General Roman Calendar of 1960

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This article lists the feast days of the General Roman Calendar as reformed on 23 July 1960 by Pope John XXIII's motu proprio Rubricarum instructum. This 1960 calendar was incorporated into the 1962 edition of the Roman Missal, continued use of which Pope Benedict XVI authorized in his 7 July 2007 motu proprio Summorum Pontificum as an "extraordinary form of the Roman Rite".

Rubricarum instructum replaced the former classifications of Doubles, Semidoubles, and Simples with I, II, and III class feasts and commemorations. It removed a few feasts, in particular duplications such as the Feast of the Cross (3 May and 14 September), the Chair of Peter (18 January and 22 February), Saint Peter (1 August and 29 June), Saint John the Evangelist (6 May and 27 December), Saint Michael (8 May and 29 September), and Saint Stephen (3 August and 26 December).

This calendar is distinct from the General Roman Calendar of 1954 in that it also incorporates the changes made by Pope Pius XII in 1955, which included the reduction of octaves to three only, those of Christmas, Easter and Pentecost.[1] See General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII.

Changes to the Calendar[edit]

Feasts previously ranked as doubles of the I class were reclassified as feasts of the I class. Feasts previously ranked as doubles of the II class were reclassified as feasts of the II class. Feasts previously ranked as greater doubles, doubles, and simples were reclassified as feasts of the III class. Feasts that had formerly been ranked as simples and had been reduced to commemorations in Pius XII's 1955 revision of the calendar remained commemorations.

The Sundays of Advent, Lent, and Passiontide, and Low Sunday were classified as Sundays of the I class. All other Sundays of the year—excluding those perpetually impeded by feasts of the I class—became Sundays of the II class.

Ash Wednesday, the ferias of Holy Week, the Paschal Triduum, and the days within the octaves of Easter and Pentecost (including the Ember Days of Pentecost) were classified as ferias of the I class. The ferias of Advent from 17–23 December inclusive, the days within the octave of Christmas not impeded by the feasts of saints (29–31 December inclusive), as well as the Ember Days of Advent, Lent, and September were ranked as ferias of the II class. The ferias of Advent, excluding 17–23 December, were ranked as ferias of the III class, as were the ferias of Lent and Passiontide. In addition, the ferias of Lent and Passiontide were given precedence over all feasts of the III class, with III-class feasts reduced to commemorations in years in which they fell during Lent or Passiontide. The remaining ferias of the year were classified ferias of the IV class.

The following feasts were reduced to commemorations:

  • St. George Martyr (23 April)
  • Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel (16 July)
  • St. Alexis Confessor (17 July)
  • Ss. Cyriacus, Largus, and Smaragdus Martyrs (8 August)
  • The Impression of the Sacred Stigmata of St. Francis Confessor (17 September)
  • Ss. Eustace and Companions Martyrs (20 September)
  • Our Lady of Ransom (24 September)
  • St. Thomas Bishop and Martyr (29 December)
  • St. Sylvester I Pope and Confessor (31 December)
  • The Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Friday after the I Sunday of Passiontide)

The following became liturgical days of the I class:

  • Octave Day of the Nativity of the Lord (1 January)
  • The Commemoration of All the Faithful Departed (2 November or 3 November if 2 November falls on Sunday)

The following became liturgical days of the II class:

  • The Holy Family of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph (I Sunday after Epiphany)
  • The Chair of Saint Peter (22 February)
  • The Exaltation of the Holy Cross (14 September)

The following feasts were deleted from the calendar:

  • The Chair of Saint Peter Apostle at Rome (18 January)
  • The Finding of the Holy Cross (3 May)
  • St. John Apostle and Evangelist Before the Latin Gate (6 May)
  • The Apparition of St. Michael Archangel (8 May)
  • St. Leo II Pope and Confessor (3 July)
  • St. Anacletus Pope and Martyr (13 July)
  • St. Peter Apostle in Chains (1 August)
  • The Invention of St. Stephen Protomartyr (3 August)

The commemoration of St. Vitalis Martyr (28 April) was likewise deleted.

