Fluticasone

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Fluticasone
Fluticasone.svg
Clinical data
Other names6α,9α-Difluoro-11β,17α-dihydroxy-16α-methyl-21-thia-21-fluoromethylpregna-1,4-dien-3,20-dione; S-(Fluoromethyl)-6α,9α-difluoro-11β,17α-dihydroxy-16α-methyl-3-oxoandrosta-1,4-diene-17β-carbothioate
Routes of
administration
Intranasal, inhaled, topical
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability0.51% (Intranasal)
Protein binding91.0%
MetabolismIntranasal
Liver (CYP3A4-mediated)
Elimination half-life10 hours
ExcretionKidney
Identifiers
  • S-fluoromethyl (6S,8S,9R,10S,11S,13S,14S,16R,17R)-6,9-difluoro-11,17-dihydroxy-10,13,16-trimethyl-3-oxo-6,7,8,11,12,14,15,16-octahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthrene-17-carbothioate
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC22H27F3O4S
Molar mass444.51 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • O=C(SCF)[C@]3(O)[C@]2(C[C@H](O)[C@]4(F)[C@@]/1(\C(=C/C(=O)\C=C\1)[C@@H](F)C[C@H]4[C@@H]2C[C@H]3C)C)C
  • InChI=1S/C22H27F3O4S/c1-11-6-13-14-8-16(24)15-7-12(26)4-5-19(15,2)21(14,25)17(27)9-20(13,3)22(11,29)18(28)30-10-23/h4-5,7,11,13-14,16-17,27,29H,6,8-10H2,1-3H3/t11-,13+,14+,16+,17+,19+,20+,21+,22+/m1/s1 checkY
  • Key:MGNNYOODZCAHBA-GQKYHHCASA-N checkY
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Fluticasone is a manufactured glucocorticoid used to treat nasal symptoms.[1][2][3][4][5] Both the esters, fluticasone furoate and fluticasone propionate, are also used as topical anti-inflammatories and inhaled corticosteroids, and are used much more commonly in comparison.[3][2][4][6]

The route of administration varies, but often it is inhaled intranasally. It may use an exhalation delivery system.[citation needed]

It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines.[7] In 2019, it was the eighteenth most commonly prescribed medication in the United States, with more than 27 million prescriptions.[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elks J (14 November 2014). The Dictionary of Drugs: Chemical Data: Chemical Data, Structures and Bibliographies. Springer. pp. 574–. ISBN 978-1-4757-2085-3.
  2. ^ a b Index Nominum 2000: International Drug Directory. Taylor & Francis. 2000. pp. 1337–. ISBN 978-3-88763-075-1.
  3. ^ a b Morton IK, Hall JM (6 December 2012). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: Properties and Synonyms. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 124–. ISBN 978-94-011-4439-1.
  4. ^ a b "Fluticasone - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses".
  5. ^ Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ (2012). Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation: A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 600. ISBN 978-1451153590.
  6. ^ Spratto GR, Woods AL (2012). Delmar Nurse's Drug Handbook 2012. Cengage Learning. p. 748. ISBN 978-1111310653.
  7. ^ World Health Organization (2021). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 22nd list (2021). Geneva: World Health Organization. hdl:10665/345533. WHO/MHP/HPS/EML/2021.02.
  8. ^ "The Top 300 of 2019". ClinCalc. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Fluticasone - Drug Usage Statistics". ClinCalc. Retrieved 16 October 2021.

External links[edit]

  • "Fluticasone". Drug Information Portal. U.S. National Library of Medicine.