de Avanzada (IAVA) was made between 1979 - 1980.[7]

In April 1977, it was announced that Egypt was about to become the world's 32nd car-producing country. This followed the signing of an agreement for the shipment of CKD kits from Seat's Barcelona plant to the Helwan premises of the Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company for assembly, in order to supply the Egyptian market and for export to Iraq.[8]

Motorsport[edit]

The 133 is popular in the Finnish low-budget motorsport called jokamiesluokka, a local folk racing series, where over 30 percent of the drivers have chosen to drive a Fiat 133s.[9]

Technical data[edit]

Technical data SEAT 133 (1979) [10]
SEAT 133 133 Especial Fiat 133B (Argentina)
Engine:  4-cylinder-inline engine (four-stroke), rear-mounted
Displacement:  843 cc 903 cc
Bore x Stroke:  65 x 63.5 mm 65 x 68 mm
Max. Power @ rpm:  34 hp (25 kW) @ 4800 44 hp (33 kW) @ 6400 40 hp (30 kW) @ 5600
Max. Torque @ rpm:  54 N⋅m (40 lb⋅ft) @ 3200 55 N⋅m (41 lb⋅ft) @ 3700 59 N⋅m (44 lb⋅ft) @ 3600
Compression Ratio:  8.1:1 9.0:1 8.95:1
Fuel system:  1 Weber or Solex downdraft carb. (1bbl) 1 downdraft carb. (2bbl) 1 Weber 30 downdraft carb. (1bbl)
Valvetrain:  OHV, camshaft in block, chain
Cooling:  water
Gearbox:  4-speed-manual, rear wheel drive
Front suspension:  Upper double wishbones, lower transverse leaf spring, stabilizing bar
Rear suspension::  IRS, double wishbones, coil springs, stabilizing bar
Brakes:  Front and rear drum brakes Front disc brakes (Ø 227 mm), rear drum brakes
Steering:  Rack-and-pinion steering
Body:  Steel, unibody construction
Track front/rear:  1,150 mm (45 in) / 1,215 mm (47.8 in)
Wheelbase:  2,025 mm (79.7 in)
Length x Width x Height:  3,450 mm (136 in) x 1,420 mm (56 in) x 1,330 mm (52 in) mm 3,490 mm (137 in) x 1,420 mm (56 in) x 1,330 mm (52 in) mm
Weight:  690 kg (1,521 lb) 700 kg (1,543 lb) 710 kg (1,565 lb)
Top speed:  120 km/h (75 mph) 135 km/h (84 mph) 125 km/h (78 mph)
0–100 km/h (0−62 mph):  n.a.
Fuel consumption (DIN):  7.0 litres per 100 kilometres (40 mpg‑imp; 34 mpg‑US)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bunte Mischung: Der neue Seat 133" [Colorful mix: the new SEAT 133]. Auto Motor u. Sport. No. 13. 22 June 1974. pp. 76–78.
  2. ^ Jacobi, Claus, ed. (25 March 1974). "Spanischer Konkurrent für VW-Mini" [Spanish competitor for mini-VW]. Der Spiegel. No. 13. p. 82. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  3. ^ a b c Hardcastle, David (4 May 1974). "Motorweek: First Spanish exclusive?". The Motor. No. 3734. p. 28.
  4. ^ Fernández-de-Sevilla, Tomàs, Economical Crisis and Business Strategies: FASA-Renault in Spain During the Seventies (PDF) (unpublished paper), Universitat de Barcelona, p. 12
  5. ^ Schruf, Werner (7 June 1975). "News: Fiat 133 arrives". Autocar. Vol. 141, no. 4100. p. 25.
  6. ^ "FIAT SOMECA CONCÓRD S.A.C.I." cocheargentino.com.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  7. ^ "Coche Argentino - Fiat 133" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-08-25.
  8. ^ Hutton, Ray, ed. (23 April 1977). "SEAT in Egypt". Autocar. p. 16.
  9. ^ "Jokamiesluokka". kauhajoenua.net. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
  10. ^ Automobil Revue, catalogue 1979, p. 494 and 313; all data works figures unless otherwise specified.