The following feasts were inscribed in the calendar:

  • Commemoration of the Baptism of the Lord (13 January, II cl.)
  • St. Gregory Barbarigo Bishop and Confessor (17 June, III cl.)
  • St. Anthony Mary Claret Bishop and Confessor (23 October, III cl.)

The following feasts were transferred:

  • St. Irenaeus Bishop and Martyr (28 June to 3 July)
  • St. John Mary Vianney Confessor (9 to 8 August)

The commemoration of Sts. Sergius, Bacchus, Marcellus, and Apuleius Martyrs was transferred from 7 to 8 October.

The following titles were changed:

  • The Circumcision of the Lord became the Octave Day of the Nativity (1 January)
  • The Chair of St. Peter Apostle at Antioch became The Chair of St. Peter Apostle (22 February)
  • The Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary became Blessed Virgin Mary of the Rosary (7 October)

The remaining changes are listed in the calendar below.

January[edit]

Sunday between the octave of the Nativity of the Lord and the Epiphany, or, with this lacking, 2 January: The most holy Name of Jesus, II class.
I Sunday after Epiphany: The most holy Family of Jesus, Mary, Joseph, II class.

February[edit]

In leap year the month of February is of 29 days, and the feast of St. Matthias is celebrated on the 25th day and the feast of St. Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows on the 28th day of February, and twice is said Sexto Kalendas, that is on the 24th and 25th; and the dominical letter, which was taken up in the month of January, is changed to the preceding; that, if in January, the dominical letter was A, it is changed to the preceding, which is g, etc.; and the letter f is kept twice, on the 24th and 25th.[2]

March[edit]

Friday after the I Sunday in Passiontide: Commemoration of the Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Comm.

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

Last Sunday in October: Our Lord Jesus Christ the King, I class.

November[edit]

December[edit]

  • 1: Feria.
  • 2: St. Bibiana Virgin and Martyr, III class.
  • 3: St. Francis Xavier Confessor, III class.
  • 4: St. Peter Chrysologus Bishop, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church, III class, Com. of St. Barbara Virgin and Martyr.
  • 5: Commemoration of St. Sabbas Abbot, Comm.
  • 6: St. Nicholas Bishop and Confessor, III class.
  • 7: St. Ambrose Bishop, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church, III class.
  • 8: On the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, I class.
  • 9: Feria.
  • 10: Commemoration of St. Melchiades Pope and Martyr, Comm.
  • 11: St. Damasus I Pope and Confessor, III class.
  • 12: Feria.
  • 13: St. Lucy Virgin and Martyr, III class.
  • 14: Feria.
  • 15: Feria.
  • 16: St. Eusebius Bishop and Martyr, III class.
  • 17: Feria.
  • 18: Feria.
  • 19: Feria.
  • 20: Feria.
  • 21: St. Thomas Apostle, II class.
  • 22: Feria.
  • 23: Feria.
  • 24: Vigil, I class.
  • 25: On the Nativity of our Lord Jesus Christ, I class with an octave. In the second Mass: Commemoration of St. Anastasia Martyr.
  • 26: II day within the octave of the Nativity of the Lord: St. Stephen Protomartyr, II class.
  • 27: III day within the octave of the Nativity of the Lord: St. John Apostle and Evangelist, II class.
  • 28: IV day within the octave of the Nativity of the Lord: The Holy Innocents, II class.
  • 29: Of the V day within the octave of the Nativity of the Lord, II class, Commemoration of St. Thomas Bishop and Martyr.
  • 30: Of the VI day within the Octave of the Nativity, II class.
  • 31: Of the VII day within the Octave of the Nativity, II class, Commemoration of St. Sylvester I Pope and Confessor.

Masses for Certain Places (pro Aliquibus Locis)[edit]

The following Masses[3] may nowadays be said anywhere on days of the IV class.[4] Some saints listed below are also in the General Calendar above; these saints have proper Masses in the pro Aliquibus Locis supplement that may be said ad libitum in place of the Masses listed in the main body of the Missal.[5]

Suppressed Masses[edit]

In accordance with Pope John XXIII's instruction of 14 February 1961 De calendariis particularibus (paragraphs 32 & 33), the following local feasts "introduced since the Middle Ages by private devotion in the public worship of the Church" were suppressed, unless "truly special reasons" required their continued observance:

In addition, the feast of Saint Philomena (11 August) was removed from all local calendars.

National Calendars[edit]

The following are the proper calendars for certain countries to be used in the celebration of the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite. National feasts and their ranks have been gathered from liturgical ordos published by various sources, including the FSSP and the Latin Mass Society of England and Wales, and are listed as they were celebrated as of 1962, regardless of subsequent changes to the national calendars.[9] This list details only those feasts celebrated in all (arch)dioceses of the following countries and does not include feasts that are proper to specific dioceses and archdioceses.

Australia and New Zealand[edit]

  • 3 December: St. Francis Xavier Confessor, Principal Patron of All Missions, I class
  • 1 February: St. Brigid Virgin, II class, Com. of St. Ignatius Bishop and Martyr
  • 17 March: St. Patrick Bishop and Confessor, I class
  • 28 April: St. Peter Aloysius Mary Chanel Martyr, III class, Com. of St. Paul of the Cross Confessor
  • 24 May: Our Lady, Help of Christians, Principal Patroness of Australia and New Zealand, I class
  • 9 June: St. Columba Abbot, III class, Com. of Ss. Primus and Felician Martyrs
  • 11 July: St. Oliver Plunkett Bishop and Martyr, III class, Com. of St. Pius I Pope and Martyr
  • 3 October: St. Teresa, Virgin, Principal Patroness of All Missions, I class

Canada[edit]

  • 12 December: Our Lady of Guadalupe, Patroness of the Americas, III class
  • 19 March: St. Joseph, Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Confessor, Principal Patron of Canada, I class
  • 26 September: Ss. Jean, Isaac and Companions Martyrs, III class, Com. of Ss. Cyprian and Justina Virgin, Martyrs
  • 19 October: The North American Martyrs, Secondary Patrons of Canada, II class, Com. of St. Peter of Alcantara Confessor

England and Wales[edit]

  • 29 December: St. Thomas Bishop and Martyr, I class, Com. of the V day within the octave of the Nativity of the Lord
  • 1 March: St. David Bishop and Confessor, Principal Patron of Wales, I class (Wales only)
  • 12 March: St. Gregory I Pope, Confessor and Doctor of the Church, II class
  • 23 April: St. George Martyr, Principal Patron of England, I class (England)/II class (Wales)
  • 4 May: The Holy Martyrs of England and Wales, III class, Com. of St. Monica Widow
  • 26 May: St. Augustine Bishop and Confessor, II class, Com. of St. Philip Neri Confessor
  • 22 June: St. Alban Martyr, III class, Com. of St. Paulinus Bishop and Confessor
  • 9 July: Ss. John Fisher Bishop and Thomas More Martyrs, I class
  • 17 July: Our Lady in Porticu, III class (Wales only), Com. of St. Alexius Confessor
  • 30 July: Bb. Edward Powell, Richard Featherstone and Companions Martyrs, III class (Wales only), Com. of Ss. Abdon and Sennen, Martyrs
  • 3 August: St. Germanus Bishop and Confessor, III class (Wales only)
  • 25 September: St. Cadoc Bishop and Martyr, III class (Wales only)
  • 13 October: St. Edward King and Confessor, II class
  • 5 November: The Holy Relics, III class (Wales only)

Scotland[edit]

  • 30 November: St. Andrew Apostle, Principal Patron of Scotland, I class
  • 14 January: St. Kentigern Bishop and Confessor, III class, Com. of St. Hilary Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the Church, Com. of St. Felix Priest and Martyr
  • 10 March: St. John Ogilvie Martyr, II class, Com. of the Forty Holy Martyrs
  • 17 March: St. Patrick Bishop and Confessor, II class
  • 9 June: St. Columba Abbot, III class, Com. of Ss. Primus and Felician Martyrs
  • 16 September: St. Ninian Bishop and Confessor, III class, Com. of St. Cornelius Pope and St. Cyprian Bishop, Martyrs, Com. of Ss. Euphemia Virgin, Lucy and Geminianus Martyrs
  • 16 November: St. Margaret Queen, Secondary Patroness of Scotland, II class, Com. of St. Gertrude Virgin

United States[edit]

  • 8 December: On the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Principal Patroness of the United States, I class
  • 12 December: Our Lady of Guadalupe, Patroness of the Americas, III class
  • 4 January: St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Widow, III class
  • 22 January (23 January if 22 January falls on Sunday): Votive Mass for Peace, II class[10]
  • II Sunday after Pentecost: External Solemnity of Corpus Christi, II class
  • Sunday after 29 June (when 29 June falls on a weekday): External Solemnity of Ss. Peter and Paul Apostles, II class[11]
  • 9 September: St. Peter Claver Confessor, III class, Com. of St. Gorgonius Martyr
  • 26 September: Ss. Jean, Isaac and Companions Martyrs, III class, Com. of Ss. Cyprian and Justina, Virgin, Martyrs
  • 25 October: St. Isidore Farmer and Confessor, III class, Com. of Ss. Chrysanthus and Daria Martyrs
  • 13 November: St. Frances Xavier Cabrini Virgin, III class, Com. of St. Didacus Confessor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ General decree Cum nostra of the Sacred Congregation of Rites
  2. ^ Kalendarium, Missale Romanum: "In anno bissextili mensis februarius est dierum 29, et festum S. Matthiae celebratur die 25 ac festum S. Gabrielis a Virgine Perdolente die 28 februarii, et bis dicitur Sexto Kalendas, id est die 24 et die 25; et littera dominicalis, quae assumpta fuit in mense ianuario, mutatur in praecedentem; ut, si in Januario, littera dominicalis fuerit A, mutetur in praecedentem, quae est g, etc.; et littera f bis servit, 24 et 25.
  3. ^ This list of Masses pro Aliquibus Locis contains all of the Masses for certain places that consist of proper texts, rather than texts from the Commons, that were retained in the Missal after the reduction of local feasts that was conducted in accordance with Pope John XXIII's instruction De calendariis particularibus of 14 February 1961.
  4. ^ Sancta Missa Ordo for use with the 1962 Missale Romanum. Chicago: Biretta Books. 2016. p. 9. 
  5. ^ Liturgical Ordo and FSSP Directory. Fraternity Publications Service. 2015. p. 12.  Whenever the Mass of a saint in the universal calendar is taken from one of the Commons, a proper Mass of the same saint found in the appendix, Proprium Sanctorum pro Aliquibus Locis, may nowadays be used instead anywhere ad libitum [Rub.Gen. 305a].
  6. ^ Listed as 3 January in 1962 Missals, as that is the nearest day to his date of death (28 December) that is not outranked by the octave of Christmas.
  7. ^ Listed as 3 January in 1962 Missals, as that is the nearest day to her date of death (22 December) that is not outranked by the greater Advent ferias or the octave of Christmas. In places where the Extraordinary Form of the Mass is celebrated, current practice is to transfer this feast to 13 November, the date of her beatification.
  8. ^ These three local feast days in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary were transferred to 8 May from 31 May by decree of Pope John XXIII in De calendariis particularibus due to the insertion into the General Calendar of the feast of the Queenship of Mary (31 May) by Pope Pius XII in 1954.
  9. ^ For example, Ss. Francis Xavier and Teresa are no longer co-patrons of Australia and New Zealand, as the Vatican declared those countries to no longer be mission territory in 1976. However, they are still listed in the calendar below, as their feasts were both of the I class in 1962.
  10. ^ In places in the United States in which the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite is celebrated, by decree of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops the Votive Mass for Peace is said in honor of the Day of Prayer for the Legal Protection of Unborn Children for the anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade.
  11. ^ In years when 1 July falls on Sunday, the External Solemnity of Ss. Peter and Paul is not observed in the United States.